House of Representatives Committees

| Parliamentary Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

Footnotes

Chapter 1 Introduction

[1]       Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (JSCFADT), Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, p. 29.

[2]       JSCFADT, Review of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Annual Report 2009–2010, p. 12.

[3]       DFAT, Annual Report 2010–2011, October 2011, p. 11.

[4]       Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 4.

[5]       AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 1.

[6]       DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 13.

[7]       DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 33–4.

[8]       Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 22.

[9]       The Austrade post in Libya was closed in 2011.

[10]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 31.

[11]     DFAT, Additional Estimates Statements 2011–12, February 2012, p. 38.

[12]     DFAT, Portfolio Budget Statements 2012–13, May 2012, p. 46.

[13]     DFAT, Portfolio Budget Statements 2011–12, Austrade Budget Statements, May 2011, p. 82.

[14]     DFAT, Portfolio Budget Statements 2012–13, Austrade Budget Statements, May 2012, p. 79.

[15]     DFAT, AusAID Additional Estimates Statements 2011–12, February 2012, p. 65.

[16]     DFAT, Portfolio Budget Statements 2012–13, AusAID Budget Statements, May 2012, p. 120.

[17]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 15.

[18]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, pp. 6–7.

[19]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 31.

[20]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[21]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 9.

[22]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, pp. 14–15.

Chapter 2 Australia’s diplomatic footprint

[1]       DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 5.

[2]       Prof. John Langmore, University of Melbourne, Submission No. 29, p. 1.

[3]       Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 54.

[4]       Mr Peter Gray, CEO, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 48.

[5]       Mr Andrew Shearer, Former Director of Studies, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 14.

[6]       Hon. Michael Yabsley, Chief Executive, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 40.

[7]       Ms Georgie Skipper, Director, Government and Corporate Affairs, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 40.

[8]       Mr Innis Willox, Chief Executive Designate, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 9; Mr Alex Thursby, CEO, Asia Pacific, Europe and America, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 5.

[9]       Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 7.

[10]     DAFF, Submission No. 12, p. 4.

[11]     Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 54.

[12]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Secretary, DFAT, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 9.

[13]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Former Director of Studies, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 15.

[14]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Former Director of Studies, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 10.

[15]     Mr Jeff Hart, Special Adviser, Australia Africa Mining Industry Group, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 3.

[16]     United Macedonian Diaspora, Submission No. 7, p. 7.

[17]     Mr Innes Willox, CEO Designate, AIG, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 12.

[18]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 11.

[19]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 14.

[20]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 9.

[21]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 2.

[22]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 16.

[23]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 9.

[24]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 11; Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 4.

[25]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 13.

[26]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, Attachment A, p. 29.

[27]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, Attachment B, p. 22.

[28]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, Attachment B, p. 33; Austrade, Submission No. 26, Attachment C, p. 22; Government Response to the Report of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, March 2012, p. 3.

[29]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 13.

[30]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 6.

[31]     Mr Ordan Andreevski, Director, Australian Outreach, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 22.

[32]     Mr Innis Willox, Chief Executive Designate, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 12.

[33]     Mr Jeff Hart, Special Adviser, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 4.

[34]     Hon. Kerry Sibraa, former President of the Senate, High Commissioner to Zimbabwe, and Honorary Consul-General in Australia for Mozambique, Africa Inquiry Transcript 28 April 2010, p. 3.

[35]     JSCFADT, Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, Recommendation 3, June 2011, p. 29.

[36]     Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Nigeria (Lagos), Uganda.

[37]     South Africa (Cape Town).

[38]     Cameroon, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia.

[39]     Government Response to the Report of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, March 2012, p. 4.

[40]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 3.

[41]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 5.

[42]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, pp. 6, 7.

[43]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 15.

[44]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 8.

[45]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 13–14.

[46]     Ms Alex Oliver, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 10.

[47]     AAMIG, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 2.

[48]     ACT Labor FADTC, Submission No. 18, p. 6.

[49]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 13.

[50]     ACT Labor FADTC, Submission No. 18, p. 6.

[51]     Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 2.

