Footnotes

Footnotes

[1] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 3

[2] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 4

[3] Cheryl Lyn Dybas, Invasive species: the search for solutions, BioScience, July 2004/ Vol. 54 No. 7, p. 617.

[4] Dr Barry Traill, Committee Hansard, 14 April 2004, p. 41.

[5] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 11.

[6] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra p. 10.

[7] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 4.

[8] Jeffrey A. McNeely, Strangers in our midst: the problem of invasive alien species, Environment, Volume 46 Number 6, July-August 2004, p. 16.

[9] Richard Sharp, Federal Policy and Legislation to Control Invading Alien Species, Australian Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 6, September 1999, p. 172.

[10] Jeffrey A. McNeely, Strangers in our midst: the problem of invasive alien species, Environment, Volume 46 Number 6, July-August 2004, p. 17.

[11] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 14.

[12] Australian State of the Environment Committee 2001, Australia State of the Environment 2001, Independent Report to the Commonwealth Minister for the Environment and Heritage, CSIRO and the Department of Environment and Heritage, p. 78.

[13] Jeffrey A. McNeely, Strangers in our midst: the problem of invasive alien species, Environment, Volume 46 Number 6, July-August 2004, p. 27.

[14] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra, p. 2.

[15] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 11.

[16] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, p. 2.

[17] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 15.

[18] ibid, p. 10.

[19] ibid, p. 15.

[20] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide 28 June 2004, p. 28.

[21] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 10.

[22] Hewitt C.L., Martin R.B., Sliwa C., McEnnulty, F.R., Murphy, N.E., Jones T. & Cooper, S. 2002. (Eds). National Introduced Marine Pest Information System. At: http://crimp.marine.csiro.au/nimpis, Date of access: 6-Jul-2004.

[23] Hewitt C.L., Martin R.B., Sliwa C., McEnnulty, F.R., Murphy, N.E., Jones T. & Cooper, S. 2002. (Eds). National Introduced Marine Pest Information System, At: http://crimp.marine.csiro.au/nimpis, Date of access: 6-Jul-2004.

[24] J Sinden, R Jones, S Hester, D Odom, C Kalisch, R James and O Cacho, The impact of weeds in Australia - Report to the CRC for Australian Weed Management, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2003, p. 39.

[25] ibid, p.1.

[26] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra p. 10.

[27] J Sinden, R Jones, S Hester, D Odom, C Kalisch, R James and O Cacho, The impact of weeds in Australia - Report to the CRC for Australian Weed Management, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2003, p. 39.

[28] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 8.

[29] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, CRC for Pest Animal Control, Canberra.

[30] ibid.

[31] ibid.

[32] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 12.

[33] ibid.

[34] Mr Tim Allen, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 40.

[35] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 14.

[36] Hassall and Associates Pty Ltd, Introducing Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impact, Sydney, 2003, p. 21.

[37] ibid, p. 17.

[38] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 9.

[39] ibid.

[40] ibid.

[41] Plant Health Australia, Submission 9, p. 2.

[42] ibid.

[43] AAP, QLD: Another blow to Australia's disease-free safe haven, 9 July 2004.

[44] Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Citrus Canker Identified in Queensland, Media Release, 6 July 2004.

[45] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra p. 6.

[46] Hassall and Associates Pty Ltd, Introducing Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impact, Sydney, 2003, p. 18.

[47] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra p.6.

[48] Jeffrey A. McNeely, Strangers in our midst: the problem of invasive alien species, Environment, Volume 46 Number 6, July-August 2004, p. 22.

[49] Hassall and Associates Pty Ltd, Introducing Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impact, Sydney, 2003, p. 17.

[50] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 1.

[51] Mr John Stewart, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 70.

[52] Dr Andrew Black, Committee Hansard, Adelaide 28 June 2004, p. 79.

[53] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 12.

[54] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 47.

[55] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 3.

[56] B. Lane, The Australian, 23 August 2004, p. 5.

[57] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 47.

[58] Indigenous Land Corporation, Submission 38, p. 5.

[59] Indigenous Land Corporation, Submission 38, p. 12.

[60] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 10.

[61] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 45.

[62] ibid, p. 49.

[63] ibid, p. 22.

[64] ibid, p. 27.

[65] ibid, p. 31.

[66] Mr Stewart, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 70.

[67] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 2.

[68] ibid.

[69] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004.

[70] Mr Craig Walton, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004.

[71] Mr Peter Tucker, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 76.

[72] Jeffrey A. McNeely, Strangers in our midst: the problem of invasive alien species, Environment, Volume 46 Number 6, July-August 2004, p. 26.

[73] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 10.

[74] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 41.

[75] Mr John Stewart, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 76.

[76] Mr Mark Ramsey, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 12.

[77] Information in this paragraph is referenced from: www.ea.gov.au/parks/christmas/fauna/crazy.html.

[78] Mr Tim Low, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 43.

[79] Mr Neville Crossman and Mr Noel Richards, Committee Hansard, Adelaide 28 June 2004, p. 53-4.

[80] Mr Mark Ramsey, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 12.

