House of Representatives Committees

| House of Representatives Standing Committee on Regional Australia

Footnotes

Chapter 1 Introduction

[1]       <aph.gov.au/ra>

Chapter 2 The FIFO workforce practice for resource development

[1]       P Bell, ‘Fabric and structure of Australian mining settlements’, in A B Knapp, V C Pigott, E W Herbert, eds., Social Approaches to an Industrial Past: The Archaeology and Anthropology of Mining, Psychology Press, London, 1998, p. 30.

[2]       Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia (CMEWA), Submission 99, p. 7.

[3]       Bell, p. 31.

[4]       Bell, p. 31.

[5]       Bell, p. 34.

[6]       Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA), Submission 156, p. 14.

[7]       Bell, p. 32.

[8]       WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 20-21; K Storey, ‘Fly-in/Fly-out and Fly-over: mining and regional development in Western Australia’, Australian Geographer, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2001, pp. 135-6.

[9]       WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 17-18.

[10]     WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 17-18.

[11]     WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 17-18.

[12]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 7.

[13]     Storey, p. 135.

[14]     Australian Mines and Metals Association (AMMA), Submission 77, p. 6.

[15]     WALGA, Submission 156, p. 13.

[16]     WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 13-14.

[17]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 12; Western Australian Regional Cities Alliance (WARCA), Submission 89, p. 2; Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 21; City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111, p. 11; Hyden Progress Association, Submission 7, p. 4; Bob Katter MP, Submission 168, p. 2; Melinda Bastow, Submission 90, pp. 2-3; Camille Oddy, Submission 182, p. 2; Jaime Yallup Farrant, Submission 188, p. 2; David Smith, Submission 183, p. 1; Shely Ourana, Submission 187, p. 5; Melinda Wilson, Submission 184, p. 2; Ron Mosby, Submission 175, pp. 3-4; Storey, p. 136; CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 12; Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 7.

[18]     Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), ‘Mining’ Year Book Australia, 2012, cat. no. 1301.0, ABS Canberra, 2012.

[19]     ABS, ‘Mining’, Year Book Australia, 2012.

[20]     Geoscience Australia, ‘Australia’s Identified Mineral Resources’, <ga.gov.au/minerals/mineral-resources/aimr.html>, viewed 9 August 2012.

[21]     ABS, ‘The Australian Mining Industry: From Settlement to 2000’, Australian Mining Industry 1998-99, cat. no. 8414.0, ABS, Canberra, October 2000.

[22]     Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE), Mining Industry Major Projects, October 2011, p. 1.

[23]     BREE, Mining Industry Major Projects, October 2011, p. 1.

[24]     Geoscience Australia, ‘Operating Mines’, <australianminesatlas.gov.au/mapping/downloads.html#spreadsheets>, viewed 9 August 2012.

[25]     ABS, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, cat. no. 6291.0.55.003, ABS, Canberra, May 2012.

[26]     Minerals Council of Australia (MCA), Submission 118, p. 6

[27]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 9.

[28]     Queensland Office of Economic and Statistical Research (QOESR), Bowen Basin Population Report, 2012, June 2012, p. 1; QOESR, Surat Basin Population Report, 2012, June 2012, p. 1.

[29]     Surveys of varying focus and scope have been conducted or commissioned by, among others, the Pilbara Industry’s Community Council (PICC), the Queensland Treasury, the Queensland Resources Council (QRC) and the MCA.

[30]     ABS, ‘Towns of the mineral boom’, Australian Social Trends 2008, cat. no. 4102.0, ABS. Canberra, 2008.

[31]     Andrew Henderson, Executive Director, 2011 Census, ABS, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 August 2012, p. 8. 

[32]     ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Australia, cat. no. 6302.0, ABS, Canberra, February 2012, p. 13.

[33]     Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Agency (EOWA) Labour Force Participation, February 2012, p. 2.

[34]     AMMA, Submission 77, p. 8.

[35]     ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Australia cat. no. 6302.0, ABS, Canberra, February 2012, p. 13.

[36]     National Council of Women (NCW), Submission 113, p. 2.

[37]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 7.

[38]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 7.

[39]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 7.

[40]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 11.

[41]     ABS, Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, cat. no. 4713.0, ABS, Canberra, 2006.

[42]     ABS, Australian Social Trends, cat. no. 4102.0, ABS, Canberra, 2004.

[43]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 11.

[44]     New South Wales Government, Submission 145, p. 4.

[45]     Northern Territory Government, Submission 131, p. 5.

[46]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 5.

[47]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 14.

[48]     Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining (CSRM), Submission 73, p. 7.

[49]     CSRM, Submission 73, p. 7.

[50]     Meetings held 27 and 28 August 2012, St John’s, Newfoundland, and 30 August 2012, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

[51]     AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 15.

[52]     AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 15.

[53]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 8.

[54]     AMMA, Submission 77, p. 13.

[55]     AMMA, Submission 77, p. 12.

[56]     AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 15.

[57]     Ensham Resources, Submission 66, p. 5; Vale, Submission 87, p. 4.

[58]     AMMA, Submission 77, p. 11.

[59]     Chandler MacLeod, Submission 68, p. 1.

[60]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 8.

[61]     Skills Australia, Submission 102, p.6.

[62]     Ian Hill, Consultant, Regional Development Australia Pilbara (RDA Pilbara), Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 9. 

[63]     Australian Pipeline Industry Association (APIA), Submission 37, p. 1.

[64]     Fiona White Hartig, Shire President, Shire of Roebourne, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 28.

[65]     Chandler Macleod, Submission 68, p. 5.

[66]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 10

[67]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 13.