[52]     Ms Jo Evans, First Assistant Secretary, Trade and Market Access Division, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 18; Mr Peter Jennings, Deputy Secretary, Strategy, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 31.

[53]     Mr Peter Gray, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 47; Mr Colin Waters, Head, International Education Division, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 40.

[54]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, pp. 2–3.

[55]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 3.

[56]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 3. Emphasis provided by the Lowy Institute.

[57]     For example, Australia’s inclusion in the UN Western European and Others Group had impeded Australian bids for a UN Security Council seat because ‘almost every election is highly competitive’ in contrast to other groupings. Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 3.

[58]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 3.

[59]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 9.

[60]     AAMIG, Submission No. 53, p. 2.

[61]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 2.

[62]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 6.

[63]     DFAT, Submission No. 51, p. 1.

[64]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 6.

[65]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 11.

[66]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 14.

[67]     Mr Kerry Fisher, Submission No. 1, p. 2.

[68]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 14.

[69]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 15.

[70]     Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 52.

[71]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 13.

[72]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 2.

[73]     DFAT, Submission No. 45, pp. 12-13.

[74]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 48, p. 17.

[75]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 13.

[76]     Exhibit No. 3, The 2009 Australian Defence White Paper: Analysis and Alternatives, John Langmore, Calum Logan, Stuart Firth, Nautilus Institute Australia, September 2010, p. 7.

[77]     Prof. John Langmore, Submission No. 29, p. 2.

[78]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 6.

[79]     Ms Alex Oliver, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 10.

[80]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 32–3.

[81]     Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 3.

[82]     AAMIG, Submission No. 20, pp. 3–4.

[83]     Austrade has offices in Accra, Ghana; Nairobi, Kenya; and Johannesburg, South Africa—the South African post is the only A-based post. Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 23.

[84]     AAMIG, Submission No. 20, p. 4.

[85]     AAMIG, Submission No. 20, p. 4.

[86]     Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 5.

[87]     Ms Alex Oliver, Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 16.

[88]     Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 6.

[89]     Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 10.

[90]     JSCFADT, Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, Recommendation 1, June 2011, p. 29.

[91]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 2.

[92]     Government Response to the Report of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, March 2012, p. 3.

[93]     Senator the Hon Bob Carr, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Media Release, Opening of new Embassy in Senegal, 9 May 2012.

[94]     HE Mr Mohamed Mael-Ainin, Ambassador, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 30.

[95]     HE Mr Mohamed Mael-Ainin, Ambassador, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 27.

[96]     HE Mr Mohamed Mael-Ainin, Ambassador, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 28.

[97]     HE Mr Mohamed Mael-Ainin, Ambassador, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 29.

[98]     Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco, Submission No. 10, p. 3.

[99]     Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco, Submission No. 10, p. 3.

[100]   Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco, Submission No. 10, p. 3.

[101]   HE Mr Mohamed Mael-Ainin, Ambassador, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 26.

[102]   Mr Peter Baxter, Director General, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 35.

[103]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 5.

[104]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 5.

[105]   Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 5.

[106]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 15.

[107]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 5.

[108]   Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 13.

[109]   Bolivarian Republic Venezuela Embassy in Australia, Submission No. 11, p. 1.

[110]   Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 6.

[111]   Embassy of the Czech Republic, Submission No. 5, p. 1.

[112]   Embassy of the Slovak Republic, Submission No. 6, p. 1.

[113]   AFUO, Submission No. 13, p. 3.

[114]   AFUO, Submission No. 13, p. 4.

[115]   Mr Stanislav Stashevskyi, Charge d’Affaires, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 44.

[116]   UYAA, Submission No. 37, p. 1.

[117]   Embassy of Ukraine, Submission No. 8, p. 3.

[118]   Mr Stanislav Stashevskyi, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 47.

[119]   AFUO, Submission No. 13, p. 11.

[120]   Mr Stanislav Stashevskyi, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 45.

[121]  Mr Stanislav Stashevskyi, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 48.

[122]  AFUO, Submission No. 13, p. 10

[123]   ENP Package, Country Progress Report—Ukraine. <http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/12/344&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en> Accessed June 2012.

[124]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 5.

[125]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 5.

