House of Representatives Committees

| House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts

Footnotes

Preliminary Pages

[1]       Referred on 2 June 2011 by the Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, the Hon Tony Burke MP, and the Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, the Hon Greg Combet AM MP.

Chapter 1 Introduction to biodiversity and the inquiry

[1]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Canberra, 2011, p. 573.

[2]       W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 7.

[3]       DSEWPAC, ‘Biodiversity hotspots’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/hotspots/index.html> viewed 4 March 2013.

[4]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 45.

[5]       House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts (CCEA Committee), Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012.

[6]       CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012.

[7]       House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Water, Environment and the Arts, Managing our coastal zone in a changing climate: The time to act is now, October 2009.

[8]       Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Feature+Article12009%E2%80%9310> viewed 5 March 2013.

[9]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, , Canberra, 2011, p. 574, citing various sources; DSEWPAC, ‘Biodiversity hotspots’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/hotspots/index.html> viewed 4 March 2013.

[10]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 615.

[11]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 615.

[12]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 615.

[13]     ABS, ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Feature+Article12009%E2%80%9310> viewed 5 March 2013.

[14]     ABS, ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Feature+Article12009%E2%80%9310> viewed 5 March 2013; CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 8.

[15]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 382-83, citing AJ Butler, T Rees, P Beesley, NJ Bax, Marine biodiversity in the Australian region, PLoS ONE 2010;5(8):e11831. For further discussion on the Census of Marine Life, see CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 7‑8.

[16]     A.J. Butler, T. Rees, P. Beesley, N.J. Bax, Marine biodiversity in the Australian region, PLoS ONE 2010;5(8):e11831.

[17]     Australian Marine Sciences Association, Submission 17, p. 1.

[18]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 382.

[19]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 616.

[20]     ABS, ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Feature+Article12009%E2%80%9310> viewed 5 March 2013.

[21]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 612.

[22]     Water Resources and Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network, Submission 22, p. [4].

[23]     ABS, ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Feature+Article12009%E2%80%9310> viewed 5 March 2013.

[24]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 616.

[25]     DSEWPAC, ‘Biodiversity hotspots’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/hotspots/index.html> viewed 4 March 2013.

[26]     DSEWPAC, ‘Biodiversity hotspots’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/hotspots/index.html> viewed 4 March 2013.

[27]     Conservation International, ‘Overview’, <http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/asia-pacific/Southwest-Australia/Pages/default.aspx> and <http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/hotspots_revisited/key_findings/Pages/key_findings.aspx> viewed 4 March 2013.

[28]     Conservation International, ‘Hotspots defined’, <http://www.conservation.org/where/priority_areas/hotspots/Pages/hotspots_defined.aspx> viewed 4 March 2013.

[29]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 55, citing Andrew A Burbidge.

[30]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 617-18.

[31]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 55, citing Andrew A Burbidge.

[32]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 11‑12.

[33]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 59.

[34]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 44.

[35]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 45‑46.

[36]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 602, 610, 612.

[37]     Liz Burton, Submission 85, pp. 22‑23, quoting the ABS, ‘1301.0 – Year Book Australia, 2009‑10’.

[38]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 44. Section 179 of the EPBC Act categorises listed threatened species into six categories: extinct, extinct in the wild, critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable, and conservation dependent.

[39]     ABS, ‘4613.0 - Australia's Environment: Issues and Trends, Jan 2010’, <http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/DD486E7A8C8F95A4CA2576C000194E09?opendocument> viewed 5 March 2013.

[40]     Australian Coral Reef Society, Submission 63, p. [2].

[41]     Water Resources and Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network, Submission 22, p. [3].

[42]     Australian Government, ‘State of the Climate 2012’, Bureau of Meteorology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, 2012, pp. 4, 12.

[43]     Professor Will Steffen, Executive Director, Australian National University Climate Change Institute, Transcript of evidence, 13 October 2011, p. 2.

