Footnotes

Footnotes

Chapter 1

[1]        Journals of the Senate, 27 February 2013, p. 3675.

[2]        Journals of the Senate, 17 June 2013, p. 3992.

Chapter 2 - Background

[1]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Fast facts 2012, www.mla.com.au/About-the-red-meat-industry/Industry-overview/Cattle, (accessed 6 May 2013).

[2]        Australian Meat Industry Council, Submission 14, p. 1.

[3]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Fast facts 2012.

[4]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Fast facts 2012.

[5]        Meat and Livestock Australia, Fast facts 2012.

[6]        Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy, accessed 10 May 2013.

[7]        Scrapie is a progressive and invariably fatal degenerative disease of the central nervous system of sheep and goats. It is the prototype disease of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Animal Health Australia, http://nahis.animalhealthaustralia.com.au/pmwiki/pmwiki.php?n=Factsheet.111-2?skin=factsheet, accessed 2 June 2013.

[8]        US Department of Agriculture, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and Other Animal Related Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/bsebib.htm, accessed 27 June 2013.

[9]        Professor Steven Collins, Director, Australian National Creutzfelt-Jacob Disease Registry Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 18.

[10]      BSE Food Safety Risk Assessment Report: The Netherlands, Risk Assessment Production Process Section, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, October 2012, p. 34.

[11]      Professor John Mathews, Review of Scientific Evidence to Inform Australian Policy on Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs), 9 October 2010, p. 31. 

[12]      Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovine_spongiform_encephalopathy, accessed 10 May 2013.

[13]      Dr Kevin Doyle, National Veterinary Director, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 4. The Proof Hansard stated '123 degrees' however this was corrected to '133 degrees' for the Official Hansard.

[14]      Professor Colin Masters, Executive Director, Mental Health Research Institute, The University of Melbourne, Submission 2, p. [1].

[15]      Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot-and-mouth_disease, accessed 10 May 2013. 

[16]      Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foot-and-mouth_disease, accessed 10 May 2013.

[17]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 5.

[18]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 7.

[19]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 7.

[20]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 49.

[21]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 11.

[22]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, p. 12.

[23]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, First report, March 2010, pp 49–52.

[24]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, pp 14–15.

[25]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, pp 10–11.

[26]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, p. 17.

[27]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, p. 19.

[28]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, p. 21.

[29]      Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission 6, p. [1].

[30]      Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission 6, p. [2].

[31]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, pp 1–2.

[32]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, pp 1–2.

[33]      The Australian BSE Food Safety Committee is chaired by FSANZ and includes an animal health expert from Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry and food safety and risk assessment experts from FSANZ.

[34]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 2.

[35]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 2.

[36]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 3.

[37]      The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is the intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide. It is recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in 2013 had a total of 178 member countries. Australia is a member of the organisation. Source, www.oie.int/about-us/, accessed 14 June 2013.

[38]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 3.

[39]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 2.

[40]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, pp 13–14.

[41]      Import licences are not required for imports from New Zealand.

[42]      DAFF Submission 9, Attachment 1.

[43]      DAFF Submission 9, Attachment 1.

[44]      Dr Andrew Cupit, Assistant Secretary, Animal Biosecurity Branch, Animal Division, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 31. Note: The committee will shortly be reporting in detail on DAFF's biosecurity risk analysis in a report on imports of ginger, pineapples and potatoes.

Chapter 3 - Comment on terms of reference

[1]        Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 6.

[2]        The committee understands that this assessment has now been completed but has not yet been published.

[3]        Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. iv.

[4]        Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, p. 5.

[5]        Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, p. 5. Countries that had approval under the previous arrangements had not reported any cases of BSE in the national herd.

[6]        The application from the Netherlands relates to veal.

[7]        Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, p. 5.

[8]        Dr Cupit, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 31.

[9]        Ms Rona Mellor, Deputy Secretary, Department of Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 31.

[10]      Dr Cupit, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 26.

[11]      Imports to 31 March 2013 were 90 tonnes of fresh beef and 198 tonnes of beef product. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, International Trade, Australia.

[12]      Australian Meat Industry Council, Submission 14, p. 3.

[13]      Australian Meat Industry Council, Submission 14, p. 3.

[14]      Dr Scott Crerar, Section Manager, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 22.

[15]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, answer to question on notice, 30 May 2013.

[16]      Mr McCutcheon, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 25.

[17]      Dr Crerar, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 23.

[18]      Mr Steve McCutcheon, Chief Executive Officer, Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 25.

[19]      Biosecurity Australia has been renamed DAFF Biosecurity and is now part of the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

[20]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 6.

[21]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 8.

[22]      Mr McCutcheon, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 34.

[23]      Australian Veterinary Association, Submission 12, p. 3.

[24]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, Attachment 1, p. 9.

[25]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, Attachment 1, p. 9.

[26]      Ms Mellor, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 32 and Dr Cupit, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 37.

[27]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, Attachment, p. 1.

[28]      Dr Crerar, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 23.

[29]      Dr Crerar, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 24.

[30]      Dr Doyle, National Veterinary Director, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 2.

[31]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, Appendix, p. 2.

[32]      Dr Crerar, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 24.

[33]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, answer to question on notice, 30 May 2013.

[34]      Dr Doyle, answer to question on notice, 23 May 2013. Note: 'Specified risk materials' are tonsils and distal ileum from bovine animals of any age; brains, eyes, spinal cord, skull and vertebral column of bovine animals over 30 months of age. See FSANZ, Submission 10, p. 14.  

[35]      Food Safety Authority of Ireland, FSAI Survey Finds Horse DNA in Some Beef Burger Products, press release, 15 January 2013, www.fsai.ie/enforcement_audit/horse_meat.html, accessed 27 June 2013.

[36]      Food Safety Authority of Ireland, FSAI Survey Finds Horse DNA in Some Beef Burger Products, press release, 15 January 2013.

[37]      Food Safety Authority of Ireland, Horse Meat Substitution, press releases, www.fsai.ie/enforcement_audit/horse_meat.html, accessed 27 June 2013.

[38]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, Attachment 1, p. 1.

[39]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, Attachment 2, p. 1.

[40]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, Attachment 2, p. 2.

[41]      Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 4, p. 1.

[42]      Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 4, p. 2.

[43]      Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 4, p. 2.

[44]      Dr Peter Gibbs, Vice president, Australian Veterinary Association, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 1.

[45]      Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Submission 9, p. 10.

[46]      Dr Kevin Doyle, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 3.

[47]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, pp 10–11.

[48]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee, The possible impacts and consequences for public health, trade and agriculture of the Government's decision to relax import restrictions on beef, Final Report, June 2010, p. 19.

[49]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. v.

[50]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. v.

[51]      Food Standards Australia New Zealand, Submission 10, p. 9.

[52]      Mr Ian Harrison, Chief Executive, Australian Made Campaign Ltd., Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, p. 10.

[53]      Mr Harrison, Committee Hansard, 17 May 2013, pp 10–11.

[54]      Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Legislation Committee, Competition and Consumer Amendment (Australian Food Labelling) Bill 2012 (No. 2), March 2013.

Additional comments by Senator Nick Xenophon and Senator John Madigan

[1]        Quarantine Amendment (Disallowing Permits) Bill 2011, Explanatory Memorandum, p. 2.

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