Bagehot, Walter (1974) The Collected Works of Walter Bagehot vols 5 and 6, (ed. Norman St John-Stevas), The Economist, London.

Bates, T. & N. St John (1986) ‘Parliament, Policy and Delegated Legislation’, Statute Law Review, vol. 23, no. 3 (Summer).

Bernhart, Gordon (1999) Parliamentary Committees: Enhancing Democratic Governance, Cavendish Publishing, London.

Burke, Edmund (1790) Reflections on the Revolution in France, Hackett, London, 1987 edition.

Butler, David (1973) ‘Ministerial Responsibility in Australia and Britain,’ Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 26, no. 4.

Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Study Group (1999) Parliamentary Committees: Enhancing Democratic Governance, Cavendish Publishing Limited, London.

Dicey, A.V. (1921) Modern Democracies, Macmillan, London.

Electoral and Administrative Review Commission (1991) Issues Paper no. 17-Review of Parliamentary Committees, Government Printer, Brisbane.

Evatt, H.V. (1967) The King and His Dominion Governors, 2nd ed., Cheshire, Melbourne.

Forsey, E.A. (1943) The Royal Power of Dissolution of Parliament in the British Commonwealth, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Forsey, E.A. & G.C. Eglington, [n.d.] ‘The Question of Confidence in Responsible Government’, unpublished manuscript held in the Parliamentary Library, Ottawa.

Goldwin, Robert A. & Art Kaufman (eds) (1986) Separation of Powers-Does it Still Work? American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington.

Hamilton, A., J. Madison & J. Jay (1961) The Federalist, Everyman, London.

Hayhurst, J.D. & P. Wallington, (1988) ‘The Parliamentary Scrutiny of Delegated Legislation,’ Public Law, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter).

Herperger, Dwight (1991) Distribution of Powers and Functions in Federal Systems, Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa.

Isburg, Magnus (1982) The First Decade of the Unicameral Riksdag, Stockholm University, Stockholm.

Jefferson, Thomas (1782) Notes on the State of Virginia, 1955 edition, University of North Carolina.

Kersell, John E. (1960) Parliamentary Supervision of Delegated Legislation, Stevens, New York.

Longley, Lawrence D. & Roger H. Davidson (eds) (1998) The New Roles of Parliamentary Committees, Frank Cass & Company Limited, London.

McGoldrick, Dominic (1991) The Human Rights Committee, Clarendon Press, London.

Megarry, R.E. (1955) Miscellany-at-Law, Stevens, London.

Mill, J.S. (1861) Considerations of Representative Government, 1972 edition, J.M. Dent, London.

Pearce, D.C. (1977) Delegated Legislation in Australia and New Zealand, Butterworths, London.

Renton, Nick (1995) ‘Legislative Mumbo Jumbo’, IPA Review, vol. 48, no. 1.

Ridley, F.F. (1979) Government and Administration in Western Europe, Martin Robertson, Oxford.

Third Commonwealth Conference on Delegated Legislation, Westminster (1989), HMSO, London.

Von Beyne, Klaus (2000) Parliamentary Democracy: Democratization, Destabilisation, Reconsolidation, 1789-1999, Macmillan Press, London.

Ward, Alan J. (1977) ‘Minority government and the Redefinition of Parliaments in Australia and New Zealand’, IPA Review, vol. 11, no. 2 (Autumn).

Weeks, Kent M. (1978) Ombudsmen Around the World, 2nd ed., University of California, Berkeley.

Wheare, K.C. (1955) Government by Committee: an Essay on the British Constitution, Clarendon Press, London.

—(1968) Federal Government, 4th ed., Oxford University Press.

The United Kingdom

Adonis, Andrew (1988) ‘The House of Lords since 1945’, Contemporary Record, vol. 2, no. 3 (Autumn).

—(1988) ‘The House of Lords in the 1980s’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 41, no. 3 (July).

Amery, Julian (1973) Approach March, Hutchinson, London.

Anson, William (1922) Law and Custom of the Constitution, 5th ed. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Armstrong, William (1970) The Role and Character of the Public Service, Oxford University Press.

Bailey, S.D. (ed.) (1954) The Future of the House of Lords, Hansard Society, London.

Bromhead, P.A. (1958) The House of Lords and Contemporary Politics 1911-1957, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.

Burch, Martin (1988) ‘The British Cabinet. A Residual Executive’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 41, no. 1 (January).