[44]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 7.

[45]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 7.

[46]     National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF), National Adaptation Research Network - Terrestrial Biodiversity, Submission 20, p. [2].

[47]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 9.

[48]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 9.

[49]     E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Hobday and A.J. Richardson (editors), Marine climate change in Australia: impacts and adaptation responses – 2012 report card, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, NCCARF Marine Biodiversity and Resources Adaptation Network, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra, 2012.

[50]     E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Hobday and A.J. Richardson (editors), Marine climate change in Australia: impacts and adaptation responses – 2012 report card, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, NCCARF Marine Biodiversity and Resources Adaptation Network, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra, 2012.

[51]     E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Hobday and A.J. Richardson (editors), Marine climate change in Australia: impacts and adaptation responses – 2012 report card, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, NCCARF Marine Biodiversity and Resources Adaptation Network, Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, Canberra, 2012.

[52]     Australian Institute of Marine Science, Submission 59, p. 2.

[53]     Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Submission 28, p. [1], as referring to the Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report 2009.

[54]     Australian Marine Sciences Association, Submission 17, p. 2.

[55]     AMSA, Submission 17, pp. 2‑3.

[56]     CSIRO, Submission 23, pp. 9‑10.

[57]     Water Resources and Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network, Submission 22, p. [3].

[58]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 25‑26; CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 45‑46.

[59]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 38‑40; CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 60‑61.

Chapter 2 Biodiversity, human communities and the economy

[1]       Monash Sustainability Institute, Submission 69, p. 1.

[2]       W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 20 (‘2009 report on Australia’s biodiversity and climate change’).

[3]       Professor Will Steffen, Exhibit 2, ‘Australia’s biodiversity and climate change: Summary for policy makers 2009’, 2009.

[4]       W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 20.

[5]       The Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, pp. 4, 8.

[6]       Monash Sustainability Institute, Submission 69, p. 6.

[7]       Dr Paul Sinclair, Program Manager, Healthy Ecosystems Program, Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 29.

[8]       The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Submission 23, pp. 12‑13.

[9]       CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 13.

[10]     Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 24.

[11]     Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005; W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 19.

[12]     Climate and Health Alliance, Submission 49, p. 2.

[13]     Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, p. 7.

[14]     Dr Marion Carey, Senior Research Fellow, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 48.

[15]     Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), Submission 73, pp. 10‑11.

[16]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 10.

[17]     Dr Carey, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, pp. 48, 51.

[18]     Monash Sustainability Institute, Submission 69, pp. 4, 5.

[19]     Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Submission 66, p. 5.

[20]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 5; DAFF, Submission 73, p. 12.

[21]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 5.

[22]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 12.

[23]     Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology, Submission 72, pp. 2‑3.

[24]     International Union for Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN WCPA), Submission 30, p. 6.

[25]     DAFF, Submission 73, pp. 12, 13.

[26]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 13.

[27]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 13.

[28]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 10.

[29]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 10.

[30]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 10.

[31]     Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology, Submission 72, p. 4.

[32]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 5.

[33]     Dr Carey, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 48.

[34]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 5.

[35]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 13.

[36]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 13.

[37]     Dr Carey, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 52.

[38]     Monash Sustainability Institute, Submission 69, pp. 4‑5.

[39]     Dr Carey, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 52.

[40]     Mr Dale Park, Senior Vice President, Western Australian Farmers Federation, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 16.

[41]     Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, pp. 4, 6.

[42]     Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, p. 7.

[43]     Dr Susie Burke, Senior Psychologist, Australian Psychological Society, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 49.

[44]     Dr Burke, Australian Psychological Society, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 49.

[45]     Dr Carey, Monash Sustainability Institute, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 48.

[46]     Ms Fiona Armstrong, Convenor, Climate and Health Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 54.

[47]     Dr Burke and Ms Armstrong, Climate and Health Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 54.