[68]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 7; Robin Shreeve, Chief Executive Officer, Skills Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012, p. 7.

[69]     For examples see: Skills Australia, Submission 102, pp. 4-6, 8-10, 11; Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport (DRALGAS) Submission 153, pp. 2, 8; WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 18-19, 23-24, 27, 30, 34; Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union (AMWU), Submission 32, pp. 4-5; MCA, Submission 118, pp. 8, 10; RDA Pilbara, Submission 98, pp. 3, 5; Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, pp. 2, 5. Australian Services Union (ASU), Submission 211, p. 7; AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 8;  CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 13.

[70]     For examples see: Skills Australia, Submission 102, pp. 4-6, 8-10, 11; DRALGAS, Submission 153, pp. 2, 8; WALGA, Submission 156, pp. 18-19, 23-24, 27, 30, 34; AMWU, Submission 32, pp. 4-5; MCA, Submission 118, pp. 8, 10; RDA Pilbara, Submission 98, pp. 3, 5; Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, pp. 2, 5.

[71]     CMEWA, State Growth Outlook, 2011, p. 4.

[72]     CMEWA, State Growth Outlook, 2011, p. 4.

[73]     CMEWA, Pilbara Population and Employment Study, November 2012.

[74]     For examples see: ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 5; Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Jobs and Workplace Relations, Submission 151, p. 1; Skills Australia, Submission 102, p. 3; Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43, p. 1; Shire of Ashburton, Submission 60, p. 4; Northern Territory Government, Submission 131, p. 2; MCA, Submission 118, p. 3; Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), Submission 133, p. 8; Commissioner for Children and Young People Western Australia (CCYPWA), Supplementary Submission 88.1, p. 1.

[75]     Surveys of varying focus and scope have been conducted/ commissioned by, among others, the PICC, the Queensland Treasury, the QRC and the MCA.

[76]     Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43, p. 1.

[77]     Shire of Ashburton, Submission 60, p. 4.

[78]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 3.

[79]     For examples see: QOESR, Bowen Basins Population Report, 2012, June 2012 and QOESR, Surat Basin Population Report, 2012, June 2012.

[80]     Elizabeth Fox, Dysart Community Action Association, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 18. See also concerns raised by: Moranbah Medical Centre, Submission 2.2, p. 2 and Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 8.

[81]     For examples see: Moranbah Medical Centre, Submission 2.2, p. 2; Narrabri and District Community Aid Service (NDCAS), Submission 206, p. 3-4; Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 8; Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43, p. 1; Shire of Ashburton, Submission 60, p. 5; ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 28.

[82]     Regional Social Development Centre (RSDC), Submission 78, p. 5.

[83]     Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 10.

[84]     DRALGAS, Financial Assistance Grants to Local Governments <regional.gov.au/local/assistance/index.aspx>, viewed 15 November 2012.

[85]     The Nation Building Economic Stimulus was a Commonwealth Government initiative to respond to the global financial crisis. For more information on this program please see: <economicstimulusplan.gov.au/pages/default.aspx>, viewed 15 November 2012.

[86]     DRALGAS, Community Infrastructure Program: Round Three - $100 million allocated component, <regional.gov.au/local/cip/cip100.aspx>, viewed 15 November 2012.

[87]     DRALGAS, 2010 RLCIP Allocations, <regional.gov.au/local/cip/cip100.aspx>, viewed 17 December 2012.

[88]     Troy Pickard, President, WALGA, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 27.

[89]     Pilbara Regional Planning Committee, Western Australia Planning Commission, Pilbara: planning and infrastructure framework, January 2012.

[90]     QOESR, Surat Basin Population Report, 2012, June 2012; QOESR, Bowen Basin Population Report, 2012, June 2012.

[91]     QOESR, Bowen and Galilee Basins Population Report, 2011, April 2012, pp. v-vi.

[92]     ABS, Submission 223, p. 2.

[93]     ABS, Submission 223, p. 2.

[94]     ABS, Submission 223, p. 2.

[95]     ABS, Submission 223, p. 3.

[96]     ABS, Submission 223, pp. 3-4.

[97]     ABS, Submission 223, p. 4.

[98]     Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43.1, p. 8. For other examples see: NDCAS, Submission 206, pp. 3-4; RSDC, Submission 78, p.5; Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 8; Shire of Ashburton, Submission 60, p. 5; and Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 10.

[99]     ABS, Submission 223, pp. 4-5.

[100]   ABS, Demography Working Paper 99/3: Service Population Pilot Study: An Investigation to Assess the Feasibility of Producing Service Population Estimates for Selected LGAs, ABS, Canberra, 1999, p. 27.

[101]   ABS, Submission 223, p. 4.

[102]   ABS, Supplementary Submission 223.1, p. 1.

[103]   ABS, Supplementary Submission 223.1, p. 1.

[104]   Patrick Corr, Director Demography, ABS, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 August 2012, p. 11.

[105]   ABS, Submission 223, pp. 4-5.

[106]   ABS, Supplementary Submission 223.1, p. 3.

[107]   ABS, Supplementary Submission 223.1, p. 5.

[108]   ABS, Supplementary Submission 223.1, p. 5.

Chapter 3 ‘Fly-in’ communities

[1]       Councillor Ron Yuryevich, Mayor, City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Transcript of Evidence, Kalgoorlie, 19 April 2012, pp. 11-12.

[2]       Frank Zaknich, General Manager, Broken Hill City Council, Transcript of Evidence, Narrabri,
16 May 2012, p. 23.

[3]       Councillor Tony McGrady, Mayor, Mount Isa City Council, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra,
12 September 2012, p. 3.

[4]       Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (RET), Leading practice sustainable development program for the mining industry: Community engagement and development, Canberra 2009, p. 41.

