Speeches The first speech is not yet availableRecent speech Browse all speeches (Hansard) Biography Parliamentary service Elected to the Senate for Western Australia, 1996 (term began 1.7.1996) and 2001. Retired prior to general elections 2007 (term ended 30.6.2008). Parliamentary positions Temporary Chair of Committees from 9.8.05 to 30.6.08. Committee service Senate Standing: Scrutiny of Bills from 1.7.96 to 30.6.08; Appropriations and Staffing from 14.2.08 to 30.6.08. Senate Legislative and General Purpose Standing: Economics: Legislation Committee from 1.7.96 to 11.9.06 and References Committee from 1.7.96 to 30.9.99 and from 23.6.05 to 11.9.06; Economics from 11.9.06 to 30.6.08; Finance and Public Administration: Legislation Committee from 1.7.96 to 11.9.06 and References Committee from 1.7.96 to 30.9.99 and from 23.6.05 to 11.9.06; Finance and Public Administration from 11.9.06 to 30.6.08; Legal and Constitutional: Legislation Committee from 3.3.97 to 2.3.98 and References Committee from 27.6.97 to 2.3.98; Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade: References Committee from 23.6.05 to 11.9.06; Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport: References Committee from 23.6.05 to 7.11.05.Senate Select: Socio-Economic Consequences of the National Competition Policy from 8.7.98 to 17.2.00; New Tax System from 26.11.98 to 30.4.99.Joint Statutory: Corporations and Securities from 1.7.96 to 11.2.02; Corporations and Financial Services from 14.2.02 to 30.6.08; Public Accounts and Audit from 1.1.98 to 30.6.08.Joint Standing: Electoral Matters from 6.2.97 to 17.10.07.Joint Select: Retailing Sector from 10.12.98 to 30.8.99. Conferences, delegations and visits Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Switzerland, June 1999.Member, Official Australian Observer Mission to the Zimbabwe Elections, June 2000.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Ireland and China, July 2000.Member, Senate Legislative and General Purpose Standing Committee on Community Affairs visit to UK and Canada, April 2001.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands, April-May 2004.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Denmark and Sweden, October 2005.Member, Parliamentary Delegation to Malta and Spain, April 2007. Parliamentary party positions Spokesperson for Australian Democrats on Communications (excluding Broadcasting); Industry, Transport and Regional Development; Accountability; Small Business and Commerce; Tourism from 1.7.96 to 25.2.97; Industrial Relations; Attorney-General and Justice; Accountability; Industry; Transport; Regional Development; Small Business; Tourism from 25.2.97 to 20.10.97; Accountability; Attorney-General and Justice (excluding Human Rights); Electoral Matters; Industrial Relations; Industry; Small Business; Treasury and Finance from 20.10.97 to 12.12.97; Accountability; Finance and Taxation; Industrial Relations; Industry; Customs; Small Business; Electoral Matters from 12.12.97 to 1.1.99; Accountability; Business and Corporate Affairs; Customs; Finance and Administration; Financial Services and Regulation; Industry; Small Business; Workplace Relations from 1.1.99 to 1.7.99; Accountability; Business and Corporate Affairs; Customs; Small Business; Workplace Relations from 1.7.99 to 14.2.01; Accountability; Business and Corporate Affairs; Customs; Finance and Administration; Small Business; Tax Reform; Workplace Relations from 14.2.01 to 14.4.01; Accountability; Business and Corporate Affairs; Customs; Electoral Matters; Finance and Administration; Small Business; Taxation; Workplace Relations from 14.4.01 to 1.7.02; Accountability; Business and Corporate Affairs; Customs; Electoral Matters; Finance and Administration; Small Business; Special Minister of State; Taxation; Workplace Relations from 1.7.02 to 28.7.02 and from 12.8.02 to 24.10.02; Accountability; Customs; Electoral Matters and Public Administration; Public Service; Taxation, Finance and Corporate Affairs; Workplace Relations from 24.10.02 to 1.7.05; Accountability; Electoral Matters; Taxation, Finance and Corporate Affairs; Workplace Relations from 1.7.05 to 30.6.08. Party positions Member, Australian Democrats from 1994.Deputy Convener, Australian Democrats (WA) 1994-96.Campaign Manager, Australian Democrats (WA) 1995-98. Personal Born 29.1.1947, Hove, UK.Migrated to Australia 1989.Married. Qualifications and occupation before entering Federal Parliament BA(Hons)(Rhodes), MA (Oxon).Rhodes Scholar 1971.Businessman 1973-96. Military Service Territorial Member, Rhodesian Air Force 1969-77. Publications A conspiracy of giants: the South African liquor industry (with M Fridjhon), South Africa: Divaris Stein, 1986.Leases, landlords and tenants, West Perth, WA: A Murray, 1997.'Using the Popular Vote to Decide National Questions', in Trusting the people: an elected President for an Australian republic, introduced by Andrew Murray, Design by Design Practitioners, Perth, 2001.Review of Operation Sunlight: Overhauling budgetary transparency [Report to the Government], Canberra: A Murray, 2008.