Bills Digest No. 106, 2019–20
PDF version [581KB]
Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security Section
Social Policy Section
Purpose of the Bill
Structure of the Bill
Policy position of non-government
Position of major interest groups
Statement of Compatibility with Human
Schedule 1—Veteran Family Advocate
Schedule 2—Transition into civilian
Schedule 3—Energy supplement. 8
Date introduced: 13
House: House of
1 on the earlier of a day fixed by Proclamation or six months from Royal
Assent; Schedule 2 on the earlier of a day fixed by Proclamation or 12
months from Royal Assent; Schedule 3 on the day after Royal Assent.
Links: The links to the Bill,
its Explanatory Memorandum and second reading speech can be found on the
Bill’s home page, or through the Australian
When Bills have been passed and have received Royal Assent,
they become Acts, which can be found at the Federal Register of Legislation
All hyperlinks in this Bills Digest are correct as
at June 2020.
The Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment (Supporting
the Wellbeing of Veterans and Their Families) Bill 2020 (the Bill) amends the Military
Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRC Act) and the Veterans’
Entitlements Act 1986 (the VE Act) to:
- create a new
commissioner known as the Veteran Family Advocate who will be a member of the
Repatriation Commission and the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation
Commission (MRCC) to represent the perspectives of families of veterans
Regulations to be made to provide pre-employment and post-employment assistance
to former Australian Defence Force (ADF) members and
the quarterly payment of the Energy Supplement to the one group of Repatriation
Health Card - For All Conditions (Gold Card) holders who do not currently
receive the payment—cardholders under the Australian Participants in British
Nuclear Tests and British Commonwealth Occupation Force (Treatment) Act 2006.
The appointment of a Veteran Family Advocate was announced
on 5 February 2020, together with the announcement of National Commissioner for
Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention.
The National Commissioner for Defence and Veteran Suicide Prevention is not
provided for in this Bill and no legislation related to this position has been
introduced to date.
The Bill contains three schedules covering modest
measures. This Bills Digest will provide background and analysis of the three
schedules in separate sections.
Standing Committee for the Selection of Bills
In its reports on 14 May and 12 June 2020, the Senate
Standing Committee for the Selection of Bills deferred consideration of the
Bill until its next meeting.
Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills
The Senate Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills made
two comments on Schedule 2 of the Bill—relating to the reliance on regulations,
rather than primary legislation to set out the details of the employment
assistance scheme for former members of the ADF and the incorporation of
external documents into those regulations. The Committee’s comments on these
matters are discussed under Schedule 2—Transition into civilian work,
position of non-government parties/independents
At the time of writing, comments on the Bill by non-government
parties and independents have not been identified.
major interest groups
At the time of writing, comments on the Bill by major
interest groups have not been identified.
According to the Explanatory Memorandum, the Bill’s
measures total $6.4 million over the forward estimates, broken down by:
million to establish the new Veteran Family Advocate position
million for the Support for Employment program and
million to extend the quarterly energy supplement to all Gold Card holders.
Statement of Compatibility with Human Rights
As required under Part 3 of the Human Rights
(Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011 (Cth), the Government has assessed the
Bill’s compatibility with the human rights and freedoms recognised or declared
in the international instruments listed in section 3 of that Act. The
Government considers that the Bill is compatible.
Joint Committee on Human Rights
The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights had no
comment on the Bill.
1—Veteran Family Advocate
Schedule 1 proposes to create a new commissioner position known
as the Veteran Family Advocate who will be a member of the Repatriation
Commission and the MRCC to represent veterans’ families. The Advocate’s role
will be to engage, liaise and advocate with and on behalf of veterans’ families
on veteran policy, entitlements and compensation.
The functions of the Repatriation Commission are
prescribed by section 180 of the VE Act. These functions include
administering the VE Act (subject to ministerial control); advising the
Minister for Veterans’ Affairs and Defence Personnel; granting pensions and
other benefits to veterans, their dependants and other eligible persons; and
providing services to veterans, ADF members and their partners, widows and
children. The VE Act confers on the Repatriation Commission the ‘power
to do all things necessary or convenient to be done for, or in connection with,
the performance of its functions, duties and powers’.
The Commission delegates its powers under the VEA Act to Department of
Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) staff.
The Repatriation Commission must have no less than three
and no more than five commissioners.