[81] Mr Mark Ramsey, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 12.

[82] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 7.

[83] ibid, Executive Summary.

[84] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 10.

[85] ibid, p. 11.

[86] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 32.

[87] ibid, p. 31.

[88] ibid, p. 32.

[89] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 30.

[90] Mr Tim Allen, Committee Hansard, Adelaide 28 June 2004, p. 39.

[91] ibid, p. 40.

[92] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 3.

[93] Mr Robert Pietsch, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 51.

[94] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 14.

[95] ibid, p. 14.

[96] R McLeod, Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia 2004, Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra, p. 32.

[97] ibid, p. 47.

[98] Indigenous Land Corporation, Submission 38, p. 9.

[99] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra, p. 13.

[100] ibid.

[101] ibid.

[102] Dr Kevin Doyle, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 46.

[103] Zoonoses are diseased that affect animals and humans.

[104] ibid, p. 17.

[105] ibid, p. 28.

[106] ibid, Canberra, p. 41.

[107] ibid, p. 53.

[108] P Seidel, Camel Catchers, The Bulletin, 17 August 2004, p. 28.

[109] ibid, p. 23.

[110] ibid, p. 32.

[111] ibid, p. 7.

[112] Julie-Anne Davies, The rabbit-proof defence, The Bulletin, 24 August 2004, p. 31.

[113] Mr Edward McAlister, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 66.

[114] Canberra Times, Kosciusko baiting could wipe out quolls: world body, 27 August 2004, p. 7.

[115] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 18.

[116] ibid, p. 18.

[117] Mr Ed McAlister, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 64.

[118] ibid.

[119] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 15.

[120] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 7.

[121] Department of Environment and Heritage, An Overview of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, 1999, p. 2.

[122] ECITA Reference Committee Report, Regulating the Ranger Jabiluka, Beverley and Honeymoon uranium mines, October 2003, p 1.

[123] G Bates, Environmental Law in Australia, 5th edition, 2000, p. 73.

[124] Ms Renae Leverenz, Submission 27a, pp. 20-21.

[125] The Australian Constitution, section 51(i).

[126] ibid, Section 51(ii).

[127] ibid, Section 51(ix).

[128] ibid, Section 51(xx).

[129] ibid, Section 51(xxix).

[130] ibid, Section 52.

[131] ibid, Section 90.

[132] ibid, Section 96.

[133] ibid, Section 122.

[134] ibid, Section 109.

[135] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 4.

[136] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 3.

[137] ibid, p. 3.

[138] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 7.

[139] Natural Heritage Trust, Annual Report 2001-2002, p. 2.

[140] Department of Environment and Heritage website, www.deh.gov.au/epbc/about/index.html, accessed 31 August 2004.

[141] ibid.

[142] Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, s270B(3).

[143] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 8.

[144] Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, s301A.

[145] ibid.

[146] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, pp. 7-8.

[147] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 3.

[148] ibid, p. 4.

[149] Natural Heritage Trust, Annual Report 2001-02, p. 3.

[150] ibid.

[151] ibid.

[152] Natural Heritage Trust, Annual Report 2001-02, p. 12.

[153] ibid.

[154] Natural Heritage Trust website, www.nht.gov.au/about-nht.html, accessed 30 August 2004.

[155] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 37.

[156] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 38.

[157] ibid.

[158] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 9.

[159] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 39.

[160] Department of Conservation and Land Management, Submission 67, p. 5.

[161] Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, Schedule ..3

[162] Victorian Government, Department of Sustainability and Environment, website at:www.dse.vic.gov.au/web%2Froot%2Fdomino%2Fcm_da%2Fnrence.nsf/frameset/NRE+Conservation+and+Environment?OpenDocument.

[163] Victorian Government, Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994, Section 4.

[164] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 6.

[165] ibid, p. 6.

[166] Western Australia, Agricultural and Related Resources Protection Act, Section 3.

[167] ibid, Section 39, 42, 49.

[168] South Australian Government website at: www.environment.sa.gov.au/reporting/biodiversity/introduced.html.

[169] South Australian, Weed Management Act 1999, Section 5(a)(i-iv).

[170] Tasmanian Department of Primary Industry, Water and Environment, www.dpiwe.tas.gov.au, The Weed Management Act 1999.

[171] Tasmanian, Threatened Species Protection Act 1995, Section 27.

[172] ibid, Section 28.

[173] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 9.

[174] World Wildlife Foundation, Submission 30, p. 38.

[175] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 9.

[176] ibid.

[177] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 10.

[178] Northern Territory, Weeds Management Act 2001, Section 3.

[179] ibid, Section 7(4)(a)(b)(c).

[180] Territory Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 2001, Section 31(3.)

[181] ibid.

[182] ibid, Section 4.9.

[183] ibid, Section 50.

[184] ibid, Section52.

[185] Cripps, Binning and Young (1999), Opportunity Denied, Review of the legislative ability of local government to conserve native vegetation, p. 19.

[186] Australian Local Government Association, National Local Government Biodiversity Strategy, p. 14.

[187] ibid.