Butler, David (ed.) (1963) The Electoral System in Britain since 1918, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford.

—(1978) Coalitions in British Politics, Macmillan, London.

— (1989) British General Elections since 1945, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Butler, David & Gareth Butler (2000) Twentieth-Century British Political Facts 1900-2000, Macmillan Press, London.

Conference on the Reform of the Second Chamber, (1918) (Cd 9038), London.

Crick, B. (1970) The Reform of Parliament, 2nd ed., Macmillan, London.

Dicey, A.V. (1887) England’s Case Against Home Rule, John Murray, London.

—(1889) Introduction to the Law of the Constitution, 3rd ed. Macmillan, London.

Doherty, Michael (1988) ‘Prime Ministerial Power and Ministerial Responsibility in the Thatcher Era,’ Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 41, no. 1 (January).

Doig, Alan (1989) ‘The Resignation of Edwina Currie: a Word Too Far’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 42, no. 3 (July).

Drewry, Gavin (1983) ‘The National Audit Act-Half a Loaf’, Public Law, vol. 3, no. 5 (Winter).

Crossman, R.H.S. (1972) Inside View, Jonathan Cape, London.

Drzemczewski, Andrew Z. (1983) European Human Rights Convention in Domestic Law, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Ellis, David L. (1980) ‘Collective Ministerial Responsibility and Collective Solidarity’, Public Law, vol. 2, no. 5 (Winter).

Fowler, Norman (2000) ‘Parliament and the Media’, The Parliamentarian, vol. LXXXI, no. 3.

Gordon, Charles (ed.) (1983) Erskine May. Parliamentary Practice, 20th ed., Butterworths, London.

Greenleaf, W.H. (1987) The British Political Tradition, Methuen, London.

Griffith, J.A.G. & M. Ryle, with M.A.J. Wheeler-Booth (1989) Parliament. Functions, Practice and Procedures, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

Hailsham, Lord (1976) Elective Dictatorship [the Richard Dimbleby Lecture] BBC, London.

—(1982) ‘The Role of an Upper House in a Modern Parliamentary Democracy’, The Parliamentarian, vol. 4, no. 5, (October).

Halvy, Elie (1951) Victorian Years. History of the English People in the Nineteenth Century: vol 4, Victorian Years, Benn, London.

Hennessy, Peter & Anthony Seldon, (eds) (1987) Ruling Performance, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Ingle, Stephen (1987) The British Party System, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Jack, Malcolm (1985) ‘Parliament’s Role as a Check on Government’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 38, no. 3 (Summer).

Jaconelli, Joseph (1988) ‘Incorporation of the Human Rights Convention: Arguments and Misconceptions’, Political Quarterly, vol. 59.

Jennings, W. Ivor (1969) Cabinet Government, Cambridge University Press.

Jones, B. & D. Kavanagh, (1987) British Politics Today, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Likierman, Andrew (1988) ‘Information on Expenditure for Parliament: an Overview and Future Directions’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 41, no. 8 (July).

Lucy, Richard (ed.) The Pieces of Politics, 3rd ed., Macmillan, London.

Morgan, Janet P. (1975) The House of Lords and the Labour Government 1964-1970, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Mount, Ferdinand (1992) The British Now, Heinemann, London.

Norton, Philip (1975) Dissension in the House of Commons 1945-1974, Macmillan, London.

—(1976) ‘Dissent in Committee’, The Parliamentarian, vol. 57.

— (1978) Conservative Dissidents: Dissent within the Parliamentary Conservative Party 1970-74, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

—(1985) Parliament in the 1980s, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

— (1988) ‘The British Parliament under the Thatcher Administration’, Legislative Studies, vol. 3, no. 2 (Spring).

Pym, Francis (1984) The Politics of Consent, Hamish Hamilton, London.

Pyper, Robert (1991) ‘Ministerial Departures from British Governments, 1964-90’, Contemporary Record, vol. 5, no. 2 (Autumn).

Royal Commission on the Reform of the House of Lords, A House for the Future, January 2000.

Select Committee on Procedure, Second Report 1990: The Working of the Select Committee System, HMSO, London.

Shell, Donald R. (1985) ‘The House of Lords and the Thatcher Government’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 38, no. 2 (July).

Shell, D. & D. Beamish (1993) The House of Lords at Work, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Walpole, Spencer (1968) Life of Lord John Russell, Greenwood Press, London.

