State Statistical Bulletin 2017

22 March 2018

PDF version [687KB]

Gregory O'Brien
Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary

  • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.
  • Each table presents data for the past five calendar years to 2017, while each chart plots data for the calendar year 2017.
  • The State Statistical Bulletin is published twice per year covering data for both the previous financial year and calendar year.

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources

Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Contents

Executive summary
Introduction
Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment
1.2 Unemployment
1.3 Labour force

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)
2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings
2.3 Male total average weekly earnings
2.4 Female total average weekly earnings
2.5 Wage price index
2.6 Consumer price index

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product
3.2 Real gross state product per capita
3.3 Labour productivity

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales
4.2 Dwelling approvals
4.3 Business investment

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing
5.2 Home loan size

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt
6.2 State government fiscal balance
6.3 State government taxation revenue

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population
8.2 Apparent school retention rates
8.3 General practice bulk billing

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment

Employment - Annual change - per cent 2017 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Number employed (a) – '000        
New South Wales 3 599.5 3 624.2 3 722.6 3 815.2 3 873.0
Victoria 2 876.3 2 908.6 3 000.2 3 099.4 3 204.4
Queensland 2 302.6 2 324.9 2 347.3 2 360.5 2 416.4
South Australia  805.2  801.8  804.7  812.4  824.4
Western Australia 1 311.7 1 316.8 1 324.6 1 306.4 1 325.3
Tasmania  231.7  237.7  240.4  237.8  244.4
Northern Territory  129.5  132.0  135.1  135.6  137.2
Australian Capital Territory  211.8  212.2  213.1  218.3  223.8
Australia 11 468.4 11 558.2 11 788.0 11 985.6 12 248.8
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.5 0.7 2.7 2.5 1.5
Victoria 1.2 1.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Queensland 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.6 2.4
South Australia -0.3 -0.4 0.4 1.0 1.5
Western Australia 0.7 0.4 0.6 -1.4 1.4
Tasmania -1.2 2.6 1.1 -1.1 2.8
Northern Territory 2.8 1.9 2.3 0.3 1.2
Australian Capital Territory 0.3 0.2 0.4 2.4 2.5
Australia 1.0 0.8 2.0 1.7 2.2
(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data.
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, January 2018

1.2 Unemployment

Unemployment rate - per cent, 2017 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Number unemployed (a) – '000        
New South Wales  212.9  220.4  227.2  205.9  196.6
Victoria  179.9  206.0  195.3  191.9  203.0
Queensland  142.5  159.1  156.9  153.5  156.8
South Australia  54.3  57.7  64.3  59.5  55.8
Western Australia  63.2  71.4  82.7  84.4  83.3
Tasmania  19.3  18.5  16.9  16.5  15.3
Northern Territory  6.9  5.4  6.0  5.3  5.6
Australian Capital Territory  9.3  9.5  10.7  8.9  9.4
Australia  688.5  748.0  759.9  726.0  725.7
Unemployment rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.1 4.8
Victoria 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.0 5.7
Queensland 6.0 6.7 6.0 6.2 5.9
South Australia 6.7 6.8 7.1 6.6 5.9
Western Australia 4.6 5.4 6.0 6.5 6.0
Tasmania 7.6 6.6 6.6 6.1 5.8
Northern Territory 4.1 3.7 4.1 3.6 4.7
Australian Capital Territory 3.8 4.8 4.9 3.8 3.9
Australia 5.9 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.5
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at December.  
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, January 2018