[188] Australian Local Government Association website at: http://www.alga.asn.au/policy/environment/resourceManagement.php.

[189] Australian Local Government Association website at: http://www.alga.asn.au/policy/environment/resourceManagement.php.

[190] Australian Local Government Association, National Local Government Biodiversity Strategy, p. 15.

[191] Australian Local Government Association website at: http://www.alga.asn.au/policy/environment/resourceManagement.php.

[192] Cripps, Binning and Young (1999), Opportunity Denied, Review of the legislative ability of local government to conserve native vegetation, p. 19.

[193] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 6.

[194] ibid, p. 8

[195] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 3.

[196] NSW Agriculture, Submission 70, p. 1.

[197] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p.4.

[198] WWF, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance, Australia Report, p vi.

[199] Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management, Submission 67, p 19.

[200] ibid.

[201] Department of Conservation and Land Management, Submission 67, p. 26.

[202] ibid.

[203] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 3.

[204] ibid.

[205] World Trade Organisation wedsite at: http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm4_e.htm#top.

[206] Ms Renae. Leverenz, Submission 27, p. 60.

[207] World Trade Organisation website at: http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm4_e.htm#tp.

[208] IPPC website at: http://www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.htm.

[209] IPPC, at: https://www.ippc.int/servlet/BinaryDownloaderServlet/13742_1997_English.pdf?filename=/publications/13742.New_Revised_Text_of_the_International_Plant_Protectio.pdf&refID=13742.

[210] Global Ballast Water Management Programme website at: http://globallast.imo.org.

[211] ibid.

[212] Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Treaty Database, 24 August 2004 website at: http://www.info.dfat.gov.au/Info/Treaties/Treaties.nsf/AllDocIDs/D06C1FAB1733E7AFCA256EFA0007C15B.

[213] Information in this section is obtained from www.oie.int/eng/en_index.html.

[214] Convention on Biological Diversity website at, http://www.biodiv.org/doc/publications/guide.asp?id=web.

[215] ibid.

[216] Convention on Biological Diversity, Article 8(h) website at: http://www.biodiv.org/decisions/default.aspx?m=COP-06&id=7197&lg=.

[217] ibid.

[218] Ms Renae. Leverenz, Submission 27, p. 59.

[219] World Wildlife Fund, Submission 30, p. 34.

[220] Dr Rachael McFadyen, Committee Hansard, 14 April 2004, p. 30.

[221] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 13.

[222] Ministerial Council website at: www.mincos.gov.au/about_mrnmc.htm.

[223] ibid.

[224] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 56.

[225] ibid, p. 56.

[226] ibid, p. 64.

[227] Ministerial Council website at: www.mincos.gov.au/nrm_sc_committees.htm.

[228] ibid.

[229] Natural Heritage Trust, Annual Report 2001-02, p 12.

[230] Australian Weeds Committee website at: www.weeds.org.au/awc.htm -.

[231] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 7.

[232] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 14.

[233] E. Davis, The roles of the Vertebrate Pests Committee in improving the humaneness of pest animal control, RSPCA Australian Scientific Seminar, 2003, p. 6.

[234] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 9.

[235] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 8.

[236] E. Davis, The roles of the Vertebrate Pests Committee in improving the humaneness of pest animal control, 2003 RSPCA Australian Scientific Seminar, p. 7.

[237] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 56.

[238] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61.

[239] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[240] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 27.

[241] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 33.

[242] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 27.

[243] ibid, p. 28.

[244] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 33.

[245] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 28.

[246] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 30.

[247] ibid, p. 33.

[248] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61.

[249] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 29.

[250] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 8.

[251] Mr Charles Willcocks, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 55.

[252] The Natural Heritage Trust website at: www.nht.gov.au/about-nht.html.

[253] ibid.

[254] ibid.

[255] Mr Simon Murnane, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 61.

[256] The Natural Heritage Trust website at: www.nht.gov.au/publications/framework/index.htm,.

[257] ibid.

[258] Dr Anthony Pressland, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 9.

[259] Mr Charles Willcocks, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 55.

[260] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 27.

[261] ibid, p. 27.

[262] Dr Barry Traill, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 49.

[263] ibid, p. 54.

[264] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 63.

[265] ibid.

[266] ibid, p. 63.

[267] Mr Steve Greenwood, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 61.

[268] Mr Craig Walton, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 11.

[269] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 61.

[270] Mr Tim Low, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 48.

[271] Mr Malcolm Petrie, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 64.

[272] ibid, p. 65.

[273] Mr Tim Low, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 48.

[274] Mr John Stewart, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 73.

[275] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 63.

[276] Mr Simon Murnane, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 61.

[277] Mr John Stewart, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 69.

[278] Mr Malcolm Petrie, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 65.

[279] ibid, p. 67.

[280] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 14.

[281] Mr Malcolm Petrie, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 64.

[282] Dr Louise Morin, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 6.

[283] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 14.

[284] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 60.

[285] ibid, p. 60.

[286] Mr Simon Murnane, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 62.

[287] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 62.