[48]     Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, p. 7.

[49]     Monash Sustainability Institute, Submission 69, p. 4.

[50]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 6.

[51]     Australian Psychological Society, Submission 62, p. 8.

[52]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 13; DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 6.

[53]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 6; In 2009, the total present economic value of the Great Barrier Reef, excluding Indigenous values, was valued at $51.4 billion: Oxford Economics, Valuing the effects of Great Barrier Reef bleaching, Great Barrier Reef Foundation, Newstead, 2009, p. 2.

[54]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 12.

[55]     Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Submission 28, p. [2].

[56]     Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Submission 28, p. [3].

[57]     Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), The AIMS Index of Marine Industry, AIMS, Canberra, 2012, p. 9.

[58]     Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology, Submission 72, p. 3.

[59]     Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 5.

[60]     House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts (CCEA Committee), Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 50.

[61]     Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Supplementary Submission 34.1, p. [4].

[62]     AIATSIS, Supplementary Submission 34.1, p. [4].

[63]     AIATSIS, Supplementary Submission 34.1, p. [4].

[64]     AIATSIS, Supplementary Submission 34.1, p. [5].

[65]     Climate and Health Alliance, Submission 49, p. 2; Ms Armstrong, Climate and Health Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 47.

[66]     Dr Burke, Australian Psychological Society, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 49.

[67]     Ms Armstrong, Climate and Health Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 48.

[68]     Ms Armstrong, Climate and Health Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 54.

[69]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, pp. 20‑21.

[70]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 21.

[71]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 21.

[72]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 9.

[73]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 9.

[74]     DSEWPAC, Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Environmental Offsets Policy, DSEWPAC, Canberra, October 2012, p. 26.

[75]     AIMS, Supplementary Submission 77.2, p. [1].

[76]     AIMS, The AIMS Index of Marine Industry, AIMS, Canberra, 2012, p. 6.

[77]     AIMS, The AIMS Index of Marine Industry, AIMS, Canberra, 2012, pp. 6‑7: The decrease in value was mainly due to reductions in marine resource related industries.

[78]     AIMS, The AIMS Index of Marine Industry, AIMS, Canberra, 2012, p. 6.

[79]     House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Water, Environment and the Arts, Managing our coastal zone in a changing climate: The time to act is now, October 2009, pp. 167-72.

[80]     Australian Government, Australian Government response, House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Water, Environment and the Arts, House of Representatives Committee Report: Managing our coastal zone in a changing climate: The time to act is now, November 2010, p. 19.

[81]     Planet Ark Environmental Foundation, Submission 21, p. 2.

[82]     Dr Sean O’Malley, Research and Technical Manager, Planet Ark Environmental Foundation, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 6.

[83]     Dr O’Malley, Planet Ark Environmental Foundation, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 6.

[84]     Mr Graham Tupper, National Liaison Manager, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 27.

[85]     Mr Tupper, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 28.

[86]     Ms Kate Andrews, Chair, Territory Natural Resource Management, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 10.

[87]     Western Catchment Management Authority, Submission 42, p. 3.

[88]     Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 21.

[89]     K. Andrews, K. Broderick, S. Ryan, Y. Sneddon, Australia’s NRM Governance System: Foundations and principles for meeting future challenges, Australian Regional NRM Chairs, Canberra, July 2010, p. 42.

[90]     BirdLife Australia, Supplementary Submission 40.1, p. [1].

[91]     BirdLife Australia, Supplementary Submission 40.1, p. [1]; Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Accounting for nature: a model for building the national environmental accounts of Australia, 2008, Sydney, pp. 4-5.

[92]     P. Cosier, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Environmental asset condition account trials in Australia, a paper prepared for the United Nations Statistics Division International Seminar entitled ‘Towards linking ecosystems and ecosystem services to economic and human activity’, New York, 27‑29 November 2012, pp. 3-4.

