Speeches Browse all speeches (Hansard) Biography Parliamentary service Elected to the Senate for New South Wales 1990 (term began 1.7.1990) and 1996. Defeated at general elections 2001 (term expired 30.6.2002). Committee service Senate Standing: Privileges from 1.7.90 to 29.4.92; Scrutiny of Bills from 1.7.90 to 10.10.91; Procedure from 5.9.91 to 30.6.02; Selection of Bills from 3.9.91 to 30.6.02; Appropriations and Staffing from 10.10.91 to 25.8.99 and from 22.9.99 to 30.6.02; Senators' Interests from 24.3.94 to 1.7.96.Senate Legislative and General Purpose Standing: Environment, Recreation and the Arts from 1.7.90 to 10.10.91; Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade from 24.8.90 to 10.10.91; Transport, Communications and Infrastructure from 19.8.92 to 18.5.93; Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade: Legislation Committee from 10.10.94 to 10.11.94 and from 1.7.96 to 30.6.02 and References Committee from 10.10.94 to 10.11.94 and from 12.5.99 to 30.6.02; Legal and Constitutional: Legislation Committee from 1.7.96 to 3.3.97 and References Committee from 1.7.96 to 27.6.97.Participating member, Environment, Recreation, Communications and the Arts: Legislation Committee from 10.9.96 to 12.12.96 and from 2.3.98 to 9.11.98; Participating member, Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts: Legislation Committee from 24.11.98 to 11.2.02.Senate Select: Subscription Television Broadcasting Services from 19.8.92 to 16.9.92; Community Standards Relevant to the Supply of Services Utilising Electronic Technologies from 12.5.93 to 29.4.96; Matters Arising from Pay Television Tendering Processes from 27.5.93 to 16.12.93; Australian Broadcasting Corporation Management and Operations from 22.9.94 to 30.3.95; Aircraft Noise in Sydney from 23.3.95 to 30.11.95.Joint Standing: Migration Regulations from 19.2.91 to 29.4.92; Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade from 10.10.91 to 30.6.02; Treaties from 31.5.96 to 20.10.99; Electoral Matters from 1.7.96 to 6.2.97; National Capital and External Territories from 12.8.99 to 30.9.99. Conferences, delegations and visits Member, Human Rights Delegations to China, July 1991 and November 1992.Member, Joint Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade study tour of Indonesia, October 1992.Member, Delegation to United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, June 1993.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Bougainville, April 1994.Member, Delegation to United Nations World Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, September 1994.Member, Human Rights Delegation to Vietnam, April 1995.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Germany, Belgium, UK, France, Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Austria, September 1995.Member, Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade visit to Hong Kong, January 1997.Member, Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade visit to Papua New Guinea, March 1999.Study tour, Hong Kong, July 1999; USA, November 1999; USA, October 2000.Member, Official Delegation to observe the referendum in East Timor, August-September 1999 and February 2001.Bilateral visits to Canada and USA, October-November 1999.Member, Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade visit to East Timor, December 1999.Member, Australian Official Observer Delegation, East Timor, August-September 2001. Parliamentary party positions Australian Democrats Whip in the Senate from 3.9.91 to 30.6.02.Interim Deputy Leader of the Australian Democrats from 20.10.97 to 5.12.97.Spokesperson for Australian Democrats on Foreign Affairs; Energy and Resources; Housing; Arts (including Heritage) from 1.7.90 to 8.10.91; on Administrative Services; Antarctica; Arts and Heritage; Foreign Affairs from 8.10.91 to 17.8.92; on Administrative Services; Antarctica; Arts and Heritage; Foreign Affairs; Transport and Communications from 17.8.92 to 30.6.93; on Administrative Services (excluding Electoral Matters); Arts and Heritage; Communications (including Media Ownership and the ABC); Foreign Affairs and Overseas Development; Human Rights; Immigration from 1.7.93 to 7.12.95; on Population and Immigration; Administrative Services; Arts and Heritage; Communications; Foreign Affairs; Human Rights from 7.12.95 to 30.6.96; on Administrative Services (including Electoral Matters); Attorney-General and Justice; Broadcasting (from Communications portfolio); Defence; Foreign Affairs and Human Rights; Science and Technology; Trade from 1.7.96 to 25.2.97; Administrative Services; Communications (Broadcasting); Defence; Foreign Affairs and Human Rights; Trade from 25.2.97 to 20.10.97; Administrative Services; Broadcasting and Media (from Communications); Defence and Defence Personnel; Foreign Affairs; Human Rights (from Attorney-General and Justice); Trade from 20.10.97 to 12.12.97; Administrative Services; Communications (including Broadcasting and Media); Foreign Affairs and Human Rights; Tourism; Trade; Defence and Defence Personnel; Treaties from 12.12.97 to 1.1.99; Communications (excluding Telecommunications); Defence; Foreign Affairs and Human Rights; Special Minister of State; Territories; Tourism from 1.1.99 to 1.7.99; Communications (excluding Telecommunications); Defence; Foreign Affairs and Human Rights; Special Minister of State; Territories from 1.7.99 to 14.2.01; Communications and Broadcasting (excluding Telecommunications); Defence; Foreign Affairs; International Human Rights; Overseas Aid; Pacific Affairs; Special Minister of State; Territories from 14.2.01 to 30.6.02. Party positions Member, Campaign Team, Australian Democrats (NSW) from 1980. Assistant Campaign Manager, Australian Democrats (NSW) 1984. Member, NSW Constitutional Review Committee 1988-90. Personal Born 22.10.1954, Sydney, NSW. Qualifications and occupation before entering Federal Parliament BSc, MSc (NSW).Research Officer and Private Secretary to Senator C Mason 1978-87. Research Officer to Senator P McLean 1987-90.