Final Report

Final Report

3 August 2015

© Commonwealth of Australia 2015
ISBN 978-1-76010-260-9

View the report as a single document - (PDF 6203KB)

View the report as separate downloadable parts:

Abbreviations (PDF 37KB)
Full list of recommendations (PDF 103KB)
Chapter 1 - Introduction (PDF 59KB)

The inquiry
The interim report and its recommendations
The federal government's response
The purpose of this report
The need for a broader mix of renewable energy sources
Science and public policy
Improving compliance and the duty of care
A note on procedure
Structure of this report

Chapter 2 - The need for more evidence-based health advice on the impact of wind turbines on human health (PDF 260KB)

Structure of the chapter
Wind turbines and ill-health
The views of the Australian Medical Association
The role of the NHMRC and evidence-based health advice
The NHMRC's reviews
Submitters' views of the NHMRC
Criticism of the 2015 NHMRC Review
Acousticians' views and the need for properly funded research
The committee's view on further research and the body to conduct it

Chapter 3 - Planning issues (PDF 230KB)

Implementation of planning processes
Capacity of local councils
Improvements to planning processes
National wind farm guidelines
Committee view

Chapter 4 - The monitoring and compliance of windfarms (PDF 247KB)

Structure of the chapter
Current noise monitoring standards and the need to monitor infrasound
The role of State Governments and local councils in monitoring wind farms
The view of local Councils on current monitoring arrangements
State Governments' views on current monitoring arrangements
Residents' view of monitoring and compliance
The view of wind companies on monitoring and compliance
The Clean Energy Regulator and its legislative requirements
The need to ensure independent and competent monitoring of wind farms
The case for State EPAs to take over wind farm monitoring
A fee for service system
The case for greater transparency in monitoring and compliance
The need for a wind farm Ombudsman
Committee view

Chapter 5 - Fauna and aircraft (PDF 194KB)

Figure 5.1: One of four dead koalas allegedly found by local residents at a construction site associated with the Bald Hills Wind Farm
Aerial activities

Chapter 6 - Committee view and recommendations on the issues raised in chapters 2–5 (PDF 81KB)

The Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Industrial Sound
National Wind Farm Guidelines
Enhancing the powers of the Clean Energy Regulator
Shifting responsibility to State Environment Protection Authorities
A fee-for-service licencing system
Oversight of the IESC and State Environment Protection Authorities
The National Health and Medical Research Council
The need for political cooperation and corporate endorsement

Chapter 7 - The effect of wind power on retail electricity prices (PDF 599KB)

Structure of the chapter
Wind power in the renewables market
Figure 7.1—Electricity generation by renewable energy source
Figure 7.2: Wind output as a percentage of regional output
Figure 7.3—Annual change in electricity generation by energy source
Figure 7.4—Profile of annual targets under the RET[15]
Figure 7.6—RET induced renewable generation and the number of LRET Large-scale Renewable Energy Target (LRET) and Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme (SRES) certificates created[17]
Figure 7.7—Weekly LGC spot price, October 2014 to May 2015
The impact of the RET on wholesale and retail electricity prices
Table 7.1—Impact of the RET by jurisdiction
Figure 7.8—Sensitivity of wind power generation to changes in the RET
The impact of wind energy on retail prices
The merit of the RET cross-subsidy
The Clean Energy Finance Corporation
Long-term Power Purchase Agreements
Committee view
Renewables and the Emissions Reduction Fund
Committee view

Australian Labor Party Senators' Dissenting Report (PDF 756KB)
APPENDIX 1 - Submissions and additional information received by the Committee (PDF 119KB)
APPENDIX 2 - Public hearings (PDF 31KB)
APPENDIX 3 - Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (PDF 20KB)
APPENDIX 4 - Wind Farms in Australia (Operational, Proposed and Under Construction): Document prepared by the Parliamentary Library (PDF 3455KB)
APPENDIX 5 - Picture of Sapphire Wind Farm provided by CWP Renewables (supplied by Mr Robert Allen, Submission 410) (PDF 87KB)

Committee Secretariat contact:

Senior Clerk's Office
PO Box 6100
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

Phone: +61 2 6277 3555
Fax: +61 2 6277 3899