Electorate rankings: Census 1996 (2000 Electoral Boundaries)


Research Paper 11 2000-01

Electorate Rankings: Census 1996 (2000 Electoral Boundaries)

Andrew Kopras
Statistics Group
7 November 2000


Contents

Introduction
Main Features

Tables

Population
1 Total Population
2 Population Density
3 Australian Citizens Aged 18 Years and Over
4 Persons who were Visitors on Census Night
5 Persons who Changed Address Since 1991
6 Persons Aged Under 5 Years
7 Persons Aged Between 5 and 14 Years
8 Persons Aged Between 15 and 24 Years
9 Persons Aged Between 25 and 64 Years
10 Persons Aged 65 Years and Over
11 Median Age

Religion
12 Persons of Catholic Religion
13 Persons of Christian Religion
14 Persons of Non-Christian Religion
15 Persons of No Religion

Ethnicity
16 Persons of Indigenous Origin
17 Persons Born Overseas
18 Persons Born Overseas Resident Less Than 5 Years
19 Persons Born in United Kingdom and Ireland
20 Persons Born in Southern Europe
21 Persons Born in South East Asia
22 Persons Born in Non English Speaking Countries
23 Persons Born Overseas and Australian-Born Persons with Overseas-Born Parents
24 Persons Not Fluent in English
25 Persons Speaking a Language Other Than English at Home

Families
26 Couple Families with Dependent Children
27 Couple Families with No Children
28 One Parent Families with Dependent Children
29 Lone Person Households

Income
30 Families with Weekly Income Below $500
31 Families with Weekly Income $1,500 and Above
32 Median Weekly Family Income

Labour Force
33 Employed Persons
34 Unemployed Persons
35 Unemployed Persons Aged 15 to 19 Years
36 Labour Force
37 Employees
38 Employers and Own Account Workers
39 Women in the Labour Force
40 Government Employees
41 Persons Employed in Agriculture
42 Persons Employed in Manufacturing
43 Professional Occupations
44 Tradespersons and Labourers
45 Persons Using Public Transport to Travel to Work

Education
46 Persons with Tertiary Education Qualifications
47 Persons with Trade Qualifications
48 Persons with No Qualifications
49 Persons Attending Infant, Primary or Secondary School
50 Persons Attending a Tertiary Education Institution
51 Persons Who Left School Aged 15 Years or Under

Dwellings
52 Rented Dwellings
53 Fully-Owned Dwellings
54 Dwellings being Purchased
55 Median Monthly Housing Loan Repayment
56 Median Weekly Rent
57 Dwellings with Two or more Motor Vehicles
58 Flat, Unit or Apartment Dwellings
59 Persons Residing in Non-Private Dwellings

Appendices
1 Characteristics for States, Territories and Australia
2 Characteristics for Electoral Regions

Introduction

This paper provides an analysis of socio-demographic data from the 1996 Census of Population and Housing for Commonwealth Electoral Divisions. It is an update to Background Paper No. 14, 1997-98, and reflects changes to Electoral Boundaries brought about by redistributions. The Electoral Boundaries used in this paper are those applicable following the 1999 and 2000 Electoral Redistributions in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. The allocation of Census Collection Districts to the new Electoral Divisions was performed by the Australian Electoral Commission as a by-product of the redistribution process.

Data for each characteristic is presented in two tables. The first table lists each Electoral Division alphabetically and shows the value of the characteristic. The second table ranks each Electoral Division on the relative value of the characteristic (normally the characteristic expressed as per cent of total). The political party holding each Division after the 1998 Election is also shown on each table. In the case of redistributed Divisions, this is the party notionally holding the Division.

The Main Features section of the paper shows how each characteristic is defined, including the definition of the relative value of the characteristic and contains a brief overview of the interesting points of each table. It also shows the Australian average of the characteristic in the table.

For comparison purposes the value and relative value of each characteristic for Australia and each State and Territory and for each Electoral Region are shown in the Appendices.

Further Information

Further information about this paper and requests for other Census data should be referred to Andrew Kopras, Statistics Group, Information and Research Services, on (02) 6277 2483.

Main Features

This section provides a summary of some of the more interesting features of each table.

