State statistical bulletin, 2007-08


Research Paper Index

Research Paper no. 22 2008–09

State statistical bulletin, 2007 08

Tony Kryger
Statistics and Mapping Section
25 February 2009

Contents

Executive summary
Introduction
Historical data
Glossary


 

Executive Summary

  • This paper provides tables and charts that allow comparisons between individual states and territories across a broad range of social and economic indicators.
  • Each table contains data for the last five years, while each chart plots data for the latest year that data are available.

 

Introduction

The Australian economy performed well in 2007 08, maintaining a trend that has continued over a number of years. Despite the strong performance overall, however, there remains considerable divergence between the states and territories. The standout state was Western Australia. In 2007 08, Western Australia had one of the lowest rates of unemployment in the country, combined with an economic growth rate, average wage level and growth rate in business investment that were significantly above the national average. Despite these strong economic fundamentals, Western Australia in 2007 08 nonetheless experienced below average growth rates in retail turnover and dwelling approvals. The other strongly performing state was Queensland which, like Western Australia, has benefited considerably from exposure to the mining boom.

The weakest performing state in 2007 08 was New South Wales with an economic growth rate significantly lower than that of any other state. In addition, New South Wales experienced one of the lowest rates of employment growth and wages growth in the country, combined with the second highest growth rate in bankruptcies after Tasmania. Moreover, the net debt of the New South Wales general government sector was higher, relative to the size of its economy, than that of any other state.

Generally speaking, Western Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory have tended to perform better than the rest of the country. This has been a fairly persistent trend over a number of years, tending to widen the gap in the performance of different parts of the country.

The disparity in performance across Australia has focused attention on the economic and social conditions in the individual states and territories. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to present a range of indicators for the states and territories in such a way that comparisons can be made. This has meant that some indicators that merely reflect the size of an economy (e.g. retail turnover) have been presented so that emphasis is on the annual growth rate of the indicator. Other indicators have been presented as a ratio e.g. long-term unemployed to total unemployed or general government debt to gross state product so that comparisons can be made.

This publication is the second in a series. It is hoped that it will be updated annually. It is a companion publication to Monthly Statistical Bulletin that contains only Australia-wide data.

As there are social and economic terms that may be unfamiliar to the reader, a glossary has been provided at the end of this publication.

Note: The financial crisis which began in 2008 is having major repercussions around the world. Global events will have an inevitable impact on Australia, with the likelihood that economic growth in Australia will fall. The extent of the slowdown will vary between states. Consequently, the values for several economic indicators in 2008 09 could deviate markedly from the trends shown in this paper.

Historical data

Long-term data series for every table that appears in this paper are available electronically and can be found at http://libiis1/Library_Services/Quicklinks/state_mesi/index.htm.

The long-term series for the companion publication Monthly Statistical Bulletin can be found at http://libiis1/Library_Services/Quicklinks/msb_edata/index.htm.

Note: The above links can only be accessed by members, senators and parliamentary staff.

1.1 Employment

Employment
 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Number employed (a) '000

New South Wales

3 164.6

3 207.5

3 261.4

3 319.3

3 399.3

Victoria

2 377.0

2 449.8

2 490.8

2 558.5

2 627.6

Queensland

1 843.4

1 939.7

2 006.9

2 099.3

2 158.5

South Australia

719.1

729.1

743.5

755.8

772.2

Western Australia

970.4

1 010.6

1 059.7

1 086.0

1 125.1

Tasmania

210.2

215.9

222.8

224.5

230.7

Northern Territory

96.2

95.0

97.9

103.0

109.1

Australian Capital Territory

175.4

178.7

181.4

188.1

189.9

Australia

9 556.3

9 826.4

10 064.3

10 334.6

10 612.4

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

1.2

1.4

1.7

1.8

2.4

Victoria

1.6

3.1

1.7

2.7

2.7

Queensland

3.3

5.2

3.5

4.6

2.8

South Australia

1.8

1.4

2.0

1.7

2.2

Western Australia

1.3

4.1

4.9

2.5

3.6

Tasmania

4.5

2.7

3.2

0.8

2.8

Northern Territory

-2.9

-1.3

3.0

5.3

5.9

Australian Capital Territory

0.0

1.9

1.5

3.7

1.0

Australia

1.8

2.8

2.4

2.7

2.7

           

(a) Annual average.

Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.001

1.2 Unemployment

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Number unemployed (a) '000

New South Wales

183.3

176.5

179.0

173.9

163.4

Victoria

137.0

143.9

137.6

128.5

122.9

Queensland

119.3

100.7

101.0

87.2

82.5

South Australia

46.7

43.1

38.0

39.9

39.1

Western Australia

58.8

49.8

44.0

36.2

38.3

Tasmania

15.3

14.2

15.6

13.5

11.9

Northern Territory

5.3

5.7

5.7

4.1

5.1

Australian Capital Territory

7.0

6.5

6.1

5.7

5.0

Australia

572.7

540.5

527.2

489.0

468.0

           

Unemployment rate (a) (b) per cent

New South Wales

5.5

5.2

5.2

5.0

4.6

Victoria

5.4

5.5

5.2

4.8

4.5

Queensland

6.1

4.9

4.8

4.0

3.7

South Australia

6.1

5.6

4.9

5.0

4.8

Western Australia

5.7

4.7

4.0

3.2

3.3

Tasmania

6.8

6.2

6.6

5.7

4.9

Northern Territory

5.2

5.7

5.5

3.8

4.4

Australian Capital Territory

3.8

3.5

3.3

3.0

2.6

Australia

5.7

5.2

5.0

4.5

4.2

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force.

Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.001

1.3 Labour force

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Labour force (a) '000

New South Wales

3 347.9

3 384.1

3 440.4

3 493.2

3 562.7

Victoria

2 513.9

2 593.8

2 628.4

2 686.9

2 750.5

Queensland

1 962.7

2 040.4

2 108.0

2 186.5

2 241.0

South Australia

765.9

772.2

781.5

795.7

811.3

Western Australia

1 029.2

1 060.3

1 103.8

1 122.3

1 163.4

Tasmania

225.4

230.1

238.4

238.0

242.6

Northern Territory

101.5

100.7

103.6

107.1

114.2

Australian Capital Territory

182.5

185.2

187.5

193.8

194.9

Australia

10 129.0

10 366.8

10 591.5

10 823.5

11 080.4

           

Participation rate (a) (b) per cent

New South Wales

62.3

62.4

62.8

63.1

63.5

Victoria

63.1

64.1

64.2

64.6

65.0

Queensland

64.6

65.5

66.3

67.1

67.1

South Australia

61.6

61.6

61.9

62.4

62.8

Western Australia

65.6

66.3

67.8

67.6

68.3

Tasmania

58.9

59.3

60.9

60.3

61.0

Northern Territory

70.8

69.4

69.7

70.2

73.0

Australian Capital Territory

71.3

71.9

72.1

73.6

72.5

Australia

63.4

63.9

64.4

64.8

65.2

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.001

1.4 Long-term unemployment

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Long-term unemployed (a) (b) '000

New South Wales

40.7

38.3

37.0

35.0

30.6

Victoria

28.5

30.0

26.4

20.4

17.8

Queensland

23.2

16.2

14.9

12.1

9.1

South Australia

11.0

8.6

7.4

6.8

7.0

Western Australia

10.5

7.1

5.3

4.0

2.8

Tasmania

5.1

4.2

3.9

3.4

2.5

Northern Territory

0.5

0.2

0.6

0.5

0.4

Australian Capital Territory

0.8

1.0

0.9

0.6

0.6

Australia

120.3

105.5

96.5

82.8

70.7

           

Long-term unemployed (a) (b) percentage of total unemployed

New South Wales

22.2

21.7

20.7

20.1

18.7

Victoria

20.8

20.8

19.2

15.9

14.4

Queensland

19.5

16.0

14.7

13.8

11.0

South Australia

23.6

19.9

19.5

17.1

17.9

Western Australia

17.8

14.2

12.1

11.2

7.2

Tasmania

33.4

29.2

25.0

25.4

21.2

Northern Territory

10.0

4.1

9.8

11.2

8.4

Australian Capital Territory

11.0

14.7

14.6

10.2

11.0

Australia

21.0

19.5

18.3

16.9

15.1

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Unemployed for 52 weeks or more.

Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.001

1.5 Youth unemployment

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Unemployed youth (a) (b) '000

New South Wales

19.9

19.9

20.2

20.7

20.5

Victoria

10.7

13.4

12.1

11.2

10.7

Queensland

13.8

12.5

14.3

11.8

10.3

South Australia

6.1

5.5

4.9

5.7

4.7

Western Australia

7.9

6.3

6.5

4.5

5.2

Tasmania

1.9

2.2

1.6

2.0

1.8

Northern Territory

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.3

0.7

Australian Capital Territory

1.0

0.7

0.6

0.7

0.5

Australia

61.9

61.3

60.8

56.9

54.4

           

Youth unemployment rate (a) (c) per cent

New South Wales

21.0

21.7

22.4

23.6

21.1

Victoria

19.8

22.5

21.4

20.0

18.6

Queensland

19.9

17.3

19.6

15.6

13.5

South Australia

25.3

24.9

21.9

27.3

22.3

Western Australia

20.4

15.5

15.1

10.8

11.7

Tasmania

20.4

26.6

19.3

23.6

22.5

Northern Territory

20.8

22.1

14.1

9.1

18.0

Australian Capital Territory

24.6

16.9

15.1

14.6

11.2

Australia

20.8

20.3

20.2

19.1

17.4

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) 15 19 year olds looking for full-time work.

(c) 15 19 year olds looking for full-time work as a proportion of the full-time youth labour force.

Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.001

1.6 Job vacancies

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Vacancies (a) '000

New South Wales

38.4

43.8

43.2

47.6

54.6

Victoria

29.0

33.1

31.9

31.8

35.6

Queensland

23.0

31.7

31.7

38.2

39.0

South Australia

5.5

7.7

9.2

9.6

9.5

Western Australia

9.3

13.8

18.6

24.6

29.2

Tasmania

1.7

2.0

2.3

2.4

2.7

Northern Territory

1.7

2.4

2.3

2.6

3.5

Australian Capital Territory

2.4

3.7

4.0

4.8

5.6

Australia

110.7

138.0

143.1

161.6

179.6

           

Vacancy rate (a) (b) per cent

New South Wales

1.37

1.55

1.50

1.60

1.80

Victoria

1.37

1.51

1.43

1.39

1.51

Queensland

1.45

1.89

1.80

2.06

2.04

South Australia

0.88

1.21

1.40

1.44

1.38

Western Australia

1.12

1.60

2.02

2.54

2.91

Tasmania

0.92

1.06

1.17

1.22

1.31

Northern Territory

1.94

2.64

2.53

2.66

3.45

Australian Capital Territory

1.45

2.19

2.33

2.70

3.11

Australia

1.32

1.60

1.61

1.75

1.89

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Sources: ABS, Job Vacancies, Cat. No. 6354.0; ABS, Labour Force, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003

1.7 Industrial disputes

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Working days lost '000

New South Wales

244.8

59.7

68.9

28.6

61.6

Victoria

157.9

78.4

63.2

47.7

70.9

Queensland

31.9

31.7

16.8

3.0

7.7

South Australia

14.4

4.0

6.3

4.1

10.0

Western Australia

100.4

64.0

26.5

2.0

10.4

Tasmania

1.1

2.4

0.7

0.3

0.7

Northern Territory

1.3

3.0

3.8

0.1

3.5

Australian Capital Territory

0.8

0.1

2.4

2.7

0.0

Australia

552.3

243.1

188.6

88.4

165.0

           

Working days lost per '000 employees

New South Wales

88.6

21.8

24.3

9.8

20.3

Victoria

76.2

36.3

28.6

21.3

30.3

Queensland

20.3

19.2

9.8

1.5

4.2

South Australia

23.7

6.3

9.7

6.3

15.0

Western Australia

122.9

75.3

29.8

2.2

10.5

Tasmania

6.0

12.3

4.2

1.6

3.6

Northern Territory

13.9

34.6

43.8

0.8

35.6

Australian Capital Territory

4.4

0.8

14.1

15.5

0.1

Australia

66.9

28.8

21.6

9.9

17.6

           