[93]     P. Cosier, Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists, Environmental asset condition account trials in Australia, a paper prepared for the United Nations Statistics Division International Seminar entitled ‘Towards linking ecosystems and ecosystem services to economic and human activity’, New York, 27‑29 November 2012, p. 4.

[94]     Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Submission 53, p. [4].

[95]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [4].

[96]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [5].

[97]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [5].

[98]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [5].

[99]     Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 23.

[100]   Dr Gretta Pecl, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 19.

[101]   Dr Pecl, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 19.

[102]   Conservation Council of South Australia, Submission 58, p. [6].

[103]   Conservation Council of South Australia, Submission 58, p. [6].

[104]   Mr Tupper, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 29.

[105]   Mr Tupper, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 29.

[106]   Mr Tupper, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 29.

[107]   Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 23.

[108]   Mr Kevin Evans, Chief Executive Officer, National Parks Association of New South Wales (NPA NSW), Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 29.

[109]   Mr Evans, NPA NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 29.

[110]   IUCN WCPA, Submission 30, p. 15.

[111]   Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology, Submission 72, p. 4.

[112]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 51‑52.

[113]   Professor Ted Lefroy, Director, Centre for Environment, University of Tasmania and Director, Landscapes and Policy National Environmental Research Hub, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[114]   Atlas of Living Australia (the Atlas), Submission 83, p. 2.

[115]   Dr John La Salle, Director, The Atlas, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 2.

[116]   Dr La Salle, The Atlas, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 4.

[117]   Dr La Salle, The Atlas, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 4.

[118]   IMAS, Submission 77, pp. [1], [2] and [3].

[119]   IMAS, Submission 77, p. [1].

[120]   IMAS, Submission 77, p. [3].

[121]   Dr Pecl, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 22.

[122]   Dr Pecl, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 22.

[123]   Dr Anthony Press, Chief Executive Officer, Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre (ACE CRC), Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[124]   Dr Pecl, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 19.

[125]   Dr Press, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[126]   Professor Graham Edgar, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 21.

[127]   Professor Edgar, IMAS, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 22.

[128]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 6.

[129]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 6. See chapter six for further discussion on this issue.

Chapter 3 Sustainable use of natural resources

[1]       Department of Infrastructure and Transport (DIT), Submission 56, p. 1.

[2]       DIT, Submission 56, p. 2.

[3]       The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Submission 23, pp. 17‑18.

[4]       Australian Coastal Society (ACS), Submission 61, p. 8.

[5]       ACS, Submission 61, pp. 7‑8.

[6]       Tom Farrell Institute for the Environment, Submission 82, p. 6.

[7]       Liz Burton, Submission 85, pp. 25‑26.

[8]       Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 28.

[9]       Western Australian Farmers Federation, Submission 48, p. [3].

[10]     Mr Alan Hill, Director of Policy, Western Australian Farmers Federation, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 20.

[11]     International Union for the Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN WCPA), Submission 30, p. 12.

[12]     Western Catchment Management Authority, Submission 42, pp. 3‑4.

[13]     The Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Submission 66, p. 11.

[14]     Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), Submission 73, p. 23.

[15]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 24.

[16]     Mr Sean Sullivan, Acting Deputy Secretary, DSEWPAC, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 31.

[17]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 45 and 54.

[18]     Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 13.

[19]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 45.

[20]     Coast and Wetlands Society Inc., Submission 51, p. 2.

[21]     Coast and Wetlands Society Inc., Submission 51, pp. 2‑3.

[22]     House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts (CCEA Committee), Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 70.

[23]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 6, 13‑14.

[24]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 48‑50.

[25]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 25, 34‑37.

[26]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 24.

[27]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 63‑64.

[28]     Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Submission 28, p. [4].

[29]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 10. The legislation to establish the Carbon Farming Initiative was referred to the Committee for consideration. Further information on the inquiry and the report of the Committee is available at: <http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House_of_Representatives_Committees?url=ccea/24march2011/report.htm> viewed 22 March 2013.