Table 1-Total Population

Population in Electoral Division on Census night, 6 August 1996.

The Division with the lowest total population is the newly created Northern Territory Division of Solomon (86 972), followed by the five Tasmanian Divisions. The Tasmanian divisions have low populations and continue to exist due to requirements outlined in the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia regarding representation of the original States. The Division with the highest total population is Kalgoorlie in Western Australia (168 250). Divisions with a high proportion of their population not on the Electoral Roll (young people, overseas born, etc.) feature at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. The two Divisions closest to the median population are Western Australian metropolitan Division of Perth (118 649) and the Queensland Rural Division of Wide Bay (118 659).

Table 2-Population Density

Population of Electoral Division per square kilometre.

This table shows the greatest difference of all tables between lowest and highest ranked Divisions. At one end of the scale are the rural Divisions of Kalgoorlie (WA), Lingiari (NT) and Grey (SA) with 0.1 persons per square kilometre. On the opposite end are the inner-Sydney Divisions of Grayndler and Wentworth with over 4500 persons per sq km. All 20 Divisions with the highest population density are located in either Sydney or Melbourne. The Australian average is 2.3 persons per sq. km.

Table 3-Australian Citizens Aged 18 Years and Over

Ranked on Australian Citizens 18 years and over as a percentage of total population.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. The Division with the lowest proportion is the outer-western suburban Sydney Division of Chifley (57.1%) while the highest is the inner-Adelaide Division of Hindmarsh (74.1%). The Australian average is 65.0%.

Table 4-Persons who were Visitors on Census Night

Persons who were counted away from their normal home or were an overseas visitor on the Census night. Ranked on visitors as a percentage of total population.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. As to be expected Divisions with a significant tourism industry rated highly for this characteristic. Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons who were visitors on census night, 11 are in Queensland. The Division with the lowest proportion is the outer-suburban Melbourne Division of Scullin (1.8%) while the highest is the far-North Queensland Division of Leichhardt (21.1%). The Australian average is 5.4%.

Table 5-Persons who Changed Address Since 1991

Persons who were residing at a different address in 1991. Ranked on the percentage of persons who changed address since 1991 to the population aged 5 and over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons who changed address since 1991, 15 are held by the ALP. The Divisions with the lowest proportion are mostly in Victoria and NSW while the Divisions with the highest proportion are mainly in Queensland and Western Australia. In seven Divisions more than 55% of the population have changed address since 1991. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Melbourne inner-suburban Division of Maribyrnong (28.5%) while the highest is the Queensland rural Division of Fisher (57.7%). The Australian average is 43.3%.

Table 6-Persons Aged Under 5 Years

Ranked on persons aged under five years as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons aged under five, 13 are held by the Coalition. Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons aged under five, 18 are outer-suburban Divisions. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Sydney (3.4%) while the highest is outer-western suburban Sydney Division of Chifley (10.0%). The Australian average is 7.1%.

Table 7-Persons Aged Between 5 and 14 Years

Ranked on persons aged between 5 and 14 years as a percentage of total population.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Outer-suburban Divisions feature prominately with high proportions of this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Sydney (5.5%) while the highest is the outer-western Sydney Division of Macarthur (18.6%). The Australian average is 14.4%.

Table 8-Persons Aged Between 15 and 24 Years

Ranked on persons aged between 15 and 24 years as a percentage of total population.

Most National Party held Divisions appear to be clustered at the lower end of the rankings for this characteristic possibly reflecting limited employment and educational prospects for school leavers in rural Divisions. Divisions with higher proportions of persons aged between 15 and 24 tend to include the locations of tertiary educational institutions. The Division with the lowest proportion is the NSW far-north coast Division of Richmond (10.2%) while the highest is the Brisbane western suburban Division of Ryan (21.0%). The Australian average is 14.4%.

Table 9-Persons Aged Between 25 and 64 Years

Ranked on persons aged between 25 and 64 years as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons aged between 25 and 64, 13 are held by the Coalition. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Toowoomba based Division of Groom (47.4%) whilst the highest is inner-suburban Sydney Division of Grayndler (58.8%). The Australian average is 51.4%.

