Prorogation of the 45th Parliament
Prorogation and the Federal election
On 11 April 2019, a proclamation was issued by the Governor-General, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister, proroguing (or formally bringing to a close) the 45th Parliament from 8.29am on 11 April. A general election will be held on 18 May 2019.
What does this mean for the Senate?
The Senate has a continuing, rotating membership with elections being held for half the 72 state senators every three years. State senators are elected for six-year terms, while the four territory senators serve the same term as members of the House of Representatives.
The upcoming election will be for those state senators whose terms expire on 30 June 2019 and territory senators. Newly elected state senators will commence their terms from 1 July 2019 and territory senators' terms commence on the date of their election.
Prorogation terminates the sittings of the Senate, however, its committees (not joint committees) may continue to meet, conduct hearings and present reports if they resolve to do so. Prorogation also has the effect of terminating all business pending before the Senate. Unresolved matters including notices of motion, questions on notice and bills can be resubmitted or restored in the next Parliament.