Footnotes

Footnotes

CHAPTER 1

[1]        On 29 August, the Senate agreed to amend the reporting date to 29 November 2012.

[2]        Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Submission 38, p. 35. (Referred to throughout this report as the 'Joint Agency Submission').

[3]        Submission 38, p. 35.

[4]        Submission 38, p. 34.

[5]        Submission 38, p. 36.

[6]        Submission 38, p. 37.

[7]        Submission 38, p. 37.

[8]        See http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/our-responsibilities/seniors/programs-services/the-pension-review (accessed 15 October 2012).

[9]        See http://www.taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/Content.aspx?doc=html/the_review.htm (accessed 10 October 2012).

[10]      Australia's Future Tax System, Chapter 12, List of Recommendations, available at: http://taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/FinalReport.aspx?doc=html/publications/papers/Final_Report_Part_1/chapter_12.htm (accessed 15 October 2012).

[11]      Australia's Future Tax System, Chapter 12, List of Recommendations, available at: http://taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/FinalReport.aspx?doc=html/publications/papers/Final_Report_Part_1/chapter_12.htm (accessed 15 October 2012).

[12]      Australia's Future Tax System, Chapter 12, List of Recommendations, available at: http://taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/FinalReport.aspx?doc=html/publications/papers/Final_Report_Part_1/chapter_12.htm (accessed 15 October 2012).

[13]      Australia's Future Tax System, Chapter 12, List of Recommendations, available at: http://taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/FinalReport.aspx?doc=html/publications/papers/Final_Report_Part_1/chapter_12.htm (accessed 15 October 2012).

CHAPTER 2 - An overview of the allowance payment system

[1]        The material in this overview has largely been drawn from the Joint Agency submission to this inquiry: Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Submission 38 (Hereafter 'Submission 38').

[2]        Parenting Payment (Single) is often referred to as an allowance; however, due to its origin as the Sole Parent Pension, it retains a number of characteristics of a pension, such as its unique indexation methodology and means testing regime. Submission 38, pp 15–16.

[3]        Submission 38, pp 15–16.

[4]        Submission 38, p. 16.

[5]        Submission 38, pp 15–16.

[6]        Submission 38, p. 17.

[7]        Submission 38, p. 17.

[8]        Submission 38, p. 19.

[9]        Submission 38, p. 19.

[10]      Submission 38, p. 20.

[11]      Submission 38, p. 20. Note that for Parent Payment (Single) the rate increases with each additional child.

[12]      Submission 38, p. 21.

[13]      Submission 38, p. 21.

[14]      Allowances rates are represented as a proportion of pension rates: Submission 38, p. 18.

[15]      Joint Agency, Response to Question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012). Targeted additional assistance provided through Jobs Services Australia is also available to Newstart Recipients. This assistance is discussed in Chapter 4.

[16]      Submission 38, Appendix H.

[17]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[18]      Submission 38, p. 24.

[19]      Submission 38, p. 25.

[20]      Submission 38, p. 26.

[21]      Submission 38, p. 26.

[22]      Submission 38, p. 129.

[23]      Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Estimates Proof Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 67. Note that Stream 1 also includes Stream 1 (limited).

[24]      Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Estimates Proof Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 67.

[25]      Submission 38, p. 130.

[26]      Submission 38, pp 135–136.

[27]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[28]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012). A number of explanatory notes to this table are available in the Department's full response.

[29]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[30]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012). Higher fees are paid for outcomes in remote areas.

[31]      Submission 38, p. 130.

[32]      Submission 38, p. 131.

[33]      Note that when a job seeker moves up a stream, the funds are credited at a reduced rate: Submission 38, p. 132.

[34]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question take on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[35]      Submission 38, pp 137–138.

[36]      Submission 38, p. 26.

[37]      Submission 38, p. 27.

[38]      Submission 38, p. 27.

[39]      Submission 38, p. 34.

[40]      Submission 38, p. 40.

[41]      Submission 38, p. 40.

[42]      Submission 38, p. 41. (Source: ABS Trend Data).