Table 10-Persons Aged 65 Years and Over

Ranked on persons aged 65 years and over as a percentage of total population.

Of the 15 highest ranked Divisions on the basis of proportion of persons aged 65 and over, only three are held by the ALP. Divisions containing popular retirement areas (coastal areas of NSW and Queensland) figure prominently at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion is the new Northern Territory Division of Lingiari (4.6%) while the highest is the inner-Adelaide Division of Hindmarsh (21.1%). The Australian average is 12.0%.

Table 11-Median Age

Age at which there are an equal number of people older and younger.

Of the 30 Divisions with highest median age, 27 are held by the Coalition. Not surprisingly, Divisions containing popular retirement areas feature at the higher end of the rankings while outer-suburban Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings. The Divisions with equal lowest median age are Lingiari (NT), Rankin (Qld), Werriwa (NSW), Macarthur (NSW) and Chifley (NSW) (28 years) while the Divisions with equal highest median age are Bradfield (NSW), Hindmarsh (SA), Richmond (NSW), McPherson (Qld), Lyne (NSW), Fisher (Qld) and Boothby (SA) (41 years). The Australian median is 34 years.

Table 12-Persons of Catholic Religion

Ranked on persons of Catholic Religion as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 highest ranked Divisions on the basis of proportion of persons of Catholic religion, 18 are held by the ALP. The two Divisions not held by the ALP (Calare and Riverina) are the only Rural Divisions in the 20 highest ranking Divisions for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons of Catholic religion is the South Australian rural Division of Wakefield (12.7%) while the highest is the inner-suburban Melbourne Division of Maribyrnong (47.4%). The Australian average is 26.8%.

Table 13-Persons of Christian Religion

Persons of Christian religion includes: Anglican; Baptist; Brethren; Catholic; Churches of Christ; Jehovah's Witnesses; Latter Day Saints; Lutheran; Oriental Christian; Othodox; Pentecostal; Presbyterian and Reformed; Salvation Army; Seventh-day Adventist; Uniting Church and Other Christian. Ranked on persons of Christian Religion as a percentage of total population.

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the higher end of the rankings (including five the six highest) for this characteristic, reflecting the relatively low incidence of overseas born persons in rural Divisions. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Melbourne Ports (47.1%) while the highest is the southern NSW rural Division of Riverina (85.2%). The Australian average is 70.3%.

Table 14-Persons of Non-Christian Religion

Persons of Non-Christian religion includes: Buddhism; Hinduism; Islam; Judaism and Other Non-Christian. Ranked on persons of Non-Christian religion as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 highest ranked Divisions on the basis of proportion of persons of Non-Christian religion, only two are held by the Coalition. Divisions with a high proportion of overseas born feature prominently at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Queensland rural Division of Maranoa (0.3%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (21.1%). The Australian average is 3.4%.

Table 15-Persons of No Religion

Ranked on persons who stipulated that they had no religion on the census form as a percentage of total population.

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings (including the two lowest) for this characteristic, reflecting the higher levels of religious adherence in rural areas. The Division with the lowest proportion is the northern NSW rural Division of Gwydir (7.7%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Adelaide Division of Bonython (28.1%). The Australian average is 16.5%.

Table 16-Persons of Indigenous Origin

Persons who identified themselves as Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander or both Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander on the census form. Ranked on Persons of Indigenous Origin as a percentage of total population.

Of the 25 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons of Indigenous origin, only six are held by the ALP. Only three Divisions (Lingiari, Kalgoorlie and Leichhardt) have an Indigenous origin population proportion of over 10%. Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons of Indigenous origin only two are metropolitan Divisions (Oxley in Brisbane and Chifley in Sydney). The Division with the lowest proportion is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (0.1%) while the highest is new Northern Territory Division of Lingiari (35.2%). The Australian average is 2.0%.

Table 17-Persons Born Overseas

Ranked on persons born overseas as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 highest ranked Divisions on the basis of proportion of persons born overseas, only three are held by the Coalition. Reflecting migrant settlement patterns, all 20 of the highest ranked Divisions are located in metropolitan areas while all 20 of the lowest ranked Divisions are located in rural areas. The Division with the lowest proportion is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (4.6%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (52.7%). The Australian average is 21.8%.