Source: ABS, Industrial Disputes, Australia, Cat. No. 6321.0.55.001

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

AWOTE (a) (b) $ per week

New South Wales

979.1

1 016.3

1 074.5

1 103.2

1 142.7

Victoria

937.3

980.3

1 008.3

1 035.5

1 088.6

Queensland

867.9

911.4

949.8

990.1

1 043.8

South Australia

864.4

908.1

958.1

994.5

1 037.2

Western Australia

939.1

994.5

1 053.8

1 136.7

1 234.1

Tasmania

833.4

877.3

918.0

969.2

1 010.6

Northern Territory

909.2

969.0

1 005.4

1 020.7

1 073.3

Australian Capital Territory

1 054.0

1 116.3

1 181.9

1 251.3

1 289.8

Australia

934.6

976.8

1 022.6

1 060.1

1 112.6

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

4.2

3.8

5.7

2.7

3.6

Victoria

4.7

4.6

2.9

2.7

5.1

Queensland

6.3

5.0

4.2

4.2

5.4

South Australia

4.1

5.1

5.5

3.8

4.3

Western Australia

5.5

5.9

6.0

7.9

8.6

Tasmania

1.8

5.3

4.6

5.6

4.3

Northern Territory

6.0

6.6

3.8

1.5

5.2

Australian Capital Territory

3.7

5.9

5.9

5.9

3.1

Australia

4.8

4.5

4.7

3.7

5.0

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. No.6302.0

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Real AWOTE (a) (b) $ per week

New South Wales

1 092.7

1 106.9

1 136.3

1 135.9

1 142.7

Victoria

1 047.5

1 074.0

1 071.4

1 072.2

1 088.6

Queensland

987.7

1 011.3

1 021.7

1 031.0

1 043.8

South Australia

967.0

992.6

1 015.2

1 027.2

1 037.2

Western Australia

1 087.6

1 116.5

1 134.8

1 177.6

1 234.1

Tasmania

937.0

956.0

969.4

998.3

1 010.6

Northern Territory

1 037.1

1 081.8

1 086.0

1 056.2

1 073.3

Australian Capital Territory

1 190.9

1 233.2

1 260.2

1 296.3

1 289.8

Australia

1 051.3

1 072.7

1 088.2

1 096.1

1 112.6

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

2.0

1.3

2.7

0.0

0.6

Victoria

2.4

2.5

-0.2

0.1

1.5

Queensland

3.3

2.4

1.0

0.9

1.2

South Australia

1.1

2.6

2.3

1.2

1.0

Western Australia

3.3

2.7

1.6

3.8

4.8

Tasmania

-0.7

2.0

1.4

3.0

1.2

Northern Territory

4.5

4.3

0.4

-2.7

1.6

Australian Capital Territory

1.0

3.6

2.2

2.9

-0.5

Australia

2.4

2.0

1.4

0.7

1.5

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2007 08 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. No. 6302.0; ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. No. 6401.0

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

MTAWE (a) (b) $ per week

New South Wales

930.8

944.9

1 001.4

1 048.5

1 087.7

Victoria

909.9

951.9

971.6

994.3

1 039.7

Queensland

818.7

852.5

908.7

970.0

979.6

South Australia

769.4

797.1

853.6

910.2

957.8

Western Australia

908.7

967.4

1 027.0

1 108.8

1 231.5

Tasmania

762.1

823.9

840.3

871.0

929.4

Northern Territory

812.0

873.5

967.0

964.4

1 037.1

Australian Capital Territory

985.3

1 055.8

1 111.1

1 192.7

1 215.5

Australia

886.5

918.3

967.0

1 013.9

1 059.6

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

3.3

1.5

6.0

4.7

3.7

Victoria

5.3

4.6

2.1

2.3

4.6

Queensland

6.1

4.1

6.6

6.7

1.0

South Australia

-2.3

3.6

7.1

6.6

5.2

Western Australia

7.9

6.5

6.2

8.0

11.1

Tasmania

0.4

8.1

2.0

3.6

6.7

Northern Territory

0.4

7.6

10.7

-0.3

7.5

Australian Capital Territory

3.7

7.2

5.2

7.3

1.9

Australia

4.3

3.6

5.3

4.8

4.5

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Male total average weekly earnings.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. No. 6302.0

2.4 Real male total average weekly earnings

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Real MTAWE (a) (b) $ per week

New South Wales

1 038.8

1 029.2

1 059.0

1 079.5

1 087.7

Victoria

1 016.9

1 042.8

1 032.4

1 029.6

1 039.7

Queensland

931.6

945.9

977.5

1 010.0

979.6

South Australia

860.7

871.3

904.5

940.0

957.8

Western Australia

1 052.3

1 086.1

1 106.0

1 148.7

1 231.5

Tasmania

856.8

897.8

887.4

897.1

929.4

Northern Territory

926.3

975.2

1 044.6

998.0

1 037.1

Australian Capital Territory

1 113.3

1 166.3

1 184.8

1 235.6

1 215.5

Australia

997.3

1 008.4

1 029.0

1 048.3

1 059.6

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

1.1

-0.9

2.9

1.9

0.8

Victoria

2.9

2.6

-1.0

-0.3

1.0

Queensland

3.1

1.5

3.3

3.3

-3.0

South Australia

-5.1

1.2

3.8

3.9

1.9

Western Australia

5.7

3.2

1.8

3.9

7.2

Tasmania

-2.1

4.8

-1.2

1.1

3.6

Northern Territory

-1.0

5.3

7.1

-4.5

3.9

Australian Capital Territory

1.0

4.8

1.6

4.3

-1.6

Australia

1.9

1.1

2.0

1.9

1.1

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Male total average weekly earnings expressed in average 2007 08 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. No. 6302.0; ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. No. 6401.0

2.5 Wage price index

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Wage price index (a) (b)

New South Wales

100.0

103.6

107.8

111.9

116.2

Victoria

100.0

103.9

107.9

111.8

116.1

Queensland

100.0

103.8

108.4

113.3

118.1

South Australia

100.0

103.5

107.4

111.6

116.9

Western Australia

100.0

104.3

109.0

114.1

120.7

Tasmania

100.0

104.1

108.4

113.1

117.5

Northern Territory

100.0

103.7

108.2

112.4

116.8

Australian Capital Territory

100.0

104.3

108.6

113.1

117.7

Australia

100.0

103.8

108.1

112.4

117.1

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

3.8

3.6

4.1

3.8

3.8

Victoria

3.2

3.9

3.8

3.6

3.8

Queensland

3.6

3.8

4.4

4.5

4.2

South Australia

3.8

3.5

3.8

3.9

4.7

Western Australia

3.2

4.3

4.5

4.7

5.8

Tasmania

3.3

4.1

4.1

4.3

3.9

Northern Territory

3.3

3.7

4.3

3.9

3.9

Australian Capital Territory

4.3

4.3

4.1

4.1

4.1

Australia

3.6

3.8

4.1

4.0

4.2

           

(a) Annual average.