[43]      Cited in Submission 38, p. 47. The ABS defines under employment as: (a) part time workers who would prefer to work more hours and were available to start work with more hours, either in the reference week or in the four weeks following the labour force survey; and (b) full time workers who worked part time hours in the reference week for economic reasons (such as being stood down or insufficient work being available).

[44]      Submission 38, p. 47.

[45]      Submission 38, p. 48.

[46]      Submission 38, p. 49.

[47]      Submission 38, p. 39.

[48]      Submission 38, p. 42.

[49]      Submission 38, p. 43.

[50]      Submission 38, p. 43.

[51]      Submission 38, p. 45.

[52]      Submission 38, p. 46.

[53]      Submission 38, p. 46.

[54]      Submission 38, p. 58.

[55]      Submission 38, p. 64.

[56]      Submission 38, p. 65.

[57]      Submission 38, p. 65.

[58]      Expressed in another way, 62 per cent of current recipients have been on Newstart Allowance or some form of income support for more than a year. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

CHAPTER 3 - The adequacy of Newstart Allowance and related issues

[1]        Business Council of Australia, Submission 46, p. 3.

[2]        The Salvation Army, Submission 25, p. 4.

[3]        Mission Australia, Submission 33, p. 4.

[4]        ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 5.

[5]        Community Information & Support Victoria and Good Shepherd Youth & Family Service, Submission 13, p. 11.

[6]        Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 43; UnitingCare Australia, Submission 12, p. 3; Macarthur Future Food Forum, Submission 14, p. 2; United Voice, Submission 49, p. 3.

[7]        Jesuit Social Services, Submission 27, p. 6.

[8]        Jesuit Social Services, Submission 27, p. 5.

[9]        See for example Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64; Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission 43; Jesuit Social Services, Submission 27; Business Council of Australia, Submission 46; and Professor Peter Whiteford, Submission 60.

[10]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 5.

[11]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Submission 38, p. 100 (Hereafter 'Submission 38')

[12]      Submission 38, p. 100.

[13]      Submission 38, p. 100.

[14]      Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission 43, p. 4.

[15]      National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 68, p. 11.

[16]      Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission 43, p. 4.

[17]      Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission 43, p. 4.

[18]      Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission 43, p. 5.

[19]      Mr Dennis Trewin, Answer to question on notice, received 1 November 2012.

[20]      ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 9.

[21]      For more on dependent children in households reliant on Newstart Allowance, see ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 9.

[22]      Mr Dennis Trewin, Chair, Policy and Advocacy Committee of the Academy of Social Sciences, Response to question taken on notice, received 1 November 2012.

[23]      The Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, pp 7–8.

[24]      The Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 8.

[25]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 6.

[26]      St Vincent de Paul Society, Submission 26, p. 5.

[27]      Questions taken from a Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey cited by Submission 38, p. 101.

[28]      Submission 38, p. 101.

[29]      Submission 38, pp 102–103.

[30]      Submission 38, p. 103.

[31]      Community Information & Support Victoria and Good Shepherd Youth & Family Service, Submission 13, p. 11.

[32]      Business Council of Australia, Submission 46, p. 4.

[33]      Business Council of Australia, Submission 46, p. 4.

[34]      VincentCare Victoria, Submission 17, p. 2.

[35]      Homelessness Australia, Submission 31, p. 3.

[36]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 6.

[37]      VincentCare Victoria, Submission 17, p. 4.

[38]      Mr Dennis Trewin, Chair, Policy and Advocacy Committee of the Academy of Social Sciences, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, pp 1–2.

[39]      Submission 38, p. 96.

[40]      Submission 38, p. 98. For data on the amount of income received by families who earn the minimum wage (once Family Tax Benefit A and B and other supplements are included), see paragraph 2.25 of this Report. Also, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[41]      Submission 38, p. 99.

[42]      Submission 38, p. 100.

[43]      ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 8.

[44]      ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 8.

[45]      ANGLICARE Sydney, Submission 21, p. 8.

[46]      2012 State of the Family: When there's not enough to eat, Anglicare Australia, factsheet available at: http://www.anglicare.asn.au/site/sotf12_notenoughtoeat.php (accessed 16 October 2012).