[288] The Hon. Warren Truss, Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, and The Hon. David Kemp, Minister for the Environment and Heritage, $5.6 million for innovative environmental work, media release, 10 June 2004.

[289] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 64.

[290] Dr Mark Lonsdale, CSIRO Entomology, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 2.

[291] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 4.

[292] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 3.

[293] AEC Group, Economic Impact of State and Local Government Expenditure on Weed and Pest Animal Management in Queensland, October 2002, p i.

[294] ibid, p. 100.

[295] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 5.

[296] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 10.

[297] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 5.

[298] Bendigo and District Environment Council Inc. and Bendigo Field Naturalist Club Inc., Submission 46.

[299] Animal and Plant Control Commission, Submission 15, p. 8.

[300] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 3.

[301] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 6.

[302] CRC Weed management, Submission 22, p. 3.

[303] WWF, Submission 30.

[304] WWF, Submission 30, p. 21.

[305] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p.10.

[306] Quarantine and Export Advisory Council, Submission 49, p. 2.

[307] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 12.

[308] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 13.

[309] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 14; NSW Fisheries website, Black-striped mussel - Mytilopsis sallei, at: www.fisheries.nsw.gov.au/thr/species/fn-black-striped-mussel.htm.

[310] Mr Rob Ferguson, Department of Environment and Heritage website, The effectiveness of Australia's response to the Black Striped Mussel incursion in Darwin, Australia, December 2000. At: www.deh.gov.au/coasts/imps/pubs/bsmfinalreport.pdf.

[311] ibid.

[312] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 3.

[313] CSIRO, Submission 34, p. 14.

[314] Department of Agriculture and Fisheries and Forestry website at: www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?&OBJECTID=0BFA0A07-108E-48CB-8071D0CAED6EBA85.

[315] River Link Newsletter number 48, December 1999, website at: www.sardi.sa.gov.au/ riverlink/news/rlno48.htm.

[316] Government of South Australia, Government Achievements, website at: http://203.6.132.27/achievements_ 6m/group_display.asp?Group_ID=9&Commitment_ID=67.

[317] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 15.

[318] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 3.

[319] Bureau of Rural Science, Submission 62a, p. 19.

[320] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Weed Management Guide: Bridal Creeper, at: http://www.weeds.crc.org.au/documents/wmg_bridal_creeper.pdf.

[321] Mr Peter Mirtshen, Venom Supplies, Submission 6, p. 1.

[322] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22.

[323] CSIRO Entomology website at: http://www.ento.csiro.au/weeds/bridalcreeper/news.html.

[324] CSIRO Entomology website at: http://www.ento.csiro.au/weeds/bridalcreeper/leafhopper/ index.html.

[325] Weed Management Society of South Australia, Submission 35, p. 7.

[326] Animal and Plant Control Commission, Submission 15, p. 9.

[327] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 7.

[328] CSIRO and the Murray-Darling Basin Commission, Carp Management in the Murray Darling Basin: Daughterless Carp Technology.

[329] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 16.

[330] Bureau of Rural Science, Submission 62a, p. 20.

[331] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 3.

[332] ECOS, Battlelines drawn against the cane toad march, 119 Apr-Jun 2004, p.28.

[333] Dr Alex Hyatt, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 8.

[334] CSIRO, CSIRO cane toad research website at: http://www.csiro.au/index.asp?type=faq&id=CaneToadControl&stylesheet=sectorInformationSheet and Australian Museum, Fact sheets Cane Toads, Giant Toads or Marine Toads at: http://www.austmus.gov.au/factsheets/canetoad.htm,accessed 11 October 2004.

[335] Dr Mark Lonsdale, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 8.

[336] Dr Tony Robinson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 7.

[337] ibid, p. 7.

[338] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 31.

[339] Senator Ian Campbell, Cane toad invasion threat - joint taskforce to defend WA, Media Release, 29 August 2004.

[340] ECOS, Battlelines drawn against the cane toad march, 119 Apr-Jun 2004, p. 28.

[341] Dr Tony Robinson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 7.

[342] Department of Environment and Heritage, Initiative for Future Research on the Control of Cane Toads in Australia, website at: http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/ferals/canetoad-year-3/pubs/canetoad-year-3-summary.pdf.

[343] Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council Communique, 16 April 2004, at: http://www.mincos.gov.au/pdf/nrmmc_06.pdf.

[344] Senator Ian Campbell, Cane toad invasion threat - joint taskforce to defend WA, Media Release, 29 August 2004.

[345] Mr Peter Tucker, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June, 2004, p. 76.

[346] CSRIO, Submission 34, p. 23.

[347] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 20.

[348] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 5.

[349] Government of Western Australia, Submission 67, p. 18.

[350] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 7.

[351] Mr Richard Sharp, Submission 2, p. 9.

[352] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 9.

[353] Council of Australian Weed Societies, Submission 68.

[354] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 2.

[355] Weeds of National Significance website at: http://www.weeds.org.au/natsig.htm, accessed 6 October 2004.

[356] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[357] A Glanznig and O Kessal, Invasive Plants of National Importance and their Legal Status by State and Territory, WWF Australia, Sydney, 2004, p. 4.