The Secretary of the Department of Veterans’ Affairs may be appointed
President; the President will also serve as Chair of the MRCC.
There must also be a Deputy President and at least one commissioner.
The Department of Veteran’s Affairs refers to the latter as the ‘Services
Repatriation Commission members are appointed by the
Governor-General and hold full-time positions.
Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission
Chapter 9 of the MRC Act establishes the MRCC.
The MRCC provides rehabilitation, compensation and other benefits to existing
and former ADF members, including reservists and cadets, with injuries or
diseases due to their service (applicable from 1 July 2004 and after). This
also applies to ‘dependants of members whose deaths were the result of an
injury or disease due to service on or after 1 July 2004’.
The MRCC has powers to make determinations and manage claims within this remit.
All decisions must be ratified by the full MRCC.
Under the MRC Act, the MRCC can delegate its functions and powers to
individual members, staff assisting the MRCC, public servants (primarily DVA
staff), ADF members and consultants.
Section 364 of the MRC Act deals with membership of
The MRCC currently has six members:
- the President,
Deputy President, and one member of the Repatriation Commission
Chief Executive Officer of Comcare or another person nominated by the Minister
administering Division 3 of Part VII of the Safety,
Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988 and
people nominated by the Defence Minister, who are members of either the ADF or the
Defence public service workforce.
MRCC members are appointed by the Governor-General and hold
The Secretary of DVA, Liz Cosson, is the current President of the Repatriation
Commission and Chair of the MRCC.
Veteran Family Advocate position
The Bill proposes amendments to the VE Act and MRC
Act to facilitate the inclusion of the new Veteran Family Advocate position
as part of the Repatriation Commission and the MRCC. It does not propose
changes to the functions or powers of either commission.
Entitlement Act 1986
Section 182 of the VE Act deals with the membership
of the Repatriation Commission. Item 5 of Schedule 1 of the Bill
proposes to amend subsection 182(1) of the VE Act to increase the minimum
number of commissioners appointed to the Repatriation Commission to four. The
Bill does not propose to change the maximum number of five commissioners.
Subsection 182(3) allows the Minister to request organisations
representing veterans to
submit lists of names of recommended persons to serve as commissioners.
Proposed subsection 182(4) would require the
Minister, when making recommendations to the Governor-General of persons for appointment
to the Repatriation Commission, to ensure:
of the commissioners recommended is from a list submitted to the Minister under
subsection 182(3) (that is, the Services Member)
of the commissioners recommended will represent families of veterans (that is,
the Veteran Family Advocate).
Items 7 and 8 are consequential amendments to update
the quorum for Repatriation Commission meetings to three commissioners instead
Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004
Section 364 of the MRC Act sets out the membership
of the MRCC.
Item 1 of Schedule 1 of the Bill proposes to
amend subparagraph 364(1)(b)(i) of the MRC Act to state that two
commissioners (instead of one member) of the Repatriation Commission will be
members of the MRCC, nominated by the Veterans’ Affairs Minister.
Item 2 requires the Veterans Affairs Minister to
nominate the Services Member and Veterans Family Advocate of the Repatriation
Commission as those two commissioners on the MRCC. The Explanatory Memorandum
states that this ‘ensures the Minister for Veterans’ Affairs nominates the same
persons who are members of the Repatriation Commission representing veterans
and their families’.
The President and Deputy President of the Rehabilitation
Commission will remain members of the MRCC.
Items 3 to 4 propose complementary
amendments to the provisions of the MRC Act that deal with the
appointment of acting members of MRC Act if members of the
Rehabilitation Commission with the relevant qualifications have not been
into civilian work
Schedule 2 proposes to amend the MRC Act to provide
assistance and benefits to former ADF members as they transition from military
to civilian work. The Support for Employment program is expected to be the
conduit for providing pre-employment and post-employment assistance such as
writing résumés, preparing for interviews and adjusting to the civilian
The proposed amendments are intended to complement the Government’s
Veterans’ Employment Program which was announced on 17 November 2016.
The Veterans’ Employment Program seeks to encourage businesses to employ
veterans in an effort to increase employment opportunities and assist former
military personnel transition to civilian life.