[30]     Dr Lisa Strelein, Director of Research, Indigenous Country and Governance, the Australian Institute for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, p. 3.

[31]     Dr Strelein, AIATSIS, Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, p. 3.

[32]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 18.

[33]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 24.

[34]     Mr Ian Thompson, First Assistant Secretary, Sustainable Resource Management, DAFF, Transcript of evidence, House Standing Committee on Agriculture, Resources, Fisheries and Forestry’s Inquiry into the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry annual report 2011-12 and Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities annual report 2011-12, 13 February 2013, p. 3. The transcript is available at: <http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query%3DId%3A%22committees%2Fcommrep%2F78974eb1-1b55-4363-83cd-b5a7cc9064c0%2F0000%22> viewed 22 March 2013.

[35]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 24; Australian Government, Caring for our Country: An outline for the future 2013‑2018, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities and Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra, 2012, p. 4.

[36]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 24.

[37]     Department of Environment and Resource Management (Queensland Government), Submission 70, pp. 5‑6. In April 2012, the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection was established, following machinery-of-government changes.

[38]     National Farmers’ Federation, Submission 43, p. 14.

[39]     Environmental Champions Program, ‘Overview of Environmental Champions Program – Australia’, <http://www.environmentalchampions.rga.org.au/about_ecp/Overview.htm> viewed 26 February 2013.

[40]     Environmental Champions Program, ‘Overview of Environmental Champions Program – Australia’, < http://www.environmentalchampions.rga.org.au/about_ecp/Overview.htm> viewed 26 February 2013.

Chapter 4 Connectivity conservation

[1]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Canberra, 2011, Glossary, p. 906.

[2]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 357.

[3]       DSEWPAC, ‘The National Reserve System (NRS)’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/index.html> viewed 15 January 2013; DSEWPAC, ‘The National Reserve System (NRS) – Private landholders’, < http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/getting-involved/private.html> viewed 15 January 2012.

[4]       DSEWPAC, ‘Commonwealth Marine Reserves’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/marinereserves/index.html> viewed 16 January 2012.

[5]       DSEWPAC, National wildlife corridors plan: A framework for landscape-scale conservation, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2012, p. 1.

[6]       The Great Eastern Ranges Initiative corridor and Gondwana Link were considered by the Committee during its program of site inspections ‑ see House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 14-15, 41-43.

[7]       DSEWPAC, ‘The National Reserve System (NRS)’, <http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/index.html> viewed 15 January 2013.

[8]       Australian Government, Australia’s Strategy for the National Reserve System 2009‑30, endorsed by the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, Canberra, May 2009, p. 13. (NRS Strategy)

[9]       State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 651, 654.

[10]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 654.

[11]     The Committee was initially aware of this view from the report of the Biodiversity and Climate Change Expert Advisory Group, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change: A strategic assessment of the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity to climate change – Summary for policy makers 2009, Summary of a report to the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council commissioned by the Australia Government, Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Canberra, 2009, p. 14 (Exhibit 2).

[12]     Dr Robert Lambeck, former Chief Executive Officer, Greening Australia (WA), Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 31.

[13]     Mr Hamish Jolly, Adviser and former Chief Executive Officer, Greening Australia, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 34.

[14]     IUCN WCPA, Submission 30, p. 2.

[15]     National Parks Association of Queensland Inc., Submission 12, p. [1].

[16]     The Australian Network of Environmental Defender’s Offices (ANEDO), Submission 57, p. 14.

[17]     ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 14.

[18]     ANEDO, Submission 57, pp. 14‑15.

[19]     ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 15.

[20]     Mr Greg Leaman, Executive Director, Policy, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (South Australian Government) (DENR), Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 8.

[21]     Boobook Declaration Steering Committee, Submission 11, p. 6; BirdLife Australia, Submission 40, p. 8.

