Appendix F – Statement of Reasons – Lashkar-e-Tayyiba
Also known as:
al Mansooreen; al Mansoorian; Army of Medina;
Army of the
Pure; Army of the Pure and Righteous; Army of the Righteous; Falah‑e‑Insaniyat
Foundation; Idara Khidmat-e-Khalq; Jama'at al-Dawa; Jama'at‑i‑Dawat;
Jamaati-ud-Dawa; Jamaat ud-Daawa; Jama'at-ud-Da'awa;
Jama'at-ud-Da'awah; Jamaat-ud-Dawa; Jama’at ul-Da’awa;
Jamaat-ul-Dawa; Jamaat ul-Dawah; Jamaiat-ud- Dawa; JuD; JUD;
Lashkar-e-Tayyaba; Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-i-Tayyaba; Lashkar‑i-Toiba;
Lashkar-Tayyiba; LeT; LT; Paasban-e-Ahle-Hadis;
Paasban-i-Ahle- Hadith; Party of the Calling;
Preachers; Pasban-e-Ahle-Hadith; Pasban-e-Kashmir;
Soldiers of the
Pure; and Tehreek-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awal.
The following information is
based on publicly available details about Lashkar‑e‑Tayyiba (LeT).
To the Australian Government’s knowledge, these details are accurate and
reliable and have been corroborated by classified information.
Basis for listing a terrorist
Division 102 of the Criminal
Code provides that for an organisation to be listed as a terrorist
organisation, the Attorney-General must be satisfied on reasonable grounds that
(a) is directly or
indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, or assisting in or fostering the
doing of a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will
(b) advocates the doing of
a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will occur).
of the organisation
is a Sunni Islamic extremist organisation based in Pakistan that uses violence
in pursuit of its stated objective of uniting Indian administered Kashmir (IAK)
with Pakistan under a radical interpretation of Islamic law. LeT’s broader
objectives include to establish an Islamic Caliphate across the Indian
subcontinent, and to reclaim all ‘occupied Muslim lands’ in southern Spain and
the Balkans. To this end, LeT intends to pursue the ‘liberation’, not only of
Muslim-majority Kashmir, but of all India’s Muslim population, even in areas
where they do not form a majority. LeT has declared that democracy is
antithetical to Islamic law and that LeT’s jihad requires it to work toward
turning Pakistan itself into a purely Islamic state.
was formed circa 1989as the military wing of the Pakistan-based Islamist
fundamentalist movement Markaz al-Dawa wal Irshad (MDI – meaning Centre for
Religious Learning and Propagation) and also known as the Jamaat al-Daawa).
Originally formed to wage militant jihad against the occupation of Afghanistan
by the Soviet Union, LeT shifted its focus to the insurgency in IAKin the
1990s, after Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan.
2002, LeT was banned by the Pakistani government but the group continues to
operate in Pakistan under the alias Jamaat ud-Dawa (JuD). Ostensibly created as
a charitable organisation by LeT founder Hafiz Muhammad Saeed immediately prior
to LeT being banned, JuD functions as a front organisation for LeT in order to
mask its activities and to continue to solicit funds. The United Nations (UN)
Security Council listed JuD as an LeT alias on 10 December 2008.
IAK and broader Indian interests remain LeT’s primary focus, there is always a
potential for splinter groups to emerge who want to re-focus their activities
and bring them more into line with al-Qa’ida’s ‘global jihad’ against the US
and Israel and their allies. However, LeT’s primary objective remains the
‘liberation’ of Muslims in IAK.
recognised leader of LeT, Hafiz Muhammad Saeed was arrested in February 2006
for leading violent protests in response to a Danish newspaper publishing
cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammad. Many Muslims worldwide considered the
was arrested again in August 2006 in the wake of British police disrupting a
plot by British citizens to detonate explosives on multiple airplanes
mid-flight en route from London to the United States. He has since been
detained and subsequently released by Pakistani authorities on several
10 December 2008, the United Nations (UN) Security Council 1267 Committee
approved the addition of Hafiz Muhammad Saeed to its consolidated list of
individuals and entities subject to assets freeze, travel bans and arms embargo
measures. Also in December 2008, the then US Secretary of State, Condoleezza
Rice, identified Saeed as responsible for the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai
which killed more than 170 people. Rice
sought Pakistan’s support to apprehend Saeed in relation to his and LeT’s links
to the attack. Saeed was detained again, under house arrest, but was released
in June 2009 as the Lahore High Court ruled his detention unconstitutional.