[47]      Jesuit Social Services, Submission 27, p. 9.

[48]      Jesuit Social Services, Submission 27, p. 10.

[49]      Submission 38, p. 36.

[50]      The Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, pp 8–9.

[51]      The Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 7.

[52]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 35.

[53]      Submission 38, p. 18.

[54]      Submission 38, p. 21.

[55]      Submission 38, p. 21.

[56]      Community Information & Support Victoria and Good Shepherd Youth & Family Service, Submission 13, p. 9.

[57]      Submission 38, p. 18.

[58]      See for example Community Information & Support Victoria and Good Shepherd Youth & Family Service, Submission 13, p. 9.

[59]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 34.

[60]      Ms Jennifer Taylor, Deputy Secretary, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Committee Hansard, 17 September 2012, p. 3.

[61]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Question on Notice 17, received 24 October 2012, p. 1.

[62]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Question on Notice 17, received 24 October 2012, p. 1.

[63]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Question on Notice 17, received 24 October 2012, p. 2.

[64]      Budget 2012–13, Budget Paper no. 1, Statement 6, p. 7. Available at: http://www.budget.gov.au/2012-13/content/bp1/html/index.htm (accessed 2 November 2012).

[65]      Mr Michael Livingstone, Research, Policy and Media Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 34.

[66]      Major Paul Moulds, Territorial Mission and Resource Director, Social, The Salvation Army, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 38.

CHAPTER 4 - From social security to work

[1]        Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Income Support Taskforce, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Estimates Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 71.

[2]        An additional 59,000 Newstart Allowance Recipients were receiving support from a Disability Employment Service provider due to a disability that meant they had a partial capacity to work: Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Submission 38, p. 71. (Hereafter 'Submission 38').

[3]        Submission 38, p. 69.

[4]        Mr Michael Livingston, Research, Policy and Media Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 32

[5]        Ms Kylee Bates, General Manager, Mission Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 12.

[6]        Ms Michelle Lees, Service Leader, Department of Human Services, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 28.

[7]        Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Income Support Taskforce, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Committee Hansard, 17 September 2012, p. 19.

[8]        Dr Prins Ralston, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Mission Australia, Proof Committee Hansard,27 August 2012, pp 8– 9.

[9]        Ms Annette Michaux, Benevolent Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, p. 43. See also, Benevolent Society, Submission 23, p. 13.

[10]      Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Income Support Taskforce, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Estimates Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 72.

[11]      Dr Richard Dennis, Executive Director, Australian Institute, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, p. 5.

[12]      Mr David Thompson, Chief Executive Officer, Jobs Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 26.

[13]      Ms Sally Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 56.

[14]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012). This figure represents the amount spent on jobseekers in receipt of Newstart Allowance. The average cost of each travel transaction is $87 and the average cost of relocation transaction is $335.

[15]      Patricia Karvelas, 'Paying people to relocate for jobs has failed', The Australian, 25 September 2012.

[16]      Dr Prins Ralston, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Mission Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 10.

[17]      Dr Prins Ralston, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Mission Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 10.

[18]      Ms Polly Henry, Board Member and Advocate and Mr Andre Cummings, Executive Director, Australian Youth Affairs Coalition, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, pp 18–19.

[19]      Mr David Thompson, Chief Executive Officer, Jobs Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 22.

[20]      Submission 38, p. 87. The Joint Agency Submission notes that the majority of these families are single parent families, and that there are no activity requirements for such parents until the youngest child is 6 years old. The package for these families with one child is around $30,000 p.a. and so the incentives to work are diminished due to the 'largesse' of the social security system.

[21]      Submission 38, p. 45.

[22]      Submission 38, pp 31–32.

[23]      Ms Sally Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 56. See also, Benevolent Society, Submission 23, pp 14–16.

[24]      See for example: Anglicare Australia, Submission 70; Catholic Social Services Australia, Submission 61; The Salvation Army, Submission 25; Uniting Care Australia, Submission 66; the Benevolent Society, Submission 23.

[25]      Ms Annette Michaux, Benevolent Society, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, p. 41.

