Parliament and the Design of the Australian Electoral System


Research Paper 30 1999-2000

Remuneration of Members of the Parliament of Australia

(update of Background Paper No. 18, dated 2 June 1998)

Margaret Healy
Politics and Public Administration Group
Geoff Winter
Statistics Group
27 June 2000


Contents

Introduction
Members' remuneration

Constitutional and legal basis of payment
Brief history

Introduction of a new mechanism to adjust parliamentary salaries

Ministerial salaries

Parliamentary Secretaries
Office-holders of the Parliament
Other parliamentary entitlements
Parliamentary superannuation
Endnotes
Appendix 1: Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders of the Parliament and Ministers, 1996-2000
Appendix 2: Senators and Members of the House of Representatives: Basic Salaries and Electorate Allowances, 1952 to 2000
Table 1: Basic Salaries of Members of Parliament determined by Act of Parliament, 1901-73
Table 2: Basic Salary of Commonwealth Members of Parliament
Table 3: Ministerial Salaries
Table 4: Additional Salaries of Parliamentary Office-holders

Introduction

After several years during which there were no changes to parliamentary salaries, a new salary fixing mechanism was enacted in late 1999, and salaries were thereby increased. The new mechanism provides for automatic adjustment to salaries in line with increases to Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE). This paper updates Background Paper No. 18 1997-98, and contains details of the legislative changes, the current salaries of Members of Parliament (MPs), Ministers and all Office-holders of the Parliament, and the projected increase from 1 July 2000.

As previously, the constitutional authority for payment of Members of Parliament and of Ministers is given, along with a short history of parliamentary salaries. There is a brief outline of the other entitlements of Members of Parliament, and of the Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Scheme.

Members' remuneration

There are two components of the total monetary remuneration of Members of Parliament:

  • the basic salary

This is paid to all Senators and Members.

  • office-holder or ministerial salary

There are numerous Offices of the Parliament. They include the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate (the Presiding Officers), their Deputies, the Leader of the Opposition, Party Leaders, Whips, and Chairs of Parliamentary Committees.

Ministerial salaries are set for the offices of the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, the Treasurer, the Leader of the House, the Leader of the Government in the Senate, Cabinet Ministers, Ministers outside Cabinet, and from 10 March 2000, for Parliamentary Secretaries.

The electorate allowance

This is an allowance made for expenses associated with the electorate. It is not part of salary, and does not count towards parliamentary superannuation. However, any amount not spent on items pertaining to the electorate is treated as taxable income. The electorate allowance has therefore been included in the remuneration figures.

There are three different levels of the electorate allowance, set according to the size of the electorate. The lowest (a) applies to all Senators and to Members of the House of Representatives with electorate areas less than 2000 sq. km.; the next (b) to electorates with areas from 2000 to less than 5000 sq. km., and the largest (c) to electorates with areas of 5000 sq. km. or more. As the electorate allowance is a variable component, the electorate size needs to be known when calculating the total remuneration for any MP.

Appendix 1 shows each component separately and provides their combined total. The bolded amounts are those applying to the incumbent recipients.

Constitutional and legal basis of payment

The payment of Members of Parliament was adopted by the parliaments of the Australian colonies in the late nineteenth century, often after bitter struggles with the upper houses.(1) Its purpose was to ensure that membership of Parliament was open to all classes, and not only to the rich.

Payment of Senators and Members of the Commonwealth Parliament is provided for in section 48 of the Constitution, which states:

Until the Parliament otherwise provides, each senator and each member of the House of Representatives shall receive an allowance of four hundred pounds a year, to be reckoned from the day on which he takes his seat.

Brief history

Until 1973 Parliament itself determined the salaries of its members by legislation, either on the basis of decisions made by the government of the day, or as a consequence of recommendations of various committees of inquiry.(2) Salary adjustments were relatively infrequent. Table 1 lists these Acts of Parliament and the salary levels they set.

Appendix 2 shows basic salaries and electorate allowances from 1952 until the present. Electorate allowances were first introduced by the Parliamentary Allowances Act 1952, which enacted the recommendations of the first committee of inquiry into parliamentary salaries, the Nicholas Report of 1952. This used four groupings of electorates based on criteria used by the Taxation Commissioner. These groupings were clearly associated with the size of the electorates. The amounts fixed in 1952 were increased by amending acts in 1956, 1959, 1964, 1968, 1970 and 1973.(3)

Table 1: Basic Salaries of Members of Parliament determined by Act of Parliament, 1901-73

Year

Salary

($ p.a.)

 

Act

Date of effect

1901

800

 

Constitution, s. 48

29-30.3.01

1907

1 200

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1907

28.7.07

1920

2 000

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1920

19.5.20

1931

1 600

 

Financial Emergency Act 1931

20.7.31

1932

1 500

 

Financial Emergency Act 1932

5.10.32

1933

1 650

 

Financial Relief Act 1933

1.11.33

1935

1 700

 

Financial Relief Act 1935

9.10.35

1936

1 900

 

Financial Relief Act 1936

21.9.36

1938

2 000

 

Parliamentary Salaries Adjustment Act 1938

13.5.38

1947

3 000

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1947

10.7.47

1952

3 500

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1952

1.1.52

1956

4 700

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1956

1.7.56

1959

5 500

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1959

1.3.59

1964

7 000

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1964

1.11.64

1968

9 500

 

Parliamentary Allowances Act 1968

1.12.68

1973

14 500

 

Remuneration and Allowances Act 1973

1.4.73

The remuneration of Members of Parliament has always been a contentious issue. The last government-appointed inquiry into parliamentary remuneration, the Kerr.(4) Committee, which reported in 1971, recommended that parliamentary salaries should be determined by an independent tribunal. The Whitlam ALP Government accepted the recommendation, which it implemented by passing the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973. This established an independent Remuneration Tribunal which had the function of reporting into and determining the salaries and allowances of Senators and Members, and the allowances of Ministers and Office-holders of the Parliament. The Remuneration Tribunal was required to do this at intervals of not more than one year. The Remuneration Tribunal did not, however, set ministerial salaries: rather, it reported and made recommendations to the Minister. Thus after 1973 parliamentary salaries and allowances were determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. The Remuneration Tribunal had the additional functions of determining the remuneration of Australian Public Service (APS) departmental heads, various other Commonwealth public offices, and the Commonwealth judiciary.