Wilson, Harold (1971) The Labour Government 1964-70. A Personal Record, Weidenfeld & Nicolson & Michael Joseph, London.

Winterton, Nicholas (2000) ‘Procedural Reform’, The Parliamentarian, vol. LXXXI, no. 3.

Wober, J.M. (1990) ‘Television in the House of Commons: Education for Democracy?’ Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 43, no. 1 (January).


Canadian Bar Association (1985) The Appointment of Judges in Canada, Canadian Bar Foundation, Ottawa.

Dion, Hon. Stphane (1996) ‘Canada’s Challenge’, The Parliamentarian, vol. LXXVII, no. 3.

Dunn, Christopher (1990) ‘Executive Dominance in Provincial Legislatures’, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol. 13, no. 1 (Spring).

Farrand, Max (ed.) (1911) Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.

Feigert, Frank B. (1989) Canada Votes 1935-88, Duke University Press, Durham.

Franks, C.E.S. (1987) The Parliament of Canada, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Gaboury, Jean-Pierre & James Ross Hurley, (eds) (1989) The Canadian House of Commons Observed, University of Ottawa Press, Ottawa.

Gagnon, Alain G. & Brian Tanguay, (eds) (1989) Canadian Parties in Transition, Nelson Canada, Scarborough, Ontario.

Gunther, Magnus & Conrad Winn, (eds) (1991) House of Commons Reform, Parliamentary Internship Program, Ottawa.

Hodgins, W.E. (1896) Correspondence, Reports of the Ministers of Justice and Orders in Council upon the subject of Dominion and Provincial Legislation, 1867-1895, [microform] Government Printing Bureau, Ottawa.

Jerome, James (1981-82) ‘Televising the House of Commons: a Retrospective’, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol. 4, no. 5 (Winter).

Kunz, F.A. (1968) The Modern Senate of Canada: a Reappraisal, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Ledgerwood, Patrick D. (1991) ‘Compendium of Canadian Redistribution Procedures’, unpublished document, Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Alberta.

Liberal Party of Canada (1993) Reviving Parliamentary Democracy.

Long, John Anthony (1968) ‘Maladministration in Western Provincial Legislatures’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. II, no. 3 (September).

Lyon, Vaughan (1984) ‘Minority Government in Ontario, 1975-1981: an Assessment’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. XVII, no. 4 (December).

MacGuigan, Mark (1983) Reform of the Senate: a Discussion Paper, Government of Canada, Ottawa.

MacKay, Robert A. (1963) The Unreformed Senate of Canada, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto.

Mallory, J.R. (1957) ‘Cabinet Government in the Provinces of Canada’, McGill Law Journal, vol. 3, no. 2 (Spring).

—(1983) ‘Can Parliament Control the Regulatory Process?’, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol. 6, no. 3 (Autumn).

Marleau, Robert & Camille Montpetit (2000) House of Commons Procedures and Practice, Cheneliere/McGraw-Hill, Montreal.

Martin, Chester (1955) Foundations of Canadian Nationhood, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

McDonald, Lynn (1987) The Party That Changed Canada, Macmillan, Toronto.

Minister for Supply and Services, Canada (1992) Our Future Together.

Patterson, Robert (1998) ‘British Columbians seek to remove MLAs’, The Parliamentarian, October.

Privy Council Office (1981) The Preparation of Legislation, Ottawa.

Research Branch of the Library (1991) The Functioning of Government, Library of the Parliament, Ottawa.

Robin, Martin (ed.) (1978) Canadian Provincial Politics: the Party System of the Ten Provinces, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall of Canada, Scarborough, Ontario.

Ross, G. (1914) The Senate of Canada, Copp, Clark Co., Toronto.

Rowat, D.C. (ed.) (1973)Provincial Governments and Politics: Comparative Essays, 2nd ed., Carleton University, Ottawa.

Russell, P.H. (1985) ‘The First Three Years in Charterland’, Canadian Public Administration, vol. 28, no. 3.

— (1988) ‘Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms. A Political Report’, Public Law, vol. 3, no. 2 (Autumn).

Sinclair, Sonja (1979) Cordial but not Cosy. A History of the Office of the Auditor General, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto.

Smith, Jennifer (1988) ‘Canadian Confederation and the Influence of American Federation’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. XXI, no. 3 (September).

Special Joint Committee (1984) Senate Reform, Parliament of Canada, Ottawa.

Stewart, Gordon T. (1986) The Origins of Canadian Politics. A Comparative Approach, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.