1.3 Labour force

Labour force - Participation rate - per cent, 2017 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Labour force (a) – '000          
New South Wales 3 812.4 3 844.6 3 949.8 4 021.1 4 069.6
Victoria 3 056.2 3 114.6 3 195.5 3 291.4 3 407.4
Queensland 2 445.1 2 484.0 2 504.1 2 514.0 2 573.2
South Australia  859.5  859.4  869.1  871.9  880.2
Western Australia 1 374.9 1 388.2 1 407.3 1 390.8 1 408.6
Tasmania  251.0  256.2  257.2  254.3  259.7
Northern Territory  136.5  137.5  141.1  140.9  142.8
Australian Capital Territory  221.2  221.8  223.8  227.2  233.1
Australia 12 156.8 12 306.2 12 547.9 12 711.5 12 974.6
Participation rate (b) – per cent        
New South Wales 63.1 63.1 64.4 63.4 64.3
Victoria 64.6 65.0 64.8 65.8 66.1
Queensland 65.7 65.3 65.9 64.1 66.0
South Australia 62.1 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.2
Western Australia 68.1 68.7 68.3 67.3 68.4
Tasmania 59.8 61.4 60.6 59.9 60.9
Northern Territory 75.5 73.8 74.7 77.3 76.0
Australian Capital Territory 71.1 70.3 70.6 70.4 72.7
Australia 64.6 64.7 65.2 64.7 65.5
(a) Annual average of monthly data.        
(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at December.
Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, January 2018

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)

Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE) 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 414.5 1 475.7 1 519.7 1 538.4 1 565.9
Victoria 1 363.8 1 388.4 1 410.7 1 477.3 1 516.0
Queensland 1 422.8 1 447.9 1 443.8 1 471.2 1 512.0
South Australia 1 300.6 1 352.8 1 362.1 1 430.5 1 444.6
Western Australia 1 632.4 1 657.2 1 700.0 1 700.9 1 728.8
Tasmania 1 267.3 1 256.8 1 303.9 1 339.9 1 354.5
Northern Territory 1 449.1 1 435.6 1 533.3 1 604.1 1 632.2
Australian Capital Territory 1 687.0 1 682.8 1 711.3 1 736.2 1 788.6
Australia 1 429.0 1 465.6 1 491.8 1 524.7 1 556.4
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.7 4.3 3.0 1.2 1.8
Victoria 3.8 1.8 1.6 4.7 2.6
Queensland 5.7 1.8 -0.3 1.9 2.8
South Australia 3.8 4.0 0.7 5.0 1.0
Western Australia 5.1 1.5 2.6 0.1 1.6
Tasmania 4.6 -0.8 3.7 2.8 1.1
Northern Territory 2.6 -0.9 6.8 4.6 1.8
Australian Capital Territory 4.2 -0.2 1.7 1.5 3.0
Australia 4.1 2.6 1.8 2.2 2.1
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.    
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, November 2017

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

Real average weekly ordinary time earnings 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Real AWOTE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 529.3 1 558.3 1 574.8 1 571.7 1 565.9
Victoria 1 468.9 1 460.8 1 464.3 1 510.9 1 516.0
Queensland 1 534.1 1 519.5 1 492.4 1 497.4 1 512.0
South Australia 1 386.9 1 407.8 1 401.6 1 458.0 1 444.6
Western Australia 1 722.6 1 701.9 1 723.2 1 715.4 1 728.8
Tasmania 1 354.3 1 315.1 1 349.8 1 369.3 1 354.5
Northern Territory 1 504.6 1 449.2 1 540.7 1 614.5 1 632.2
Australian Capital Territory 1 791.5 1 751.7 1 770.0 1 773.9 1 788.6
Australia 1 534.9 1 536.0 1 540.3 1 554.4 1 556.4
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.2 1.9 1.1 -0.2 -0.4
Victoria 1.3 -0.6 0.2 3.2 0.3
Queensland 3.4 -1.0 -1.8 0.3 1.0
South Australia 1.6 1.5 -0.4 4.0 -0.9
Western Australia 2.4 -1.2 1.3 -0.5 0.8
Tasmania 2.7 -2.9 2.6 1.4 -1.1
Northern Territory -1.3 -3.7 6.3 4.8 1.1
Australian Capital Territory 2.0 -2.2 1.0 0.2 0.8
Australia 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.1
(a) Annual average.          
(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2017 dollars;
converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index.
Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes.
Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, Nov 2017; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, Dec 2017

