The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) was
Australia’s proposed cap-and-trade emissions trading scheme.
It was to have been the main element in Australia’s efforts
to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.
The CPRS went through an extensive policy development
The CPRS went through a number of changes as the related
legislation was considered by Parliament.
- The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill
2009 was introduced to Parliament on 14 May 2009. It
passed through the House of Representatives on 4 June and was
introduced into the Senate on 15 June 2009. It failed to pass
through that chamber on 13 august 2009.
- The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009
(No. 2) was introduced to Parliament on 22 October and
passed through the House of Representatives on 16 November 2009.
Introduced into the Senate on 17 November, it failed to pass
through that chamber on 2 December 2009.
- The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2010
(the 2010 Bill) was introduced into Parliament on 2 February 2010
and passed through that chamber on 11 February. It was introduced
into the Senate on 22 February, but lapsed on 28 September 2010 due
to the calling of the 2010 Australian general election.
To date a similar Bill has not been introduced to
The former Rudd Government deferred the CPRS to at least 2013
due to the slow progress of global emissions control efforts and
the political difficulty of gaining Senate approval for this
scheme. The Gillard Government has, to date, promised no more than
to work towards the introduction of a carbon price over an
undefined time frame. Effectively the CPRS, in its last legislated
form, is now off Parliament’s legislative agenda. That said,
emissions trading remains one option open to the government to
control Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions and/or introduce
a carbon price
Department of Climate Change, Carbon pollution reduction scheme green paper,
Australian Government, 16 July 2008.
Department of Climate Change, Carbon Pollution Reduction
Scheme—Australia’s Low Pollution Future, Australian
Government, 15 December 2008.
L. Nielson, J Styles, A. Talberg and J.
Tomaras, Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme 2009 (No. 2),
Bills Digest, No. 59, 2009–2010, 29 October 2009,
Parliamentary Library, Canberra.