[22]     National Parks Association of New South Wales (NPA NSW), Submission 45, p. 4.

[23]     DENR, Submission 80, p. 2.

[24]     ACT Government, Submission 75, pp. 1-2.

[25]     NPA NSW, Submission 45, p. [3].

[26]     Australian Marine Sciences Association (AMSA), Submission 17, p. 3.

[27]     NPA NSW, Submission 45, pp. 5-6.

[28]     Namoi Catchment Management Authority (Namoi CMA), Submission 31, p. [2].

[29]     Namoi CMA, Submission 31, p. [3].

[30]     Mr Leaman, DENR, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 7.

[31]     NPA NSW, Submission 45, p. 5.

[32]     The Hon. Bob Debus, Chair, National Wildlife Corridors Plan (NWCP) Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p.  20.

[33]     Dr Judy Henderson, NWCP Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, pp. 21-22.

[34]     Mr Jolly, Greening Australia, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 31.

[35]     Mr Jolly, Greening Australia, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 33.

[36]     Mr Leaman, DENR, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, pp. 7-8.

[37]     Mr Rob Dunn, Chief Executive Officer, Great Eastern Ranges (GER) Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 13.

[38]     Australian Coral Reef Society (ACRS), Submission 63, p. [8].

[39]     BirdLife Australia (formerly Birds Australia), Submission 40, p. [8].

[40]     BirdLife Australia, Submission 40, p. [8].

[41]     Greening Australia, Submission 24, p. 4.

[42]     National Farmers’ Federation (NFF), Submission 43, p. 16.

[43]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 13.

[44]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 14.

[45]     Mr Renata Zelinova, Manager, Perth Biodiversity Project, Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA), Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 12.

[46]     Mr Zelinova, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 13.

[47]     AMSA, Submission 17, p. 4. Further, the Committee understands that the continental shelf south of the Great Barrier Reef also restricts the movement of corals southward.

[48]     Ms Nicola Rivers, Environmental Defender’s Office Victoria, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 9.

[49]     Mr Leaman, DENR, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 11.

[50]     The Hon. Bob Debus, NWCP Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 25; Dr Henderson, NWCP Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 26.

[51]     Mr Kevin Evans, Chief Executive Officer, NPA NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, pp. 27-28.

[52]     Mr Evans, NPA NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 27.

[53]     Mr Evans, NPA NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, pp. 27, 30.

[54]     ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 25.

[55]     ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 25.

[56]     ANEDO, Submission 57, pp. 25-26.

[57]     Ms Penelope Figgis, Vice Chair for Oceania, International Union for Conservation of Nature, World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN WCPA), Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 22.

[58]     Ms Figgis, IUCN WCPA, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 22.

[59]     Namoi CMA, Submission 31, p. [3].

[60]     DSEWPAC, ‘The National Reserve System (NRS) – Private landholders’, < http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/getting-involved/private.html> viewed 15 January 2012.

[61]     Mr Leaman, DENR, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 9.

[62]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 9.

[63]     Dr Craig James, Research Theme Leader, Managing Species and Natural Ecosystems, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 5.

[64]     See, for example, Mr Tim Low, Submission 67, p. [7].

[65]     Mr Tim Low, Submission 67, p. [7].

[66]     National Parks Association of Queensland Inc., Submission 12, p. [4]; Mr Tim Low, Submission 67, pp. [2], [7].

[67]     IUCN WCPA, Submission 30, p. 9.

[68]     Coast and Wetlands Society Inc., Submission 51, p. 3; National Parks Association of Queensland Inc., Submission 12, p. 4

[69]     Invasive Species Council, Corridor risk assessment needed: A submission about the draft National Wildlife Corridors Plan, Fairfield, Victoria, April 2012, p. 8.

[70]     Invasive Species Council, Corridor risk assessment needed: A submission about the draft National Wildlife Corridors Plan, Fairfield, Victoria, April 2012, p. 8.

