Australia and Refugees, 19012002: An Annotated Chronology Based on Official Sources

Chronologies ONline

Social Policy Group

Dr Barry York - Social Policy Group

Last updated 16 June 2003

This Chronology is issued electronically. It will be kept up-to-date online. The date of the latest update is noted clearly above.


Part 9 of 10

Table of Contents

Previous Page

Next Page


Contents

Table 1: Humanitarian Arrivals (Assisted), Financial Years 194748 to 197475

Table 2: Humanitarian Arrivals, Financial Years 194748 to 199091

Table 3: Humanitarian Arrivals, Financial Years 199192 to 200001

Table 4: Humanitarian Program by Country of Birth, 19911992 to 20012002

Table 5: Estimated Global Refugee Population and 'Persons of Concern' to the UNHCR, 19782002(a)

Table 6: Ministers of Immigration, Ministries and gross annual settler intake, 19451991(a)

Table 7: Onshore Asylum Applications 19892002

Table 8: Unauthorised Arrivals by Air and Sea, 198990 to 200102


Table 1: Humanitarian Arrivals (Assisted), Financial Years 194748 to 197475

Financial Year

Number of assisted humanitarian arrivals

January 1947 to June 1948

5 138

194849

33 816

194950

89 199

195051

36 912

195152

4 934

195253

664

195354

3 248

195455

1 534

195556

521

195657

11 070

195758

6 759

195859

4 118

195960

3 969

196061

3 413

196162

946

196263

1 375

196364

2 040

196465

1 609

196566

2 177

196667

1 805

196768

3 226

196869

7 613

196970

16 495

197071

11 812

197172

3 259

197273

2 512

197374

1 228

197475

514

Note:

Between January 1947 and 195253, all were Displaced Persons. The Scheme was discontinued in January 1954. An estimated additional 33 000 humanitarian cases were not assisted by government.

Sources: Compiled from Australian Immigration: Consolidated Statistics, Nos 1, 1966, 4, 1970, Department of Immigration, AGPS, 1966 and 1970, and No. 13, 1982.

Table 2: Humanitarian Arrivals, Financial Years 194748 to 199091

Financial Year

Refugee Program Arrivals

Number

Special Humanitarian Program (a) Arrivals

Number

Total Humanitarian Arrivals

Number

194748 to 197475 (Estimated Assisted Refugees) (b)

(b)264 053

n/a

264 053

194748 to197475 (Estimated Unassisted Refugees)

33 000

n/a

33 000

197576

4 374

n/a

4 374

197677

8 124

n/a

8 124

197778

9 597

n/a

9 597

197879

13 450

n/a

13 450

197980

19 954

n/a

19 954

198081

21 847

n/a

21 847

198182

20 216

1 701

21 917

198283

16 193

861

17 054

198384

12 330

2 439

14 769

198485

9 680

5 170

14 850

198586

7 837

4 003

11 840

198687

5 990

5 111

11 101

198788

5 304

5 772

11 076

198889

3 623

7 264

10 887

198990

1 537

10 411

11 948

199091

1 267

6 478

7 745

Notes:

(a) Special Humanitarian Program (introduced late in 1981)
(b) Includes an estimated 170 000 displaced persons who arrived between 1947 and 1954.

Source: DIMA (unpublished tabulations)

Table 3: Humanitarian Arrivals, Financial Years 199192 to 200001

Financial Year

Refugee Program Arrivals

Special Humanitarian Program (a) Arrivals

Special Assistance Category Arrivals

Total Humanitarian Arrivals

199192

2 385

4 320

452

7 157

199293

2 686

3 169

5 082

10 939

199394

3 845

2 563

4 942

11,350

199495

4 006

3 774

5 852

13 632

199596

4 060

3 617

6 147

13 824

199697

3 372

2 120

4 394

9 886

199798

3 553

3 033

2 193

8 779

199899

3 269

4 614

907

8 790

199900

3 429

3 022

816

7 267

200001 (a)

4 129

2 701

795

7 625

Note:

(a) Figures for 200102 are from DIMIA's Settlement database. Figures that incorporate the Overseas Arrivals and Departures (OAD) database will not be available until later in 2002. The figure will not be much different. In 199900, for instance, the Settlement Database figure was 7 313 humanitarian permanent arrivals compared to the OAD figure of 7 267.