Such salaries and allowances were set by means of formal determinations by the Tribunal. The Tribunal is required to furnish the Minister with a copy of each determination, and the Minister (now the Minister for Finance and Administration) is required to table such determinations in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days after receipt by the Minister. Unless specifically disallowed by either House of the Parliament, determinations come into effect on the date specified in the determination.

It was intended that the work of the Remuneration Tribunal would de-politicise the issue of parliamentary remuneration and conditions.

The Tribunal fixed the basic parliamentary salary, electorate allowances, travel entitlements and conditions for Senators and Members, Office-holders of the Parliament, and Ministers. Allowances for some office facilities, such as postage and telephones, were determined by the Tribunal, but the general provision and equipment of electorate offices and the staffing levels for Senators and Members, Office-holders and Ministers were, and still are, set by the Government.

By 1990 parliamentary remuneration had again become a contentious issue. The 1988 Review of the Tribunal determined, after a work value assessment of Members of Parliament by management consultants Cullen Egan Dell, that there should be a substantial phased increase in salaries. However, following strong representations by the Government, the 1990 increase was deferred. The Government proposed a linkage between the salaries of members and those of the Band 1 of the Senior Executive Service (SES) of the APS. The Tribunal opposed this linkage. The Hawke ALP Government then passed the Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990, which removed the power of the Remuneration Tribunal to determine the basic salary, and provided for a phased increase of salaries up to the level of SES Band 1. The Act provided that once salaries reached this level, subsequent adjustment of parliamentary salaries would occur in accordance with any adjustments made to SES Band 1 salaries. Since 1990 these adjustments occurred by means of wage agreements between the government and the public sector unions.

The Remuneration Tribunal continued to make determinations on electorate and other allowances and conditions of MPs, Ministers and Office-holders, and continued to determine the salaries of Office-holders of the Parliament as specified in sub-section 8(2) of the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

Determinations fixing the remuneration of Office-holders of the Parliament updated and rationalised the additional salaries paid to the Chairs of Parliamentary Committees. After the establishment of the Main Committee of the House of Representatives in February 1994 and of the new Senate Committee structure in October 1994, new Offices were approved, including an increased number of Whip positions and the position of Second Deputy Speaker.

Schedule 2 of the Industrial Relations Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 1994 (which deals primarily with the coal industry) amended Schedule 3 of the Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990 to provide that the salary of MPs was equivalent to the minimum payable to a Band 2 level of the SES. The new subclauses of Schedule 3 provided:

  1. The Members of Parliament annual salary is equal to the minimum SES Band 2 annual salary.

(3) In this clause:

'minimum SES Band 2 annual salary' means the minimum annual rate of salary payable to the holders of offices in the Senior Executive Service of the Australian Public Service having a classification of Band 2.

Schedule 2 also amended Schedule 4 of the Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990 to provide that whenever parliamentary salaries increased because of an increase to the minimum SES level, the additional salaries paid to Office-holders of the Parliament also increased by the same proportion.

After basic salaries reached SES salary levels, there were adjustments resulting from National Wage Case decisions, and then from the Agreement between the Government and the public sector unions, Improving productivity, jobs and pay in the Australian Public Service 1992-1994, and its successor agreements. The last Agreement, Continuous improvement in the Australian Public Service: Enterprise Agreement 1995-96, expired at the end of 1996, with the last adjustment taking effect from 17 October 1996.

Expiry of the 1990 arrangements

The remuneration and conditions specified in the last Agreement remained in force. However, the final adjustment having been made, after the expiry of the Continuous improvement in the APS Agreement, there was no procedure by which increases to parliamentary salaries could be made. Furthermore, with the move to agency bargaining, there ceased to be any service-wide structure in place to which parliamentary salaries could be linked so as to enable increases to be made in the future.

Since the enactment of the Workplace Relations Act 1996, SES salaries and remuneration may be set either through individually negotiated Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA), or they may be included in separate agency enterprise bargaining agreements. The party to any AWA may not be disclosed by the Industrial Registrar (although it is possible for an individual who is party to an AWA to disclose its terms). The salient point is that with the move to agency bargaining in the APS, the nexus to parliamentarians' salaries had been broken, and there was no common public sector standard by which to determine future parliamentary salary levels. Legislation was required to set another mechanism in place. The Remuneration Tribunal, in its Statement on Members of Parliament-Allowances and Entitlements, dated 8 October 1997, had drawn attention to this lack of an adjustment mechanism, and recommended that this be given early attention.

Introduction of a new mechanism to adjust parliamentary salaries

The legislation which changed the means by which parliamentary salaries were to be determined was first introduced in 1998, as a minor part of the wide-ranging legislative changes to the Public Service. The bills were potential double dissolution triggers, which then lapsed with the dissolution of the House of Representatives in 1998. They were reintroduced and passed in 1999. The Act in question, the Public Employment (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Amendment Act 1999, inter alia, amended the Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990 and the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

The Act made the following changes:

  • new Section 8A was inserted in the Remuneration and Allowances Act 1990, which enables regulations to be made under the Act;
  • sub-clauses 1(2) and (3) of Schedule 3 were repealed and new sub-clauses inserted, which fix the salary of MPs at the minimum annual rate of salary payable to an SES employee with a classification of SES Band 2; or at a percentage of a 'reference salary' if so prescribed by legislation. A 'reference salary' is either the annual salary of an office under a determination of the Remuneration Tribunal or an annual salary identified as a reference salary for a principal executive classification in a relevant determination made by the Remuneration Tribunal; and
  • the Minister must consider advice from the Remuneration Tribunal before a regulation is made.
  • The Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 was amended to give the Tribunal the additional function of determining a classification structure for principal executive offices and to provide advice to the employing bodies of principal executive officers relating to the terms and conditions, including remuneration and allowances, on which principal executive offices are to be held.

Following the legislative changes, the new procedures were quickly put into effect.