(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2003 04 = 100.0.

Source: ABS, Labour Price Index, Cat. No. 6345.0

2.6 Consumer price index

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Consumer price index (a)

Sydney

144.1

147.7

152.1

156.2

160.9

Melbourne

142.8

145.7

150.2

154.2

159.6

Brisbane

144.8

148.5

153.2

158.3

164.8

Adelaide

147.0

150.4

155.2

159.2

164.4

Perth

139.6

144.0

150.1

156.1

161.7

Hobart

142.6

147.1

151.8

155.7

160.3

Darwin

138.7

141.8

146.5

152.9

158.3

Canberra

143.4

146.7

151.9

156.4

162.0

Weighted average eight
capital cities

143.5

147.0

151.7

156.1

161.4

           

Annual change per cent

Sydney

2.2

2.5

3.0

2.7

3.0

Melbourne

2.3

2.0

3.1

2.6

3.6

Brisbane

2.9

2.6

3.1

3.3

4.1

Adelaide

3.0

2.3

3.2

2.6

3.3

Perth

2.1

3.2

4.3

3.9

3.6

Hobart

2.5

3.2

3.2

2.5

3.0

Darwin

1.4

2.2

3.4

4.4

3.5

Canberra

2.6

2.3

3.6

2.9

3.6

Weighted average eight
capital cities

2.4

2.4

3.2

2.9

3.4

           

(a) Annual average.

Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. No. 6401.0

3.1 Gross state product

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Gross state product, chain volume measures (a) $ million

New South Wales

317 755

323 072

329 578

335 828

345 336

Victoria

229 745

235 149

241 242

247 789

255 705

Queensland

174 178

182 931

189 502

198 514

209 050

South Australia

65 758

66 359

67 896

68 327

70 922

Western Australia

119 186

123 707

129 996

139 247

146 444

Tasmania

18 751

19 383

19 785

20 221

20 907

Northern Territory

11 850

12 517

13 325

14 014

14 555

Australian Capital Territory

19 785

20 236

20 983

21 734

22 287

Australia

956 017

982 786

1 012 269

1 045 674

1 084 156

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

2.1

1.7

2.0

1.9

2.8

Victoria

4.5

2.4

2.6

2.7

3.2

Queensland

6.4

5.0

3.6

4.8

5.3

South Australia

4.2

0.9

2.3

0.6

3.8

Western Australia

5.9

3.8

5.1

7.1

5.2

Tasmania

4.3

3.4

2.1

2.2

3.4

Northern Territory

2.3

5.6

6.5

5.2

3.9

Australian Capital Territory

1.5

2.3

3.7

3.6

2.5

Australia

4.0

2.8

3.0

3.3

3.7

           

(a) Reference year for chain volume measures is 2006 07.

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. No. 5220.0

3.2 Gross state product per capita

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) $

New South Wales

317 755

47 945

48 495

48 927

49 783

Victoria

229 745

47 014

47 554

48 105

48 862

Queensland

174 178

46 458

46 963

48 154

49 547

South Australia

65 758

43 076

43 683

43 513

44 696

Western Australia

119 186

61 991

63 911

67 011

68 837

Tasmania

18 751

40 023

40 532

41 154

42 200

Northern Territory

11 850

61 890

64 421

66 441

67 407

Australian Capital Territory

19 785

62 105

63 578

65 076

65 857

Australia

956 017

48 590

49 337

50 220

51 253

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

1.5

1.1

1.1

0.9

1.7

Victoria

3.3

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.6

Queensland

3.9

2.7

1.1

2.5

2.9

South Australia

3.6

0.3

1.4

-0.4

2.7

Western Australia

4.3

2.2

3.1

4.9

2.7

Tasmania

3.0

2.5

1.3

1.5

2.5

Northern Territory

1.9

4.0

4.1

3.1

1.5

Australian Capital Territory

1.1

1.6

2.4

2.4

1.2

Australia

2.8

1.6

1.5

1.8

2.1

           

(a) Reference year for chain volume measures is 2006 07.

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. No. 5220.0

3.3 Labour productivity

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Labour productivity index (a)

New South Wales

96.7

98.2

99.3

100.0

100.0

Victoria

98.0

98.2

99.2

100.0

100.7

Queensland

99.9

99.5

100.2

100.0

102.9

South Australia

100.6

100.3

100.9

100.0

101.3

Western Australia

94.4

93.9

95.6

100.0

100.9

Tasmania

96.7

99.7

98.9

100.0

99.3

Northern Territory

93.9

99.4

102.7

100.0

99.9

Australian Capital Territory

98.6

98.4

102.5

100.0

105.0

Australia

97.4

98.0

99.2

100.0

101.0

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

0.6

1.5

1.2

0.7

0.0

Victoria

2.9

0.2

1.1

0.8

0.7

Queensland

2.7

-0.4

0.7

-0.2

2.9

South Australia

3.5

-0.3

0.6

-0.9

1.3

Western Australia

3.3

-0.5

1.8

4.6

0.9

Tasmania

0.1

3.1

-0.9

1.1

-0.7

Northern Territory

8.5

5.8

3.4

-2.7

-0.1

Australian Capital Territory

2.1

-0.2

4.2

-2.4

5.0

Australia

2.1

0.5

1.2

0.8

1.0

           

(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors), converted to an index. Reference year for the index is 2006 07.