As part of the program, the government established an Industry Advisory
Committee on Veterans’ Employment comprising Australian business
representatives to consider strategies for transferring military skills to civilian
employment. While the Veterans’ Employment Program is aimed at raising
awareness with businesses about the benefits of employing veterans, the Support
for Employment Program focuses on veterans by providing pre-employment and
post-employment support that seek to ultimately lead to meaningful employment.
support to former members
Chapter 5A of the MRC Act currently deals with the
provision of family support to members and former members of the ADF. Item 1
of Schedule 2 to the Bill would change the heading of Chapter 5A to
‘Family and employment support’, to reflect the additional support that will be
provided under the proposed amendments.
Item 4 of Schedule 2 inserts new Part 2
into Chapter 5A, containing provisions dealing with employment support to
former members of the ADF, to assist them to transition into civilian work.
Proposed Part 2 consists of proposed sections 268C and 268D. Proposed
section 268C provides a simplified outline of the Part.
Proposed subsection 268D(1) allows the making of regulations
for granting ‘assistance or benefits of a specified kind to former members to
assist them to transition into civilian work’. The regulations may include:
- the eligibility criteria for support (proposed paragraph 268D(2)(a))
the process former members need to follow to get support (proposed
the conditions for granting support (proposed paragraph 268D(2)(c))
- any limits (financial or otherwise) on the provision of support (proposed
Proposed subsection 268D(3) states that, without
limiting paragraph 268D(2)(a), any eligibility criteria specified in the
regulations may depend on the Commission being satisfied of specified matters.
As referred to above, the Scrutiny of Bills Committee
noted that the approach of specifying the details of the employment support to
former members in regulations results in significant matters being dealt with
in delegated legislation, in a way that may limit Parliamentary oversight.
Accordingly, the Committee requested the Minister’s advice as to why it is
considered necessary and appropriate to leave the details of the scheme to
regulation and whether the Bill could be amended to include at least high-level
Proposed section 268D(4) overrides subsection 14(2)
of the Legislation Act 2003,
to allow regulations made under section 268D to make provision for a matter by
‘applying, adopting or incorporating, with or without modification, any matter
contained in an instrument or other writing as in force or existing from time
The Explanatory Memorandum to the Bill does not indicate which instruments may
be applied or incorporated into the regulations in this way. The Scrutiny of
Bills Committee noted that it will generally have scrutiny concerns with ‘provisions
in a Bill [that] allow the incorporation of legislative provisions by reference
to other documents’ as that approach:
- raises the prospect of changes being made to the law in the absence of
Parliamentary scrutiny, (for example, where an external document is
incorporated as in force 'from time to time' this would mean that any future
changes to that document would operate to change the law without any
involvement from Parliament)
can create uncertainty in the law and
- means that those obliged to obey the law may have inadequate access to
its terms (in particular, the committee will be concerned where relevant
information, including standards, accounting principles or industry databases,
is not publicly available or is available only if a fee is paid).
Accordingly, the Committee requested the Minister’s advice
as to the type of documents that it is envisaged may be applied, adopted or
incorporated by reference; whether the documents will be made freely available
to the public; and why it is necessary to apply the documents as they exist
from time to time, rather than as at a particular time.
Proposed paragraph 423(bc), at item 5 of Schedule
2, will allow appropriations from the Consolidated Revenue Fund to be
applied to pay for support granted under the regulations made under proposed
The energy supplement is paid to all recipients of social
security income support payments (such as the Age Pension and Newstart
Allowance), to recipients of veterans’ payments (such as the Service Pension,
Disability Pension and War Widow/Widower’s Pension), to recipients of the Farm
Household Allowance and some DVA Gold Card holders.
Gold Card holders are eligible for the energy supplement if:
card is issued under the VE Act or the MRC Act and
have reached qualifying age (60 years old) and
are in Australia or temporarily absent from Australia for a period of less than
six weeks and
not in receipt of a Service Pension, Income Support Supplement, social security
pension or benefit or an Energy Supplement paid in respect of a Commonwealth
Seniors Health Card under the Social Security Act 1991.
Those who were Family Tax Benefit recipients or
Commonwealth Seniors Health Card holders before September 2016 and who have not
lost eligibility since can also receive the energy supplement.
Rates of the energy supplement are based on the payment to
which it is attached and range from $91.25 per annum for Family Tax Benefit
Part A (child under 13 years) to $559.00 per annum for veterans receiving the
Special Rate of Disability Pension.
For Gold Card holders, the rate of energy supplement is around
$91.65 per quarter for a single person and $68.90 per quarter for a partnered
These rates are not indexed or adjusted.