[5]       Queensland Resources Council (QRC), Submission 125; Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia (CMEWA), Submission 99.

[6]       Meeting held 28 August 2012, St John’s, Newfoundland, Canada.

[7]       See for example: Kylie Peterson, Submission 26; Moranbah Traders’ Association, Submission 108; Melinda Bastow, Submission 90; Alison Southern, Submission 176.

[8]       Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, pp. 1, 3.

[9]       John Rolfe, Submission 63, p. 12.

[10]     Queensland Nurses Union, Submission 97, p. 5.

[11]     Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 4.

[12]     Minerals Council of Australia (MCA), Submission 118, p. 11.

[13]     For example see: Moranbah Traders’ Association, Submission 103; Melinda Bastow, Submission 90; Dysart community Association, Submission 161.

[14]     Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 7.

[15]     Camille Oddy, Submission 182; David Smith, Submission 183; Melinda Watson, Submission 184.

[16]     Erin Newman, Student, St Luke’s College, Transcript of Evidence, 28 March 2012, Karratha, p. 30.

[17]     ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 23.

[18]     Mining Family Matters, Submission 28, p. 28.

[19]     Deborah Rae, Social Development Director, Regional Social Development Centre (RSDC), Transcript of Evidence, Mackay, 23 February 2012, p. 8.

[20]     Judith Wright, Member, Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 5.

[21]     Samuel Vella, Chantelle Winter, Kevin Hackney, students, Moranbah State High School, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 21 February 2012, p. 31.

[22]     Mark Burgess, Chief Executive Officer, Police Federation of Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 2 November 2011, p. 2

[23]     Meetings held 27 August 2012, St John’s, Newfoundland, Canada.

[24]     RSDC, Submission 78, p. 7.

[25]     Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Submission 67, p. 3.

[26]     Hyden Progress Association, Submission 7, p. 3.

[27]     Northern Territory Government, Submission 131, p. 4.

[28]     D Peetz and G Murray, “You get really old, really quick’: Involuntary long hours in the mining industry,’ Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 53, no. 1, 2011, pp. 13-30.

[29]     Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), Submission 58, p. 12.

[30]     Moranbah Traders Association, Submission 103, p. 4.

[31]     Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union (AMWU), Submission 32, p. 18

[32]     Linda Nunn, Industrial Relations Manager, Sodexo Pty Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 3.

[33]     Allen Hicks, Assistant National Secretary, Electrical Division, Communications Electrical Plumbing Union (CEPU), Transcript of Evidence, Sydney, 25 May 2012,  p. 19.

[34]     Christopher Frase, Director, Education and Training, MCA, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 May 2012, p. 2

[35]     Vivien Kamen, Member, Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, pp. 2-3.

[36]     Kym Winter-Dewhirst, Vice President, External Affairs, BHP Billiton, Transcript of Evidence, 8 December 2011, Adelaide, p. 6.

[37]     See for example: Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), Submission 133, p. 50; Moranbah Medical Centre, Submission 2.

[38]     Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81.

[39]     ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 14

[40]     Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81; Australian Services Union (ASU), Submission 211.

[41]     Roger Bradford, General Manager, Strategic Development, Ausco Modular, Transcript of Evidence, Brisbane, 24 February 2012, p. 21.

[42]     See for example: WA Regional Cities Alliance, Submission 89; Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81; Point Samson Community Association, Submission 55,  Shire of Ashburton, Submission 60.

[43]     KMPG, Australia’s resources boom: the infrastructure ripple effect, 2011, p. 5.

[44]     Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, p. 5.

[45]     Local Government Association of Queensland (LGAQ), Scoping Study: impact of fly-in fly-out/drive-in drive-out work practices on local government, May 2012, p. 10.

[46]     Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1; John Rolfe, Submission 63, p. 15.

[47]     Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, p. 6.

[48]     Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, p. 7.

[49]     Jeff Sowiak, Chief Executive, Shire of Yilgarn, Transcript of Evidence, Kalgoorlie, 19 April 2012, p. 5.

[50]     Mary Attwood, Submission 205, p. 3.

[51]     Moranbah Medical, Submission 2, p. 3.

[52]     Moranbah Medical, Submission 2, p. 3.

[53]     Moranbah Medical, Submission 2, p. 4.

[54]     Hyden Progress Association, Submission 7, p. 3.

[55]     Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Submission 67, p. 3.

[56]     Regional Development Australia Pilbara (RDA Pilbara), Submission 98, p. [2-3].

[57]     See <superpit.com.au/AboutKCGM/Tours/tabid/76/Default.aspx>, viewed 17 December 2012.

[58]     National Tourism Alliance (NTA), Submission 129, p. 2.

[59]     RET, Tourism Research Australia, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism, November 2011.

[60]     Tourism and Transport Forum Australia (TTF), Submission 134, p. 1.

[61]     TTF, Submission 134, p. 1

[62]     TTF, Submission 134, p. 2

[63]     RET, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism.

[64]     NTA, Submission 129, p. 3.

[65]     Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 13-14.

[66]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 17; Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 13.

[67]     RET, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism.

[68]     RET, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism.

[69]     Margaret Christie, Submission 120.

[70]     NTA, Submission 129, p. 4.

[71]     RET, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism.

[72]     RET, Snapshots 2011: The Impact of the mining boom on tourism.

[73]     Kelly Howlett, Submission 59, p. 1.

[74]     Cobar Business Association, Submission 38, p. 2

[75]     Diana and Gordon Plowman, Submission 20.

[76]     Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 13.

[77]     City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111, p. [11].