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. No. 5220.0

4.1 Turnover of retail establishments

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Value $ million

New South Wales

57 432

58 956

60 770

64 345

68 466

Victoria

44 846

46 391

47 725

50 772

53 633

Queensland

34 383

36 022

37 687

40 589

44 423

South Australia

12 120

12 637

12 975

13 890

15 077

Western Australia

17 831

19 203

20 503

22 794

24 208

Tasmania

3 803

3 990

4 306

4 475

4 709

Northern Territory

1 673

1 753

1 802

2 015

2 232

Australian Capital Territory

3 523

3 555

3 727

4 012

4 204

Australia

175 610

182 506

189 493

202 891

216 952

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

7.2

2.7

3.1

5.9

6.4

Victoria

8.9

3.4

2.9

6.4

5.6

Queensland

13.1

4.8

4.6

7.7

9.4

South Australia

5.2

4.3

2.7

7.1

8.5

Western Australia

8.7

7.7

6.8

11.2

6.2

Tasmania

13.6

4.9

7.9

3.9

5.2

Northern Territory

7.0

4.8

2.8

11.8

10.8

Australian Capital Territory

3.3

0.9

4.8

7.7

4.8

Australia

8.8

3.9

3.8

7.1

6.9

           

Source: Retail Trade, ABS (8501.0)

4.2 Motor vehicle sales

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Number (a)

New South Wales

196 950

194 388

189 326

199 142

200 661

Victoria

165 035

165 410

162 206

166 634

174 595

Queensland

112 928

120 450

120 679

126 114

123 514

South Australia

41 473

41 174

40 599

38 853

39 216

Western Australia

51 824

55 957

60 426

66 397

66 968

Tasmania

11 300

11 786

11 433

11 054

10 908

Northern Territory

4 414

4 522

4 408

4 697

4 626

Australian Capital Territory

10 490

10 340

10 283

11 233

11 325

Australia

594 414

604 027

599 360

624 124

631 813

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

2.5

-1.3

-2.6

5.2

0.8

Victoria

2.7

0.2

-1.9

2.7

4.8

Queensland

14.7

6.7

0.2

4.5

-2.1

South Australia

8.1

-0.7

-1.4

-4.3

0.9

Western Australia

9.6

8.0

8.0

9.9

0.9

Tasmania

25.3

4.3

-3.0

-3.3

-1.3

Northern Territory

13.2

2.4

-2.5

6.6

-1.5

Australian Capital Territory

0.7

-1.4

-0.6

9.2

0.8

Australia

6.1

1.6

-0.8

4.1

1.2

           

(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.

Source: Sales of New Motor Vehicles, ABS (9314.0.)

4.3 Dwelling approvals

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Number (a)

New South Wales

49 499

39 943

34 160

31 402

31 186

Victoria

46 415

42 547

36 529

37 942

42 842

Queensland

45 233

39 316

38 033

41 516

44 946

South Australia

12 019

11 143

11 458

10 818

13 125

Western Australia

23 834

24 233

26 170

25 087

23 641

Tasmania

3 168

2 778

2 634

2 940

2 938

Northern Territory

1 172

1 388

1 363

1 464

1 172

Australian Capital Territory

3 136

2 279

1 867

2 246

2 339

Australia

184 476

163 627

152 214

153 415

162 189

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

-1.3

-19.3

-14.5

-8.1

-0.7

Victoria

-3.7

-8.3

-14.1

3.9

12.9

Queensland

8.6

-13.1

-3.3

9.2

8.3

South Australia

10.5

-7.3

2.8

-5.6

21.3

Western Australia

9.3

1.7

8.0

-4.1

-5.8

Tasmania

47.6

-12.3

-5.2

11.6

-0.1

Northern Territory

23.4

18.4

-1.8

7.4

-19.9

Australian Capital Territory

-1.1

-27.3

-18.1

20.3

4.1

Australia

3.1

-11.3

-7.0

0.8

5.7

           

(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use.

Source: Building Approvals, ABS (8731.0)

4.4 Business investment

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Chain volume measures (a) $ million

New South Wales

31 615

37 025

39 991

39 357

46 074

Victoria

27 738

31 460

35 353

36 266

41 277

Queensland

21 277

24 021

28 942

33 092

37 981

South Australia

8 491

9 134

9 347

9 514

9 207

Western Australia

17 526

18 220

25 470

31 075

38 110

Tasmania

1 666

2 127

2 416

2 017

2 624

Northern Territory

2 693

2 707

3 167

3 086

3 138

Australian Capital Territory

1 531

1 729

2 149

2 521

2 279

Australia

112 715

126 875

147 012

156 928

180 691

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

13.3

17.1

8.0

-1.6

17.1

Victoria

6.6

13.4

12.4

2.6

13.8

Queensland

15.1

12.9

20.5

14.3

14.8

South Australia

12.4

7.6

2.3

1.8

-3.2

Western Australia

20.6

4.0

39.8

22.0

22.6

Tasmania

14.3

27.7

13.6

-16.5

30.1

Northern Territory

9.7

0.5

17.0

-2.6

1.7

Australian Capital Territory

-3.0

12.9

24.3

17.3

-9.6

Australia

12.4

12.6

15.9

6.7

15.1

           

(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets. Reference year for chain volume measures is 2006 07.

Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, ABS (5220.0)

4.5 Bankruptcies

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Number (a)

New South Wales

5 971

6 248

7 495

9 247

9 938

Victoria

4 237

4 490

5 014

5 700

5 731

Queensland

4 814

4 693

5 378

5 752

5 711

South Australia

2 125

2 081

2 053

2 151

2 083

Western Australia

1 955

1 545

1 412

1 390

1 428

Tasmania

699

564

570

648

751

Northern Territory

92

86

117

124

127

Australian Capital Territory

603

794

260

226

212

Australia

20 496

20 501

22 299

25 238

25 981

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

-4.9

4.6

20.0

23.4

7.5

Victoria

-4.5

6.0

11.7

13.7

0.5

Queensland

-16.9

-2.5

14.6

7.0

-0.7

South Australia

-2.5

-2.1

-1.3

4.8

-3.2

Western Australia

-10.6

-21.0

-8.6

-1.6

2.7

Tasmania

-29.3

-19.3

1.1

13.7

15.9

Northern Territory

-14.0

-6.5

36.0

6.0

2.4

Australian Capital Territory

-9.0

31.7

-67.3

-13.1

-6.2

Australia

-9.5

0.0

8.8

13.2

2.9

           

(a) Bankruptcies and Administration Orders (Part IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966).

Source: Insolvency and Trustee Service Australia, http://www.itsa.gov.au, accessed on 17 November 2008.