Schedule 3 proposes to extend the quarterly payment
of the energy supplement to the three groups of Repatriation Health Card - For
All Conditions (Gold Card) holders who do not currently receive the payment:
participants in the British nuclear tests (BNTs) in Australia
of the British Commonwealth Occupation Forces (BCOF) in Japan and
Asian Treaty Organization medical teams in Vietnam.
the energy supplement
The Gillard Labor Government introduced the clean energy
supplement in 2013 to reassure pensioners and other income support recipients
that they would not be worse off as a result of the carbon price.
The clean energy supplement was payable to those who received the seniors’
supplement, which was paid to Commonwealth Seniors Health Card holders and some
Gold Card holders (under similar eligibility conditions as set out above).
In 2014 the Abbott Coalition Government abolished the
carbon price and renamed the clean energy supplement the ‘energy supplement’.
Even though this removed the original rationale for the clean energy
supplement, the Coalition had made an election commitment that it would keep
the previous Government’s compensation measures.
In April 2014 the Prime Minister, Tony Abbott, repeated this commitment
stating: ‘the reassurance that I want to give to pensioners is that you will
lose the carbon tax but keep the compensation’.
Although the Government did not abolish the clean energy
supplement, it did change it. When it was introduced, the clean energy
supplement was indexed in the same way as payments such as Newstart
Allowance—twice yearly by CPI.
In June 2014 the Government introduced a Bill to cease indexation on the clean
energy supplement and to rename it the ‘energy supplement’.
This Bill failed to pass the Senate but the measure was reintroduced in the
Social Services and Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures
No. 6) Bill 2014, which was passed in November 2014.
In 2015, the seniors supplement was abolished but the
energy supplement continued to be paid to Commonwealth Seniors Health Card
holders and eligible Gold Card holders.
In 2016, payment of the energy supplement to Commonwealth Seniors Health Card
holders was restricted to those who were cardholders on 19 September 2016 and
who remained cardholders continuously after this date. New cardholders were not
eligible for the energy supplement. The Turnbull Government had initially
announced a policy to close the energy supplement to all new recipients of
eligible payments or cards but it was unable to secure support in the Senate
and the Budget Savings (Omnibus) Bill 2016 was amended to only limit the
payment for new Commonwealth Seniors Health Card holders and Family Tax Benefit
The Gold Card is a health treatment and care card and
provides access to the full range of medical, hospital, pharmaceutical, dental
and allied health services in Australia funded by DVA. Medical services are
subject to the requirements of the Medicare Benefit Schedule and prior approval
from DVA may be necessary for some treatments.
A patient contribution is required for pharmaceutical services and for nursing
home care. The Gold Card also provides for the costs of transport to access
treatment and medical services. The Gold Card provides access to health
treatments and care for any condition—regardless of whether that condition is
related to a person’s service.
State and territory governments and some businesses also
provide a range of concessions to Gold Card holders.
Eligibility for the Gold Card is based on an individual
meeting criteria relating to their service; being a prisoner of war; disability
or impairment; or receipt of a certain veterans’ payment.
DVA issues a number of other health cards including the
DVA Health Card—Specific Conditions (White Card), the DVA Health
Card—Pharmaceuticals Only (Orange Card) and the Commonwealth Seniors Health
The White Card provides access to health treatments and
care at DVA’s expense for disabilities and conditions accepted as war or
service related. ADF members and former members can also access treatments for some
specific conditions whether they are service related or not (known as
non-liability health care), including: cancer (malignant neoplasm), pulmonary
tuberculosis, and all mental health conditions. Most current and former ADF
members and some reservists are eligible for a White Card to provide access to
mental health treatments.
The Orange Card is issued to certain Commonwealth and
allied veterans and mariners and provides access to subsidised medicines under
the Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme.
The Commonwealth Seniors Health Card is available to those
over pension age who do not receive an income support pension from DVA or a
payment from Centrelink and who meet an income test. It provides access to
subsidised medicines under Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and to some state and
the Gold Card to British nuclear test participants and British Commonwealth
Prior to July 2017, participants in the British nuclear
tests (BNTs) in Australia and members of the British Commonwealth Occupation
Forces (BCOF) in Japan were not eligible for a Gold Card on the basis of the
involvement in the BNTs or service in BCOF—some individuals may have been
eligible for a Gold Card under other eligibility criteria. Eligibility for the
Gold Card was extended to BNT participants and BCOF members via the Veterans' Affairs
Legislation Amendment (Budget Measures) Act 2017.