[78]     Geoffrey Dearden, General Manager, Development, The MAC Services Group Pty Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Brisbane, 25 May 2012,  p. 32.

[79]     Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, p. 7.

[80]     Government of Newfoundland Labrador, Department of Natural Resources, Hebron Royalties and benefits, <nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/energy/petroleum/offshore/projects/hebron_royalties.html> viewed 31 October 2012.

[81]     Mary Attwood, Submission 205, p. 7.

[82]     Meetings held Wednesday, 5 September 2012, Oyu Tolgoi mine and Khanbogd town, southern Mongolia.

[83]     Joanne Pritchard, Friendship Co-ordinator and Past President, Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 4.

[84]     CMEWA, A Matter of choice: Capturing the FIFO opportunity in Pilbara Communities, April 2012.

[85]     For example, see Darryl Gerrity, Mayor, West Coast Council, Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 29.

[86]     Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43, p. 8.

[87]     LGAQ, Scoping Study: impact of fly-in fly-out/drive-in drive-out work practices on local government, May 2012, pp. 13-14.

[88]     Moranbah Medical, Supplementary Submission 2.2, p. 2.

[89]     QRC, Submission 125, p. 17.

[90]     RDLWA, <rdl.wa.gov.au/royalties/pages/default.aspx>, viewed 10 December 2012.

[91]     RDA Pilbara, Submission 98, p. [9].

[92]     Mt Isa Shire Council, Submission 162; Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81.

[93]     The Western Australian program is a $6.5 billion program compared to a $495 million initial investment followed by a $200 million annual investment by the Queensland Government.

[94]     Peter Patroni, OAM, JP, Shire President, Shire of Yilgarn, Transcript of Evidence, Kalgoorlie, 19 April 2012, p. 3.

[95]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 12.

[96]     Peter Finlay, President, Moranbah Traders Association, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 13.

[97]     Lynne Craigie, Shire President, Shire of East Pilbara, Transcript of Evidence, Port Hedland, 29 March 2012, p. 15.

[98]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 8.

[99]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 10.

[100]   Sheila Frye, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 38.

[101]   Laura Terry, Practice Manager, Moranbah Medical, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 5.

[102]   Jim Pearce, Community Advocate, Central Queensland Resource Communities, Transcript of Evidence, Mackay, 23 February 2012, p. 23.

[103]   Danielle Upton, Student, Karratha Senior High School, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 30.

[104]   Robert Neville, Transcript of Evidence, Port Hedland, 29 March 2012, p. 24.

[105]   Patricia Mason, Transcript of Evidence, Port Hedland, 29 March 2012, p. 27.

[106]   Centacare, Submission 207, p. 2-3.

[107]   The Nation Building Economic Stimulus Program is a key component of the Commonwealth government’s stimulus strategy. It has provided approximately $27 billion towards more than 48 000 short and medium term building construction projects. For more information regarding the program see: <economicstimulusplan.gov.au/pages/default.aspx> 

[108]   Allen Cooper, Chief Executive Officer, Shire of East Pilbara, Transcript of Evidence, Port Hedland, 29 March 2012, p. 15.

[109]   For the list of eligibility criteria see: <nlvlifestyledevelopments.com.au/apply-now/am-i-eligible.aspx> viewed 1 November 2012.

[110]   Western Australian Department of Regional Development and Lands (RDLWA), Warambie Estate, <nlvlifestyledevelopments.com.au/karratha/home.aspx> viewed 1 November 2012.

[111]   Cr Baker, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 21. 

[112]   Ian Hill, Consultant, Regional Development Australia Pilbara, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 11.

[113]   Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81.1, p. 2.

[114]   Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81.1, p. 8.

[115]   Meeting held 31 August 2012, Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada.

[116]   Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), National Rental Affordability Scheme, <fahcsia.gov.au/our-responsibilities/housing-support/programs-services/national-rental-affordability-scheme/about-the-scheme-overview> viewed 31 October 2012.

[117]   FaHCSIA, National Rental Affordability Scheme, <fahcsia.gov.au/our-responsibilities/housing-support/programs-services/national-rental-affordability-scheme/about-the-scheme-overview> viewed 31 October 2012.

[118]   National Housing Supply Council (NHSC), Key findings of the 2011 State of Supply Report, 2011, p. 112.

[119]   NHSC, Key findings of the 2011 State of Supply Report, 2011, p. xx.

[120]   Senate Select Committee on Housing Affordability in Australia, A good house is hard to find: Housing affordability in Australia, June 2008, p. 130.

Chapter 4 ‘Fly-out’ communities -  

[1]       AngloGold Ashanti Australia, Submission 100, pp. 5-7.

[2]       For examples see: Advance Cairns, Submission 76, p. 4; Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia, Submission 99, p. 4; Linda Nunn, Industrial Relations Manager, Sodexo Pty Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 3; South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy (SACOME), Submission 130, p. 6; Anne Sibbel, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 16; Nicole Ashby, Director, FIFO Families Pty Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 13; Queensland Government, Submission 109, p. 3.

[3]       The Minerals Council of Australia (MCA), Submission 118, p. 8.

[4]       Acumen Partners, Submission 44, p. 4.

[5]       Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), Submission 133, p. 18.

[6]       Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Western Australia (CCIWA), Submission 167, p. 11.

[7]       ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 16.

[8]       MAC Services Group, Submission 139, p. 6.

[9]       CFMEU, Submission 133, p. 18.

[10]     Nicole Ashby, Director, FIFO Families, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 14.

[11]     Roxby Council, Submission 35, p. 20.

[12]     Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union (AMWU), Submission 32, p. 3.

[13]     MAC Services Group, Submission 139, p. [6].

[14]     MAC Services Group, Submission 139, p. [3].

