'Possible speech notes: the significance of ANZAC', prepared by the Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security Section, Parliamentary Library, April 2008 (reviewed and updated in April 2010—Senators and Members only).
Previous Anzac Day speeches
25 April 2012—Anzac Day televised address by the Governor-General Quentin Bryce and address to Australian Defence Force personnel at Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan on Anzac Day.
25 April 2012—Speech at the Dawn Service at Gallipoli and speech at the Lone Pine Ceremony by the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard.
25 April 2012—Anzac Day dawn service speech, Port Moresby, by Stephen Smith, Minister for Defence.
90th anniversary of the Anzac landings—25 April 2005
- message for Anzac Day and address at the Anzac Day Dawn Service, Gallipoli, by the Prime Minister John Howard.
- message from the Governor-General.
- address delivered by the Anglican Bishop to the Defence Force, Anzac Day Dawn Service, Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
- speech by the New Zealand High Commissioner, Kate Lackey, at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
11 November 1993—transcript of the speech made by the Prime Minister, Paul Keating at the tomb of the unknown soldier on the occasion of the Funeral of the Unknown Australian Soldier, Remembrance Day.
In 'The unknown Australian soldier', Ashley Ekins discusses the symbolic significance of the return of the remains of an unknown Australian soldier (Wartime, no. 25, January 2004, pp. 11—13).
Ataturk's words of comfort
In 1934 the Turkish President and Gallipoli veteran, Kemal Ataturk, wrote a tribute to the Anzacs killed at Gallipoli:
Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives ... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us. Where they lie side by side now here in this country of ours ... You mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away the tears. Your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace after having lost their lives on this land. They have become our sons as well.
This inscription appears on the Kemal Ataturk Memorial, Anzac Parade, Canberra.
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