Table 4: Humanitarian Program by Country of Birth, 19911992 to 20012002

 

Financial Year

Birthplace

9192

9293

9394

9495

9596

9697

9798

9899

9900

0001

0102

Oceania

                     

Total

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

                       

Europe & the Former USSR

Bosnia-Herzegovina -

-

219

733

2 026

1 214

1 603

1 180

573

672

324

Croatia

55

174

89

78

379

691

1 096

1 225

1 001

1 166

563

Germany

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95

59

Greece

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

Poland

2

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Romania

42

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ukraine

171

345

36

5

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

Fed. Rep. Of Yugoslavia -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 484

1 417

Other

1 583

4 363

4 950

4 986

5 417

2 205

2 585

2 273

1 836

36

33

Total

1 853

4 891

5 297

5 802

7 822

4 110

5 284

4 682

3 410

3 453

2 412

                       

The Middle East and North Africa

Egypt

10

25

19

39

33

38

21

34

23

73

111

Iran

240

78

225

468

485

303

378

424

366

441

212

Iraq

1 904

1 090

1 434

2 310

2 009

1 624

1 635

1 546

1 091

893

881

Kuwait

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

-

Lebanon

116

13

-

3

-

-

5

11

4

-

-

Sudan

21

148

293

295

320

390

493

632

924

1 107

1 046

Turkey

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

129

Other

137

28

41

15

4

22

97

194

232

113

70

Total

2 428

1 382

2 012

3 130

2 851

2 377

2 629

2 841

2 640

2 664

2 449

                       

Southeast Asia

                     

Burma (Myanmar) 1

112

378

524

379

236

104

97

49

83

100

Cambodia

9

6

614

580

584

152

-

14

3

-

-

Indonesia

436

193

52

128

129

82

-

-

2

-

-

Thailand

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

Viet Nam

1 525

2 207

2 277

1 542

745

638

396

45

17

17

44

Other

123

79

57

116

22

-

5

8

-

14

5

Total

2 094

2 597

3 378

2 890

1 859

1 108

505

164

71

114

158

                       

Northeast Asia

                   

Total

12

6

15

12

7

7

13

10

12

7

23

                       

Southern Asia

                     

Afghanistan

509

563

415

332

510

312

775

662

450

322

521

Pakistan

2

1

-

-

45

48

56

77

31

104

25

Sri Lanka

1

2

17

238

254

254

160

101

29

102

53

Other

-

3

1

-

13

2

4

5

5

5

12

Total

512

569

433

570

822

616

995

845

515

533

611

                       

Northern America

Total

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

                       

South America, Central America & the Caribbean

Colombia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

El Salvador

916

288

132

154

137

77

49

7

9

5

-

Other

36

9

17

24

41

-

1

17

10

9

13

Total

952

297

149

178

178

77

50

24

19

14

26

                       

Africa (excl. North Africa)

Eritrea

-

1

61

228

159

120

102

170

185

105

108

Ethiopia

380

575

359

255

216

164

172

196

211

268

227

Kenya

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43

-

Liberia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

Sierra Leone

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

128

323

Somalia

116

124

300

390

352

397

611

457

254

213

192

Other

52

56

25

-

10

2

6

16

89

67

79

Total

548

756

745

873

737

683

891

839

739

824

1 039

                       

Other and Not Stated -

16

17

7

-

1

-

5

4

14

13

                       

Total
All Countries

8 399

10 515

12 046

13 462

14 276

8 979

10 367

9 410

7 424

7 625

6 732

Source: DIMIA

Table 5: Estimated Global Refugee Population and 'Persons of Concern' to the UNHCR, 19782002(a)

Year

Refugee population
(millions)

Persons of concern (b)
(millions)

1978

3.1

 

1979

4.6

 

1980

5.3

 

1981

8.2

 

1982

9.7

 

1983

10.3

 

1984

10.9

 

1985

10.5

 

1986

11.2

 

1987

12.2

 

1988

13.2

 

1989

14.9

 

1990

14.8

 

1991

17.2

 

1992

16.9

 

1993

16.2

23.0

1994

15.6

27.4

1995

14.8

26.1

1996

13.3

22.7

1997

11.9

22.3

1998

11.4

21.4

1999

11.6

22.2

2000

12.0

21.8

2001

12.0

19.7

Notes:

(a) All figures are for year ending 31 December.
(b) This category was not enumerated by UNHCR prior to 1993.

Source: UNHCR website: Statistics page and UNHCR, The State of the world's refugees, 19971998, Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 54. Totals do not include other groups (i.e. other than refugees by the UNHCR definition) of concern to the UNHCR and Palestinians assisted by the UN Relief and Works Agency.

