Appendices

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Appendix 1: Labor Party and Liberal Party Ideological Scores 1993 2004

 

ALP                                                      LIB

 

Overall Left/Right

Eco Left/Right

Non-Eco Left/Right

Overall Left/Right

Eco Left/Right

Non-Eco Left/Right

1993

-31

25

-60

12

42

-17

1996

-21

16

-49

20

44

2

1998

-33

0

-81

28

51

-12

2001

-28

11

-50

9

51

-11

2004

-34

56

-52

9

68

-37

Means

-29.4

21.6

-58.4

15.6

51.2

-15

Average Deviation
from Mean

3.9

15.1

9.7

6.7

6.7

9.6

Scores according to the MRG Manifesto Analysis, representing positions on the
MRG -100 to +100 Left to Right Ideology Scale (with the exception of the average deviation figures which reflect distances rather than positions).

Appendix 2: Median Surveyed Voters Left-Right Ideological Positions 1993 2004

 

All Voters Median

Left-Right

Labor Identifiers
Median

Left-Right

Liberal Identifiers
Median

Left-Right

Sometimes Liberal and Sometimes
Labor Voters

Median Left-Right

1993

(AES) 5.59

=

2 (MRG)

(AES) 5.07

=

- 9.5 (MRG)

(AES) 6.63

=

25.1 (MRG)

(AES) 5.76

=

5.8 (MRG)

1996

(AES) 5.19

=

3.8 (MRG)

(AES) 4.78

=

- 4.4 (MRG)

(AES) 6.46

=

29.2 (MRG)

(AES) 5.28

=

5.6 (MRG)

1998

(AES) 5.16

=

3.2 (MRG)

(AES) 4.73

=

- 5.4 (MRG)

(AES) 6.15

=

23 (MRG)

(AES) 5.17

=

3.4 (MRG)

2001

(AES) 5.11

=

2.2 (MRG)

(AES) 4.7

=

- 6 (MRG)

(AES) 6.05

=

21 (MRG)

(AES) 5.08

=

1.6 (MRG)

2004

(AES) 5.12

=

2.4 (MRG)

(AES) 4.57

=

- 8.6 (MRG)

(AES) 6.46

=

29.2 (MRG)

(AES) 5.11

=

2.2 (MRG)

Mean

2.7 (MRG)

- 6.8 (MRG)

25.5 (MRG)

3.7 (MRG)

(AES) n refers to the median score on the Australian Election Study question In politics, people sometimes talk about the left and the right . Where would you place yourself on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means the left and 10 means the right? [The 1993 AES scale was from 1 to 10].

n (MRG) refers to the AES n converted to a -100 to +100 scale.


Appendix 3: Median Surveyed Voters Economic Left-Right Ideological Positions 1993 2004

Median Economic Positions for All Surveyed Voters (Australian Election Studies)

 

Unions Too Powerful

Big Business
Too Powerful

Redistribute Income

Less Tax v
More Social Spending

Average of Medians

1993

1.9 (R-L)

=

4.1 (L-R)

2.1

2.5

2.2 (R-L)

=

3.8 (L-R)

3.1

=

5 (MRG)

1996

2 (R-L)

=

4. (L-R)

2.1

2.6

2 (R-L)

=

4 (L-R)

3.2

=

10 (MRG)

1998

2.4 (R-L)

=

3.6 (L-R))

2

2.5

2.6 (R-L)

=

3.4 (L-R)

2.9

=

- 5 (MRG)

2001

2.6 (R-L)

=

3.4 (L-R)

2

2.3

2.8 (R-L)

=

3.2 (L-R))

2.7

=

- 15 (MRG)

2004

2.8 (R-L)

=

3.2 (L-R)

2

2.5

3 (R-L)

=

3 (L-R)

2.7

=

- 15 (MRG)

Mean of Average Median

       

- 4 (MRG)

n (R-L) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Right and 5 far ideological Left

n (L-R) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Left and 5 far ideological Right

n (MRG) refers to the AES averaged median converted to the -100 to +100 Left-Right scale.

Median Economic Positions for Surveyed Voters who identify with the LABOR PARTY (Australian Election Studies)

 

Unions Too Powerful

Big Business Too Powerful

Redistribute Income

Less Tax v More Social Spending

Average of Medians

1993

2.8 (R-L)

=

3.2 (L-R)

1.9

2

2.6 (R-L)

=

3.4 (L-R)

2.6

=

- 20 (MRG)

1996

3.2 (R-L)

=

2.8 (L-R)

1.9

2.3

2.6 (R-L)

=

3.4 (L-R)

2.6

=

- 20 (MRG)

1998

3.3 (R-L)

=

2.7 (L-R))

1.9

2.2

2.9 (R-L)

=

3.1 (L-R)

2.5

=

- 25 (MRG)

2001

3.2 (R-L)

=

2.8 (L-R)

1.8

2

3 (R-L)

=

2 (L-R))

2.2

=

- 40 (MRG)

2004

3.5 (R-L)

=

2.5 (L-R)

1.8

2.1

3.4 (R-L)

=

2.6 (L-R)

2.3

=

- 35 (MRG)

Mean of Average Median

       

- 28 (MRG)

n (R-L) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Right and 5 far ideological Left

n (L-R) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Left and 5 far ideological Right

n (MRG) refers to the AES averaged median converted to the -100 to +100 Left-Right scale.

Median Economic Positions for Surveyed Voters who identify with the LIBERAL PARTY (Australian Election Studies)

 

Unions Too Powerful

Big Business Too Powerful

Redistribute Income

Less Tax v
More Social Spending

Average of Medians

1993

2.3 (R-L)

=

3.7 (L-R)

2.5

3.1

1.8 (R-L)

=

4.2 (L-R)

3.4

=

20 (MRG)

1996

1.3 (R-L)

=

4.7 (L-R)

2.3

2.8

1.7 (R-L)

=

4.3 (L-R)

3.5

=

25 (MRG)

1998

1.8 (R-L)

=

4.2 (L-R))

2.2

3.1

2.1 (R-L)

=

3.9 (L-R)

3.4

=

20 (MRG)

2001

2 (R-L)

=

4 (L-R)

2.2

2.8

2.5 (R-L)

=

3.5 (L-R))

3.1

=

5 (MRG)

2004

2.2 (R-L)

=

3.8 (L-R)

2.2

2.8

2.6 (R-L)

=

3.4 (L-R)

3

=

0 (MRG)

Mean of Average Median

       

14 (MRG)

n (R-L) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Right and 5 far ideological Left

n (L-R) refers to the median position on a five point scale where 1 represents far ideological Left and 5 far ideological Right

n (MRG) refers to the AES averaged median converted to the -100 to +100 Left-Right scale.


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