House of Representatives Committees

| Parliamentary Joint Standing Committee on Treaties

Footnotes

Chapter 2 The Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement – National Interest Analysis

[1]       World Trade Organisation (WTO), Understanding the WTO: the Agreements, <http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm1_e.htm>, accessed 4 September 2012.

[2]       WTO, Understanding the WTO: the Agreements, <http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/agrm1_e.htm>, accessed 4 September 2012.

[3]       WTO, Regional trade agreements and preferential trade agreements, <http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/region_e/rta_pta_e.htm>, accessed 4 September 2012.

[4]       WTO, Regional trade agreements, <http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/region_e/region_e.htm>, accessed 6 September 2012.

[5]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia’s Trade Agreements, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/fta/index.html>, accessed 25 September 2012.

[6]       WTO, Regional trade agreements: Scope of RTAs, <http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/region_e/scope_rta_e.htm>, accessed 6 September 2012.

[7]       The Productivity Commission, Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements – Research Report, 2010, p. XX.

[8]       The Productivity Commission, Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements – Research Report, 2010, p. XX.

[9]       NIA, para. 4.

[10]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Malaysia Fact Sheet, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/mlay.pdf>, accessed 18 September 2012.

[11]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Malaysia Fact Sheet, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/mlay.pdf>, accessed 18 September 2012.

[12]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Malaysia Fact Sheet, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/mlay.pdf>, accessed 18 September 2012.

[13]     National Interest Analysis [2012] ATNIA 17, Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement, done at Kuala Lumpur on 22 May 2012, 2012 ATNIF 9, (Hereafter referred to as ‘NIA’), para. 2.  For further background on AANZFTA, see Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, Report 102: Review into treaties tabled on 12 and 16 March 2009, Chapter 2, tabled on 24 June 2009, available at <http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=jsct/12march2009/report.htm>.

[14]     Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, Report 102: Review into treaties tabled on 12 and 16 March 2009, para. 2.16.

[15]     NIA, para. 3.

[16]     NIA, para. 5.

[17]     NIA, para. 6.

[18]     NIA, para. 6.

[19]     NIA, para. 10.

[20]     WTO, Tariffs, <http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tariffs_e/tariffs_e.htm>, accessed 4 September 2012.

[21]     NIA, para. 7.

[22]     NIA, para. 7.

[23]     NIA, para. 8.

[24]     NIA, para. 8.

[25]     Australian Customs Service, 2004, A Guide to Determining the Origin of Goods Under TAFTA using the “Change in Tariff Classification Method”, para. 6. <www.customs.gov.au/webdata/resources/files/rothatafta_041104.pdf,> accessed 29 October 2012.

[26]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement: Chapter Five - Rules of Origin, undated, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/fta/ausfta/final-text/chapter_5.html>, accessed 29 October 2012.

[27]     NIA, para. 8.

[28]     Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, Report 102: Review into treaties tabled on 12 and 16 March 2009, para. 2.18.

[29]     NIA, para. 8.

[30]     Dr Milton Churche, Coordinator, South-East Asia Goods Branch, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 13.

[31]     NIA, para. 8.

[32]     NIA, para. 9.

[33]     NIA, para. 11.

[34]     NIA, para. 11.

[35]     NIA, para. 11.

[36]     NIA, para. 12.

[37]     NIA, Attachment III, p. 12, MAFTA Factsheet: Temporary Movement of Skilled Personnel.

[38]     NIA, para. 13.

[39]     NIA, para. 13.

[40]     NIA, Attachment III, p. 15, MAFTA Factsheet: Economic and Technical Cooperation.

[41]     NIA, para. 15.

[42]     NIA, Regulation Impact Statement, Para. 59.

[43]     NIA, para. 8.

[44]     NIA, Regulation Impact Statement, Para. 59.

[45]     NIA, para. 11.

[46]     NIA, para. 11.

[47]     NIA, para. 24.

Chapter 3 The Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement: the issues

[1]       ACTU, Submission 4, p. 6.

[2]       Australian Fair Trade and Investment (AFTINET), Submission 9, p. 1.

[3]       Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 6.

[4]       “A Certificate of Origin is a specific document that identifies goods and contains express certification by a government authority or other body that the goods originate in a specific country.” (Emphasis added)

Victorian Employers' Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VECCI) website: <http://www.vecci.org.au/business-solutions/global/export-documentation>, accessed 3 October 2012.