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

Male total average weekly earnings 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
MTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales 1 313.6 1 348.0 1 388.8 1 421.9 1 443.8
Victoria 1 281.3 1 277.1 1 278.1 1 314.2 1 344.5
Queensland 1 354.8 1 352.9 1 323.7 1 354.8 1 396.3
South Australia 1 227.7 1 280.4 1 241.0 1 267.9 1 285.9
Western Australia 1 641.4 1 662.0 1 657.8 1 636.5 1 645.9
Tasmania 1 115.3 1 132.1 1 163.2 1 163.3 1 227.5
Northern Territory 1 450.7 1 436.4 1 508.5 1 650.2 1 683.4
Australian Capital Territory 1 545.9 1 511.5 1 530.4 1 513.4 1 570.8
Australia 1 352.3 1 368.1 1 372.2 1 396.5 1 422.5
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.2 2.6 3.0 2.4 1.5
Victoria 4.8 -0.3 0.1 2.8 2.3
Queensland 4.3 -0.1 -2.2 2.3 3.1
South Australia 4.2 4.3 -3.1 2.2 1.4
Western Australia 3.6 1.3 -0.3 -1.3 0.6
Tasmania 3.1 1.5 2.8 0.0 5.5
Northern Territory 0.8 -1.0 5.0 9.4 2.0
Australian Capital Territory -1.0 -2.2 1.3 -1.1 3.8
Australia 3.6 1.2 0.3 1.8 1.9
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI.
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, November 2017

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

Female total average weekly earnings 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
FTAWE (a) (b) – $ per week        
New South Wales  899.8  905.0  940.1  970.7  996.3
Victoria  823.8  843.0  867.3  892.3  934.0
Queensland  814.5  854.9  897.5  894.0  894.9
South Australia  793.2  856.6  836.5  844.7  879.9
Western Australia  903.4  943.6  959.7  963.6  976.7
Tasmania  765.2  771.4  778.1  786.2  827.2
Northern Territory 1 008.5 1 006.6 1 048.5 1 097.9 1 143.5
Australian Capital Territory 1 171.1 1 160.5 1 206.1 1 217.5 1 225.8
Australia  861.3  884.6  911.3  929.1  953.2
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 5.6 0.6 3.9 3.3 2.6
Victoria 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.9 4.7
Queensland 0.3 5.0 5.0 -0.4 0.1
South Australia 4.7 8.0 -2.3 1.0 4.2
Western Australia 7.4 4.5 1.7 0.4 1.4
Tasmania 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0 5.2
Northern Territory 2.3 -0.2 4.2 4.7 4.2
Australian Capital Territory -1.5 -0.9 3.9 0.9 0.7
Australia 3.6 2.7 3.0 2.0 2.6
(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.        
(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI
Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, November 2017

2.5 Wage price index

Wage price index 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Wage price index (a) (b)          
New South Wales  116.8  119.6  122.1  124.7  127.2
Victoria  116.7  120.0  122.9  125.2  128.2
Queensland  117.3  120.3  122.6  125.0  127.7
South Australia  117.2  120.2  123.0  125.7  128.1
Western Australia  119.5  122.3  124.5  126.2  128.1
Tasmania  116.7  119.6  122.2  125.1  127.9
Northern Territory  117.8  121.1  124.0  126.6  128.0
Australian Capital Territory  117.5  119.5  121.4  123.7  126.1
Australia  117.2  120.2  122.7  125.1  127.7
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.0
Victoria 2.5 2.8 2.4 1.9 2.4
Queensland 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.0 2.2
South Australia 3.5 2.6 2.3 2.2 1.9
Western Australia 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.4 1.5
Tasmania 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2
Northern Territory 2.3 2.8 2.4 2.1 1.1
Australian Capital Territory 2.4 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.9
Australia 2.5 2.6 2.1 2.0 2.1
(a) Index value at December.          
(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008–09 = 100.0.
Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, cat. no. 6345.0, December 2017