[358] A Glanznig, K McLachlan and O Kessal, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance: an overview of their legal status, commercial availability and risk status, WWF Australia, 2004, p.v.

[359] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 4.

[360] Mr Andreas Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 11.

[361] Council of Australian Weed Societies Inc., Submission 68, p. 1.

[362] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 56.

[363] ibid, p. 64.

[364] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 65.

[365] Dr Rachel McFadyen, CRC for Australian Weed Management, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 21.

[366] ibid, p. 22.

[367] Mr Tim Low, Invasive Species Council, Committee Hansard Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 45.

[368] The Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 76, p. 5.

[369] Mr Mark Ramsey, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p 7.

[370] Ms Helen Moss, Submission 48, p. 1.

[371] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 7.

[372] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 3.

[373] CRC for Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 9.

[374] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 9.

[375] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 13.

[376] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 2.

[377] A Glanznig, K McLachlan amd O Kessal, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance: an overview of their legal status and commercial availability, WWF Australia, Sydney 2004, p. 11.

[378] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[379] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[380] Animal and Plant Control Commission South Australia, Submission 15, p. 8.

[381] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 14.

[382] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 9.

[383] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 8.

[384] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 56.

[385] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[386] ibid.

[387] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 8.

[388] Environment Australia, Natural Heritage Trust Annual Report 2001-02, Canberra 2003, p. 38.

[389] ibid.

[390] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 21.

[391] Mr Craig Walton, Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, pp. 10-11.

[392] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 8.

[393] The Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 76, p. 6.

[394] Randall cited in A Glanznig, K McLachlan, O Kessal, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance: an overview of their legal status, commercial availability and risk status, 2004, WWF Australia, Sydney.

[395] R H Groves, Recent Incursions of Weeds to Australia, Technical Series No. 3. 1998, Cooperative Research Centre for Weed Management Systems, Adelaide.

[396] A Glanznig, K McLachlan, O Kessal, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance: an overview of their legal status, commercial availability and risk status, 2004, WWF Australia, Sydney, p.v.

[397] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 8.

[398] Nursery and Garden Industry Australia, Submission 69.

[399] Mr Geoffrey Fuller, Nursery and Garden Industry South Australia, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 20.

[400] Mrs Dale Morgan, Submission 16, p. 1.

[401] The Bend of Islands Conservation Association, Submission 23, p. 1.

[402] Ms Debbie Reynolds, Submission 12, p. 1.

[403] Mr Robert Fallon, Submission 28, p. 1.

[404] Mr Andrew Dell, Submission 14, p. 1.

[405] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 6.

[406] A Glanznig, K McLachlan and O Kessal, Commercial Availability of “Garden Thug” Plants, WWF Australia, Sydney, 2004, p. 3.

[407] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 4.

[408] Mr Geoffrey Fuller, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 26.

[409] ibid, p. 27.

[410] Dr William Lonsdale, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p 17.

[411] ibid.

[412] Mr Andreas Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, pp 29 - 30.

[413] ibid, p. 28.

[414] ibid, p. 28.

[415] Mr Geoffrey Fuller, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 19.

[416] ibid, p. 19.

[417] Weed Management Society of South Australia, Submission 35, p. 5.

[418] Mr Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 33.

[419] George Wilkenfeld and Associates Pty Ltd et al. A Mandatory Water Efficiency Labelling Scheme for Australia. Final Report to Environment Australia. 2003. P.2.

[420] Ms Renae Laverenz, Submission 27a, p. 84.

[421] Dr Rachel McFadyen, CRC for Australian Weed Management, Committee Hansard, Brisbane 14 April, 2004, p. 21.

[422] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 17.

[423] Bounceback 2000 website at: www.nrm.sa.gov.au.

[424] Mr Edward McAlister, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 60.

[425] Information from: www.naturebase.net/national_parks/previous_parks_month/peron.html; www.sharkbay.org/terrestial-environment/page_06.htm and www.sharkbay.org/terrestial-environment/page_09.htm.

[426] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33d.

[427] Mr Jonathan Miller, Department of Environment and Heritage, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2004, p. 2.

[428] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p.2 of Attachment 2.

[429] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 8.

[430] Ms Renae Leverenz, Submission 27a, p. 27.

[431] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 3.

[432] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22.

[433] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 3.

[434] Ms Renae Leverenz, Submission 27a, p. 29.

[435] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 19.

[436] The World Conservation Union, Critically Endangered Spotted Handfish May Become The First Australian Marine Fish To Go Extinct, media release, 28 July 2004,at: http://www.iucn.org/info_and_news/press/pr-spotted-handfish.pdf.

[437] Dr Trudi Ryan, Submission 26, p. 3.

[438] Dr Cas Vanderwoude, Submission 19, p. 1.

[439] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 20.

[440] CSIRO, Submission 34, p.23.

[441] Environment Protection And Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - Section 301a.

[442] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33d, pp. 2-3.

[443] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p.5.

[444] Queensland Government, Department of Natural Resources, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 8.