On 7 December 1999 the Remuneration Tribunal issued a Report recommending increases in parliamentary salaries. The recommendation was for an immediate increase of 9.95 per cent. The earnings growth for comparable general community market rates in the period October 1996 to October 1999 was between 14 and 17 per cent. However in recognition of the community expectation of restraint in MPs' salary increases, the Tribunal used a different, more acceptable indicator. It recommended that parliamentary salaries be linked to Average Weekly Ordinary Time Earnings (AWOTE), issued by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, which measures general community earnings movements

In its report the Tribunal pointed out that the Government had the options of continuing with the existing SES link, prescribing a new reference salary of up to 100 per cent of either the annual salary of a public office, or a salary identified as the reference salary for principal executive officer.

The same day the Remuneration Tribunal issued Determination 1999/15. This established a Principal Executive Office (PEO) classification, and set rates of remuneration. The classification structure covers five Bands. Band A is the lowest and Band E the highest. The PEO classification may be applied by the Minister for Finance and Administration, by regulation under the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973, to a public office or appointment, and to a person, authority or body to be a PEO's employing authority. The Tribunal set a reference salary to Band A of the new PEO structure, which has a maximum salary of $98 000 pa. The reference salary was the maximum, less $8 000, or $90 000.

The Government generally accepted the recommendations relating to the parliamentary salary increases, but decided that the increase should be made in two stages: 4.45 per cent of the recommended 9.95 per cent increase would take effect from 7 December 1999 and the remainder from 1 July 2000.

The increase in the basic parliamentary salary was effected by the Remuneration and Allowances Regulations 1990, Statutory Rule 341 of 1999. Clause 4 (2) set the annual salary of MPs as equal to 95 per cent of the reference salary, from the commencement of the regulation to 30 June 2000, and clause 4 (3) set the salary at 100 per cent of the reference salary from 1 July 2000. The regulation was gazetted in the Commonwealth of Australia Special Gazette No. 638 of 22 December 1999, having been approved by the Executive Council (ExCo) on 15 December 1999. The commencement date of the first increase was 7 December 1999.

Table 2: Basic Salary of Commonwealth Members of Parliament

Office

Basic salary from 7.12.99 ($ p.a.)

Basic salary from 1.7.2000 ($ p.a.)

Member of the House of Representatives; Senator

85 500

90 000

State and territory parliamentary salaries

The parliamentary salaries for all States and Territories, other than Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory, are affected by changes to the Commonwealth parliamentary basic salary. Generally the States set their parliamentary salaries by legislation with reference to the rate of Commonwealth salaries. In New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland salaries are set at $500 per annum less than the basic Commonwealth parliamentary salary. South Australia's rate is set at $2000 per annum less, and Tasmania's is 85.19 per cent of the Commonwealth rate. The Northern Territory rate is set by legislation at $3000 per annum less than the Commonwealth rate. Western Australian salaries are set by the Salaries and Allowances Tribunal, which is required under the Salaries and Allowances Act 1975 to review salaries and allowances annually, and the latest Determination set a basic salary of $95 000 with effect from 1 January 2000-the highest rate in Australia. The Australian Capital Territory, which formerly had remuneration for its Legislative Assembly set by the Commonwealth Remuneration Tribunal, has now established its own Remuneration Tribunal.

Ministerial salaries

Section 66 of the Constitution provides that:

There shall be payable to the Queen, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the Commonwealth, for the salaries of the Ministers of State, an annual sum, which, until the Parliament otherwise provides, shall not exceed twelve thousand pounds a year.

Parliament provided otherwise by enacting the Ministers of State Act 1952 as amended, which fixes the maximum size of the Ministry and appropriates an annual sum for the payment of Ministerial salaries. After 1973, ministerial salaries (which are additional to the (basic) salaries of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives) were set by means of the Government accepting reports of the Remuneration Tribunal. Sub-section 6 (1) of the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 provides:

The Tribunal shall, from time to time as provided by this Part, inquire into, and report to the Minister on, the question whether any alterations are desirable in the salaries payable to Ministers of State out of public moneys of Australia.

When the Parliamentary Allowances Act 1990 was passed, the Government decided to increase Ministerial salaries by the same percentage as any increases made to the basic salary of Members, and to apply any such increases with effect from the same dates.(5) This was endorsed by the Remuneration Tribunal in its Report No. 1 of 1996 on Ministers' Additional Salary.

The Howard Government decided soon after its election upon a two-tiered pay structure for the Ministry. Cabinet Ministers' salaries remained unchanged, but those of Ministers not in the Cabinet decreased by $10 000 per annum.(6) This was to reflect the higher workload of Cabinet Ministers, and represented a return to previous Coalition practice. This decision was formalised firstly by the Remuneration Tribunal accepting the advice of the Minister for Industrial Relations in his letter of 18 April 1996 that there should be a salary differential of 20 per cent between the salaries of Cabinet Ministers and other Ministers,(7) and secondly by the acceptance of the Tribunal's Report by the Government. The new salary structure came into effect from 7 March 1996.

1999-2000 increases

Ministerial salaries are additional to the basic parliamentary salary. The increase in Ministerial salaries was, as usual, achieved by amending the Ministers of State Act 1952 to appropriate additional funds. These are then allocated according to the percentage of basic salary recommended by the Remuneration Tribunal, and accepted by the Government. Ministerial salaries are now expressed as a percentage of the basic salary, rather than as a specific amount. The salary of the Prime Minister is set at 160 per cent of the basic salary, that of the Deputy Prime Minister at 105 per cent, and of Cabinet Ministers at 72.5 per cent.

Table 3: Ministerial Salaries

Office

Additional salary-% of basic salary

Annual additional salary from 7.12.99 ($ p.a.)

Annual additional salary from 1.7.2000 ($ p.a.)

Prime Minister

160.0

136 800

144 000

Deputy Prime Minister

105.0

89 775

94 500

Treasurer

87.5

74 813

78 750

Leader of the Government in the Senate

87.5

74 813

78 750

Leader of the House

75.0

64 125

67 500

Cabinet Minister

72.5

61 988

65 250

Other Ministers

57.5

49 163

51 750

Parliamentary Secretaries (other section 64 officers)

25.0

21 375

22 500

Note: Fixed by Government acceptance of Remuneration Tribunal recommendations and by Ministers of State and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2000.