Table 18-Persons Born Overseas Resident Less Than 5 Years

Persons born overseas and aged five years and over who have arrived in Australia in 1992 or later. Ranked on persons born overseas and aged five years and over who have arrived in Australia in 1992 or later as a percentage of total population aged five years and over.

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings (including the lowest) while the higher end of the ratings is dominated by ALP held Divisions. The Division with the lowest proportion is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (0.3%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (9.5%). The Australian average is 2.7%.

Table 19-Persons Born in United Kingdom and Ireland

Includes Republic of Ireland. Ranked on persons born in the United Kingdom and Ireland as a percentage of total population.

Of the 10 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons born in the United Kingdom and Ireland, five are held by the National Party. Divisions in South Australia and Western Australia feature prominently at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic (15 of the highest 20 Divisions are located in South Australia or Western Australia). The Division with the lowest proportion of persons born in the UK and Ireland is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (1.8%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Perth Division of Moore (22.1%). The Australian average is 6.3%.

Table 20-Persons Born in Southern Europe

Southern Europe includes Albania, Andorra, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Greece, Holy See, Italy, Malta, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, Former Yugoslav Republics of Serbia and Montenegro and Former Yugoslavia not further defined. Ranked on persons born in Southern Europe as a percentage of total population.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons born in Southern Europe, only one is held by the Coalition. Metropolitan Divisions (especially in Sydney and Melbourne) predominate at the higher end of the rankings while rural Divisions predominate at the lower end of the rankings for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons born in Southern Europe is the Toowoomba based Division of Groom (0.3%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Melbourne Division of Scullin (19.4%). The Australian average is 3.6%.

Table 21-Persons Born in South East Asia

South East Asia includes Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Ranked on persons born in South East Asia as a percentage of total population.

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings (including the two lowest) while at the higher end of the rankings only two of the top 20 Divisions are held by the Coalition. Similarly to the other ethnic origin tables metropolitan Divisions feature at the higher end of the rankings while rural Divisions feature at the lower end. The Division of Fowler, based on the suburb of Cabramatta, has more than twice the proportion of persons born in South-East Asia than the next highest ranked Division. The Division with the lowest proportion is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (0.2%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (23.7%). The Australian average is 2.6%.

Table 22-Persons Born in Non-English Speaking Countries

Persons who were born overseas except in United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, United States of America, South Africa and New Zealand. Ranked on persons born in non-English speaking countries as a percentage of total population.

The 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons born in non-English speaking countries are all held by the ALP. Nine Divisions, all in NSW or Victoria, have over one-third of their population born in a non-English speaking country. The Division with the lowest proportion is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (1.9%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (49.2%). The Australian average is 13.2%.

Table 23-Persons Born Overseas and Australian-Born Persons with Overseas Born Parents

Persons who were born overseas plus persons born in Australia whose parents were both born overseas. Ranked on a percentage of total population.

Most National Party held Divisions are at the lower end of the rankings (including the four of the lowest five), while at the higher end ALP held Divisions predominate. Eighteen Divisions have more than half of their population either born overseas or Australian born with overseas born parents. The Division with the lowest proportion is the central NSW rural Division of Parkes (6.5%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (69.7%). The Australian average is 30.1%.

Table 24-Persons Not Fluent in English

Persons aged five years and over who do not speak English or do not speak it well. Ranked on persons not fluent in English as a percentage of population aged five years and over.

The top 24 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons not fluent in English are all held by the ALP. Six Divisions have more than 10% of their population not fluent in English. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons not fluent in English is the Tasmanian rural Division of Lyons (0.1%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (19.1%). The Australian average is 2.5%.

Table 25-Persons Speaking a Language Other Than English at Home

Ranked on persons speaking a language other than English at home as a percentage of persons aged five years and over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of persons speaking a language other than English at home, 19 are held by the ALP. In four NSW Divisions (Reid, Blaxland, Watson and Fowler) more than half the population speaks a language other than English at home. The Division with the lowest proportion is the western Victorian rural Division of Wannon (1.5%) while the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler is the highest at 61.3%. The Australian average is 15.1%.