Saeed is still considered LeT’s leader.
April 2012, the US State Department announced a US$10 million reward for the
capture or information leading to the arrest and conviction of Saeed. As of
October 2011, LeT chief of operations Zaki-ur Rehman Lakhvi continues to communicate
with LeT members and co‑ordinate LeT activities despite being detained in
Central Jail Rawalpindi (commonly known as Adiala Jail) for his leading role in
the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Lakhvi was arrested along with several other LeT
members on 7 December 2009 and is yet to stand trial. Lakhvi’s orders from
the jail have included directing LeT fighters to step up violence in the
estimated strength is reported to include several hundred trained militants.
The majority of LeT’s membership consists of jihadists from Pakistan and
receives funding from donors in the Middle East, mainly Saudi Arabia, and
through charitable donations collected from sympathisers in Pakistan, Kashmir,
the United Kingdom and Persian Gulf states.
activity of the organisation
or indirectly engaged in the doing of terrorist acts
is one of the most active of the Pakistan-based Kashmir-focused militant
groups. LeT has directly engaged in,
prepared and planned numerous terrorist attacks, including bombings,
assassinations and kidnappings against Indian security forces (military and police),
government assets, transport and civilians in the disputed territory as well as
and Pakistani initiatives to resolve the Kashmir situation have led to an
overall reduction in the level of infiltration and insurgent activity since
2002. However, LeT continues to engage militarily with Indian security forces
on a regular basis. Several attacks in IAK have been attributed to the group by
Indian authorities, including the massacre of over thirty Hindus in two
separate attacks in the Doda and Udhampur districts on 1 May 2006. The attacks
occurred two days prior to peace talks between the Indian government and
Kashmiri separatist groups, and were condemned by India as an attempt by LeT to
sabotage the Kashmir peace process. At least 19 LeT insurgents and ten Indian
soldiers died during running clashes in Kupwara district in March-April 2009.
Smaller scale engagements occur on a regular basis, primarily targeting Indian
security forces, but also directed against non‑Muslim civilians.
is also widely held to have directly engaged in a number of significant attacks
in India in recent years. In November 2008, LeT members killed more than 170
people, including two Australians, in an attack on the Indian financial hub,
Mumbai. Other attacks include the 11 July 2006 serial bombings on trains
in Mumbai and the 29 October 2005 serial explosions at marketplaces in New
Delhi, which together killed more than 260 people. While two little‑known
groups claimed responsibility for the Mumbai and New Delhi attacks, subsequent
investigations have led Indian authorities to conclude LeT was behind both
attacks for which responsibility has been claimed by or reliably attributed to
the LeT include:
2011: An LeT militant killed a policeman in Srinagar. Police arrested the
gunman, who claimed during his interrogation that LeT had revived plans to
assassinate police officers;
2011: Suspected LeT militants kidnapped two girls from their home and then
killed them in Sopore, IAK;
2010: An Indian soldier and three suspected LeT militants were killed in a
two-day gun battle in IAK;
2009: LeT claimed responsibility for a bomb which killed five people and
wounded eight others in Poonch, IAK;
2008: LeT members conducted an attack on the Indian financial hub, Mumbai.
More than 170 people were killed in this attack, including two
Australians. The attack was aimed at important infrastructure and public
places. The attackers used sophisticated insertion techniques and
conducted their coordinated attack with small arms and explosives;
2008: A number of LeT militants crossed into India and engaged Indian
border forces along the Line of Control in the Poonch district. Several
militants and border troopers were killed;
2007: Attack on a Central Reserve Police Forces (CRPF) patrol party, which
killed two CRPF officers;
2006: Serial bombings on trains in Mumbai, which killed more than 200
2006: Joint responsibility with Hizb-ul-Mujahideen for the kidnap and
killing of seven Nepalese civilians and one Indian civilian in Kulgam,
2006: Attack on a Youth Congress rally at Sher-e-Kashmir Park in Srinagar,
which killed three political activists and two police officers;
2006: Killing of 34 Hindu civilians in Doda and Udhampur districts, IAK;
2005: Car bomb attack near the main entrance of the IAK Bank Corporate
Headquarters in Srinagar, which killed four civilians and injured 72 others; and
2005: Coordinated bomb attacks at marketplaces and on a bus in New Delhi,
which killed over 60 people.