Source: Ministerial and Parliamentary Services Group, Department of Finance and Administration, April 2000.

Parliamentary Secretaries

Parliamentary Secretaries between 1980 and 2000 were appointed by the Prime Minister under the Parliamentary Secretaries Act 1980. They were not entitled to receive a salary of office, as it was considered that this would have constituted an office of profit under the Crown, and therefore under section 44 (iv) of the Constitution would have disqualified the Parliamentary Secretaries from being Members of Parliament. Instead they received reimbursement for acquitted 'expenses of office reasonably and necessarily incurred'. Determination No. 3 of 1998, dated 27 January 1998, set the amount at $10 000 per annum, with effect from 1 October 1997. Determination No. 9 of 1998, dated 27 February 1998, amended this determination by setting specific conditions for travelling expenses for parliamentary secretaries.

The Ministers of State and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2000(8), in addition to appropriating the additional amount required for the increases to ministerial salaries, altered the basis on which Parliamentary Secretaries were appointed. The Parliamentary Secretaries Act 1980 was repealed. A new section 4 was inserted into the Ministers of State Act 1952. This created a new category of ministers designated as Parliamentary Secretary, whose numbers may not exceed 12. The number of ministers not so designated may not exceed 30, thus there is a total of 42 ministerial positions. This legislation therefore enables Parliamentary Secretaries to receive a salary of office. Accordingly they are no longer entitled to the reimbursement of expenses of office allowance. The Ministers of State and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2000 received assent on 29 February 2000 and commenced on 10 March 2000. On this date all Parliamentary Secretaries were sworn in as ministers, and their annual salary of office of $21 375 was paid from that date. This will increase to $22 500 from 1 July 2000 (see Table 3 above).

Office-holders of the Parliament

Determination 16/1999 sets the additional salaries of parliamentary office-holders. These are additional to the basic salary, and are expressed as a percentage of the basic salary. Clause A3 of Determination 16 requires that the calculation of additional salary for the offices listed in Table 1 of Determination 16 be rounded up to the nearest ten dollars.

Table 4: Additional Salaries of Parliamentary Office-holders

Office

Additional salary-% of basic salary

Annual additional salary from 7.12.99 ($ p.a.)

Annual additional salary from 1.7.2000 ($ p.a.)

Leader of the Opposition

85.0

72 680

76 500

President of the Senate

75.0

64 130

67 500

Speaker of the House of Representatives

75.0

64 130

67 500

Deputy Leader of the Opposition

57.5

49 170

51 750

Leader of the Opposition in the Senate

57 5

49 170

51 750

Leader of the Third Party in the House of Representatives

45.0

38 480

40 500

Leader of a recognised non-government party of at least 5 members not otherwise specified

42.5

36 340

38 250

Chief Government Whip in the House of Representatives

26.0

22 230

23 400

Chief Opposition Whip in the House of Representatives

23.0

19 670

20 700

Deputy President and Chairman of Committees in the Senate

20.0

17 100

18 000

Deputy Speaker in the House of Representatives

20.0

17 100

18 000

Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Senate

20.0

17 100

18 000

Government Whip in the Senate

20.0

17 100

18 000

Opposition Whip in the Senate

18.0

15 390

16 200

Second Deputy Speaker in the House of Representatives

13.0

11 120

11 700

Government Whip in the House of Representatives

13.0

11 120

11 700

Opposition Whip in the House of Representatives

12.0

10 260

10 800

Leader of the National Party in the Senate

11.0

9 410

11 700

Third Party Whip in the House of Representatives

11.0

9 410

11 700

Whip in the Senate of a recognised party of at least 5 members not otherwise specified

9.0

7 700

8 100

Deputy Government Whip in the Senate

5.0

4 280

4 500

Deputy Opposition Whip in the Senate

5.0

4 280

4 500

Whip of the 2nd Government Party in the Senate

5.0

4 280

4 500

Deputy Opposition Whip in the House of Representatives

3.0

2 570

2 700

Member of the Speaker's Panel in the House of Representatives

3.0

2 570

2 700

Deputy Chairman of Committees in the Senate

3.0

2 570

2 700

Third Party Deputy Whip in the House of Representatives

3.0

2 570

2 700

Chair, Joint Committee of Public Accounts and Audit

16.0

13 680

14 440

Chair, Public Works Committee

16.0

13 680

14 440

Chair, Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

16.0

13 680

14 440

Chair, Joint Standing Committee on Treaties

16.0

13 680

14 440

Chair of Joint Statutory Committee or Joint Standing Committee

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair of Senate Legislative and General Purpose Standing Committee

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair of House of Representatives General Purpose Standing Committee

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair of Joint Select or Senate or Select Committee of Senate or House of Representatives

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair of Investigating Standing Committee established by resolution of either House

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair, Senate Standing Committee of Privileges

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair, Senate Standing Committee on Regulations and Ordinances

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair, Senate Standing Committee for the Scrutiny of Bills

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair, House of Representatives Standing Committee on Procedure

11.0

9 410

9 900

Chair, Senate Standing Committee on Senators' Interests

3.0

2 570

2 700

Chair, House of Representatives Committee of Members' Interests

3.0

2 570

2 700

Chair of a Parliamentary Committee concerned with public affairs rather than the domestic affairs of parliament not otherwise specified

3.0

2 570

2 700

Note: Fixed by Remuneration Tribunal Determination 1999/16. Salaries are rounded upwards to the next $10, under Determination 1999/16.

Other parliamentary entitlements

In addition to the provision of a privately-plated Commonwealth vehicle,(9) and electorate allowances, Senators and Members are provided with electorate offices, and may engage three electorate staff, one of whom may be located permanently in Parliament House. They are entitled to transport, travelling allowances which include accommodation, and telephone and postage allowances.

Non-salary entitlements of Senators and Members are authorised by the Parliamentary Entitlements Act 1990, and by determinations of the Remuneration Tribunal.