2.6 Consumer price index

Consumer price index 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Consumer price index (a)          
Sydney  103.8  106.3  108.3  109.8  112.2
Melbourne  103.5  105.9  107.4  109.0  111.4
Brisbane  103.2  106.1  107.7  109.4  111.3
Adelaide  103.1  105.7  106.9  107.9  110.0
Perth  103.6  106.5  107.9  108.4  109.4
Hobart  102.3  104.5  105.6  107.0  109.3
Darwin  105.1  108.1  108.6  108.4  109.1
Canberra  102.9  105.0  105.7  107.0  109.3
Weighted average eight capital cities  103.5  106.1  107.7  109.1  111.2
Annual change – per cent (b)        
Sydney 2.5 2.4 1.9 1.4 2.2
Melbourne 2.5 2.4 1.4 1.5 2.3
Brisbane 2.2 2.7 1.5 1.6 1.8
Adelaide 2.1 2.5 1.1 1.0 1.9
Perth 2.6 2.8 1.3 0.5 0.9
Hobart 1.8 2.1 1.1 1.3 2.2
Darwin 3.9 2.9 0.5 -0.2 0.6
Canberra 2.1 2.0 0.6 1.2 2.2
Weighted average eight capital cities 2.4 2.5 1.5 1.3 1.9
(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12.
(b) Change in the annual averages of table above.
Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, December 2017

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Real gross state product

Real gross state product 

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross state product, chain volume measures – $ million
New South Wales  498 183  507 960  522 164  542 281  557 861
Victoria  355 317  362 564  373 055  386 140  399 009
Queensland  285 936  292 155  295 602  303 352  308 709
South Australia  97 402  98 069  99 298  99 627  101 791
Western Australia  217 985  230 934  237 105  239 581  233 152
Tasmania  27 195  27 575  27 890  28 264  28 577
Northern Territory  23 049  23 576  24 003  24 461  25 427
Australian Capital Territory  33 437  33 857  34 561  35 898  37 566
Australia 1 537 561 1 576 897 1 613 972 1 659 604 1 692 092
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.0 2.0 2.8 3.9 2.9
Victoria 1.1 2.0 2.9 3.5 3.3
Queensland 2.8 2.2 1.2 2.6 1.8
South Australia 1.2 0.7 1.3 0.3 2.2
Western Australia 6.0 5.9 2.7 1.0 -2.7
Tasmania -0.3 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.1
Northern Territory 12.2 2.3 1.8 1.9 4.0
Australian Capital Territory 2.5 1.3 2.1 3.9 4.6
Australia 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.8 2.0
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

 Real gross state product per capita

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) – $    
New South Wales  67 703  68 069  68 950  70 597  71 541
Victoria  62 205  62 106  62 528  63 327  63 900
Queensland  62 008  62 308  62 191  63 024  63 212
South Australia  58 562  58 429  58 616  58 376  59 285
Western Australia  88 515  92 072  93 605  93 918  90 799
Tasmania  53 105  53 727  54 227  54 766  55 056
Northern Territory  96 264  96 994  98 682  100 083  103 763
Australian Capital Territory  87 995  87 551  88 030  89 840  92 436
Australia  67 028  67 623  68 187  69 121  69 402
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.6 0.5 1.3 2.4 1.3
Victoria -1.0 -0.2 0.7 1.3 0.9
Queensland 0.8 0.5 -0.2 1.3 0.3
South Australia 0.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.4 1.6
Western Australia 2.7 4.0 1.7 0.3 -3.3
Tasmania -0.4 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.5
Northern Territory 9.1 0.8 1.7 1.4 3.7
Australian Capital Territory 0.3 -0.5 0.5 2.1 2.9
Australia 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.4 0.4
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