[15]     Site inspection, Kambalda, Western Australia, 19 April 2012.

[16]     Public Health Association Australia (PHAA), Submission 220, p. 1; David Mountain, President, Australian Medical Association of Western Australia (AMA WA), Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 17 April 2012, pp. 1-2.

[17]     David Mountain, President, AMA WA, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 17 April 2012, p. 1.

[18]     Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Submission 67; The Perth Brothers and Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, Submission 157;  CFMEU, Submission 133; PHAA, Submission 220; David Mountain, President, AMA WA, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 17 April 2012; Judith Wright, as read by Vivien Kamen, Member, Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 2

[19]     David Mountain, President, AMA WA, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 17 April 2012, p. 4; The Perth Brothers and Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, Submission 157.

[20]     Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies (WANADA), Submission 191, p. 4.

[21]     WANADA, Submission 191, p. 2.

[22]     ARC Research Team, Submission 95, p. 17.

[23]     Danny Hember, Member, Queensland Nurses’ Union, Transcript of Evidence, Mackay, 23 February 2012, p. 26.

[24]     NSW Government, Submission 145, p. 18.

[25]     CCIWA, Submission 167, p. 13; Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 11.

[26]     Judith Wright, as read by Vivien Kamen, Member, Soroptimist International of Karratha and Districts, Transcript of Evidence, Karratha, 28 March 2012, p. 2.

[27]     Gordon Gregory, Executive Director, National Rural Health Alliance (RHA), Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012, p. 3

[28]     beyondblue, Submission 228, p. 5.

[29]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 26.

[30]     Alicia Ranford, Director, Mining Family Matters, Transcript of Evidence, Adelaide, 8 December 2011, p. 29.

[31]     Anne Sibbel, Submission 122, p. 1.

[32]     Anne Sibbel, Submission 122, p. 2.

[33]     Anne Sibbel, Submission 122, p. 2.

[34]     Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), Submission 58, p. 18.

[35]     FIFO Families, Submission 48, p. 5.

[36]     FIFO Families, Submission 48, p. 5. FIFO Families later acknowledged that employers should be funding the cost of this support. See Nicole Ashby, Director, FIFO Families, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 18.

[37]     Kinetic Group, Submission 213, p. 9.

[38]     AngloGold Ashanti, Submission 100, p. 6; Mining Family Matters, Submission 28, p. 2.

[39]     Anne Sibbel, Submission 122, p. 2.

[40]     This point was made consistently throughout the inquiry. See for example: AusIMM, Submission 58; Queensland Resources Council (QRC), Submission 125; Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia (CMEWA), Submission 99.

[41]     The City of Mandurah, Submission 45, p. 1.

[42]     Anne Sibbel, Submission 122, p. 2.

[43]     PHAA, Submission 220, p. 2.

[44]     ARC Research Team, Submission 25, p. 20.

[45]     Chantelle Winter, Student, Moranbah High School, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 28.

[46]     beyondblue, Submission 228, p. 4.

[47]     The City of Mandurah, Submission 45, p. 1.

[48]     Michelle Scott, Commissioner, Commissioner for Children and Young People, Western Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 3.

[49]     Lesley Wilson, Director, City of Mandurah, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 32

[50]     City of Swan, Submission 23, p. 3.

[51]     Corporate Development Mentors Pty Ltd, Submission 141, Gold Coast City Council, Submission 143; Regional Development Australia Gold Coast (RDA Gold Coast), Submission 144; Karen Andrews MP, Member for McPherson, Submission 40.

[52]     Townsville City Council, Townsville Chamber of Commerce, Townsville Enterprise Ltd, Submission 64.

[53]     City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111; Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1.

[54]     Stewart Christie, Chief Executive Officer, Advance Cairns, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, p. 9.

[55]     Meetings held 27-28 August 2012, St John’s and Bay Bulls, Newfoundland, Canada.

[56]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 12.

[57]     Vale, Submission 87, p. 3.

[58]     Busselton Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Submission 41, p. 1.

[59]     City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111, p. [4].

[60]     Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Jobs and Workplace Relations, Submission 151, p. 2.

[61]     Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Jobs and Workplace Relations, Media Release, 21 September 2011, <ministers.deewr.gov.au/evans/fly-fly-out-bring-job-opportunities-resources-sector>, viewed 6 December 2012.

[62]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 31.

[63]     Local Government Association of Queensland (LGAQ), Submission 92; QRC, Submission 125.

[64]     Busselton Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Submission 41, p. 2.                  

[65]     Mackay Regional Council, Submission 85, p. 2.

[66]     Colin Meng, Mayor, Mackay Regional Council, Transcript of Evidence, Mackay, 23 February 2012, p. 9.

[67]     Advance Cairns, Submission 76, pp. 4-5.

[68]     Advance Cairns, Submission 76, p. 4.

[69]     CMEWA, Submission 99, pp. 7-8.

[70]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 15.

[71]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 12.

[72]     Meetings held 27-31 August 2012, Canada.

[73]     Noel Gertz, Community and Indigenous Relations Manager, Kagara Mine, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, pp. 18, 22.

[74]     Nicole Edwards, Work Placement Trainee, Kagara Mine, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, p. 19.

Chapter 5 Governance

[1]       Western Australian Regional Cities Alliance (WARCA), Submission 89, p. 1.

[2]       Australian Mines and Metals Association (AMMA), Submission 77, p. 24.

[3]       Fringe Benefits Tax Assessment Act 1986.

[4]       WARCA, Submission 89, p. [1].

[5]       City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111, p. [11].

[6]       Maryanne Petersen, Executive Officer, Broome Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Transcript of Evidence, 30 March 2012, Broome, p. 14, 16.