The Remuneration Tribunal conducted a review of members' entitlements during 1997, so as to provide greater flexibility and a tighter focus on needs.(10) As a result a new determination on members' entitlements was made. Electorate allowances, spouses', nominees' and dependent children's transport, car transport on parliamentary business, private vehicle allowances, provision of privately-plated Commonwealth vehicles, charter aircraft and drive-yourself vehicles, life gold passes, overseas travel, telephone services and postage are covered by Determination No. 1 of 1998, dated 27 January 1998. This increased the electorate allowances by 1.5 per cent with effect from 1 October 1997.

In its Report of 7 December 1999, the Remuneration Tribunal stated that it would undertake a review of electorate allowances in the first half of 2000, and that in the meantime:

Consistent with previous practice, the Tribunal has adjusted the annual amounts of Electorate Allowance by 3.1 per cent in line with annual movements of the Consumer Price Index since the last adjustment.(11)

The electorate allowances from 1 January 2000 are:

(a) $27 300

(b) $32 450

(c) $39 600

The Statement accompanying Determination No. 1 of 1998 outlined the range of expenses for which the electorate allowance may be used. The electorate allowance is taxable unless it can be shown that the expenditure was tax deductible. Any balance not accounted for is liable to income tax. The Commonwealth meets fringe benefits tax payable on the provision of privately-plated Commonwealth vehicles and on entertainment allowances.

Senators and Members travelling within Australia by air, rail or coach on parliamentary or electorate business are transported at the expense of the Commonwealth. So too are Ministers and Office-holders travelling on official business. Travelling allowances are payable for overnight stays for the sittings of Parliament, parliamentary and electorate business and other specified purposes.

Responsibility for the administration of travel allowances was transferred in 1997 from the Departments of the Senate and the House of Representatives to the Department of Finance and Administration.(12) Following controversy in 1997 over the administration and use of travel allowances, the Government gave the Tribunal a reference to review travel allowances. The Tribunal's recommendations were accepted by the Government, and the Tribunal then issued Determination No. 8 of 1998, which took effect from 14 April 1998. In its accompanying Statement the Remuneration Tribunal said:

The problems in the administration of travelling allowances have arisen in two contexts. Firstly the inadequacy of checks on whether, and when, the travel actually took place and secondly, the possibility that claims were being made which, although strictly consistent with the existing requirements, were above the costs which would have been incurred in the circumstances.(13)

The text of the relevant Determinations should be consulted for detailed information on entitlements and allowances. They are available at: http://www.dofa.gov.au/remtribunal/determinations.html

Parliamentary superannuation

There is a parliamentary superannuation scheme established by the Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Act 1948. This is administered by the Department of Finance and Administration under the direction of the Parliamentary Retirement Allowances Trust. The Minister for Finance and Administration is the presiding trustee. The Department of Finance and Administration issues an explanatory booklet on the scheme to Senators and Members entitled the Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Handbook, which is updated as required. This is available at:
www.dofa.gov.au/super/Parliamentary/Parliamentary.html. Contributions are 11.5 per cent of monthly salary and additional salary of office for the first 18 years of parliamentary service. The contribution rate then falls to 5.75 per cent.

Endnotes

  1. Parliamentary Salaries, Australian Encyclopaedia, vol. 7, Second edition, revised, The Grolier Society, Sydney, 1965, pp. 20-22.

  2. There have been four such committees of inquiry, in 1952, 1955, 1959 and 1971. They were:

    i. Australia, Committee of Inquiry into the Salaries and Allowances of Members of the National Parliament, Report, H. S. Nicholas, Chairman, Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra, 1952.

    ii. Australia, Committee of Inquiry into the Salaries and Allowances of Members of the Commonwealth Parliament, Report, H. F. Richardson, Chairman, Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra, 1956, PP 7/1956/57.

    iii. Australia, Committee of Inquiry into the Salaries and Allowances of the Commonwealth Parliament, Report, H. F. Richardson, Chairman, Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra, 1969, PP 15/1959-60.

    iv. Australia, Inquiry into the Salaries and Allowances of Members of the Commonwealth Parliament, Report of Inquiry by Mr Justice Kerr, AGPS, Canberra, 1971, PP 284/1971.

  3. See Parliamentary Allowances Act 1956, Parliamentary Allowances Act 1959, Parliamentary Allowances Act 1964, Parliamentary Allowances Act 1968, Parliamentary Allowances Act 1970, Remuneration and Allowances Act 1973.

  4. Mr Justice Kerr (later Sir John), a Judge of the Commonwealth Industrial Court, and of the Supreme Courts of the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory, was the sole member of this Committee. He was Chief Justice of the NSW Supreme Court from 1972 to 1974, and was Governor-General from 1974 to 1977.

  5. This decision was not given separate legislative effect, as authority exists under the Ministers of State Act 1952.

  6. Michelle Grattan, in The Age of 16 April 1996, reported the salary differential. She said junior (i.e. non-Cabinet) Ministers had been told about a fortnight previously that their salaries would fall by $10 000. See also article by Peter Cole-Adams in The Canberra Times, 17 April 1996.

  7. Report No. 1 of 1996 dated 14.5.96.

  8. See Bob Bennett, Bills Digest No. 110 1999-2000, Ministers of State and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 1999, Department of the Parliamentary Library, for a full discussion of the legislation, and the constitutional issues relating to Parliamentary Secretaries.

  9. Provision of a privately-plated Commonwealth vehicle was first made by Determination No. 24 of 1990. A deduction of $6000 per annum from the electorate allowance was required. This was changed by Determination No. 18 of 1993, so that the contribution by parliamentarians is set at the same rate and conditions as those applying to members of the SES. There is a deduction of $500-700 per annum made from salary. MPs may now be provided with a non-standard vehicle, but the additional cost is deducted from the electorate allowance or charter transport allowance. These provisions are now contained in Determination No. 1 of 1998.

  10. Remuneration Tribunal, Statement on Members of Parliament-Remuneration and Allowances, 27 January 1998. See also Determinations 1, 2 and 3 of 1998, dated 27 January 1998.

  11. Remuneration Tribunal, Report on Senators and Members of Parliament, Ministers and Holders of Parliamentary Office-Salaries and Allowances for Expenses of Office, Report 99/01, 7 December 1999, p. 8.