Table 6: Ministers of Immigration, Ministries and gross annual settler intake, 19451991(a)

Ministry

Year

Minister (b)

Intake (c)

Curtin

1945

Calwell (ALP)

 

Chifley

1946

Calwell (ALP)

 
 

1947 (d)

Calwell (ALP)

34 284

 

1948

Calwell (ALP)

46 569

 

1949

Calwell (ALP)

114 818

Menzies

1950

Holt (Lib)

184 889

 

1951

Holt (Lib)

153 290

 

1952

Holt (Lib)

130 462

 

1953

Holt (Lib)

95 890

 

1954

Holt (Lib)

86 468

 

1955

Holt (Lib)

124 180

 

1956

Holt (Lib)

132 628

 

1957

Townley (Lib)

120 601

 

1958

Downer (Lib)

107 978

 

1959

Downer (Lib)

116 697

 

1960

Downer (Lib)

105 887

 

1961

Downer (Lib)

108 291

 

1962

Downer (Lib)

85 808

 

1963

Downer (Lib)

101 888

 

1964

Opperman (Lib)

122 318

 

1965

Opperman (Lib)

140 152

Holt

1966

Opperman (Lib)

144 055

McEwen

1967

Snedden (Lib)

138 676

Gorton

1968

Snedden (Lib)

137 525

 

1969

Snedden (Lib)

175 657

 

1970

Lynch (Lib)

185 099

McMahon

1971

Forbes (Lib)

170 011

 

1972

Forbes (Lib)

132 719

Whitlam

1973

Grassby (ALP)

107 401

 

1974a (e)

Cameron (ALP)

112 712

 

1975a

McClelland (ALP)

89 147

Fraser

1976

MacKellar (Lib)

52 748

 

1977

MacKellar (Lib)

70 916

 

1978

MacKellar (Lib)

73 171

 

1979

MacKellar (Lib)

67 192

 

1980

Macphee (Lib)

80 748

 

1981

Macphee (Lib)

110 689

 

1982

Hodges (Lib)

118 030

Hawke

1983

West (ALP)

93 010

 

1984

West (ALP)

68 820

 

1985

Hurford (ALP)

77 510

 

1986

Hurford (ALP)

92 590

 

1987

Young (ALP)

113 540

 

1988

Holding (ALP)

143 480

 

1989

Ray (ALP)

145 320

 

1990

Hand (ALP)

121 230

 

1991

Hand (ALP)

121 690

Keating

1992

Hand (ALP)

107 391

 

1993

Bolkus (ALP)

76 330

 

1994

Bolkus (ALP)

69 768

 

1995

Bolkus (ALP)

87 428

Howard

1996

Ruddock (Lib)

99 139

 

1997

Ruddock (Lib)

85 752

 

1998

Ruddock (Lib)

77 327

 

1999

Ruddock (Lib)

84 143

 

2000

Ruddock (Lib)

92 272

 

2001

Ruddock (Lib)

107 366

 

2002

Ruddock (Lib)

88 900

Notes:

(a) All figures are for the financial year ending 30 June.
(b) Ministers indicated are those holding office for the majority of the year. (During the period of the 'caretaker' Government of Malcolm Fraser in November and December 1975, the Minister for Labour and Immigration was Anthony Street).
(c) The settler intake includes permanent and long-term arrivals before 19581959.
(d) The 1947 figure includes arrivals from October 1945.
(e) The Department of Immigration was amalgamated with Labour between 1974 and 1976.

Table 7: Onshore Asylum Applications 19892002

Year

Asylum claims

198990

3 373

199091

14 020

199192

9 718

199293

3 087

199394

2 800

199495

4 516

199596

7 640

199697

11 135

199798

8 101

199899

8 257

199900

12 713

200001

13 015

200102

11 635

Source: Immigration Department Annual Reports.

Table 8: Unauthorised Arrivals by Air and Sea, 198990 to 200102

Year

Number
of boats

Total
arrivals

Min/max
on board

198990

3

224

26/119

199091

5

158

3/77

199192

3

78

10/56

199293

4

194

2/113

199394

6

194

4/58

199495

21

1 071

5/118

199596

14

589

4/86

199697

13

365

4/139

199798

13

157

3/30

199899

42

921

2/112

199900

75

4 175

3/353

200001

54

4 137

2/231

200102

6

1 212

60/359

2002

0

0

0

Totals

159

13 475

2/359

Note:
Arrivals 13 475
Australian births 142
Total boat people 13 617

Source: DIMIA Fact Sheet No. 74, Unauthorised arrivals by air and sea, DIMIA web-site, last update: 27 November 2002.

Next page

  Commonwealth of Australia
Chronologies are written for Members of Parliament, being located on the Internet they can be read by members of the public, however some linked items are available to Members of Parliament only, due to copyright reasons.


Facebook LinkedIn Twitter Add | Email Print