Australian Parliament House closed to visitors - the public main entrance will be closed indefinitely from 5pm 25 March 2020. Read more.

Parliamentary Budget Office

The PBO improves transparency around fiscal and budget policy issues, provides confidential costing services to all parliamentarians, and publishes a report after every election that shows the fiscal implications of major parties’ election commitments.

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Alternative financing of government policies: Understanding the fiscal costs and risks of loans, equity injections and guarantees
| 19 March 2020

This report examines trends in the use of alternative financing arrangements and explains how these arrangements relate to the Commonwealth budget.

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Parliamentary Budget Office
PO Box 6010
Parliament House
Canberra ACT 2600

02 6277 9500