  12. Determination No. 8 of 1997 of 10 July 1997 transferred administrative responsibility from the Presiding Officers of the Parliament to the Minister for Administrative Services. This Determination was suspended by Determination No. 9 dated 15 August 1997, because of legal advice. On 5 September 1997 the President of the Senate advised the Minister for Administrative Services that the Senate had agreed to adopt the new arrangements. Determination No. 11 of 1997 of 25 September re-activated Determination No. 8 of 1997 with effect from 13 September 1997.

  13. Remuneration Tribunal, Statement, Members of Parliament-Travelling Allowance. 27 February 1998, p. 1.

Appendix 1: Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

105 791

107 932

108 323

112 800

117 300

(2)

110 621

112 864

113 329

117 950

122 450

(3)

117 286

119 669

120 236

125 100

129 600

SENATOR

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

105 791

107 932

108 323

112 800

117 300

PRIME MINISTER

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

120 891

123 309

123 309

136 800

144 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

226 682

231 241

231 632

249 600

261 300

(2)

231 512

236 173

236 638

254 750

266 450

(3)

238 177

242 978

243 545

261 900

273 600

DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

78 440

80 009

80 009

89 775

94 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

184 231

187 941

188 332

202 575

211 800

(2)

189 061

192 873

193 338

207 725

216 950

(3)

195 726

199 678

200 245

214 875

224 100

TREASURER

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

63 930

65 209

65 209

74 813

78 750

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

169 721

173 141

173 532

187 613

196 050

(2)

174 551

178 073

178 538

192 763

201 200

(3)

181 216

184 878

185 445

199 913

208 350

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

LEADER OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

63 930

65 209

65 209

74 813

78 750

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

169 721

173 141

173 532

187 613

196 050

LEADER OF THE HOUSE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

56 734

57 869

57 869

64 125

67 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

162 525

165 801

166 192

176 925

184 800

(2)

167 355

170 733

171 198

182 075

189 950

(3)

174 020

177 538

178 105

189 225

197 100

OTHER MINISTER IN CABINET

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

52 862

53 919

53 919

61 988

65 250

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

158 653

161 851

162 242

174 788

182 550

(2)

163 483

166 783

167 248

179 938

187 700

(3)

170 148

173 588

174 155

187 088

194 850

MINISTER NOT IN CABINET

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

42 862

43 136

43 136

49 163

51 750

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

148 653

151 068

151 459

161 963

169 050

(2)

153 483

156 000

156 465

167 113

174 200

(3)

160 148

162 805

163 372

174 263

181 350

PARLIAMENTARY SECRETARY (12)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

(b)21 375

22 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

27 300

27 300

(2)

32 450

32 450

(3)

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

(b)134 175

139 800

(2)

(b)139 325

144 950

(3)

(b)146 475

152 100

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

62 282

63 528

63 528

72 680

76 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

168 073

171 460

171 851

185 480

193 800

(2)

172 903

176 392

176 857

190 630

198 950

(3)

179 568

183 197

183 764

197 780

206 100

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

58 407

59 575

59 575

64 130

67 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

164 198

167 507

167 898

176 930

184 800

SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

58 407

59 575

59 575

64 130

67 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

164 198

167 507

167 898

176 930

184 800

(2)

169 028

172 439

172 904

182 080

189 950

(3)

175 693

179 244

179 811

189 230

197 100

DEPUTY LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

40 991

41 811

41 811

49 170

51 750

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

146 782

149 743

150 134

161 970

169 050

(2)

151 612

154 675

155 140

167 120

174 200

(3)

158 277

161 480

162 047

174 270

181 350

LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

40 991

41 811

41 811

49 170

51 750

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

146 782

149 743

150 134

161 970

169 050

 Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

LEADER OF THE THIRD PARTY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES(c)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

33 222

33 886

33 886

38 480

40 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

139 013

141 818

142 209

151 280

157 800

(2)

143 843

146 750

147 215

156 430

162 950

(3)

150 508

153 555

154 122

163 580

170 100

LEADER OF A RECOGNISED NON-GOVERNMENT PARTY WITH AT LEAST FIVE MEMBERS(d)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

30 080

30 682

30 682

36 340

38 250

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

135 871

138 614

139 005

149 140

155 550

(2)

140 701

143 546

144 011

154 290

160 700

(3)

147 366

150 351

150 918

161 440

167 850

CHIEF GOVERNMENT WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

20 775

21 191

21 191

22 230

23 400

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

126 566

129 123

129 514

135 030

140 700

(2)

131 396

134 055

134 520

140 180

145 850

(3)

138 061

140 860

141 427

147 330

153 000

CHIEF OPPOSITION WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

18 323

18 689

18 689

19 670

20 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

124 114

126 621

127 012

132 470

138 000

(2)

128 944

131 553

132 018

137 620

143 150

(3)

135 609

138 358

138 925

144 770

150 300

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

 

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

DEPUTY PRESIDENT AND CHAIR OF COMMITTEES IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

16 024

16 344

16 344

17 100

18 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

121 815

124 276

124 667

129 900

135 300

DEPUTY SPEAKER IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

16 024

16 344

16 344

17 100

18 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

121 815

124 276

124 667

129 900

135 300

(2)

126 645

129 208

129 673

135 050

140 450

(3)

133 310

136 013

136 580

142 200

147 600

DEPUTY LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

15 386

15 694

15 694

17 100

18 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

121 177

123 626

124 017

129 900

135 300

GOVERNMENT WHIP IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

15 386

15 694

15 694

17 100

18 000

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

121 177

123 626

124 017

129 900

135 300

OPPOSITION WHIP IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

13 917

14 195

14 195

15 390

16 200

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

119 708

122 127

122 518

128 190

133 500

SECOND DEPUTY SPEAKER IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

10 388

10 596

10 596

11 120

11 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

116 179

118 528

118 919

123 920

129 000

(2)

121 009

123 460

123 925

129 070

134 150

(3)

127 674

130 265

130 832

136 220

141 300

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

GOVERNMENT WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (2)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