3.3 Labour productivity

Labour productivity

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Gross State Product per hour worked, $      
New South Wales 359.6 357.8 369.3 361.7 378.8
Victoria 332.2 325.8 335.3 329.5 332.9
Queensland 318.4 311.1 320.4 321.9 334.1
South Australia 323.0 319.0 325.6 325.9 333.7
Western Australia 418.9 437.1 449.3 460.2 461.7
Tasmania 323.5 320.3 319.0 316.0 323.9
Northern Territory 429.1 415.3 426.7 422.1 444.0
Australian Capital Territory 423.5 425.0 435.4 436.2 460.1
Australia 350.1 348.1 358.3 355.4 365.3
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 0.3 -0.5 3.2 -2.1 4.7
Victoria 0.5 -1.9 2.9 -1.7 1.0
Queensland 4.0 -2.3 3.0 0.5 3.8
South Australia 1.6 -1.2 2.1 0.1 2.4
Western Australia 3.9 4.3 2.8 2.4 0.3
Tasmania 1.7 -1.0 -0.4 -0.9 2.5
Northern Territory 9.0 -3.2 2.7 -1.1 5.2
Australian Capital Territory 2.3 0.3 2.4 0.2 5.5
Australia 2.0 -0.6 2.9 -0.8 2.8
(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors).
Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17; ABS, Labour force, detailed, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, January 2018

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of retail sales

Value of retail sales 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Value – $ million          
New South Wales  81 772  88 813  93 698  97 953  100 640
Victoria  65 574  69 613  73 320  76 508  79 270
Queensland  55 900  57 682  59 585  61 284  62 074
South Australia  17 559  18 187  19 017  19 813  20 511
Western Australia  32 205  32 797  33 687  34 052  34 010
Tasmania  5 187  5 550  5 760  6 042  6 205
Northern Territory  2 953  3 080  3 092  3 124  3 125
Australian Capital Territory  4 950  5 002  5 233  5 589  5 729
Australia  266 100  280 724  293 391  304 365  311 565
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 4.0 8.6 5.5 4.5 2.7
Victoria 2.1 6.2 5.3 4.3 3.6
Queensland 4.4 3.2 3.3 2.9 1.3
South Australia 0.8 3.6 4.6 4.2 3.5
Western Australia 3.1 1.8 2.7 1.1 -0.1
Tasmania 1.5 7.0 3.8 4.9 2.7
Northern Territory 2.7 4.3 0.4 1.0 0.1
Australian Capital Territory 3.9 1.0 4.6 6.8 2.5
Australia 3.2 5.5 4.5 3.7 2.4
Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, cat. no.  8501.0, January 2018

4.2 Dwelling approvals

Dwelling approvals 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Number (a)          
New South Wales  49 175  55 584  71 501  74 662  70 864
Victoria  49 833  60 895  68 669  68 104  69 980
Queensland  35 932  40 173  50 818  48 012  41 844
South Australia  10 652  11 778  11 370  12 167  12 249
Western Australia  28 690  33 088  28 660  21 907  19 576
Tasmania  1 898  2 551  2 781  2 158  2 639
Northern Territory  2 294  2 000  1 666  1 278   799
Australian Capital Territory  4 801  3 938  4 222  6 157  4 337
Australia  183 275  210 007  239 687  234 445  222 288
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 26.6 13.0 28.6 4.4 -5.1
Victoria -4.4 22.2 12.8 -0.8 2.8
Queensland 24.2 11.8 26.5 -5.5 -12.8
South Australia 27.2 10.6 -3.5 7.0 0.7
Western Australia 32.3 15.3 -13.4 -23.6 -10.6
Tasmania -5.6 34.4 9.0 -22.4 22.3
Northern Territory 19.5 -12.8 -16.7 -23.3 -37.5
Australian Capital Territory 26.5 -18.0 7.2 45.8 -29.6
Australia 16.2 14.6 14.1 -2.2 -5.2
(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings.
Source: ABS, Building Approvals, cat. no. 8731.0, January 2018