Table 26-Couple Families with Dependent Children

Family types consisting of two parents with one or more dependent offspring. Families that also have non-dependent offspring and other related individuals present are included. Ranked on couple families with dependent children as a percentage of total families.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. As to be expected outer-suburban Divisions figure prominently in the rankings for the higher proportion of couple families with dependent children. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Sydney (22.1%) while the western Sydney Division of Prospect is the highest (51.4%). The Australian average is 40.6%.

Table 27-Couple Families with No Children

Family types consisting of a couple with no dependent or non-dependent offspring. Families that also have other related individuals present are included. Ranked on couple families with no children as a percentage of total families.

Of the 25 Divisions with the highest proportion of couple families with no children, only four are held by the ALP. The Division with the lowest proportion is the western Sydney Division of Prospect (21.9%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of Sydney (48.3%). The Australian average is 34.1%.

Table 28-One Parent Families with Dependent Children

Family types consisting of one parent and one or more dependent offspring. Families that also have non-dependent offspring and other related individuals present are included. Ranked on one parent families with dependent children as a percentage of total families.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of one parent families with dependent children, sixteen are held by the Coalition. The Division with the lowest proportion of one parent families with dependent children is the north-western Sydney Division of Mitchell (5.5%) while the highest is the western Sydney Division of Chifley (15.7%). The Australian average is 9.9%.

Table 29-Lone Person Households

Households consisting of a person living alone. Ranked on the percentage of lone person households to total households.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Inner-city Divisions feature prominently at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic while at the lower end outer-metropolitan Divisions predominate. The Division with the lowest proportion of lone person households is the outer-suburban Melbourne Division of Scullin (10.0%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of Sydney (42.8%). The Australian average is 22.8%.

Table 30-Families with Weekly Income Below $500

Families with weekly income at August 1996 of $500 or less ($500 per week is slightly more than 70% of average weekly earnings at August 1996). Ranked on families with weekly income below $500 as a percentage of total families (excluding families with income not stated).

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the higher end of the rankings (including the four highest) reflecting the relatively low family incomes in rural Divisions. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (13.7%) while the highest is the NSW north coast Division of Cowper (52.0%). The Australian average is 32.5%.

Table 31-Families with Weekly Income $1500 and Above

Families with annual income at August 1996 of $1500 or more ($1500 per week is slightly more than twice the average weekly earnings at August 1996). Ranked on families with weekly income above $1500 as a percentage of total families (excluding families with income not stated).

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion of families with weekly income $1500 and above, only four are held by the ALP and two of these are the ACT Divisions (Canberra and Fraser). North shore of Sydney and Melbourne eastern suburbs Divisions dominate the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion is the NSW north coast Division of Cowper (3.6%) while the highest is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (46.2%). The Australian average is 13.1%.

Table 32-Median Family Income

Weekly family income level at which there are an equal number of families above and below that level.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest median family income, only three are held by the ALP. Rural Divisions figure prominently in the rankings for low median family income while for high median family income Divisions in the north shore of Sydney and the eastern suburbs of Melbourne are prominent. Thirteen Divisions have a median family income of over $1000 per week. The Division with the lowest median family income is the NSW north coast Division of Cowper ($486 per week) while the highest is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield ($1400 per week). The Australian median is $729 per week.

Table 33-Employed Persons

Ranked on the employment ratio which is employed persons as a percentage of population aged 15 years and over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest employment ratio, only four are held by the ALP and two of these are the ACT Divisions (Canberra and Fraser). Twenty-three Divisions have an employment ratio of over 60%. The Division with the lowest employment ratio is NSW north coast Division of Cowper (41.6%) while the highest is outer-southern Sydney Division of Hughes (68.8%). The Australian average is 54.4%.

Table 34-Unemployed Persons

Ranked on the unemployment rate which is unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force.

Of the 20 Divisions ranked lowest on the basis of the unemployment rate, only three are held by the ALP. Eight Divisions have an unemployment rate of under 5% while six Divisions have an unemployment rate of over 15%. The Division with the lowest unemployment rate is Sydney north shore Division of Mackellar (3.4%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (19.2%). The Australian average is 9.2%.