[26]      Senate Education, Employment and Workplace Relations References Committee, Inquiry into Teaching and Leaning (see website for further details: http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Education_Employment_and_Workplace_Relations/Completed_inquiries/2010-13/teachinglearning/index )

[27]      Ms Sally Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 56. See also, Ms Sandra Parker, Deputy Secretary, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Estimates Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 69.

[28]      Major Moulds, The Salvation Army, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 39.

[29]      Major Moulds, The Salvation Army, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 40.

[30]      Ms Sally Parnell, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 33.

[31]      Submission 38, p. 92.

[32]      Submission 38, p. 92.

[33]      Submission 38, p. 92.

[34]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 20.

[35]      Mr David Thompson, Chief Executive Officer, Jobs Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 28.

[36]      Submission 38, p. 10.

[37]      Ms Josephine Root, National Policy Manager, Council of the Aging, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 10.

[38]      Ms Josephine Root, National Policy Manager, Council of the Aging, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 10.

[39]      Ms Josephine Root, National Policy Manager, Council of the Aging, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 10.

[40]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 21.

[41]      Ms Josephine Root, National Policy Manager, Council of the Aging, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 10.

[42]      Ms Josephine Root, National Policy Manager, Council of the Aging, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 11.

[43]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 19.

[44]      Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Income Support Taskforce, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 31.

[45]      In part, this is because the Job Seeker Classification Instrument used to measure a job seeker's relative level of disadvantage gives weighting to factors such as age; Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 24 October 2012 (received 14 November 2012). In part, this is because the Job Seeker Classification Instrument used to measure a job seeker's relative level of disadvantage gives weighting to factors such as age.

[46]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 22.

[47]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 22.

[48]      Carers Australia, Submission 51, p. 22.

[49]      Mr Terry Stroud, Carers Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, p. 61.

[50]      Mr Terry Stroud, Carers Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 28 August 2012, pp 63–64.

[51]      Carers Australia, Response to question taken on notice, 28 August 2012 (received 12 September 2012).

[52]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question take on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[53]      Ms Michelle Lees, Service Leader, Department of Human Services and Ms Moya Drayton, Group Manager, Income Support Taskforce, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations,Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 30.

[54]      Submission 38, p. 40.

[55]      Submission 38, p. 70.

[56]      Submission 38, p. 74.

[57]      Ms Sandra Parker, Deputy Secretary, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Estimates Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 69.

[58]      Ms Sandra Parker, Deputy Secretary, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Proof Estimates Committee Hansard, 17 October 2012, p. 70.

[59]      Submission 38, p. 68.

[60]      Submission 38, p. 75.

[61]      Submission 38, p. 20.

[62]      Submission 38, p. 20.

[63]      Submission 38, p. 20.

[64]      Submission 38, p. 63.

[65]      See for example: Benevolent Society, Submission 23; Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62.

[66]      Major Paul Mouds, Territorial Mission and Resource Director, Social, The Salvation Army, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 41.

[67]      Major Paul Mouds, Territorial Mission and Resource Director, Social, The Salvation Army, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 41.

[68]      Mr Michael Livingston, Policy and Media Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 31.

[69]      Mr Michael Livingston, Policy and Media Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard 27 August 2012, p. 31.

[70]      Ms Sally Parnell, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Jesuit Social Services, Proof Committee Hansard 27 August 2012, p. 31.

[71]      Mr Matt Cowgill, Economic Policy Officer, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 47. See also, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 3.

[72]      Ms Sally Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, pp 54, 57.

[73]      Mr Matt Cowgill, Economic Policy Officer, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 47.

[74]      Ms Amelia Christie, Combined Pensioners and Superannuants Association NSW, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 16.

[75]      Dr Prins Ralston, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Mission Australia, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 7.

[76]      Ms Sally Sinclair, Chief Executive Officer, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard 27 August 2012, p. 57. See also, Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 20.

[77]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 19.

[78]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[79]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[80]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012). See paragraphs 3.74 – 3.82 of Chapter 3 for detail.

[81]      Ms Annette Gill, Policy Manager, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 60.