10 388

10 596

10 596

11 120

11 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

116 179

118 528

118 919

123 920

129 000

(2)

121 009

123 460

123 925

129 070

134 150

(3)

127 674

129 487

130 265

135 000

141 300

OPPOSITION WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (2)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

9 161

9 344

9 344

10 260

10 800

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

114 952

117 276

117 667

123 060

128 100

(2)

119 782

122 208

122 673

128 210

133 250

(3)

126 447

129 013

129 580

135 360

140 400

LEADER OF THE NATIONAL PARTY IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

11 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

129 000

THIRD PARTY WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

11 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

129 000

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

134 150

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

141 300

WHIP OF A RECOGNISED NON-GOVERNMENT PARTY WITH AT LEAST FIVE MEMBERS(d)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

6 877

7 015

7 015

7 700

8 100

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

112 668

114 947

115 338

120 500

125 400

(2)

117 498

119 879

120 344

125 650

130 550

(3)

124 163

126 684

127 251

132 800

137 700

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

DEPUTY GOVERNMENT WHIP IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

3 438

3 507

3 507

4 280

4 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

109 229

111 439

111 830

117 080

121 800

WHIP, SECOND GOVERNMENT PARTY IN THE SENATE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

(e)

(e)

(f)3 384

4 280

4 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

(e)

(e)

(f)111 707

117 080

121 800

DEPUTY OPPOSITION WHIP IN THE SENATE (2)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

1 650

1 683

3 384

4 280

4 500

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

107 441

109 615

111 707

117 080

121 800

DEPUTY OPPOSITION WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES(g)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

2 156

2 199

2 199

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

107 947

110 131

110 522

115 370

120 000

(2)

112 777

115 063

115 528

120 520

125 150

(3)

119 442

121 868

122 435

127 670

132 300

MEMBER OF THE SPEAKER'S PANEL IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (10)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

1 650

1 683

1 683

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

107 441

109 615

110 006

115 370

120 000

(2)

112 271

114 547

115 012

120 520

125 150

(3)

118 936

121 352

121 919

127 670

132 300

DEPUTY (TEMPORARY) CHAIR OF COMMITTEES IN THE SENATE (12)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

1 650

1 683

1 683

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

107 441

109 615

110 006

115 370

120 000

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

THIRD PARTY DEPUTY WHIP IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

1 616

1 648

1 648

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

107 407

109 580

109 971

115 370

120 000

(2)

112 237

114 512

114 977

120 520

125 150

(3)

118 902

121 317

121 884

127 670

121 884

CHAIR, JOINT STATUTORY COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

12 818

13 074

13 074

13 680

14 440

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

118 609

121 006

121 397

126 480

131 740

(2)

123 439

125 938

126 403

131 630

136 890

(3)

130 104

132 743

133 310

138 780

144 040

CHAIR, JOINT STATUTORY COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

12 818

13 074

13 074

13 680

14 440

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

118 609

121 006

121 397

126 480

131 740

(2)

123 439

125 938

126 403

131 630

136 890

(3)

130 104

132 743

133 310

138 780

144 040

CHAIR, JOINT STANDING COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

12 818

13 074

13 074

13 680

14 440

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

118 609

121 006

121 397

126 480

131 740

(2)

123 439

125 938

126 403

131 630

136 890

(3)

130 104

132 743

133 310

138 780

144 040

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

CHAIR, JOINT STANDING COMMITTEE ON TREATIES(h)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

13 680

14 440

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

126 480

131 740

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

131 630

136 890

(3)

125 416

127 962

127 962

127 962

127 962

CHAIR, OTHER JOINT STATUTORY COMMITTEE OR JOINT STANDING COMMITTEE (9)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

CHAIR, SENATE LEGISLATIVE AND GENERAL PURPOSE STANDING COMMITTEE (16)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

CHAIR, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES GENERAL PURPOSE STANDING COMMITTEE (9)

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

CHAIR, JOINT SELECT OR OTHER SELECT COMMITTEE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

CHAIR OF ANY ESTABLISHED INVESTIGATIVE STANDING COMMITTEE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

CHAIR, SENATE COMMITTEE OF PRIVILEGES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

CHAIR, SENATE STANDING COMMITTEE ON REGULATIONS AND ORDINANCES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

CHAIR, SENATE STANDING COMMITTEE FOR THE SCRUTINY OF BILLS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

Salaries, etc. of Members of Parliament, Office-holders
of the Parliament and Ministers(a), 1996-2000
(continued)

7.3.1996

17.10.1996

1.10.1997

7.12.1999

1.7.2000

CHAIR, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE OF PRIVILEGES

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

CHAIR, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES STANDING COMMITTEE ON PROCEDURE

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

8 130

8 293

8 293

9 410

9 900

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

113 921

116 225

116 616

122 210

127 200

(2)

118 751

121 157

121 622

127 360

132 350

(3)

125 416

127 962

128 529

134 510

139 500

CHAIR, SENATE STANDING COMMITTEE ON SENATORS' INTERESTS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

2 239

2 284

2 284

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

Total remuneration ($ p.a.)

108 030

110 216

110 607

115 370

120 000

CHAIR, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE OF MEMBERS' INTERESTS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

2 239

2 284

2 284

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

108 030

110 216

110 607

115 370

120 000

(2)

112 860

115 148

115 613

120 520

125 150

(3)

119 525

121 953

122 520

127 670

132 300

CHAIR, ANY (OTHER) HOUSE OF REPS COMM. CONCERNED WITH PUBLIC AFFAIRS

Basic salary ($ p.a.)

80 251

81 856

81 856

85 500

90 000

Salary of office ($ p.a.)