In contrast, a ‘Declaration of Origin’ is not necessarily certified by a recognised third party.  A further practical comparison between both positions can be found at the ‘World Customs Organisation’ website: <http://www.wcoomd.org/Kyoto_New/Content/body_spank.html>, accessed 3 October 2012.

[5]       NIA, para 8.

[6]       Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI), Submission 8, p. 8.

[7]       Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI), Submission 8, p. 5.

[8]       Australian Dairy Industry Council, ADIC, Submission 5.

[9]       Mr Peter Myers, International Trade Development Manager, Dairy Australia, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 1.

[10]     Dr Milton Churche, Coordinator, South-East Asia Goods Branch, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 13.

[11]     Dr Milton Churche, Coordinator, South-East Asia Goods Branch, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 13.

[12]     “Externality: An economic side-effect. Externalities are costs or benefits arising from an economic activity that affect somebody other than the people engaged in the economic activity and are not reflected fully in prices. For instance, smoke pumped out by a factory may impose clean-up costs on nearby residents; bees kept to produce honey may pollinate plants belonging to a nearby farmer, thus boosting his crop.” See The Economist’s webpage: ‘Economics A-Z terms beginning with E’: <http://www.economist.com/economics-a-to-z/e#node-21529743>, accessed 3 October 2012.

[13]     Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, Report 102, Chapter 2, ‘Agreement Establishing the ASEAN – Australia – New Zealand Free Trade Area, Recommendation 5, p. 16.

[14]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, ‘Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with ASEAN’, June 2009, p. xxii.

[15]     See ‘Associated correspondence: Letters’ which are also published and part of this agreement:. <http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=jsct/14august2012/tor.htm>, accessed 3 October 2012.

[16]     NIA, para 22.

[17]     Certified Practicing Accountants (CPI), Submission 2, p. 2.

[18]     ACTU, Submission 4, pp. 2-3.

[19]     Australian Fair Trade and Investment (AFTINET), Submission 9, pp. 1 - 2.

[20]     Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 7.

[21]     Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 7.

[22]     Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 7.

[23]     ‘Globalization, Job Loss, and Stagnant Wages: The Evidence Is Changing’, <http://blogs.cfr.org/renewing-america/2012/08/29/globalization-job-loss-and-stagnant-wages-the-evidence-is-changing/>, accessed 3 October 2012.

[24]     These include: “The Evolving Structure of the American Economy and the Employment Challenge,” <http://www.cfr.org/industrial-policy/evolving-structure-american-economy-employment-challenge/p24366>, accessed 3 October 2012.

         “The China Syndrome: Local Labor Market Effects of Import Competition in the United States”, <http://economics.mit.edu/files/6613>, accessed 3 October 2012.

         “U.S. Trade and Investment Policy”, <http://www.cfr.org/trade/us-trade-investment-policy/p25737>, accessed 3 October 2012.

[25]     Federated Chamber of Automotive Industries (FCAI), Submission 7.

[26]     CFMEU Submission 3, p. 1.

[27]     Dr Milton Churche, Coordinator, South-East Asia Goods Branch, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 9.

[28]     Dr Milton Churche, Coordinator, South-East Asia Goods Branch, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 10.

[29]     DFAT, Submission 11, p. 1.

[30]     DFAT, Submission 11, p. 2.

[31]     DFAT, Submission 11, p. 2.

Chapter 4 Conclusion

[1]       Diana Tussie and Carlos Aggio, ‘Economic and social impacts of trade liberalization’, in ‘Coping with Trade Reforms: A Developing-Country Perspective on the WTO Industrial Tariff Negotiations.’ p. 89, <http://www.unctad.info/upload/TAB/docs/TechCooperation/fullreport-version14nov-p106-119.pdf>, accessed 16 October 2012.

[2]       Diana Tussie and Carlos Aggio, ‘Economic and social impacts of trade liberalization’, in ‘Coping with Trade Reforms: A Developing-Country Perspective on the WTO Industrial Tariff Negotiations.’ p. 89, <http://www.unctad.info/upload/TAB/docs/TechCooperation/fullreport-version14nov-p106-119.pdf>, accessed 16 October 2012.

[3]       Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 11.

[4]       Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 11.

[5]       National Interest Analysis (NIA), para. 24.

[6]       Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, Report 95, Chapter 3, ‘The Australia Chile Free-Trade Agreement’, p. 35.

[7]       Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 12.

[8]       Mr Michael Mugliston, Special Negotiator, Free Trade Agreement Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Committee Hansard, 12 October 2012, p. 14.

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