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Value (a) $ million

New South Wales

48 431

47 597

53 129

55 580

55 523

Victoria

27 809

30 479

34 197

37 895

39 994

Queensland

26 648

28 499

33 983

39 782

39 032

South Australia

7 682

8 469

9 878

11 220

11 581

Western Australia

12 766

15 283

20 693

23 449

22 204

Tasmania

1 676

1 866

2 152

2 438

2 583

Northern Territory

808

1 155

1 535

1 283

1 172

Australian Capital Territory

1 813

1 664

1 848

2 393

2 419

Australia

127 632

135 013

157 415

174 039

174 507

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

14.4

-1.7

11.6

4.6

-0.1

Victoria

13.7

9.6

12.2

10.8

5.5

Queensland

28.5

6.9

19.2

17.1

-1.9

South Australia

17.3

10.3

16.6

13.6

3.2

Western Australia

19.2

19.7

35.4

13.3

-5.3

Tasmania

31.7

11.3

15.3

13.3

6.0

Northern Territory

57.2

42.9

32.9

-16.4

-8.6

Australian Capital Territory

1.5

-8.2

11.0

29.5

1.1

Australia

17.8

5.8

16.6

10.6

0.3

           

(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of owner occupied dwellings.

Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. No. 5609.0

5.2 Home loan size

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Average size of new home loan (a) $

New South Wales

245 046

259 523

258 815

253 673

266 371

Victoria

206 614

219 110

224 932

234 604

249 339

Queensland

193 958

215 550

225 194

237 968

254 048

South Australia

146 888

161 434

173 702

186 951

204 371

Western Australia

162 244

178 255

203 685

245 084

263 392

Tasmania

124 259

153 525

166 584

176 471

180 858

Northern Territory

168 398

180 430

191 976

208 541

217 564

Australian Capital Territory

218 094

236 461

230 661

243 458

257 008

Australia

202 807

216 894

225 521

236 942

251 795

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

13.6

5.9

-0.3

-2.0

5.0

Victoria

13.5

6.0

2.7

4.3

6.3

Queensland

20.3

11.1

4.5

5.7

6.8

South Australia

11.5

9.9

7.6

7.6

9.3

Western Australia

8.1

9.9

14.3

20.3

7.5

Tasmania

25.5

23.6

8.5

5.9

2.5

Northern Territory

26.9

7.1

6.4

8.6

4.3

Australian Capital Territory

17.7

8.4

-2.5

5.5

5.6

Australia

13.8

6.9

4.0

5.1

6.3

           

(a) Excludes alterations and additions and refinancing.

Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. No. 5609.0

5.3 Home loan repayments

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Average monthly repayment on new loans $

New South Wales

1 686

1 817

1 846

1 914

2 166

Victoria

1 407

1 531

1 605

1 775

2 032

Queensland

1 333

1 514

1 609

1 798

2 071

South Australia

1 021

1 137

1 234

1 404

1 666

Western Australia

1 109

1 243

1 447

1 851

2 146

Tasmania

859

1 072

1 185

1 333

1 474

Northern Territory

1 162

1 267

1 366

1 578

1 772

Australian Capital Territory

1 528

1 670

1 657

1 831

2 097

Australia

1 393

1 519

1 609

1 788

2 051

           

Loan repayments (a) percentage of family income

New South Wales

35.7

37.3

36.2

36.7

39.9

Victoria

29.1

30.0

30.9

33.6

36.5

Queensland

30.0

32.7

33.4

35.8

39.5

South Australia

25.9

27.6

28.7

31.4

36.3

Western Australia

24.1

25.5

28.2

32.9

34.2

Tasmania

24.3

29.0

30.9

32.8

34.4

Northern Territory

18.0

18.3

18.8

21.7

23.5

Australian Capital Territory

19.8

20.4

19.1

19.7

21.8

Australia

30.3

31.7

32.3

34.7

37.9

           

(a) Average monthly home loan repayment on new loans as a proportion of median monthly family income.

Source: Real Estate Institute of Australia and Deposit Power, Home Loan Affordability Report

5.4 House sale prices

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Median price of established houses sold $'000

Sydney

559.0

537.8

520.5

525.7

549.1

Melbourne

376.0

356.8

363.6

392.4

443.4

Brisbane

295.3

306.6

320.0

345.2

408.5

Adelaide

245.5

270.8

279.8

300.2

352.8

Perth

246.8

277.0

351.5

454.3

460.0

Hobart

227.5

263.0

275.6

296.0

326.8

Darwin

237.4

268.6

328.3

385.0

414.0

Canberra

366.3

354.5

366.2

412.4

459.4

Weighted average eight
capital cities

390.9

389.2

395.9

420.9

458.0

           

Annual change per cent

Sydney

13.0

-3.8

-3.2

1.0

4.5

Melbourne

9.6

-5.1

1.9

7.9

13.0

Brisbane

35.7

3.8

4.4

7.9

18.3

Adelaide

24.1

10.3

3.3

7.3

17.5

Perth

24.0

12.2

26.9

29.2

1.3

Hobart

45.0

15.6

4.8

7.4

10.4

Darwin

13.7

13.1

22.2

17.3

7.5

Canberra

39.0

-3.2

3.3

12.6

11.4

Weighted average eight
capital cities

16.2

-0.4

1.7

6.3

8.8

           

Source: Real Estate Institute of Australia, Market Facts

5.5 House rents

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Median rent for three bedroom houses let $ per week

Sydney

250

255

263

276

314

Melbourne

222

228

228

245

n.a.

Brisbane

233

235

253

275

311

Adelaide

198

214

233

245

264

Perth

182

196

240

278

329

Hobart

200

224

246

263

284

Darwin

251

274

295

339

473

Canberra

290

298

310

336

371

Weighted average eight
capital cities

228

235

238

267

n.a.

           

Annual change per cent

Sydney

2.0

2.0

2.9

5.2

13.6

Melbourne

n.a.

2.6

0.0

7.7

na

Brisbane

7.5

1.1

7.4

8.9

13.2

Adelaide

5.3

8.2

8.8

5.4

7.7

Perth

2.5

7.7

22.4

15.6

18.5

Hobart

10.3

11.9

10.1

6.6

8.1

Darwin

4.4

9.0

7.8

14.8

39.5

Canberra

8.9

2.6

4.2

8.3

10.6

Weighted average eight
capital cities

n.a.

3.1

1.4

12.0

na

           

n.a. not available

Source: Real Estate Institute of Australia, Market Facts.