[126]   Mr Kerry Fisher, Submission No. 1, p. 1.

[127]   Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 15.

[128]   DIAC, Submission No. 46, p. 5.

[129]   DIAC, Submission No. 46, p. 5.

[130]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 15.

[131]   Embassy of Romania, Submission No. 49, p. 2.

[132]   Australia Romania Chamber of Commerce, Submission No. 50, p. 8.

[133]   Embassy of Romania, Submission No. 49, p. 2.

[134]   Mr Ordan Andreevski, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 20.

[135]   UMD, Submission No. 7, p. 8.

[136]   UMD, Submission No. 7, p. 8.

[137]   Australia Gulf Council go to sleep, Submission No. 35, p. 4.

[138]   Ms Georgie Skipper, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 39.

[139]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, pp. 11, 15.

[140]   Kurdistan Regional Government-Australia, Submission No. 54, p. 2.

[141]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 31–2.

[142]   Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 22.

[143]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 7.

[144]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 14.

[145]   Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 4.

[146]   Ms Herlina Yoka Roida, Faculty of Business, Widya Mandala Catholic University, Surabaya, Submission No. 9, p. 1.

[147]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 14–15.

[148]   Mr Ian McCartney, Acting National Manager, Serious and Organised Crime, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 51.

[149]   Mr Geoff Coates, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 26.

[150]   ACT Labor FADTC, Submission No. 18, p. 2; Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 4; Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 14.

[151]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 2.

[152]   Joint Media Release, Opening of new Consulate-General in Chengdu, The Hon Julia Gillard MP, Prime Minister; Senator the Hon. Bob Carr, Minister for Foreign Affairs; The Hon Dr Craig Emerson MP, Minister for Trade and Competitiveness, 20 March 2012.

[153]   Media Release, Remarks following Indonesia-Australia Leaders' Meeting, Darwin, The Hon Julia Gillard MP, Prime Minister, 3 July 2012.

[154]   Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 12; DFAT, Kazakhstan country brief, http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/kazakhstan/kazakhstan_brief.html> Accessed September 2012.

[155]   DFAT, Submission No. 51, p. 2.

[156]   Agence France Press, UK ministers to shun Euro 2012, 8 June 2012.

Chapter 3 Activities at overseas posts

[1]       Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 4.

[2]       Exhibit No. 13, DFAT, Prime Minister’s Directive: Guidelines for Management of the Australian Government Presence Overseas, p. 1.

[3]       DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, p. 1.

[4]       Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 6.

[5]       DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 8.

[6]       AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 11.

[7]       DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 9.

[8]       DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, p. 2.

[9]       Mr Michael Pezzullo, Chief Operating Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 25.

[10]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 6.

[11]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 4.

[12]     DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, p. 3.

[13]     DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, p. 3.

[14]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 4.

[15]     DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, pp. 4, 5.

[16]     DFAT, Exhibit No. 13, p. 4.

[17]     Mr Peter Vardos, Deputy Secretary, DIAC, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 9;
Mr Peter Jennings, Deputy Secretary, Defence, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 30.

[18]     Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 12.

[19]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 7.

[20]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 2.

[21]     DAFF, Submission No. 42, p. 2.

[22]     DAFF, Submission No. 31, pp. 1–2.

[23]     Mr Colin Walters, Head, International Education Division, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 37.

[24]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 44.

[25]     DEEWR, Submission No. 16, p. 1.

[26]     DRET, Submission No. 4, p. 2.

[27]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 9.

[28]     Mr Philip Glyde, Deputy Secretary, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 21.

[29]     DRET, Submission No. 4, p. 2.

[30]     Mr Peter Baxter, Director General, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 32.

[31]     DAFF, Submission No. 42, p. 3.

[32]     Mr Greg Williamson, First Assistant Secretary, Biosecurity Division, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 20.

[33]     DEEWR, Submission No. 16, p. 2.

[34]     Mr Michael Pezzullo, Chief Operating Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 23.

[35]     Defence, Submission No. 32, p. 4.

[36]     Defence, Submission No. 27, p. 2.

[37]     AFP, Submission No. 24, p. 2.

[38]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 2.

[39]     Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 27.

[40]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 5.