2 239

2 284

2 284

2 570

2 700

Electorate allowance ($ p.a.) - (1)

25 540

26 076

26 467

27 300

27 300

(2)

30 370

31 008

31 473

32 450

32 450

(3)

37 035

37 813

38 380

39 600

39 600

Total remuneration ($ p.a.) - (1)

108 030

110 216

110 607

115 370

120 000

(2)

112 860

115 148

115 613

120 520

125 150

(3)

119 525

121 953

122 520

127 670

132 300

 NOTES

  1. Actual electorate allowances and total remuneration received by incumbents at dates of effect are bolded. Where positions are not bolded, they are either not occupied or there are more than one incumbents in different electorate sizes.
  2. With effect from 10.3.2000. No provision for a salary of office was made before then for these positions.
  3. The salary for this position, which has applied historically to the National Party of Australia when not in government, is not paid when the incumbent also occupies a higher-paid position, as in the case of the Deputy Prime Minister. Whenever an additional office is held, the incumbent is paid the salary of the more highly-paid position, but not both.
  4. This position currently applies to the Australian Democrats.
  5. Not determined as the incumbent also held another (more highly paid) position.
  6. As from 8.10.1997 but not paid as the incumbent also held another (more highly paid) position.
  7. Position determined by Remuneration Tribunal but not occupied at any of these dates.
  8. Established during the 38th Parliament, with effect from 17.6.1996. Remuneration increased to highest rate, of $13 074, for Committee Chairs by Determination No. 14 of 1997, dated and with effect from 8.10.1997.

Electorate Allowances

Electorate allowances shown as from 17.10.1996 were varied by Remuneration Tribunal Determination No. 19 of 1996 dated 31.12.1996, with effect from 1.10.1996. Electorate allowances shown as from 1.10.1997 were varied by Remuneration Tribunal Determination No. 1 of 1998, dated January 1998, with effect from 1.10.1997. Electorate allowances shown as from 7.12.1999 were varied by Remuneration Tribunal Report of 7 December 1999 with effect from 1.1.2000.

For Members of the House of Representatives, electorate allowances are paid according to the size of the

electorate represented, as follows:

  1. Less than 2000 sq. kms.
  2. 2000 and less than 5000 sq. kms.
  3. 5000 sq. kms. and over.

For Senators the minimum amount of electorate allowance is paid. There is no linkage to the area represented.

Appendix 2: Senators and Members of the House of Representatives: Basic Salaries and Electorate Allowances, 1952 to 2000

($ p.a.)

Date of Effect

Basic Salary

Electorate allowance

Senators

Members of the House of Representatives

Less than 2000 sq. kms.

2000 < 5000

sq. kms.

5000 sq. kms and over

1.1.1952

3 500

1 100

(a)800

(b)1 000

(c)1 200-1 800

10.12.1955

3 500

1 400

(a)800

(b)1 000

(c)1 200-1 800

1.7.1956

4 700

1 400

(a)800

(b)1 000

(c)1 200-1 800

1.3.1959

5 500

1 600

(d)1 700

-

(e)2 100

1.11.1964

7 000

2 100

(d)2 200

-

(e)2 600

1.12.1968

9 500

2 650

(d)2 650

-

(e)3 350

17.6.1970

9 500

2 750

(d)2 750

-

(e)3 350

1.4.1973

14 500

4 100

(d)4 100

-

(e)4 100

1.3.1975

20 000

4 100

(d)4 100

-

(e)4 100

15.5.1975

20 720

4 100

(d)4 100

-

(e)4 100

9.9.1975

20 000

4 100

(d)4 100

-

(e)4 100

1.6.1976

21 250

5 400

(f)5 400

-

6 750

1.6.1977

24 369

6 000

(f)6 000

-

7 500

1.7.1978

25 692

9 000

(f)9 000

-

13 000

1.7.1979

27 575

9 000

(f)9 000

-

13 000

1.7.1980

28 816

11 500

(f)11 500

-

16 750

1.8.1980

30 026

11 500

(f)11 500

-

16 750

1.7.1981

33 013

12 600

(f)12 600

-

18 400

1.7.1982

36 000

14 000

(f)14 000

(g)17 000

20 300

1 10 1982

38 500

14 000

(f)14 000

(g)14 000

20 300

6.10.1983

40 156

14 000

(f)14 000

(g)17 000

20 300

1.5.1984

41 802

15 200

(f)15 200

(g)18 460

22 040

1.7.1985

42 889

15 869

(f)15 869

-

23 010

1.7.1986

45 543

17 329

17 329

20 605

25 127

1.7.1987

47 815

17 329

17 329

20 605

25 127

1.7.1988

49 180

18 958

18 958

22 542

27 489

1.1.1989

55 000

21 005

21 005

24 977

30 458

1.7.1990

58 300

22 685

22 685

26 975

32 895

1.1.1991

61 798

22 685

22 685

26 975

32 895

1.7.1991

64 768

22 685

22 685

26 975

32 895

15.8.1991

66 387

22 685

22 685

26 975

32 895

8.4.1992

66 387

23 819

23 819

28 324

34 540

17.12.1992

67 715

23 819

23 819

28 324

34 540

11.3.1993

68 663

23 819

23 819

28 324

34 540

1.1.1994

68 663

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

10.3.1994

(h)69 693

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

15.12.1994

74 460

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

12.1.1995

75 949

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

6.4.1995

77 438

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

13.7.1995

78 987

24 588

24 588

29 202

35 611

1.10.1995

78 987

25 540

25 540

30 370

37 035

7.3.1996

80 251

25 540

25 540

30 370

37 035

1.10.1996

80 251

26 076

26 076

31 008

37 813

17.10.1996

81 856

26 076

26 076

31 008

37 813

1.10.1997

81 856

26 467

26 467

31 473

38 380

7.12.1999

85 500

26 467

26 467

31 473

38 380

1.1.2000

85 500

27 300

27 300

32 450

39 600

1.7.2000

90 000

27 300

27 300

32 450

39 600

(a) 'Small-sized' electorates as defined. (b) 'Medium-sized' electorates as defined. (c) 'Large-sized' electorates as defined; allowances paid at the rates of $1200, $1500 and $1800 per annum. (d) 'City' electorates as defined. (e) 'Country' electorates as defined. (f) Electorates of less than 5000 sq. kms. (g) Electorates with a population of 140 000 and over. (h) From 1.7.1994 to 14.12.1994 a Parliamentary Allowance of $4767 per annum was also paid.

Source: Remuneration Tribunal, various; Parliamentary Allowances Act 1952, as amended.

© Commonwealth of Australia

 
 

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