[71]     Invasive Species Council, Corridor risk assessment needed: A submission about the draft National Wildlife Corridors Plan, Fairfield, Victoria, April 2012, p. 8.

[72]     The Hon. Bob Debus, NWCP Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 25.

[73]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 12.

[74]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 12.

[75]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 12.

[76]     South Coast Natural Resource Management (South Coast NRM), Submission 76, p. [3]; Mr Tim Low, Submission 67, p. [8].

[77]     Dr Graeme Worboys, Vice-Chair, Mountains and Connectivity Conservation, IUCN WCPA, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 2.

[78]     DENR, Submission 80, p. 3.

[79]     Ms Kate Andrews, Chair, Territory Natural Resource Management (Territory NRM), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, pp. 7-8.

[80]     Professor Bernard Dell, Chief Investigator, and Professor Giles Hardy, Director, Western Australian Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodland and Forest Health, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 40.

[81]     Professor Hardy, Western Australian Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodland and Forest Health, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 40.

[82]     Professor Dell, Western Australian Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodland and Forest Health, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 41

[83]     AMSA, Submission 17, p. 4.

[84]     ACRS, Submission 63, p. [8].

[85]     ACRS, Submission 63, p. [6].

[86]     ACRS, Submission 63, p. [6].

[87]     Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 9.

[88]     IUCN WCPA, Submission 30, p. 3.

[89]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 13.

[90]     Mr Dunn, GER Initiative, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 14.

[91]     Biodiversity and Climate Change Expert Advisory Group, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change: A strategic assessment of the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity to climate change – Summary for policy makers 2009, Summary of a report to the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council commissioned by the Australia Government, Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Canberra, 2009, p. 14.

Chapter 5 Climate change adaptation strategies

[1]       Dr Graeme Worboys, Vice-Chair, Mountains and Connectivity Conservation, International Union for the Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN WCPA), Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 7.

[2]       Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), Submission 53, p. [1].

[3]       Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Submission 23, pp. 3, 14, 15; supported also by the Australian Network of Environmental Defender’s Offices, Submission 57, p. 11.

[4]       Dr Craig James, Research Theme Leader, Managing Species and Natural Ecosystems, and Dr Andy Sheppard, Research Theme Leader, Building Resilient Australian Biodiversity Assets, CSIRO, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 4.

[5]       CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 3.

[6]       Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre (ACE CRC), Submission 79, p. [5].

[7]       CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 5.

[8]       CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 5.

[9]       Australian Academy of Science, Submission 32, pp. 3-4.

[10]     Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA), Submission 37, pp. 10-11.

[11]     WALGA, Submission 37, p. 11.

[12]     New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, Submission 5, p. [3].

[13]     NSW Aboriginal Land Council, Submission 5, p. [3].

[14]     Professor Jon Altman and Dr Seán Kerins, Submission 10, p. 2.

[15]     Dr Patricia Hutchings, Senior Principal Research Scientist, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 3.

[16]     Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[17]     Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[18]     Australian Academy of Science, Submission 32, p. 3; Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority (CMA), Submission 6, p. [5]; South West Catchments Council, Submission 13, p. 11.

[19]     Ecological Society of Australia, Submission 15, p. 8.

[20]     National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) National Adaptation Research Network – Terrestrial Biodiversity, Submission 20, p. [3].

[21]     Dr James, CSIRO, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 8.

[22]     Dr Peter Whitehead, Advisor, Northern Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, pp. 13-14.

[23]     South West Catchments Council, Submission 13, pp. 10-11.

[24]     South West Catchments Council, Submission 13, pp. 10-11.

[25]     Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology (RCAAE), Submission 72, p. 3.

[26]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 12.

[27]     Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, Submission 29, p. 4.

[28]     Australian Marine Sciences Association (AMSA), Submission 17, p. 5.

[29]     AMSA, Submission 17, p. 6.