[41]     Mr Peter Grey, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 47.

[42]     Mr Peter Grey, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 47.

[43]     Mr Peter Grey, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 47.

[44]     Mr Peter Grey, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 48.

[45]     Mr Peter Grey, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 48.

[46]     Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 10.

[47]     Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 5.

[48]     Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 3.

[49]     Mr Geoff Coates, Executive General Manager, Indonesia, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 25.

[50]     Hon. Michael Yabsley, Chief Executive, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 41.

[51]     Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, pp. 7–8.

[52]     Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 10.

[53]     Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 3.

[54]     Mr Peter Grey, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 49.

[55]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 9.

[56]     Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, pp. 12, 13.

[57]     Hon. Michael Yabsley, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 41.

[58]     Mr Peter Grey, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 47.

[59]     Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 8.

[60]     JSCFADT, Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, Recommendation 11, June 2011, p. 130.

[61]     Government Response to the Report of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, March 2012, p. 3.

[62]     Hon. Michael Yabsley, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 41.

[63]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, pp. 1, 3.

[64]     Senator the Hon Bob Carr, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Media Release, Australia’s four year plan to help the world’s poorest, 8 May 2012.

[65]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 6.

[66]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 7.

[67]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, pp. 7–9.

[68]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 37.

[69]     DAFF, Submission No. 42, p. 2.

[70]     AFP, Submission No. 24, p. 2.

[71]     Defence, Submission No. 27, p. 2.

[72]     Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 26; DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 2.

[73]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 45.

[74]     JSCFADT, Inquiry into Australia’s relationship with the countries of Africa, pp. 82–92.

[75]     Hon Tim Fischer, Submission No. 34, pp. 2–4.

[76]     Defence, Submission No. 38, pp. 1-2.

[77]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 17.

[78]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 16.

[79]     Prof. John Langmore, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 17.

[80]     Exhibit No. 5, p. 5.

[81]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 2.

[82]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 5.

[83]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 3.

[84]     Mr Jim Williams, Assistant Secretary, Offshore Biometrics and Operations Branch, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 12.

[85]     Ms Maureen Horder, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 56.

[86]     DIAC, Submission No. 46, p. 4.

[87]     Afghanistan 1331; China 2981; Vietnam 637; Iraq 300; Pakistan 195; Lebanon 192; Thailand 170.

[88]     DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 2.

[89]     DIAC, Submission No. 46, p. 4.

[90]     AEC, Submission No. 22, pp. 2–3.

[91]     AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 3.

[92]     AEC, Submission No. 22, pp. 3, 5.

[93]     Mr Ed Killesteyn, Electoral Commissioner, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 5.

[94]     Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918, S 245(7) Compulsory voting.

[95]     AEC, Submission No. 22, pp. 11, 13.

[96]     AEC, Submission No. 22, pp. 11, 13.

[97]     AEC, Submission No. 40, p. 1.

[98]     Some of the addresses provided were ambiguous or unclear regarding the country

[99]     AEC, Submission No. 40, pp. 2–15.

[100]   Czech Republic, 54; Romania, 13; Macedonia, 12; Slovak Republic, 10; Ukraine, 3; Morocco, 1; Venezuela, 0.

[101]   AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 6.

[102]   Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 7.

[103]   Emergency loans are granted, for example to a traveller who has lost their wallet and money. There is an expectation the money will be repaid, but interest is not charged. Passports are not issued if the loan is outstanding, and the loan is not written off unless there is very clear evidence that recovery is unlikely.
Review of DFAT Annual Report 2009–10, Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 27 May 2011, p. 19.

[104]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 10.

[105]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 5.

[106]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 5.

[107]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, pp. 12-13. The caseload figure was obtained from DFAT Annual Reports 2005–06 to 2009–10 and information provided to the Lowy Institute by DFAT.

[108]   Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 8.

[109]   Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 8.

[110]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[111]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[112]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 1.

[113]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[114]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 5.

[115]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, pp. 11–12.

[116]   DFAT, Additional Estimates Statements 2011–12, February 2012, p. 38; DFAT, Portfolio Budget Statements 2012–13, May 2012, p. 46.