BNT participants—including military personnel as well as
civilian workers and Indigenous people who resided in the Maralinga area—and
BCOF members had campaigned for a long time for greater compensation and access
to veterans’ entitlements, particularly the Gold Card. Governments consistently
denied this group access to the Service Pension and automatic access to the
Gold Card on the principle that such entitlements should be reserved for those
who served in times of war and who faced danger from an armed enemy. The extension
of the Gold Card to these groups in 2017 was a break with this longstanding
principle. Then Minister of Veterans’ Affairs stated that the policy change was
‘in recognition of the possible exposure to ionising radiation experienced by
both Australian veterans of BCOF and the BNT veterans’.
the Gold Card to Southeast Asian Treaty Organization medical teams
Prior to April 2019, members of the Australian civilian
surgical and medical teams that provided medical aid, training and treatment to
Vietnamese people during the Vietnam War were not eligible for a Gold
Card—although, some individuals may have been eligible for a Gold Card under
other eligibility criteria.
Australia provided both civilian and military medical
teams to South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. The civilian teams provided
assistance and training to under-resourced and poorly equipped hospitals in
The civilian medical teams who provided this service did so under the auspices
of a Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) aid program administered by
the Australian Department of External Affairs (now the Department of Foreign
Affairs and Trade). SEATO
was a multi-national collective defence arrangement established between 1954
and 1977 and included Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, France, the United
States of America, the United Kingdom, the Philippines and Pakistan.
Members of the SEATO medical teams had campaigned for
access to the same compensation arrangements as those medical teams who went to
Vietnam under the command of the Australian Defence Force (ADF). Many of the
civilian teams worked closely with ADF personnel, performed similar functions
to military medical teams, and were exposed to similar dangers. Members of the
medical teams had argued that the illnesses and medical conditions they have
suffered as result of their time in Vietnam are comparable to conditions
suffered by Vietnam War veterans.
Governments consistently denied the SEATO medical teams
claims for comparable compensation on the basis that these teams were not under
This position changed in December 2018 when the Turnbull Government announced
it would extend the Gold Card to members of the SEATO medical teams. Minister
for Veterans’ Affairs, Darren Chester, stated: ‘while these medical teams were
not a part of the Australian Defence Force at the time, the Government has
listened to their concerns relating to their time in Vietnam’. The Gold Card was extended
to members of these civilian medical teams through the Treatment Benefits
(Special Access) Act 2019.
omission of certain Gold Card holders
When the Gold Card was extended to BNT participants and
BCOF members in 2017, and to SEATO medical team members in 2019, no amendments
were made to also pay the Energy Supplement to these new card holders. The
Minister for Veterans’ Affairs, Darren Chester, stated in his second reading
speech on the Bill that this was ‘an unintended omission’.
The Acts providing for the extension of the Gold Card to
these previously excluded groups did make provision for payment of the
Pharmaceutical Supplement to eligible recipients. The Pharmaceutical Supplement
is paid at a rate of $6.20 per fortnight.
will provide a small benefit to a small number of people
It is unclear how many Gold Card holders will benefit from
Schedule 3’s extension of the Energy Supplement. In 2017, DVA estimated that
1,800 surviving BNT participants and 1,100 surviving BCOF members would receive
a Gold Card.
However, updated estimates provided to the Senate in August 2018 stated that
there were only around 1,721 surviving BNT participants. In 2019, DVA estimated
there were approximately 200 surviving members of the civilian medical teams
who would receive a Gold Card.
The Explanatory Memorandum states that the quarterly
payments of $91.65 for singles and $68.90 for partnered people (each) will
assist the elderly recipients ‘to meet rising energy costs and to maintain
their standard of living’.
Given the exclusion of the Energy Supplement for these
cardholders was an unintended omission, it is unclear why the payments are not
Item 1 of Schedule 3 amends the definition
of ‘gold card’ in subsection 118P(3) of the VE Act to include
Gold Cards provided under the Australian Participants in British Nuclear
Tests and British Commonwealth Occupation Force (Treatment) Act 2006 and
the Treatment Benefits (Special Access) Act 2019.