Stewart, Ian (1980) ‘The Formation of Canadian Federal Parliamentary Alliances’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. XIII, no. 3 (September).

Stewart, John B. (1977) The Canadian House of Commons. Procedures and Reform, McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal.

Strayer, B.L. (1988) ‘Life Under the Canadian Charter’, Public Law, vol. 3, no. 2 (Autumn).

Thorburn, Hugh G. (1972) Party Politics in Canada, Prentice-Hall, Scarborough.

Van Loon, Richard J. & Michael S. Whittington, (1987) The Canadian Political System, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Toronto.

Vipond, Robert C. (1985) ‘Constitutional Politics and the Legacy of the Provincial Rights Movement in Canada’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. XVIII, no. 2 (June).

Waite, P.B. (ed.) (1963) Confederation Debates in the Provinces of Canada, 1865, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto.

Winn, Conrad & John McMenemy (1976) Political Parties in Canada, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Toronto.


Advisory Committee to the Constitutional Commission (1987) Executive Government, Canberra Publishing and Printing Co., Canberra.

Barlin, L.M. (1997) House of Representatives Practice, 3rd ed., AGPS, Canberra.

Coaldrake, Peter (1989) Working the System: Government in Queensland, University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.

Constitutional Commission (1988) Final Report, AGPS, Canberra.

Costar, Brian (ed.) (2000) Deadlock or Democracy? The Future of the Senate, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.

Cowen, Zelman (1985) ‘The Office of Governor-General’, Daedalus, vol. 114, no. 1.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade(1993) Human Rights Manual, AGPS Canberra.

Federal Parliament’s Changing Role in Treaty Making and External Affairs, (2000) Department of the Parliamentary Library, Canberra.

Evans, Harry (1988) Constitutionalism and Party Government in Australia, Australian Study of Parliament Group, Canberra.

Fraser, J.M. (1978) ‘Responsibility in Government’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol. 37, no. 1 (March).

Galligan, Brian (1990) ‘Australia’s Rejection of a Bill of Rights’, Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, vol. 28, no. 3 (November).

Gleeson, Hon. Murray (2000) The Rule of Law and the Constitution, ABC Books, Sydney.

Healy, M. (1990) That’s it-I’m leaving, AGPS, Canberra.

House of Representatives Standing Committee on Procedure (1986) The Standing Orders and Practices which Govern Question Time, AGPS, Canberra.

Hughes, Colin A. (1980) The Government of Queensland, University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.

Jaensch, Dean (1986) Getting Our Houses in Order. Australia’s Parliament: How it Works and the Need for Reform, Penguin, Melbourne.

James, Michael (ed.) (1982) The Constitutional Challenge, Centre for Independent Studies, St. Leonards, NSW.

Joint Standing Committee on Treaties (1999) A Seminar on the Role of Parliaments in Treaty Making, The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

Kerr, John (1978) Matters for Judgment, Macmillan, Melbourne.

Kingston, Margo (1999) Off the Rails, Allen & Unwin, Melbourne.

Knopff, Rainer (1988) ‘Parliament vs the Courts: Making Sense of the Bill of Rights Debate’, Legislative Studies.

Lang, J.T. (1970) The Turbulent Years, Alpha Books, Sydney.

Legal and Constitutional Committee, Parliament of Victoria (1989) Subordinate Legislation, Government Printer, Melbourne.

Lumb, R.D. (1977) The Constitutions of the Australian States, 4th ed., University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.

Marsh, Ian (1991) ‘The Committee System of the U.K. House of Commons: Recent Developments and their Implications for Australia’, Papers on Parliament no. 11.

Mason, A. (1989) A Bill of Rights for Australia?’ Australian Bar Review, vol. 5, no. 1 (March).

Menzies, Robert (1976) Afternoon Light, Nelson, Melbourne.

Nairn, Bede (1986) The Big Fella, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

National Australasian Convention Debates 1891: Official Reports, Government Printer, Sydney.

Odgers, J.R. (1991) Australian Senate Practice, 5th ed., Royal Australian Institute of Public Administration, Canberra.

Official Report of the National Australasian Convention Debates (1897) vol. 1, Government Printer, South Australia.

Page, Barbara (1990) Ministerial Resignations and Individual Responsibility in Australia, 1976-1988’, Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, vol. 28, no. 2.