[117]   Ms Alex Oliver, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 9.

[118]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Legislation Committee, Estimates, Wednesday, 30 May 2012, p. 12.

[119]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 10.

[120]   Ms Alex Oliver, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 10.

[121]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 15.

[122]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 12.

[123]   DFAT, Submission No. 39, p. 13.

[124]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 6.

[125]   (25/3.50) x 20

[126]   DFAT, Submission No. 51, p. 2.

[127]   DFAT, Country Brief, Australia,<http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/fs/aust.pdf> Accessed July 2012.

[128]   For example, Defence advised that the on-costs of deploying a Defence Attaché to Europe could annually amount to $150,000—allowances, relocation expenses, family needs such as the education of children.

[129]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 7. While the number has increased slightly since the Lowy Institute’s submission, the proportion essentially remains the same.

[130]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 8. The countries reviewed were Switzerland, Norway, Republic of Korea, Sweden, Spain, Netherlands, Finland, US, Denmark, UK, Belgium, New Zealand.

[131]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 9. Referring to a DFAT incoming government brief prepared for the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

[132]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 8.

[133]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 15.

[134]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, pp. 3–4.

[135]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 3. Figures provided by DFAT indicate that at  31 October 2011, there were 411 Australian Passport Office staff and 145 ICT corporate staff. DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 223–4.

[136]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 6.

[137]   DFAT, Submission No. 51, pp. 1–2.

[138]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 13. Refers to an answer to a question taken on notice at a Senate Additional Estimates Hearing, 24 February 2011.

[139]   Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 14.

[140]   Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 15.

[141]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 7.

[142]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 8.

[143]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 3.

[144]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 19.

[145]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 35–39.

[146]   Mr Innis Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, pp. 15, 16.

[147]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 3.

[148]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 17.

[149]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, p. 8.

[150]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 7.

[151]   DFAT, Submission No. 45, pp. 8-9.

[152]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 15.

[153]   Austrade, Submission No. 43, p. 1.

[154]   Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 31.

[155]   DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 4.

[156]   DAFF, Submission No. 12, p. 1.

[157]   Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 37.

[158]   Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 23.

[159]   Defence, Submission No. 27, p. 3.

[160]   AFP, Submission No. 24, p. 4.

[161]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 10.

[162]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 10.

[163]   Mr Peter Grey, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 46.

[164]   Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 31.

[165]   Mr Peter Grey, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 50.

[166]   Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 31.

[167]   Mr Innes Willox, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 9.

[168]   MIA, Submission No. 33, p. 2.

[169]   Ms Maureen Horder, Chief Executive Officer, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 56.

[170]   Mr John Hourigan, Member, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 60.

[171]   Mr John Hourigan, Transcript 10 February 2012, pp. 57–8.

[172]   MIA, Submission No. 41, p. 2.

[173]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 11.

[174]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 11.

[175]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 11.

[176]   DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 3.

[177]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 9.

[178]   Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 37.

Chapter 4 E-diplomacy

[1]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 18.

[2]       Lowy Institute, Revolution @State: The Spread of Ediplomacy, March 2012.

[3]       Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 19.

[4]       Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[5]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 20.

[6]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[7]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[8]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[9]       Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[10]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[11]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[12]     Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s public diplomacy: building our image, August 2007, p. 12.

[13]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 21.

[14]     ANZ Bank, Submission No. 19, p. 2.

[15]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 21.

[16]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 21.

[17]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[18]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[19]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 23.

[20]     AusAID, Submission No. 24, p 15.

[21]     DAFF, Submission No. 12, p. 4.

[22]     Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 16.

[23]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[24]     <http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/public-diplomacy-handbook/part_five.html#onlineadvoc> Accessed May 2012.

[25]     <http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/public-diplomacy-handbook/part_five.html#onlineadvoc> Accessed May 2012.

[26]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[27]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 23.

[28]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 3.

[29]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 22–3.

[30]     AusAID. Submission No. 23, p. 15.

[31]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 11.

[32]     Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 16.

[33]     AusAID, Submission No. 24, pp. 15-16.

[34]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 11.

[35]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 37.

[36]     Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 27.

[37]     Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, pp. 27–8.