Table 35-Unemployed Persons Aged 15 to 19

Ranked on the unemployment rate for persons aged 15 to 19 which is unemployed persons aged 15 to 19 years as a percentage of the labour force aged 15 to 19 years.

Of the 20 Divisions ranked lowest on the basis the unemployment rate for persons aged 15 to 19, only three are held by the ALP. Seven Divisions (all Sydney suburban based Divisions) have an unemployment rate for persons aged 15 to 19 of under 10%. The Division with the lowest unemployment rate for persons aged 15 to 19 is the Sydney north shore Division of Mackellar (6.7%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Adelaide Division of Bonython (30.9%). The Australian average is 18.8%.

Table 36-Labour Force

Includes employed and unemployed persons. Ranked on the labour force participation rate which is persons in the labour force as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest labour force participation rate, only five are held by the ALP. Only two Divisions (Lyne and Richmond-both NSW north coast Divisions) have a labour force participation rate under 50%, while three Divisions (Dickson, Canberra and Hughes) have a rate over 70%. The Division with the lowest labour force participation rate is NSW north coast Division of Lyne (49.5%) while the highest is the outer-southern Sydney Division of Hughes (71.6%). The Australian average is 59.9%.

Table 37-Employees

Ranked on employees as a percentage of total employment.

Twenty-four Divisions with the lowest proportion of employees are held by the Coalition. Conversely, 15 Divisions with the highest proportion of employees are held by the ALP. Rural Divisions feature prominently at the lower end of the rankings. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Western Australia rural Division of O'Connor (77.5%) while the highest is the western Sydney Division of Chifley (96.0%). The Australian average is 90.6%.

Table 38-Employers and Own Account Workers

Ranked on employers and own account workers as a percentage of total employment.

This table is almost exactly the reverse of the table for employees (table 37) (as expected because employees plus employers and own account workers make up the majority of total employed). The Division with the lowest proportion is the western Sydney Division of Chifley (3.4%) while the highest is the Western Australia rural Division of O'Connor (19.7%). The Australian average is 8.3%.

Table 39-Women in the Labour Force

Ranked on women in the labour force as a percentage of total labour force.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Rural Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings for this characteristic reflecting more limited employment opportunities for women in rural areas. The Division with the lowest proportion of women in the labour force is the Western Australia rural Division of Kalgoorlie (36.2%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of North Sydney (48.6%). The Australian average is 43.6%.

Table 40-Government Employees

Employees of the Commonwealth, State and Local Governments and Authorities. Ranked on government employees as a percentage of total employment.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. The two highest are the ACT divisions (Canberra and Fraser with 43.7% and 46.8% respectively) followed by the new Northern Territory Division of Solomon (31.8%). The Division with the lowest proportion of government employees is the Gold Coast based Division of McPherson (9.6%). The Australian average is 17.8%.

Table 41-Persons Employed in Agriculture

Ranked on persons employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing as a percentage of total employment.

Sixteen Divisions with the highest proportion of persons employed in agriculture are held by the Coalition (10 of these by the National Party). As to be expected rural Divisions dominate the higher end of the rankings while metropolitan Divisions dominate the lower end. Reflecting the high degree of urbanisation of Australia, seventy-one Divisions have less than 1% of persons employed in agriculture. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-Sydney Division of Watson (0.1%) while the highest is the WA rural Division of O'Connor (29.3%). The Australian average is 4.2%.

Table 42-Persons Employed in Manufacturing

Ranked on persons employed in manufacturing as a percentage of total employment.

The top 21 highest ranked Divisions on the basis of the proportion of persons employed in manufacturing are all held by the ALP. Fifteen Divisions have more than 20% of persons employed in manufacturing. The Division with the lowest proportion is the north Canberra Division of Fraser (2.9%) while the highest is the Dandenong based Division of Holt (29.4%). The Australian average is 12.6%.

Table 43-Persons with Professional Occupations

Includes managers, administrators and professionals (Census Occupation codes 1 and 2). Ranked on persons in professional employment as a percentage of total employment.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons with professional occupations, only one is held by the Coalition, while only six of the 20 Divisions with the highest proportion are held by the ALP. The Division with the lowest proportion is the outer-western suburban Sydney Division of Chifley (12.1%) while the highest is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (48.8%). The Australian average is 26.4%.