Parkes, Henry (1892) Fifty years in the Making of Australian History, vol. II, Longman, Sydney.

Quick, John & R.R. Garran, (1901) The Annotated Constitution of the Australian Commonwealth, Angus and Robertson, Sydney.

Ratnapala, Sun (1990) A Positive Role for Australia’s Upper Houses, Centre for Independent Studies, St. Leonards, NSW.

Reid, Alan (1976) The Whitlam Venture, Hill of Content, Melbourne.

Reid, G.S. (1984) ‘The Westminster Model and Ministerial Responsibility’, Current Affairs Bulletin, vol. 61, no. 1 (June).

—(1987) Australian Government: Does the Practice Match the Theory and Does It Matter? University of New England, Armidale.

Reid G.S. & M. Forrest, (1989) Australia’s Commonwealth Parliament, 1901-1988, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Vic.

Report of the Royal Commission into Commercial Activities of the [Western Australian] Government and Other Matters (1992), Government Printer, Perth.

Report of the Second Conference of Australian Delegated Legislation Committees (1989), Senate Procedure Office, Canberra.

Sawer, Geoffrey (1983) ‘Ministerial Responsibility and Quangos’, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol. 42, no. 1 (March).

Sawer, Marian & Sarah Miskin, (eds) (1999) Representation and Institutional Change, Department of the Senate, Canberra.

Senate Standing Committee on Constitutional and Legal Affairs (1979) Freedom of Information, AGPS, Canberra.

—(1985) A Bill of Rights for Australia? AGPS, Canberra.

—(1987) Freedom of Information Act 1982, AGPS, Canberra.

Senate Standing Committee on Finance and Government Administration (1989) Government Companies and their Report Requirements, AGPS, Canberra.

Solomon, David (1976) Elect the Governor-General, Nelson, Melbourne.

Uhr, John (1982) Questions Without Answers, Australasian Political Studies Association, Melbourne.

Weller, Patrick & Dean Jaensch (eds) (1980) Responsible Government in Australia, Australian Political Studies Association, Melbourne.

Whitlam, Gough (1979) The Truth of the Matter, Penguin, Melbourne.

Winterton, G. (1980) ‘Can the Commonwealth Parliament Enact “Manner and Form” Legislation?’ Federal Law Review, vol. II, no. 2.

New Zealand

Elkind, Jerome (1990) ‘The Optional Protocol: a Bill of Rights for New Zealand’, New Zealand Law Journal, vol. 2, no. 1 (March).

Gold, Hyam (ed.) (1985) New Zealand Politics in Perspective, Longman Paul, Auckland.

Gustafson, Barry (1986) The First 50 Years. A History of the New Zealand National Party, Reed Methuen, Auckland.

Holland, Martin & Jonathan Boston, (eds) (1990) The Fourth Labour Government. Politics and Policy in New Zealand, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Auckland.

Jackson, Keith (1987) The Dilemma of Parliament, Allen & Unwin/Port Nicholson Press, Wellington.

Jackson, W.K. (1972) The New Zealand Legislative Council, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Likierman, Andrew (1988) ‘Information on Expenditure for Parliament: an Overview and Future Directions’, Parliamentary Affairs, vol. 41, no. 3 (July).

Mai Chen (1997) ‘The new Parliament under MMP’, Legislative Studies, vol. 11, no. 2 (Autumn).

McGee, David (1985) Parliamentary Practice in New Zealand, Government Printer, Wellington.

McLintock, A.H. (1966) An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, Government Printer, Wellington.

Milne, R.S. (1966) Political Parties in New Zealand, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Morrell, W.P. (1932) The Provincial System in New Zealand, 1852-76, Longmans, Green, London.

Mulgan, Richard (1989) Democracy and Power in New Zealand, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Auckland.

Palmer, G. (1987) Unbridled Power: an Interpretation of New Zealand’s Constitution and Government, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press, Auckland.

Renton, Nick (1995) ‘Legislative Mumbo Jumbo’, IPA Review, vol. 48/1.

Robson, J.L. (1954) New Zealand: the Development of its Laws and Constitution, Stevens, London.

Rowe, James W. & Margaret A. Rowe, (1967) New Zealand, Ernest Benn, London.

Scott, R.J. (1962) The New Zealand Constitution, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Sinclair, Keith (1980) A History of New Zealand, Penguin, Harmondsworth.

Wilson, J.O. (1985) New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840-1984, 4th ed., Government Printer, Wellington.

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