[38]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[39]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 23.

[40]     Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 53.

[41]     Mr Ordan Andreevski, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 21.

[42]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 9.

[43]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 24.

[44]     Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 22.

[45]     Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 53.

[46]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 3.

[47]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 3.

[48]     Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 22.

[49]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[50]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 36.

[51]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 38.

[52]     Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 21–2.

[53]     Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 39.

[54]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[55]     UMD, Submission No. 7, p. 9.

[56]     Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 20.

[57]     ACT Labor FADTC, Submission No. 18, p 7.

[58]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[59]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 3.

[60]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 5.

[61]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 12.

[62]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 12.

[63]     Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 12.

[64]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 36.

[65]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 37.

[66]     Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 16.

[67]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 22.

[68]     Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 9.

[69]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 7.

[70]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 7.

[71]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[72]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[73]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[74]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[75]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[76]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 24.

[77]     Mr Peter Baxter, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 36–7.

[78]     AusAID, Submission No. 23, p. 14.

[79]     Defence, Submission No. 27, p. 4.

[80]     Mr Ian McCartney, A/g Manager, International Network, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 49.

[81]     AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 7.

[82]     Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 7.

[83]     AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 7.

[84]     Austrade, Submission No. 25, p. 9.

[85]     Austrade, Submission No. 25, p. 10.

[86]     Cisco Systems Australia, Submission No. 52, p. 1.

[87]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 1.

[88]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 25.

[89]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 17.

[90]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 7.

[91]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 27.

[92]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 2.

[93]     DFAT, Submission No. 39, p. 10.

[94]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 27.

[95]     Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 7.

[96]     DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 27.

[97]     Lowy Institute, Revolution @State: The Spread of Ediplomacy, March 2012, p. 22.

[98]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 22.

[99]     Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 22.

[100]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[101]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[102]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[103]   Mr Peter Vardos, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 15.

[104]   DIAC, Submission No. 21, p. 5.

[105]   DIAC, Submission No. 46, pp. 16-17.

[106]   Mr Jim Williams, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 12.

[107]   Mr Ordan Andreevski, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 22.

[108]   Mr Ordan Andreevksi, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 22.

[109]   Ms Maurene Horder, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 57.

[110]   AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 4

[111]   Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 6.

[112]   AEC, Submission No. 22, p. 4.

[113]   Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 3; Part XVB of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918.

[114]   Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 5.

[115]   Mr Ed Killesteyn, Transcript 17 February 2012, pp. 5–6.

[116]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[117]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 21.

[118]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, p. 22.

[119]   DFAT, Submission No. 28, pp. 22–23.

[120]   Defence, Submission No. 27, p. 4.

[121]   Austrade, Submission No. 26, p. 10.

[122]   Lowy Institute, Revolution @State: The Spread of Ediplomacy, March 2012, pp. 8–9.

[123]   Lowy Institute, Revolution @State: The Spread of Ediplomacy, March 2012, pp. 8–9.

[124]   Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 19.

[125]   <http://www.dfat.gov.au/publications/public-diplomacy-handbook/part_five.html#onlineadvoc> Accessed May 2012.

[126]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 19 March 2012, p. 5.

[127]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 18.

[128]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 24.

[129]   Lowy Institute, Submission No. 15, p. 24.

[130]   Mr Andrew Carr, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 53.

[131]   ANZ, Submission No. 19, p. 3.

[132]   Mr Ordan Andreevski, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 22.

[133]   Mr Ordan Andreevski, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 22.

[134]   Mr Dennis Richardson, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 3.

[135]   Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, p. 3.

[136]   Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 8.

[137]   Mr Andrew Shearer, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 11.

[138]   Mr Fergus Hanson, Transcript 17 February 2012, p. 19.

[139]   Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 24.

[140]   Mr Michael Pezzullo, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 24.

[141]   DAFF, Submission No. 12, p. 4.

[142]   Mr Colin Walters, Transcript 10 February 2012, p. 42.

[143]   DRET, Submission No. 4, p. 3.

[144]   Mr Jeff Hart, Transcript 27 February 2012, pp. 4–6.

[145]   Mr Alex Thursby, Transcript 23 February 2012, p. 7.

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