[82]      Ms Annette Gill, Policy Manager, National Employment Services Association, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 53.

[83]      Joint Agency, Submission 38, p. 32.

[84]      Joint Agency, Submission 38, p. 32.

[85]      Joint Agency, Submission 38, p. 32.

[86]      Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 19.

GOVERNMENT SENATORS' ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

[1]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 9. (Submitters are Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education).

[2]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 71.

[3]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 71.

[4]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 71.

[5]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 137.

[6]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 138.

[7]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 72.

[8]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 72.

[9]        Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 137.

[10]      Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 10.

[11]      Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 10.

[12]      Dr Jeff Harmer, Pension Review Report, February 2009. Available online: http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/about-fahcsia/publications-articles/corporate-publications/budget-and-additional-estimates-statements/pension-review-report (accessed 14 November 2012). For more information about the 2009-2010 budget pension reforms see: http://www.budget.gov.au/2009-10/content/glossy/pension/html/pensions_overview_01.htm  (accessed 14 November 2012).

[13]      Joint Agencies, Submission 38, p. 100.

[14]      The Benevolent Society, Submission 23, p. 9.

[15]      The Benevolent Society, Submission 23, pp 9–10.

[16]      The Benevolent Society, Submission 23, p. 9.

[17]      For example, for Principal Carer Parents: National Council of Single Mothers and their Children, Submission 55.

[18]      See Recommendation 83, Australia's Future Tax System, Chapter 12, available at: http://taxreview.treasury.gov.au/content/FinalReport.aspx?doc=html/publications/papers/Final_Report_Part_1/chapter_12.htm (accessed 23 November 2012).

[19]      Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 3.

[20]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 22.

[21]      Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 34.

[22]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 6.

[23]      See Chapters 2 and 4. See also, for example, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62; The Australian Institute, Submission 28, p. 4.

[24]      Submission 38, p. 40.

[25]      Submission 38, p. 68.

[26]      Australian Government Reference Group on Welfare Reform, Participation support for a more equitable society, 2000 (Commonly referred to as the 'McClure Report', named after the Deputy Chair of that committee, Mr Patrick McClure). See further, Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 8.

[27]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 9.

[28]      Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 11. These terms of reference were endorsed by a number of organisations, for example, UnitingCare Australia, Submission 66, p. 9; Anglicare Australia, Submission 70, p. iii.

[29]      The Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 3.

[30]      See for example, National Welfare Rights Network, Submission 68, p. 3–4; Brotherhood of St Lawrence, Submission 65, p. 4; Professor Andrew Podger, Submission 60, pp 1–2; Business Council of Australia, Submission 46, p. 1 (Note: The BCA calls for a review into income support payments as part of a review of taxation arrangements).

AUSTRALIAN GREENS ADDITIONAL COMMENTS

[1]        Majority Report, p. 50.

[2]        Majority Report, p. 54.

[3]        Majority Report, p. 50.

[4]        Majority Report, p. 70.

[5]        Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p.8.

[6]        Dr Susan Ryan, Age Discrimination Commissioner, Australian Human Rights Commission, Proof Committee Hansard, 24 October 2012, p. 20.  

[7]        See for example, Anglicare Australia, Submission 70; Business Council of Australia, Submission 46; Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64.

[8]        Australian Council of Social Service, Submission 64, p. 6.

[9]        Majority Report, p. 51.

[10]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations; the Department for Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education, Submission 38, p. 96.

[11]      Majority Report, pp 43–45.

[12]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[13]      Majority Report, p. 44.

[14]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 24 October 2012).

[15]      Majority Report, p. 70.

[16]      Majority Report, p. 17.

[17]      Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Response to question taken on notice, 17 September 2012 (received 14 November, 2012).

[18]      See for example Welfare Rights, Submission 68, p.23; Australian Council of Social Service, Response to questions taken on notice, received 14 September 2012.

[19]      Mr Matt Cowgill, Economic Policy Officer, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Proof Committee Hansard, 27 August 2012, p. 47. See also, Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission 62, p. 3.  

[20]       Majority Report, p.70.

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