Table 44-Tradespersons and Labourers

Includes tradespersons, labourers and related workers (Census Occupation codes 4 and 9). Ranked on tradespersons and labourers as a percentage of total employment.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of tradespersons and labourers, only six are held by the ALP. Three Divisions (Brand in WA, Bonython in SA and Fowler in NSW) have more than 30% of persons employed as a tradesperson or labourer. The Division with the lowest proportion is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (6.9%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Sydney Division of Fowler (32.2%). The Australian average is 21.8%.

Table 45-Persons Using Public Transport to Travel to Work

Persons who have used public transport, i.e. train, bus, tram or ferry as one of the modes of travelling to work. (Note that a person may have used more than one mode of transport.) Ranked on persons using public transport to travel to work as a percentage of total employed persons.

Most National Party held Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings. As to be expected rural Divisions are concentrated at the lower end of the rankings and inner-city Divisions at the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. Reflecting Australia's reliance on the private motor vehicle, only nine Divisions (all in Sydney) have a proportion of more than 20%. The Division with the lowest proportion is the western Victorian rural Division of Murray (0.4%) while the highest is the inner-Sydney Division of Grayndler (31.4%). The Australian average is 8.6%.

Table 46-Persons with Tertiary Education Qualifications

Persons whose highest education qualification obtained is a Degree or higher, or a Diploma. Ranked on persons with tertiary education qualifications as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Divisions at the lower end of the rankings tend to be rural or outer-metropolitan while at the higher end Sydney north shore and Melbourne eastern suburban Divisions feature. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons with tertiary education qualifications is the outer-suburban Adelaide Division of Bonython (5.9%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of North Sydney (38.3%). The Australian average is 16.4%.

Table 47-Persons with Trade Qualifications

Persons with skilled vocational or basic vocational qualifications. Ranked on persons with trade qualifications as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Melbourne (6.4%) while the highest is the outer-southern Sydney Division of Hughes (19.2%). The Australian average is 13.4%.

Table 48-Persons with No Qualifications

Persons aged 15 years and over with no education qualifications. Ranked on persons with no qualifications as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons with no qualifications, only five are held by the ALP. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons with no qualifications is the inner-city Division of North Sydney (39.8%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Adelaide Division of Bonython (70.7%). The Australian average is 58.4%.

Table 49-Persons Attending Infant, Primary or Secondary School

Ranked on persons attending infant, primary or secondary school as a percentage of total population.

The proportion of persons attending infant, primary or secondary school in the highest ranked Division (the outer-suburban Melbourne Division of Burke, 21.4%) is over three times that of the lowest ranked Division (the inner-city Division of Sydney, 5.8%). Outer-suburban Divisions figure prominently at the higher end of the rankings this characteristic, while inner-city Divisions dominate the lower end of the rankings. The Australian average is 16.5%.

Table 50-Persons Attending a Tertiary Education Institution

Persons attending a TAFE college, CAE or University. Ranked on persons attending a tertiary education institution as a percentage of total population.

Twelve Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons attending a Tertiary Education Institution are held by the Coalition (seven of these by the National Party, reflecting the absence of Tertiary Education Institutions in rural areas). At the higher end of the rankings, Divisions containing Tertiary Education Institutions are prominent. The Division with the lowest proportion is the north Queensland rural Division of Kennedy (2.1%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of Melbourne (15.1%). The Australian average is 6.0%.

Table 51-Persons Who Left School Aged 15 Years or Under

Ranked on persons who left school aged 15 or under as a percentage of the population aged 15 or over.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of persons who left school aged 15 or under, only seven are held by the ALP and two of these are the ACT Divisions (Canberra and Fraser). The Queensland rural Division of Wide Bay (at 51.1%) is the only Division with a proportion over 50%. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-eastern suburban Melbourne Division of Kooyong (15.0%). The Australian average is 33.3%.

Table 52-Rented Dwellings

Dwellings whose tenure type is rented (from all sources). Ranked on rented dwellings as a percentage of total occupied private dwellings.