[7]       Ronald Yuryevich, Mayor, City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Transcript of Evidence, 19 April 2012, Kalgoorlie, p. 12.

[8]       AngloGold Ashanti, Submission 100, p. 3.

[9]       Ron Mosby, Chairman, Goldfields-Esperance Workforce Development Alliance, Transcript of Evidence, Kalgoorlie, 18 April 2012, p. 16.

[10]     Donald Burnett, Chief Executive Officer, City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Transcript of Evidence, Kalgoorlie, 19 April 2012, p. 14.

[11]     Martin Jacobs, Acting Principal Advisor, Indirect, Philanthropy and Resource Tax Division, Treasury, Canberra, Transcript of Evidence, 22 August 2012, p. 1.

[12]     Australian Taxation Office (ATO), Living-away-from-home allowance fringe benefits, <ato.gov.au/content/52023.htm>, viewed 15 October 2012.

[13]     ATO, Living-away-from-home allowance fringe benefits, <ato.gov.au/content/52023.htm>, viewed 15 October 2012.

[14]     ATO, Living-away-from-home allowance fringe benefits, <ato.gov.au/content/52023.htm>, viewed 15 October 2012.

[15]     Tax Laws Amendment (2012 Measures No. 4) Bill 2012, passed by both Houses on
19 September 2012 and given Assent on 28 September 2012.

[16]     Explanatory Memorandum, Tax Laws Amendment (2012 Measures No. 4) Bill 2012, p. 23.

[17]     House of Representatives, Standing Committee on Economics, Advisory Report on the Tax Laws Amendment (2012 Measures No. 4) Bill 2012, August 2012, p. 16.

[18]     Colin Thompson, Chair, Whitsunday Industrial Workforce Development Committee, Transcript of Evidence, Mackay, 23 February 2012, p. 28.

[19]     Michael Brunker, Mayor, Whitsunday Regional Council, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, p. 16.

[20]     House of Representatives, Standing Committee on Economics, Advisory Report on the Tax Laws Amendment (2012 Measures No. 4) Bill 2012, August 2012, p. 12.

[21]     Meetings held 27 August 2012, St John’s, Canada.

[22]     There are some circumstances where days may be ‘carried over’ to subsequent tax years.

[23]     Zones and special areas are listed on the ATO website, <ato.gov.au>.

[24]     ATO, T8 - Zone or overseas forces 2012, <ato.gov.au>.

[25]     ATO, T8 - Zone or overseas forces 2012, <ato.gov.au>.

[26]     Pilbara Regional Council, Submission 43, p. 8.

[27]     The Treasury, Submission 229, p. 5.

[28]     Shire of Mt Magnet, Submission 12, p. 4.

[29]     The Treasury, Submission 229, p. 1-2.

[30]     Darryl Gerrity, Mayor, West Coast Council, Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 27.

[31]     Australia’s Future Tax System, Report to the Treasurer, Part two: Detailed analysis, Department of the Attorney General, Canberra, December 2009, p. 90.

[32]     Andre Moore, Manager, Personal Tax Unit, Treasury, Transcript of Evidence, 22 August 2012, Canberra, p. 2.

[33]     Australia’s Future Tax System, Report to the Treasurer, Part two: Detailed analysis, p. 32.

[34]     Australian Electoral Commission (AEC), Submission 127, p. 12.

[35]     Peter Kramer, State Manager and Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia, AEC, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 November 2011, p. 9.

[36]     AEC, Submission 127, p. 9.

[37]     AEC, Submission 127, p. 9.

[38]     AEC, Submission 127, p. 11.

[39]     Ed Killesteyn, Electoral Commissioner, AEC, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 November 2011, p. 8.

[40]     AEC, Submission 127, p.17

[41]     Mr Killesteyn, AEC, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 November 2011, p. 8.

[42]     Mr Killesteyn, AEC, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 November 2011, p. 8.

[43]     Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters (JSCEM) of the 41st Parliament, The 2004 Federal Election: Report of the Inquiry into the Conduct of the 2004 Federal Election and Matters Related Thereto, September 2005, p.vi.

[44]      JSCEM of the 42nd Parliament, Report on the 2007 Federal Election Electronic Voting Trials: Interim Report of the Inquiry into the Conduct of the 2007 Election and Matters Related Thereto, March 2009, p. 3.

[45]     JSCEM, Report on the 2007 Federal Election Electronic Voting Trials, March 2009, p. 27.

[46]     JSCEM, Report on the 2007 Federal Election Electronic Voting Trials, March 2009, p. 9.

[47]     Mr Killesteyn, AEC, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 November 2011, p. 10.

[48]     Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), Submission 133, p. 5.

[49]     For examples see: Pilbara Regional Council, Supplementary Submission 43.1, p. 10-11; Queensland Resources Council (QRC), Submission 125, p. 5;  remoteFOCUS, Submission 169, p. 4-6 and attachment A; beyondblue, Submission 228, p. 9; Regional Development Australia Far North (RDA Far North), Submission 101, p. 9; Maranoa Regional Council, Submission 221, p. 6; Melinda Bastow, Submission 90, p.1; Mary Attwood, Submission 205; Narrabri and District Community Aid Service, Submission 206, p. 3.

[50]     Allan Cooper, Chief Executive Officer, Shire of East Pilbara, Transcript of Evidence, Port Hedland, 29 March 2012, p. 16.

[51]     Deidre Willmott, Group Manager, Approvals and Government Relations, Fortescue Metals Group, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 17 April 2012, p. 7.

[52]     Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport (DRALGAS) Submission 153, p. 3.