The amendment means that Gold Card holders under these two
Acts will be eligible for the energy supplement if they:
- have reached qualifying age (60 years old) and
- are in Australia or temporarily absent from Australia for a
period of less than six weeks and
- are not in receipt of a Service Pension, Income Support
Supplement, social security pension or benefit or an Energy Supplement paid in
respect of a Commonwealth Seniors Health Card under the Social Security Act
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(Minister for Veterans’ Affairs and Defence Personnel), Powerful
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of Veterans and Their Families) Bill 2020, p. iii.
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Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (MRC Act), subsection
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182 (2) and (5).
360 provides a simplified overview of Chapter 9.
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p. 24; MRC Act, section
364(4) and subsection
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‘‘Energy supplement: Who can get it’, op. cit.
supplement: how much you can get’, SA website, last updated 21 January
2019; DVA, ‘Energy
supplement’, DVA website, last updated 20 March 2020.
rate per quarter is determined by the number of days in that quarter. The
annual rate of $366.60 for singles and $275.60 for partnered recipients is
calculated as a daily rate which is then multiplied by the number of days in
the relevant quarter. VE Act, sections 118PB and 118PC; DVA, ‘Income
support payment rates 20 Mar 2020’, Compensation and support reference
library, DVA website,
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to Question without notice: carbon pricing’, House of Representatives, Debates,
11 October 2011, p. 11401.; P Yeend and L Buckmaster, Clean
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for the Environment), Government
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to the NSW Liberal Party State Council, Central Coast, speech, 1 June
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of Australia, ‘Social
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homepage’, Australian Parliament website. The Social Services and
Other Legislation Amendment (2014 Budget Measures No. 6) Act 2014 received
Royal Assent on 26 November 2014.
. Social Services
and Other Legislation Amendment (Seniors Supplement Cessation) Act 2015.
. Budget Savings
(Omnibus) Act 2016, Schedule 21.
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Gold Card’, DVA website, last updated 20 March 2020.
and concessions’, DVA website, n.d.
White Card’, DVA website, last updated, 5 August 2019.
Orange Card’, DVA website, last updated 22 July 2019.
Seniors Health Card’, DVA website, last updated 22 July 2019.
M Klapdor, Veterans'
Affairs Legislation Amendment (Budget Measures) Bill 2017, Bills digest,
113, 2016–17, Parliamentary Library, Canberra, 15 June 2017.
Howard (Prime Minister), Additional
benefits for veterans, government response to Clarke Report, media
release, 2 March 2004; D Vale (Minister for Veterans’ Affairs), Response
to the Clarke Committee Report on Veterans' Entitlements, speech, 2
reading speech: Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment (Budget Measures) Bill
2017’, House of Representatives, Debates, 24 May 2017, p. 4910.
O’Keefe, Medicine at war: medical aspects of Australia’s involvement in
Southeast Asia 1950–1972, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1994, p. 367.
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Treaty Organization (SEATO), 1954’, Milestones in the History of US
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Kearney and L Thomas, SEATO
nurses - 10 years on, Australian Nursing Federation, Canberra, June 2009,
M Klapdor and D Watt, Treatment
Benefits (Special Access) Bill 2019 [and] Treatment Benefits (Special Access)
(Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Bill 2019, Bills
digest, 71, 2018–19, Parliamentary Library, Canberra, 28 March 2019.
Frydenberg (Treasurer) and D Chester (Minister for Veterans’ Affairs and
Defence Personnel), Gold
Card for doctors and nurses from the Vietnam War, media release, 16
reading speech: Veterans' Affairs Legislation Amendment (Supporting the
Wellbeing of Veterans and Their Families) Bill 2020’, House of Representatives,
Debates, 13 May 2020, p. 3245.
Pharmaceutical Supplement is paid at the same rate as the Veterans Supplement.
Pension Allowances 20 March 2020’, Compensation and support
reference library, DVA website, March 2020.
budget statements 2017–18: budget related paper no. 1.4B: Defence Portfolio
(Department of Veterans’ Affairs), p. 18
for Veterans’ Affairs, ‘Answer to Question on Notice, [Questioner: A
886, Senate, answered 29 August 2018.
reading speech: Treatment Benefits (Special Access) Bill 2019’, House of
Representatives, Debates, 14 February 2019, p. 447.
Memorandum, Veterans’ Affairs Legislation Amendment (Supporting the
Wellbeing of Veterans and Their Families) Bill 2020, pp. vii.
Entitlements Act 1986, subsections 118P(2) and (3).
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