Directly or indirectly preparing
and/or planning terrorist acts
operates a number of camps in Pakistan which provide both religious instruction
and military style guerrilla training and support. Since proscribing LeT as a
terrorist organisation in 2002, the Pakistani authorities have acted to close
some LeT and JuD camps. A number of LeT training facilities are now smaller in
scale, with some being mobile, and are focused on preparing jihadists for
low-intensity, hit-and- run type operations, in which the attackers are not
expected to survive.
February 2012, Indian authorities arrested three men - two in South Delhi and
one in Jharkhand - for their role in planning attacks against targets in the
Chandni Chowk market in New Delhi and in Srinagar, IAK. According to Indian
authorities, a genuine and imminent LeT operation was disrupted. The plan was
to use explosives and incendiary components to start a fire and inflict maximum
Directly or indirectly assisting
in or fostering the doing of terrorist acts
is known to have trained foreigners to conduct terrorist operations. British
citizens trained by LeT include Richard Reid, who tried to blow up a
trans-Atlantic flight in 2001, and Dhiren Barot, who was convicted in 2006 of
planning a bombing in London. Investigations indicate one of the British-born suicide
bombers responsible for the 7 July 2005 attacks in London, Shehzad Tanweer, may
have received training at a LeT camp in Pakistan. LeT is also suspected of
providing some funding and logistical support to the disrupted British trans‑Atlantic
plane bombing plot in August 2006 using JuD as a cover.
individuals with links to LeT have been arrested in Australia, the US, and
Canada since 2003 for allegedly planning terrorist activities. In March 2007, a
French court convicted a French national, Willie Brigitte, for planning
terrorist attacks in Australia in 2003 in conjunction with suspected LeT chief
for external operations, Sajid Mir. Brigitte’s Australian associate, Faheem
Khalid Lodhi, was also convicted of planning acts of terrorism by a
New South Wales Supreme Court jury in
June 2006; in June 2008, Lodhi lost an appeal to the High Court of Australia to
have his case overturned.
2009, Sajid Mir worked with now-detained US extremist David Headley on an
aborted plot to attack a newspaper office in Copenhagen, Denmark.
citizen David Hicks has admitted to attending an LeT training camp in Kashmir
in and around 2000. Aside from facilitating training, it is not clear whether
LeT sanctioned the terrorist activities of any of these foreign-born
Advocating the doing of terrorist
October 2006, LeT issued a fatwa asking the Muslim community to kill Pope
Benedict XVI, in response to a speech delivered by the Pope on 12 September
December 2011, Hafiz Saeed vowed that the jihad to oust Indian forces from
Kashmir would continue.
the basis of the above information, ASIO assesses LeT continues to directly
and/or indirectly engage in, prepare, plan, assist, advocate or foster the
doing of terrorist acts
involving threats to life and serious property damage. This assessment is
corroborated by information provided by reliable and credible intelligence
In the course of pursuing its
objectives, LeT is known to have committed or threatened action:
causes, or could cause, serious damage to property, the death of persons
or endanger a person’s life; and
the intention of advancing LeT’s political, religious or ideological
the intention of intimidating the public and sections of the public.
maintains links to the Afghan Taliban and several Pakistani Islamist extremist
groups, including the Kashmir-focused terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed and the
Sunni sectarian group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. LeT is reported to have been involved
with militant Islamists in other places where conflict involving Muslims have
arisen, including Bosnia, Chechnya, Kosovo and Afghanistan. In 2004, several
LeT operatives were captured by British forces in Iraq.
is not engaged in any peace or mediation process.
is listed in the UN 1267 Committee’s consolidated list and as a proscribed
terrorist organisation by the governments of Canada, the United Kingdom, the
United States, Pakistan and India.