[445] Queensland Government, Submission 43a, p. 1.

[446] Queensland Farmers Federation, Submission 42, p. 6.

[447] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 65.

[448] A Glanznig and O Kessal, Invasive Plants of National Importance and their Legal Status by State and Territory, WWF Australia, Sydney, 2004, p. 4.

[449] Mr Simon Murnane, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 66.

[450] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, pp. 10 - 11.

[451] Dr Barry Traill, Invasive Species Council, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 49.

[452] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 9.

[453] CSRIO, Submission 34, p. 23.

[454] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 13.

[455] Mr Noel Richards, Weed Management Society of South Australia, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 57.

[456] State Council of Rural Lands Protection Board, Submission 32, p. 5.

[457] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 5.

[458] Council of Australian Weed Societies, Submission 68.

[459] Mr Tim Low, Invasive Species Council, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 49.

[460] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 57.

[461] Dr Nicholas Bax, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 33.

[462] Dr Louise Morin, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 5.

[463] Dr Louise Morin, CSIRO, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004, p. 6.

[464] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 13.

[465] ibid.

[466] Mr Edward McAlister, Submission 75, p. 5.

[467] Dr Tony Peacock, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 8.

[468] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 5.

[469] ibid, p. 6.

[470] Mr George Willcocks, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Committee Hansard, Canberra 18 June 2004 p. 69.

[471] Mr Roger Wickes, Animal and Plant Control Commission, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 6.

[472] Upgraded regulation of the movement of materials deemed to be high risk for transporting fire ants was subsequently introduced to take effect from 19 April 2004. The upgraded regulation was under amendments to the Plant Protection Act 2002. Source: Agreement to support extra fire ant fight funding, Media Statement by the Hon Henry Palaszczuk, 16 April 2004.

[473] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 7.

[474] Agreement to support extra fire ant fight funding, Media Statement by the Hon Henry Palaszczuk, 16 April 2004.

[475] AAP, Fire ant fight has cost nation $109 million so far, 15 July 2004.

[476] See also: Satellite assists in fire ant eradication, Media Statement by the Hon Henry Palaszczuk, 28 April 2004.

[477] Bureau of Rural Science, Submission 62a, p. 5.

[478] Animal and Plant Control Commission South Australia, Submission 15, p. 7.

[479] ibid, p. 9.

[480] Tasmanian Government, Submission 64, p. 1.

[481] The Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 76, p. 5.

[482] Plant Health Australia, Submission 9, p. 3.

[483] Plant Health Australia, PLANTPLAN endorsed to manage emergency plant pest incursions, media release, 8 June 2004.

[484] Mr Tim Low, Invasive Species Council, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 43.

[485] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 8.

[486] Mr Roger Wickes, Animal and Plant Control Commission, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 1.

[487] Dr Anthony Pressland, Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 6.

[488] Mr Edward McAlister, Committee Hansard, Adealide, 28 June 2004, p. 62.

[489] Mrs Denise and Mr Tony Redmond, Submission 4, p. 2.

[490] Mrs Phillipa Foster, Submission 1, p. 1.

[491] Mr Con Boekel, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 36.

[492] Mr Edward McAlister, Submission 75, p. 5.

[493] The Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Submission 76, p. 5.

[494] Conservation Council of WA, Submission 59, p. 2.

[495] Biosecurity Australia, Import risk analysis handbook, Canberra, 2003, p. 5.

[496] ibid.

[497] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 13.

[498] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 7.

[499] Department of Environment and Heritage and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 74, pp. 2-3.

[500] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 4.

[501] Biosecurity Australia, Import risk analysis handbook, Canberra, 2003, p. 8.

[502] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 6.

[503] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 7.

[504] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 14.

[505] Queensland Government, Submission 42, p. 18.

[506] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 18.

[507] Bureau of Rural Sciences, Submission 62a, p. 14.

[508] ibid.

[509] ACT Government, Submission 44, p. 7.

[510] Dr Rhondda Dickson, Department of Environment and Heritage, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 67.

[511] Biosecurity Australia, New Arrangements to Strengthen Import Risk Analysis, Animal Biosecurity Memorandum 2004/15, Plant Biosecurity Policy Memorandum 2004/22, 16 August 2004.

[512] Invasive Species Council, Submission 56, p. 6.

[513] Ms Renae Leverenz, Submission 27, p. 66.

[514] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 25.

[515] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 4.

[516] Weed Management Society of South Australia Inc, Submission 35, p. 6.

[517] ibid, p. 4.

[518] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, Attachment 3.

[519] CRC For Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 6.

[520] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 26

[521] H Spafford Jacob, R Randall and S Lloyd, Front Door Wide Open to Weeds: an examination of the weed species permitted for import without risk assessment. WWF Australia, 2004.

[522] A Glanznig, K McLachland and O Kessal, Garden Plants that are Invasive Plants of National Importance: an overview of their legal status, commercial availability and risk status, WWF Australia, Sydney, 2004, p. vi.

[523] H Spafford Jacob, R Randall and S Lloyd, Front Door Wide Open to Weeds: an examination of the weed species ppermitted for import without risk assessment. WWF Australia, 2004.p.iii.