Of the 22 Divisions with the lowest proportion of rented dwellings, only seven are held by the ALP. Two Divisions, the inner-city Divisions of Melbourne and Sydney, have a rented dwelling proportion of over 50%. The Division with the lowest proportion is the outer-eastern suburban Melbourne Division of Aston (12.4%) while the highest is Sydney (54.7%). The Australian average is 27.3%.

Table 53-Fully-Owned Dwellings

Dwellings whose tenure type is fully owned. Ranked on the number of fully owned dwellings as a percentage of total occupied private dwellings.

Of the 20 Divisions with the lowest proportion of fully owned dwellings, ony five are held by the Coalition. Rural Divisions and older established Metropolitan Divisions feature at the higher end of the rankings. Six Divisions have a fully owned dwelling proportion over 50%. The Division with the lowest proportion of fully owned dwellings is the new Northern Territory Division of Solomon (17.6%) while the highest is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield (58.2%). The Australian average is 40.9%.

Table 54-Dwellings being Purchased

Dwellings whose tenure type is being purchased. Ranked on the number of dwellings being purchased as a percentage of total occupied private dwellings.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Not surprisingly, outer-metropolitan Divisions dominate the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Sydney Division of Wentworth (12.5%) while the highest is the outer-suburban Perth Division of Moore (45.9%). The Australian average is 25.0%.

Table 55-Median Monthly Housing Loan Repayment

Monthly housing loan repayment level at which there are an equal number of dwellings being purchased above and below that level.

Of the 20 Divisions ranked highest on the basis of median monthly housing loan repayment only seven are held by the ALP. Reflecting the Sydney property market, only three of the 20 Divisions ranked highest are located outside Sydney. The median monthly housing loan repayment for the highest ranked Division (the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield, $1431) is almost three times that of the lowest Division (the rural SA Division of Grey, $521). The Australian median is $787.

Table 56-Median Weekly Rent

Weekly rent level at which there are an equal number of rented dwellings above and below that level.

Of the 20 Divisions with the highest median weekly rent, only five are held by the ALP. Similar to the loan repayments rankings, Sydney Divisions dominate the higher end of the rankings for rent payments. The Division with the lowest median weekly rent is the SA rural Division of Grey ($62) while the highest is the Sydney north shore Division of Bradfield ($282). The Australian median is $128.

Table 57-Dwellings with Two or More Motor Vehicles

Dwellings where two or more registered motor vehicles owned by the occupants of the dwelling were garaged or parked near the dwelling. Ranked on the number of dwellings with two or more motor vehicles as a percentage of total occupied private dwellings.

Of the 16 Divisions with the lowest proportion of dwellings with two or more motor vehicles, only two are held by the Coalition, while at the higher end of the rankings only three of the top 14 Divisions are held by the ALP. Inner-metropolitan Divisions feature at the lower end of the rankings while outer-metropolitan and rural Divisions dominate. The Division with the lowest proportion is the inner-city Division of Sydney (13.8%) while the highest is the north-western Sydney Division of Mitchell (67.7%). The Australian average is 43.2%.

Table 58-Flat, Unit or Apartment Dwellings

Flat, unit or apartment dwellings ranked on the percentage of total private dwellings.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. As to be expected, inner-city Divisions dominate the higher end of the rankings for this characteristic. Four Divisions have a proportion of over 50%. The Division with the lowest proportion is the outer-suburban Perth Division of Cowan (1.1%) while the highest is the inner-city Sydney Division of Wentworth (55.7%). The Australian average is 13.0%.

Table 59-Persons Residing in Non-Private Dwellings

Non-private dwellings include hotels, motels, guest houses, prisons, religious and charitable institutions, defence establishments, hospitals and other communal dwellings (but not self-care units in accommodation for the retired or aged). Ranked on the persons residing in non-private dwellings as percentage of total persons.

This table does not appear to show any particular pattern as to party holding the Division. Outer-metropolitan Divisions dominate the lower end of the rankings for this characteristic while at the higher end of the rankings no clear pattern exists. Six Divisions have a proportion of over 10%. The Division with the lowest proportion of persons residing in non-private dwellings is the outer-suburban Perth Division of Cowan (0.4%) while the highest is the inner-city Division of Sydney (18.6%). The Australian average is 3.4%.


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