Parliamentary Budget Office

The PBO improves transparency around fiscal and budget policy issues, provides confidential costing services to all parliamentarians, and publishes a report after every election that shows the fiscal implications of major parties’ election commitments.

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Alternative financing of government policies: Understanding the fiscal costs and risks of loans, equity injections and guarantees
| 19 March 2020

This report examines trends in the use of alternative financing arrangements and explains how these arrangements relate to the Commonwealth budget.

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Parliamentary Budget Office
PO Box 6010
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

02 6277 9500