6.1 General government sector net debt

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

General government sector net debt (a) $ million

New South Wales

-574

-2 061

-4 737

2 619

4 978

Victoria

1 399

1 480

1 195

2 037

2 271

Queensland

-14 851

-19 446

-23 243

-26 686

-24 371

South Australia

- 142

- 219

-707

-639

82

Western Australia

-291

-997

-2 737

-2 716

-2 968

Tasmania

114

-28

-259

-407

-969

Northern Territory

1 279

1 196

1 145

1 075

1 082

Australian Capital Territory

-1 869

-1 993

-2 228

-2 696

-2 945

Total (b)

-14 936

-22 069

-31 570

-27 414

n.y.a.

           

General government sector net debt percentage of gross state product

New South Wales

-0.2

-0.7

-1.5

0.8

1.4

Victoria

0.7

0.7

0.5

0.8

0.8

Queensland

-10.1

-11.9

-12.8

-13.4

-11.4

South Australia

-0.2

-0.4

-1.1

-0.9

0.1

Western Australia

-0.3

-1.0

-2.3

-2.0

-1.9

Tasmania

0.7

-0.2

-1.4

-2.0

-4.5

Northern Territory

12.9

10.8

9.2

7.7

6.9

Australian Capital Territory

-10.6

-10.7

-11.2

-12.4

-12.6

Total (c)

-1.8

-2.5

-3.3

-2.6

n.y.a.

           

n.y.a. not yet available.

(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities.

(b) The sum of all individual state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to assets and liabililites held between jurisdictions.

(c) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product.

Source: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. No. 5512.0 and State Budget Papers.

6.2 General government sector fiscal balance

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

General government sector fiscal balance (a) $ million

New South Wales

6

-202

-484

-1 040

-1 410

Victoria

197

586

326

505

-1 890

Queensland

2 835

2 866

2 480

- 206

-3 577

South Australia

435

51

79

71

- 15

Western Australia

570

898

1 846

1 534

880

Tasmania

126

118

- 16

49

122

Northern Territory

-27

-57

-62

74

-67

Australian Capital Territory

-19

-163

-166

5

-23

Total (b)

4 125

4 102

4 007

999

n.y.a.

           

General government sector fiscal balance percentage of gross state product

New South Wales

0.0

-0.1

-0.2

-0.3

-0.4

Victoria

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.2

-0.7

Queensland

1.9

1.8

1.4

-0.1

-1.7

South Australia

0.7

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.0

Western Australia

0.6

0.9

1.6

1.1

0.6

Tasmania

0.8

0.7

-0.1

0.2

0.6

Northern Territory

-0.3

-0.5

-0.5

0.5

-0.4

Australian Capital Territory

-0.1

-0.9

-0.8

0.0

-0.1

Total (c)

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.1

n.y.a.

           

n.y.a. not yet available.

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.

(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product.

Source: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. No. 5512.0 and State Budget Papers.

6.3 General government sector taxation revenue

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

General government sector taxation revenue $ million

New South Wales

15 010

15 330

15 917

17 713

18 466

Victoria

10 132

10 415

10 885

11 702

12 997

Queensland

6 676

6 952

7 396

8 484

9 552

South Australia

2 806

2 940

2 979

3 250

3 566

Western Australia

4 122

4 314

5 195

5 718

6 519

Tasmania

631

686

709

748

752

Northern Territory

264

301

377

368

398

Australian Capital Territory

753

712

782

929

924

Total

40 394

41 649

44 240

48 911

53 174

           

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $

New South Wales

2 238

2 269

2 335

2 572

2 650

Victoria

2 034

2 063

2 123

2 248

2 453

Queensland

1 711

1 740

1 808

2 029

2 232

South Australia

1 822

1 894

1 900

2 052

2 226

Western Australia

2 079

2 139

2 523

2 715

3 014

Tasmania

1 307

1 411

1 447

1 516

1 509

Northern Territory

1 307

1 459

1 790

1 712

1 808

Australian Capital Territory

2 299

2 157

2 340

2 734

2 684

Total

2 007

2 042

2 137

2 327

2 488

           

Source: ABS, Taxation Revenues, Cat. No. 5506.0 and State Budget Papers.

7.1 Merchandise exports

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Merchandise exports (a) $ million

New South Wales

19 090

23 003

26 842

28 062

30 063

Victoria

18 011

18 512

18 928

20 051

20 536

Queensland

20 128

26 368

35 385

35 438

35 320

South Australia

7 609

7 641

9 025

9 017

10 339

Western Australia

32 302

38 847

47 939

60 510

68 795

Tasmania

2 316

2 640

2 893

3 715

3 641

Northern Territory

1 882

2 222

2 645

4 014

4 545

Australian Capital Territory

0

0

8

7

4

Australia (b)

109 049

126 824

152 491

168 100

180 788

           

Merchandise exports percentage of gross state product

New South Wales

6.7

7.6

8.5

8.4

8.4

Victoria

8.4

8.3

8.0

8.1

7.7

Queensland

13.7

16.2

19.4

17.9

16.5

South Australia

12.9

12.5

14.0

13.2

14.1

Western Australia

35.5

38.6

40.6

43.5

43.9

Tasmania

14.4

15.3

15.8

18.4

17.1

Northern Territory

19.1

20.1

21.3

28.6

29.1

Australian Capital Territory

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Australia (b)

13.0

14.1

15.8

16.1

16.0

           

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs.

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories.

Source: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Cat. No. 5368.0

8.1 Population

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Population (a) '000

New South Wales

6 707.2

6 756.5

6 816.1

6 888.0

6 967.2

Victoria

4 981.5

5 048.6

5 126.5

5 204.8

5 297.6

Queensland

3 900.9

3 994.9

4 090.9

4 181.4

4 279.4

South Australia

1 540.4

1 552.5

1 567.9

1 584.2

1 601.8

Western Australia

1 982.6

2 017.1

2 059.4

2 106.1

2 163.2

Tasmania

482.8

486.3

490.0

493.4

498.2

Northern Territory

202.1

206.4

210.6

214.9

219.9

Australian Capital Territory

327.5

330.2

334.1

339.8

344.2

Australia

20 127.4

20 394.8

20 697.9

21 015.0

21 374.0

           

Annual change per cent

New South Wales

0.5

0.7

0.9

1.1

1.1

Victoria

1.2

1.3

1.5

1.5

1.8

Queensland

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.2

2.3

South Australia

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.0

1.1

Western Australia

1.5

1.7

2.1

2.3

2.7

Tasmania

1.1

0.7

0.7

0.7

1.0

Northern Territory

1.0

2.1

2.1

2.0

2.3

Australian Capital Territory

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.7

1.3

Australia

1.2

1.3

1.5

1.5

1.7

           

(a) Population numbers are as at June of each year.

Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. No. 3101.0

8.2 Dependency ratio

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Dependency ratio (a)

New South Wales

49.6

49.5

49.4

49.3

49.1

Victoria

48.4

48.2

47.9

47.8

47.8

Queensland

48.4

48.3

48.1

48.0

48.0

South Australia

50.7

50.4

50.2

50.1

50.2

Western Australia

46.6

46.4

46.3

46.4

46.4

Tasmania

52.4

52.2

52.1

52.4

52.6

Northern Territory

41.8

41.2

41.0

40.8

40.6

Australian Capital Territory

39.9

39.7

39.5

39.7

40.0

Australia

48.7

48.5

48.3

48.3

48.2

           

(a) Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. The ratio shows the number of children aged 0 14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15 64 years.

Source: ABS, Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, Cat. No. 3201.0

8.3 Births

 

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Births number

New South Wales

86 344

85 894

86 589

87 336

89 495

Victoria

61 058

62 417

63 287

65 236

70 313

Queensland

48 342

49 940

51 661

52 665

61 249

South Australia

17 443

17 140

17 800

18 260

19 662

Western Australia

24 273

25 295

26 253

27 776

29 164

Tasmania

5 752

5 809

6 308

6 475

6 662

Northern Territory

3 790

3 551

3 659

3 696

3 894

Australian Capital Territory

4 128

4 174

4 206

4 479

4 753

Australia

251 161

254 246

259 791

265 949

285 213

           

Total fertility rate (a)

New South Wales

1.790

1.783

1.793

1.802

1.838

Victoria

1.662

1.693

1.710

1.748

1.871

Queensland

1.770

1.801

1.832

1.833

2.095

South Australia

1.708

1.684

1.758

1.792

1.920

Western Australia

1.743

1.809

1.862

1.943

2.005

Tasmania

1.887

1.908

2.072

2.127

2.194

Northern Territory

2.316

2.157

2.183

2.185

2.266

Australian Capital Territory

1.580

1.601

1.600

1.688

1.766

Australia

1.748

1.763

1.791

1.817

1.931

           

(a) The average number of children that females will bear during their lifetime.

Source: ABS, Births, Cat. No. 3301.0

8.4 Apparent school retention rates

 

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)

New South Wales

72.7

73.2

73.2

73.0

72.4

Victoria

82.9

83.0

82.2

82.1

81.8

Queensland

81.5

80.8

79.3

78.6

78.6

South Australia

70.7

71.6

72.1

72.7

73.3

Western Australia

70.6

72.4

72.2

71.4

69.5

Tasmania

76.2

76.3

67.8

65.0

65.3

Northern Territory

68.7

75.2

69.5

68.0

65.5

Australian Capital Territory

90.3

88.4

88.1

88.9

85.9

Australia

76.9

77.2

76.5

76.2

75.6

           

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)

New South Wales

70.5

71.1

71.1

70.5

69.7

Victoria

81.4

81.1

80.6

79.9

80.1

Queensland

81.5

81.2

79.9

78.8

78.5

South Australia

67.1

68.0

70.7

71.5

72.7

Western Australia

71.2

72.6

72.5

71.8

70.3

Tasmania

74.9

76.4

67.1

64.8

65.4

Northern Territory

56.3

59.0

59.1

58.4

61.7

Australian Capital Territory

89.7

88.5

87.5

88.7

85.2

Australia

75.4

75.7

75.3

74.7

74.3

           

(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.

(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling.

Source: ABS, Schools, Cat. No. 4221.0

8.5 General practice bulk billing

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

General practice bulk billing rate (a) per cent

New South Wales

76.5

79.7

81.6

83.2

84.1

Victoria

65.4

70.4

73.3

75.1

76.3

Queensland

64.2

70.3

73.1

75.0

76.3

South Australia

62.9

71.3

74.3

76.5

78.3

Western Australia

64.4

69.0

70.8

72.0

72.5

Tasmania

52.3

65.5

68.7

71.2

73.1

Northern Territory

61.1

61.5

61.4

62.3

63.0

Australian Capital Territory

36.5

39.8

43.1

50.7

51.3

Australia

68.2

73.2

75.6

77.4

78.5

           

(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Sources: Department of Health and Ageing, http://www.health.gov.au/internet/wcms/publishing.nsf/Content/Statistics-1, accessed on 20 November 2008.

8.6 Private health insurance

 

2003 04

2004 05

2005 06

2006 07

2007 08

Private health insurance hospital coverage rate (a) per cent

New South Wales (b)

44.6

44.4

44.4

44.8

45.8

Victoria

42.7

42.2

41.9

42.1

43.1

Queensland

40.3

39.9

40.0

40.4

41.9

South Australia

44.2

43.8

43.7

43.7

44.5

Western Australia

46.0

46.0

46.6

47.5

49.3

Tasmania

42.5

42.3

41.9

42.0

42.9

Northern Territory

31.8

31.3

30.9

31.0

33.3

Australian Capital Territory

- Included in New South Wales -

Australia

43.2

42.9

42.9

43.3

44.4

           

(a) Proportion of the population that has private health insurance hospital coverage.

(b) Includes the Australian Capital Territory.

Source: Private Health Insurance Administration Council, http://www.phiac.gov.au/statistics/trends/index.htm, accessed on 20 November 2008.

Glossary

apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10).

average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0 14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15 64 years.

employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

general government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

general government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

general government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

general practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except that it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

gross state product chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident Australian population.

job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked in all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors).

long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

private health insurance hospital coverage rate. The percentage of the total population that has private health insurance hospital coverage.

real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

total fertility rate. The average number of children that females will bear during their lifetime.

turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (i.e. wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

youth unemployment. Number of 15 19 year olds looking for full-time work.

youth unemployment rate. Number of 15 19 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

 

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