[524] ibid.

[525] ibid.

[526] Environment Australia, National Objectives and Targets for Biodiversity Conservation, 2001-2005, Canberra, 2001,p. 17.

[527] Mr Andreas Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 11.

[528] WWF Australia, Submission 30b, p. 13.

[529] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 3.

[530] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 25.

[531] ibid, p. 26.

[532] Mr Charles Willcocks, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 54.

[533] Quarantine Amendment Proclamation 2004 (No 3) was made by the Governor-General on 21 July 2004.

[534] Invasive Species Council, Submission 56, p. 5.

[535] Weed Management Society of South Australia Inc, Submission 35, p. 6.

[536] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 8.

[537] ibid.

[538] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 22.

[539] Mr Charles Willcocks, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 54.

[540] Department of Environment and Heritage and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 74, p. 3.

[541] Mr Charles Willcocks, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 55.

[542] ibid.

[543] Dr Brian Stynes, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 57.

[544] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 59.

[545] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 8.

[546] Dr Rachel McFadyen, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 5.

[547] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 5.

[548] Anthelia Bond, Threatened Plant Action Group Coordinator, Nature Conservation Society of South Australia, Committee Hansard, 28 June 2004, p. 73.

[549] Tasmanian Weed Society Inc., Submission 18, p. 5.

[550] Mr Neville Crossman, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 51.

[551] Dr Barry Traill, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 June 2004, p. 48.

[552] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33c, p. 2.

[553] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 4.

[554] Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry website at: http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D2C48F86-BA1A-11A1-A2200060A1B00590.

[555] Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, pp. 3-4.

[556] CSIRO, Submission 43, p. 15.

[557] ibid, p. 16.

[558] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 18.

[559] Dr Barry Traill, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 54.

[560] CRC for Australian Weed Management, Submission 22, p. 7.

[561] Mr Neville Crossman, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 51.

[562] Mr Andreas Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2004, p. 12.

[563] Coastal Waters (State Powers) Act 1980, section 5.

[564] Mr Tim Allen, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, pp. 38-39.

[565] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33b, p. 3.

[566] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide 28 June 2004, p. 28.

[567] ibid, p. 29.

[568] ibid, p. 28.

[569] Hassall & Associates Pty Ltd, Introduced Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impacts, January 2003, p. 11-12.

[570] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 28.

[571] Hassall & Associates Pty Ltd, Introduced Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impacts, January 2003, p. 11.

[572] Conservation Council of WA, Submission 59, p. 4.

[573] Hassall & Associates Pty Ltd, Introduced Marine Pests - Scoping the Socio-Economic Impacts, January 2003, p. 10.

[574] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 35 - 36.

[575] ibid.

[576] Mr Andreas Glanznig, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 29.

[577] CSIRO Marine Research, Media Release: New test to detect aquatic pests, 21 April 2004, www.marine.csiro.au/media/o4releases/21apr04.html.

[578] Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Treaty Database, 24 August 2004, www.info.dfat.gov.au/Info/Treaties.nsf/AllDocIDs/D06C1FAB1733E7AFCA256EFA0007C15B.

[579] Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 62, p. 4.

[580] Department of the Environment and Heritage, Submission 61.

[581] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 29.

[582] Mr Tim Allen, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 40.

[583] ibid.

[584] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33b, Attachment 1, p. 2.

[585] ibid.

[586] ibid.

[587] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 18.

[588] Department of the Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 10.

[589] Invasive Species Council Victoria, Submission 33, p. 5.

[590] Invasive Species Council Queensland, Submission 56; WWF Australia, Submission 30; Conservation Council of WA, Submission 59.

[591] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 22.

[592] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33b, p. 3.

[593] Mr Tim Allen, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 41.

[594] ibid, p. 43.

[595] Dr William Lonsdale, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 4.

[596] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 35.

[597] Mr Gregor Manson, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 80.

[598] Mr John Day, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, pp. 79-80.

[599] Mr Gregor Manson, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 14 April 2004, p. 81.

[600] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, 28 June 2004, p. 33.

[601] Queensland Government, Submission 43.

[602] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 5.

[603] Conservation Council of WA, Submission 59.

[604] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 10.

[605] Dr Nicholas Bax, Committee Hansard, Adelaide, 28 June 2004, p. 29.

[606] Invasive Species Council, Submission 56b.

[607] Invasive species Council, Submission 56b.

[608] ibid.

[609] ibid.

[610] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p. 11.

[611] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 54.

[612] Joint standing committee on Conservation (SCC)/Standing Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture (SCFA) National Taskforce on the Prevention and Management of Marine Pest Incursions, Report of the National Taskforce of the Prevention and Management of Marine Pest Incursions, Revised edition October 2000, p. 56.

[613] ibid.

[614] ibid, p 57.

[615] Mr Jon Day, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 79.

[616] Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Legislation Committee, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Bill 1998 and Environmental Reform (Consequential Provisions) Bill 1998, April 1999, p. 144.

[617] Senator Andrew Bartlett, Second Reading, Senate Hansard, 19 November 2002, p. 6741.