4.3 Business investment

Business investment 

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Chain volume measures (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  58 412  53 034  54 357  55 688  55 447
Victoria  35 746  39 346  42 154  42 576  43 423
Queensland  72 027  69 876  53 481  40 225  40 286
South Australia  12 419  12 322  12 657  11 318  8 863
Western Australia  80 473  72 824  65 802  53 267  38 018
Tasmania  2 440  2 352  2 493  2 352  2 438
Northern Territory  10 562  10 335  9 161  6 962  9 071
Australian Capital Territory  2 616  2 230  2 282  2 353  2 442
Australia  274 502  262 184  242 403  214 741  199 989
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 7.3 -9.2 2.5 2.4 -0.4
Victoria -8.1 10.1 7.1 1.0 2.0
Queensland 5.8 -3.0 -23.5 -24.8 0.2
South Australia 0.5 -0.8 2.7 -10.6 -21.7
Western Australia 5.6 -9.5 -9.6 -19.0 -28.6
Tasmania -17.1 -3.6 6.0 -5.7 3.7
Northern Territory 103.5 -2.1 -11.4 -24.0 30.3
Australian Capital Territory 4.0 -14.8 2.3 3.1 3.8
Australia 5.3 -4.5 -7.5 -11.4 -6.9
(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets.
Note: National account data is only available for financial years.
Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

Lending for owner occupied housing 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Value (a) – $ million          
New South Wales  57 956  64 369  83 386  86 782  90 132
Victoria  47 574  51 059  61 482  66 549  72 745
Queensland  32 210  35 797  38 510  41 137  41 194
South Australia  10 239  11 046  11 979  13 014  12 755
Western Australia  27 400  28 829  27 424  24 806  22 372
Tasmania  2 128  2 392  2 463  2 738  2 940
Northern Territory  1 455  1 658  1 389  1 184  1 078
Australian Capital Territory  3 404  3 643  4 227  4 532  4 938
Australia  182 365  198 794  230 861  240 742  248 153
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 11.6 11.1 29.5 4.1 3.9
Victoria 7.4 7.3 20.4 8.2 9.3
Queensland 9.8 11.1 7.6 6.8 0.1
South Australia 16.0 7.9 8.4 8.6 -2.0
Western Australia 19.2 5.2 -4.9 -9.5 -9.8
Tasmania 10.4 12.4 3.0 11.2 7.4
Northern Territory 6.0 14.0 -16.2 -14.8 -8.9
Australian Capital Territory 17.8 7.0 16.0 7.2 9.0
Australia 11.5 9.0 16.1 4.3 3.1
(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings.
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, cat. no. 5609.0, January 2018

5.2 Home loan size

Home loan size

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) – $'000      
New South Wales 338.7 363.3 414.1 428.3 438.9
Victoria 301.7 327.4 359.2 369.5 383.1
Queensland 280.3 294.0 307.9 316.5 322.2
South Australia 246.7 258.0 271.8 279.0 288.5
Western Australia 302.4 329.8 336.1 332.6 335.5
Tasmania 212.4 217.1 219.4 232.6 239.4
Northern Territory 328.1 342.2 325.2 316.4 307.0
Australian Capital Territory 325.7 325.3 347.5 362.3 364.1
Australia 303.6 324.7 354.9 363.7 374.1
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 2.7 7.3 14.0 3.4 2.5
Victoria 1.1 8.5 9.7 2.9 3.7
Queensland -1.1 4.9 4.7 2.8 1.8
South Australia 0.9 4.6 5.4 2.6 3.4
Western Australia 5.7 9.1 1.9 -1.1 0.9
Tasmania -2.3 2.2 1.0 6.0 3.0
Northern Territory 2.4 4.3 -5.0 -2.7 -3.0
Australian Capital Territory -2.6 -0.1 6.8 4.3 0.5
Australia 1.7 7.0 9.3 2.5 2.9
(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and purchase of new and established dwellings.
Source: ABS, Housing Finance, cat. no. 5609.0, January 2018