[53]     DRALGAS, Submission 153, p. 8.

[54]     DRALGAS, Submission 153, p. 6.

[55]     Stephanie Foster, Deputy Secretary, DRALGAS, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 29 February 2012, p. 13.

[56]     Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population, and Communities (SEWPaC), Submission 135, p. 2-3.

[57]     SEWPaC, Sustainable Australia – Sustainable Communities: A Sustainable Population Strategy for Australia, 2011, p. 41.

[58]     SEWPaC, Sustainable Australia – Sustainable Communities: A Sustainable Population Strategy for Australia, 2011, p. 41.

[59]     Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism (RET), Submission 128, p. 3.

[60]     RET, Community Engagement and Development: Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program for the Mining Industry, October 2006, p. 41.

[61]     While the evidence focussed on remote Australia, it also addresses those communities referred to as ‘regional’ in this report.

[62]     Fred Chaney, Chairman, Desert Knowledge Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 22 August 2012, p. 11

[63]     Desert Knowledge Australia, Fixing the hole in Australia’s heartland: How government needs to work in Regional Australia, September 2012, pp. 60-61.

[64]     Alberta Energy, Oil Sands Sustainable Development Secretariat, <energy.alberta.ca/Initiatives/2314.asp>, viewed 3 December 2012.

[65]     Alberta Energy, Oil Sands Sustainable Development Secretariat, <energy.alberta.ca/Initiatives/3223.asp>, viewed 3 December 2012.

[66]     Meeting held 31 August 2012, Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada.

[67]     Government of Alberta, Canada, Investing in our future: Responding to the rapid growth of oil sands development, Final Report, December 2006.

Chapter 6 Delivery of health services and local training -  

[1]       Greg Rochford, National Chief Executive, Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS), Transcript of Evidence, Sydney, 25 May 2012, p. 21.

[2]       J Greenhill, ‘Rural and remote health’, in E Willis, L Reynold & H Kelcher, eds., Understanding the Australian health care system, Elservier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, 2009, pp. 121-122.

[3]       Greenhill, p. 122.

[4]       Greenhill, p. 124.

[5]       National Rural Health Alliance (RHA), Submission 119, p. 11.

[6]       RHA, Submission 119, p. 8.

[7]       General Practice Network Northern Territory (GPNNT), Submission 121, p. 1.

[8]       RHA, Submission 119, pp. 3-4.

[9]       GPNNT, Submission 121, p. 4.

[10]     GPNNT, Submission 121, p. 8.

[11]     New South Wales Rural Doctors Network (NSWRDN), Submission 70, p. [4].

[12]     NSWRDN, Submission 70, p. [1].

[13]     Lesley Barclay, Chair, RHA, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012, p. 4.

[14]     Rural and Remote Medical Services Ltd (RaRMS), Submission 216, p. 6.

[15]     GPNNT, Submission 121, p. 1.

[16]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 7.

[17]     Barbara Cook, Submission 152, p. 1.

[18]     Barbara Cook, Submission 152, p. 2.

[19]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 6.

[20]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 6.

[21]     Gordon Gregory, Executive Director, RHA, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012, p. 2.

[22]     Greg Rochford, National Chief Executive, RFDS, Transcript of Evidence, Sydney, 25 May 2012, p. 22.

[23]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 14

[24]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 10.

[25]     RaRMS, Submission 216, p. 4.

[26]     David Lyle, Director and Chair, Australian Rural Health Education Network (ARHEN) Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 21.

[27]     RHA, Submission 119, p. 18.

[28]     Mark Crawley, Chief Executive Officer, Isaac Regional Council, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 7; Ian Perdrisat, Submission 200; Tony McGrady AM, Mayor, Mount Isa City Council, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 12 September 2012, p. 2.

[29]     Australian Youth Affairs Coalition (AYAC), Submission 193, p. 5.

[30]     Youth Affairs Council of Western Australia (YACWA), Submission 132, p. [4].

[31]     AYAC, Submission 193, p. 3, 4.

[32]     Michelle Scott, Commissioner, Commissioner for Children and Young People Western Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 1.

[33]     Miriam Fessler, Submission 180, p. 2.

[34]     Police Federation of Australia, Submission 124.

[35]     Mark Burgess, Chief Executive Officer, Police Federation of Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 2 November 2011, p. 1.

[36]     Tony McGrady AM, Mayor, Mount Isa City Council, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 12 September 2012, p. 4.

[37]     Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) SEIFA; socio-economic indexes for areas.

[38]     Mark Johnston, Chief Executive Officer, Central Goldfields Shire, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012, p. 1.

[39]     Sharon Fraser, General Manager, Go Goldfields, Central Goldfields Shire, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012, p. 4; Garry Higgins, Manager, Parkview Bakery, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012 p. 8.

[40]     Garry Higgins, Manager, Parkview Bakery, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough,
13 June 2012 p. 9.

[41]     Kelvin Noonan, President Maryborough Sports Association, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012, p. 14.

[42]     David Sutton, Assistant Principal, Maryborough Education Centre, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012, p. 15.

[43]     Mark Johnston, Chief Executive Officer, Central Goldfields Shire, Transcript of Evidence, Maryborough, 13 June 2012, p. 5.

[44]     For examples see: Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia (CMEWA), Submission 99, p. 13; Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 7; Robin Shreeve, Chief Executive Officer, Skills Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012,  p. 7; Minerals Council of Australia (MCA), Submission 118, p. 7; Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), Submission 58, p. 2.

[45]     Regional Development Australia Pilbara (RDA Pilbara), Submission 98, p. 5; Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Jobs and Workplace Relations, Submission 151, p. 3; AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 2.

[46]     Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 7.