[618] Section 51 of The Constitution sets out the legislative powers of the Commonwealth Parliament. As the Department of the Environment and Heritage stressed in its submission: 'Under the Australian Constitution, State and Territory Governments have specific and clear responsibility for the legislative and administrative framework within which natural resources are managed. The Australian Government's involvement in environmental matters focuses on [certain] matters of national environmental significance...' Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 7.

[619] Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Legislation Committee, Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Bill 1998 and Environmental Reform (Consequential Provisions) Bill 1998, April 1999, Minority Report by the Australian Democrats, p. 204.

[620] , Report of the Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts References Committee, Commonwealth Environment Powers, May 1999.

[621] Senator Andrew Bartlett, Second Reading, Senate Hansard, 19 November 2002, p. 6741.

[622] Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Invasive Species) Bill 2002 (the Bill), clause 266AB.

[623] clause 26AC(2).

[624] clause 266AC(3).

[625] Clause 3, proposed new section 266AC, paragraph (1).

[626] Division 1A - clauses 503A to 503B.

[627] S503B.

[628] clause 503A(4).

[629] clause 503A(6).

[630] Subdivision C - clauses 266CA to 26CR.

[631] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 17.

[632] ibid.

[633] ibid.

[634] ibid.

[635] Gene Technology Regulator, Submission 60, p. 1.

[636] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 13.

[637] Under the Quarantine Act 1908 and the EPBC Act 1999 the Commonwealth regulates the entry of live plants and animals into Australia, with both statutes requiring that live specimens be assessed for their potential impacts. Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 7.

[638] Government of Western Australia, Submission 67, pp. 20-2.

[639] Government of Queensland, Submission 43, pp. 24-25.

[640] Mr Craig Walton, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 7.

[641] Mr Anthony Pressland, Committee Hansard, Brisbane 14 April 2004, p. 7.

[642] Government of Queensland, Submission 43, p. 26.

[643] ACT Government, Submission 44, pp. 6-7.

[644] Brisbane City Council, Submission 54, pp. 6-7.

[645] Local Government Association of NSW and the Shires Association of NSW, Submission 65, p. 2.

[646] WWF Australia, Submission 30, Letter of transmittal.

[647] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 55.

[648] WWF Australia, Submission 30, pp. 53-54 and footnote on p. 63. Emphasis in original.

[649] Mr Andreas Glanznig, WWF Australia, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 26 November 2003, p. 22.

[650] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, p.11 and p.6 of Attachment 2.

[651] A Quick Look at the Democrats' Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Invasive Species) Bill( 2002), Lucy Vaughan, Feral Herald, Volume 1, Issue 4, July 2003, p. 14.

[652] ibid, pp. 12 and 14.

[653] Conservation Council of WA, Submission 59, p. 6. See also: The Eurobodalla Greens, Submission 11, p. 4, Native Fish Australia (SA), Submission 31, p. 1; Bendigo and District Environment Council and Bendigo Field Naturalist Club, Submission 46, p. 8; The North West Vegetation Forum, Submission 57, p. 1.

[654] Invasive Species Council, Submission 33, pp.3-4 of Attachment 3.

[655] Department of Environment and Heritage, Submission 61, p. 14.

[656] Weed Society of Queensland, Submission 55, p.1.

[657] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, p. 6. See also Dr Trudi Ryan, Submission 26, p. 3; Ms Renae Leverenz, Submission 27, p. 3; Weed Management Society of South Australia, Submission 35, pp. 6-7; Bendigo and District Environment Council and Bendigo Field Naturalist Club, Submission 46, pp. 7-8.

[658] Indigenous Land Corporation, Submission 38, pp. 15-16.

[659] Mr Richard Sharp, Submission 2, p. 2.

[660] Mr Richard Sharp, Australian Journal of Environmental Management, Vol 6, September 1999, p. 172.

[661] WWF Australia, Submission 30, p. 53.

[662] Queensland Farmers' Federation, Submission 42, p. 6.

[663] Tasmanian Weed Society, Submission 18, pp. 6-7.

[664] Queensland Government, Submission 43a, p.1.

[665] Western Australian Government, Submission 67, p. 3.

[666] Dr Cas Vanderwoude, Submission 19, p. 1.

[667] Mr Edward McAlister, Submission 75, p. 5.

[668] Department of Environment and Heritage and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 74, p. 3.

[669] Mr Bernard Wonder, Committee Hansard, Canberra, 18 June 2004, p. 59.

[670] Mr Edward McAlister, Submission 75, p. 5.

[671] Oxford Reference Online, accessed 3 September 2004.

[672] P Martin, Killing us softly - Australia's green stalkers, CRC for Australian Weed Management 2002, Canberra, p. 22.

[673] Mr Tim Low, Committee Hansard, Brisbane, 14 April 2004, p. 49.

[674] Queensland Government, Submission 43, p. 15.

[675] Marine and Coastal Community Network (MCCN), NRM and NHT - A Brief, Wet History, NSW Regional Ripples E-Bulletin, Number 9, September 2004.

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