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 State government net debt

State government net debt 

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
General government sector net debt (a) – $ million      
New South Wales 13 238 10 898 5 899 5 453  195
Victoria 15 287 19 927 21 262 22 327 22 306
Queensland -5 865 2 513 5 184 5 752  634
South Australia 3 401 4 459 6 296 3 108 3 486
Western Australia 2 050 4 742 6 973 9 306 13 717
Tasmania - 409 - 220 - 208 - 537 - 746
Northern Territory 1 633 1 829 1 811 1 133  768
Australian Capital Territory -2 733 -2 504 -2 714 -2 427 -1 789
Total 26 603 41 643 44 503 44 115 38 572
General government sector net debt – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales 2.8 2.3 1.2 1.1 0.0
Victoria 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.0
Queensland -2.0 0.9 1.7 1.9 0.2
South Australia 3.7 4.7 6.5 3.1 3.5
Western Australia 0.8 1.9 2.6 3.7 5.7
Tasmania -1.7 -0.9 -0.8 -2.1 -2.9
Northern Territory 9.0 8.8 8.2 4.9 3.3
Australian Capital Territory -8.4 -7.3 -7.9 -6.9 -4.9
Total (b) 1.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.3
(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities.
(b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices.
Note: 2016-17 data will be available around April 2018.      
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2015-16;  Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat, no. 5220.0, 2015-16

6.2 State government fiscal balance

State government fiscal balance 

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
General government sector fiscal balance (a) – $ million      
New South Wales -2 099 -3 571 -1 346  612  339
Victoria -2 091 -2 704 1 105 - 398  84
Queensland -5 557 -7 736 -2 587 - 530 - 201
South Australia -1 102 -1 001 -1 707 - 124  97
Western Australia -1 581 -1 853 -1 127 -1 809 -3 152
Tasmania - 263 - 150 - 159 - 55 - 18
Northern Territory - 458 - 367 - 101 - 122 - 25
Australian Capital Territory - 336 - 755 - 575 - 912 - 628
Total (b) -13 490 -18 133 -6 494 -3 335 -3 516
General government sector fiscal balance – percentage of gross state product    
New South Wales -0.5 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1
Victoria -0.6 -0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0
Queensland -1.9 -2.7 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1
South Australia -1.2 -1.1 -1.8 -0.1 0.1
Western Australia -0.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 -1.3
Tasmania -1.1 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1
Northern Territory -2.5 -1.8 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1
Australian Capital Territory -1.0 -2.2 -1.7 -2.6 -1.7
Total (c) -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2
(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.
(b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions.
(c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product.
Note: 2016-17 data will be available around April 2018.    
Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2015-16

6.3 State government taxation revenue

State government taxation revenue 

  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
General government sector taxation revenue – $ million      
New South Wales 20 757 22 166 24 105 26 461 29 811
Victoria 15 136 15 629 16 995 18 436 20 027
Queensland 10 616 10 960 11 846 12 575 12 547
South Australia 3 869 4 112 4 107 4 393 4 426
Western Australia 7 125 8 170 8 594 8 772 8 997
Tasmania  888  925  957 1 012 1 068
Northern Territory  403  491  566  715  608
Australian Capital Territory 1 183 1 237 1 296 1 377 1 568
Total (a) 59 976 63 689 68 465 73 739 79 053
General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $      
New South Wales 3 037 3 192 3 417 3 704 4 130
Victoria 2 937 2 973 3 164 3 376 3 616
Queensland 2 582 2 597 2 737 2 855 2 803
South Australia 2 463 2 588 2 553 2 700 2 699
Western Australia 3 383 3 762 3 836 3 829 3 823
Tasmania 1 800 1 855 1 897 1 989 2 088
Northern Territory 1 885 2 233 2 504 3 112 2 629
Australian Capital Territory 3 453 3 551 3 653 3 806 4 261
Total (b) 2 880 2 997 3 156 3 347 3 539
(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.    
(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia.
Note: 2016-17 data will be released around April 2018.
Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, cat. no. 5506.0, 2015-16

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 International merchandise exports