[47]     Australian Mines and Metals Association (AMMA), Submission 77, p. 7.

[48]     Skills Australia, 2011 interim report on resource sector skill needs, May 2011, p. 22.

[49]     Robin Shreeve, Chief Executive Officer, Skills Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra 15 February 2012, p. 7; AMMA, Submission 77, p. 8; Skills Australia, 2011 interim report on resource sector skill needs, May 2011, p. 23. 

[50]     For examples see: Lisa Matthews, Senior Workplace Advisor, AMMA, Transcript of Evidence, Melbourne, 14 June 2012, p. 1; Steven McDonald, Chief Executive Officer, SkillsDMC, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, p. 2; Educational Testing Service, Submission 212, p. 2; Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 7; AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 2;  Robin Shreeve, Chief Executive Officer, Skills Australia, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 15 February 2012,  p. 7; MCA, Submission 118, p. 4.

[51]     CMEWA, Submission 99, p. 3.

[52]     Skills Australia, 2011 interim report on resource sector skill needs, May 2011, p. 65. 

[53]     Skills Australia, 2011 interim report on resource sector skill needs, May 2011, p. 65. 

[54]     Australian Manufacturing Workers’ Union (AMWU), Submission 32, p. 12.

[55]     Glen Thompson, Assisting National Secretary and Acting National President of the Automotive, Food, Metals, Engineering, Printing and Kindred Industries Union, Australian Metal Workers Union, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 30 May 2012, p. 7.

[56]     Barb Cowey, Senior Policy Advisor, Business SA, Transcript of Evidence, Adelaide, 8 December 2012, p. 13.

[57]     Lyn Russell, Chief Executive Officer, Cairns Regional Council, Transcript of Evidence, Cairns, 21 February 2012, p. 30.

[58]     For examples see: City of Greater Geraldton, Submission 111, p. 5; Kinetic Group, Submission 213, pp. 8-9; Martin Rush, Mayor, Muswellbrook Shire Council, Transcript of Evidence, Narrabri, 16 May 2012, p. 31; Murray d’Almeida, Chairman, Connecting Southern Gold Coast Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 30 May 2012, p. 2; Tony Brun, Chief Executive Officer, City of Greater Geraldton; Member, Western Australian Regional Cities Alliance, Transcript of Evidence, Perth, 18 April 2012, p. 37.

[59]     Barb Cowey, Senior Policy Advisor, Business SA, Transcript of Evidence, Adelaide, 8 December 2012, p. 13.

[60]     Geraldton Universities Centre (GUC), <guc.edu.au/background.aspx>, viewed 27 November 2012.

[61]     GUC, <guc.edu.au/courses_undergraduate_development.aspx>, viewed 27 November 2012.

[62]     Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU), Submission 133, p. 44.

[63]     AusIMM, Submission 58, p. 12.

[64]     Kinetic Group, Submission 213, p. 5.

[65]     Kinetic Group, Submission 213, p. 6.

[66]     For example see: Chandler Macleod, Submission 68, p. 5; MCA, Submission 118, p. 3; Michael Wright, Executive General Manager, Australian Mining, Thiess Pty Ltd, Transcript of Evidence, Brisbane, 24 February 2012, p. 36; Christopher Fraser, Director, Education and Training, MCA, Transcript of Evidence, Canberra, 23 May 2012, p. 1; AMMA, Submission 77, p. 17; Rio Tinto, Submission 149, p. 2; Chevron Australia, Submission 80, p. 2; Fortescue Metals, Submission 86, p. 5; Vale, Submission 87, p. 2.

[67]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 11.

[68]     George Christensen MP, Federal Member for Dawson, Submission 171, p. 4.

[69]     New South Wales Government, Submission 145, p. 3.

[70]     Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIISR), National Resources Sector Workforce Strategy: National Apprenticeships Program (NAP) – An advanced entry adult apprenticeship program, January 2012, p. 1.

[71]     DIISR, National Resources Sector Workforce Strategy: National Apprenticeships Program (NAP) – An advanced entry adult apprenticeship program, January 2012, p. 1.

[72]     Schools First, Moranbah State High School (QLD) Coalfields Training Excellence Centre (CTEC), <schoolsfirst.edu.au/sf-schools/moranbah-state-high-school.php> viewed 22 November 2012.

[73]     Scott Whybird, Principal, Moranbah State High School, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012, p. 28.

[74]     Schools First, Moranbah State High School (QLD) Coalfields Training Excellence Centre (CTEC), <schoolsfirst.edu.au/sf-schools/moranbah-state-high-school.php> viewed 22 November 2012.

[75]     DIISR, National Resources Sector Workforce Strategy, <innovation.gov.au/Skills/SkillsTrainingAndWorkforceDevelopment/NationalResourcesSectorWorkforceStrategy/Pages/default.aspx> viewed 26 November 2012.

[76]     DIISR, National Resources Sector Workforce Strategy, <innovation.gov.au/Skills/SkillsTrainingAndWorkforceDevelopment/NationalResourcesSectorWorkforceStrategy/Pages/default.aspx> viewed 26 November 2012.

[77]     Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), Regional Education, Skills and Jobs, <deewr.gov.au/Employment/Programs/RESJ/Pages/default.aspx>, viewed 28 November 2012.

[78]     Australian Government, Review of Funding for Schooling, final report, December, 2011, p. 122.

[79]     Isaac Regional Council, Submission 81, p. 11.

[80]     Samuel Vella, Student, Moranbah State High School, Transcript of Evidence, Moranbah, 22 February 2012,  p. 29.

[81]     National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), Submission 224, p. 1. 

[82]     MCA, Submission 118, p. 11.

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