on Clean Development and Climate (APP)—Australia, Canada,
China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea and the United States have
agreed to work together and with private sector partners, to
accelerate the development and use of cleaner, more efficient
technologies, and meet goals for energy security, national air
pollution reduction, and climate change in ways that promote
sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. As it stands,
the APP appears to be directed at reducing emissions intensity,
that is, emissions per unit of economic output, rather than
reducing aggregate emissions.
The APP was inaugurated in Sydney in January 2006. At
the Second Ministerial Meeting, held in New Delhi in
October 2007, Canada was accepted as the seventh member of
APP. The seven members together represent about half the
world's economic size, population, and energy use, and they produce
about 65 per cent of the world's coal, over 60 per cent
of the world's steel, 52 per cent of its aluminium and
62 per cent of its cement.
A non-legally binding Charter and a Work Plan were agreed to at its first meeting in
Sydney in January 2006. The Partnership aims to complement and
be consistent with the UNFCCC
but is not intended to replace the Kyoto Protocol. To date, the APP
has not developed any emissions targets, explicit timetable or
enforcement mechanisms and its publicly available documents do not
seem to directly address the science of climate change. The
APP does not seem to require developed countries to do anything
more than developing countries by way of policy responses, thus it
does not appear to directly address the concept of differentiated
responsibility under the UNFCCC.
A Policy and Implementation Committee (PIC) and an
Administrative Support Group have been formed to facilitate
implementation of the Partnership. The PIC will govern the
overall framework, policies and procedures of the Partnership,
periodically review progress of the collaborations, and provide
directions to the Administrative Support Group. Five PIC meetings
have been held so far, and the fifth one
was held in May 2008 in Seattle, USA. The United States
is serving as the Partnership's Administrative Support Group and
this arrangement was renewed for two years at the New Delhi
meetings in 2007.
sector task forces have been established:
The Australian Government allocated $33 million for the
'Asia Pacific Partnership' for 2008–09.
International site for Asia–Pacific
Official Australian APP site Asia–Pacific
Partnership on Clean Development and Climate—Home.
A new process for negotiating multilateral environmental
agreements? The Asia–Pacific climate partnership beyond
Kyoto, Australian Journal of International Affairs,
(60) 2, 2006, pp. 287–303.
Department of Resources, Energy and
Tourism, Portfolio Budget Statements
2008–09, Budget Related Paper
No. 1.16, p. 25, 2008.