International merchandise exports 

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Merchandise exports (a) – $ million        
New South Wales  37 044  36 599  37 032  36 193  44 081
Victoria  21 710  23 964  23 609  23 323  24 736
Queensland  44 433  44 813  46 488  47 867  66 176
South Australia  10 711  12 354  11 322  11 567  11 407
Western Australia  115 588  130 426  110 775  99 635  120 636
Tasmania  3 026  2 753  2 542  2 848  2 758
Northern Territory  5 958  6 804  6 177  4 701  4 879
Australian Capital Territory   7   1   6   14   21
Australia (b)  246 978  272 922  254 552  243 423  290 859
Merchandise exports – percentage of gross state product      
New South Wales   7.6   7.3   7.2   6.7   7.6
Victoria   6.3   6.7   6.4   6.0   6.1
Queensland   15.8   15.5   15.7   15.8   20.2
South Australia   11.2   12.6   11.4   11.6   11.0
Western Australia   46.9   48.5   44.1   41.6   48.7
Tasmania   11.4   10.1   9.2   10.1   9.4
Northern Territory   25.8   27.9   25.3   19.2   18.8
Australian Capital Territory   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0   0.1
Australia (b)   16.1   17.1   15.7   14.7   16.6
(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value.
(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories.
Note: This table is based on national accounts data.
Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2016-17

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population

Population 

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Population (a) – '000          
New South Wales 7 358.3 7 462.4 7 573.1 7 681.4 7 797.8
Victoria 5 712.1 5 837.8 5 966.2 6 097.6 6 244.2
Queensland 4 611.3 4 688.9 4 753.2 4 813.3 4 883.7
South Australia 1 663.2 1 678.4 1 694.0 1 706.6 1 717.0
Western Australia 2 462.7 2 508.2 2 533.0 2 551.0 2 567.8
Tasmania  512.1  513.2  514.3  516.1  519.1
Northern Territory  239.4  243.1  243.2  244.4  245.0
Australian Capital Territory  380.0  386.7  392.6  399.6  406.4
Australia 22 942.2 23 321.7 23 672.6 24 012.8 24 385.6
Annual change – per cent          
New South Wales 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5
Victoria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4
Queensland 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.5
South Australia 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6
Western Australia 3.2 1.8 1.0 0.7 0.7
Tasmania 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6
Northern Territory 2.9 1.5 0.1 0.5 0.3
Australian Capital Territory 2.2 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7
Australia 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6
(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at December of each year.
Note: December 2017 data is due for release in June 2018.
Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, cat. no. 3101.0

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

Apparent school retention rates 

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)      
New South Wales 76.7 75.5 75.8 77.5 77.5
Victoria 82.0 81.2 83.1 84.1 84.8
Queensland 81.8 82.2 84.0 85.9 86.7
South Australia 83.9 86.3 87.8 89.9 92.2
Western Australia 76.4 77.8 81.0 85.9 81.0
Tasmania 70.0 67.1 67.8 69.4 72.1
Northern Territory 62.9 62.1 62.9 68.1 63.8
Australian Capital Territory 90.0 89.3 90.4 92.4 95.1
Australia 79.5 79.3 80.7 82.5 82.7
Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)      
New South Wales 74.6 75.0 76.7 78.1 78.2
Victoria 82.0 82.2 83.7 85.2 86.4
Queensland 83.0 83.7 85.2 87.1 88.4
South Australia 86.3 88.8 90.6 93.0 95.7
Western Australia 78.4 79.5 82.2 89.3 82.8
Tasmania 69.8 67.6 68.7 68.4 71.7
Northern Territory 55.3 55.6 55.8 59.6 53.7
Australian Capital Territory 89.4 89.8 91.6 94.6 96.6
Australia 79.3 79.9 81.6 83.6 84.0
(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.
(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling.
Source: ABS, Schools, cat. no. 4221.0, 2017

8.3 General practice bulk billing

General practice bulk billing 

  2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
General practice bulk billing rate (a) – per cent      
New South Wales   86.8   87.6   88.2   88.6   88.7
Victoria   82.0   83.1   84.0   84.8   85.2
Queensland   81.6   82.8   83.7   84.5   85.4
South Australia   81.3   82.3   83.3   84.0   84.8
Western Australia   72.9   75.3   77.8   80.1   82.4
Tasmania   76.1   77.0   77.3   76.7   76.5
Northern Territory   77.4   80.7   84.5   87.4   88.9
Australian Capital Territory   54.9   57.0   57.9   60.0   61.8
Australia   82.2   83.4   84.3   85.1   85.7
(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed.
Note: This data is only published on a financial year basis.
Source: Department of Health and Ageing,  Annual Medicare Statistics, 2016-17

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

 

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