[30]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 14.

[31]     Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [7]; Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 7.

[32]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 5.

[33]     RCAAE, Submission 72, p. 3.

[34]     RCAAE, Submission 72, p. 3.

[35]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 4.

[36]     NCCARF National Adaptation Research Network – Terrestrial Biodiversity, Submission 20, p. [3].

[37]     NCCARF National Adaptation Research Network – Terrestrial Biodiversity, Submission 20, p. [4].

[38]     Professor Jon Altman and Dr Seán Kerins, Submission 10, p. 5.

[39]     Professor Jon Altman and Dr Seán Kerins, Submission 10, p. 6.

[40]     Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 7.

[41]     AMSA, Submission 17, p. 5.

[42]     Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 8.

[43]     Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, p. 2.

[44]     Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, pp. 2-3.

[45]     Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [2].

[46]     Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 5.

[47]     Ecological Society of Australia, Submission 15, p. 7.

[48]     Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [6].

[49]     Ecological Society of Australia, Submission 15, pp. 2, 7-8.

[50]     Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 14, p. 9.

[51]     CSIRO, Submission 23, pp. 11, 15.

[52]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 15.

[53]     Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [7].

[54]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 2.

[55]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 2.

[56]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, pp. 2-3.

[57]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, pp. 2-3.

[58]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 15.

[59]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 1.

[60]     Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 4.

[61]     RCAAE, Submission 72, p. 2. Translocation is also discussed in terms of governance of species in chapter seven.

[62]     Professor Kristine French, President, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 16.

[63]     Dr Lisa Strelein, Director of Research, Indigenous Country and Governance, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, pp. 5-6.

[64]     Dr Strelein, AIATSIS, Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, p. 5.

[65]     Dr Strelein, AIATSIS, Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, p. 6.

[66]     Water Resources and Freshwater Biodiversity Adaptation Research Network (WRAFBARN), Submission 22, p. [1].

[67]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 16.

[68]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 16.

[69]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 16.

[70]     Dr Alistair Hobday, Research Scientist, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 41.

[71]     CSIRO, Submission 23.1, p. 3.

[72]     CSIRO, Submission 23.1, p. 3.

[73]     Dr Nic Bax, Research Scientist, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 42.

[74]     Professor Jon Altman and Dr Seán Kerins, Submission 10, p. 6.

[75]     Boobook Declaration Steering Committee, Submission 11, pp. 9-10; Conservation Council of South Australia, Submission 58, p. [5].

[76]     Ecological Society of Australia, Submission 15, pp. 5-7.

[77]     National Parks Australia Council (NPAC), Submission 18, p. 4.

[78]     Ms Christine Goonrey, President, NPAC, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, pp. 26‑27.

[79]     NPAC, Submission 18, pp. 3-4.

[80]     Mr Matt Ruchel, Member, NPAC, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 27.

[81]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [2].

[82]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [2].

[83]     ABS, Submission 53, p. [3].

[84]     Dr Whitehead, NAILSMA, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 15. See also House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts (CCEA Committee), Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 50.

[85]     Associate Professor Mark Hovenden, University of Tasmania, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 32.

[86]     Associate Professor Mark Hovenden, Submission 9, p. 48.

[87]     Associate Professor Hovenden, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 32.

[88]     Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Submission 66, p. 11.

[89]     DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 11.

[90]     ACE CRC, Submission 79, p. [5].

[91]     ACE CRC, Submission 79, p. [5].

[92]     Mr John Gunn, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 22.

[93]     NCCARF National Adaptation Research Network – Terrestrial Biodiversity, Submission 20, p. 3.

[94]     Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, pp. 6-7.

[95]     AIATSIS, Submission 34.1, p. [7].

[96]     AIATSIS, Submission 34.1, p. [7].

[97]     Professor French, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 19.

[98]     Professor French, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 19.

[99]     Professor French, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 19.

[100]   Healesville Environment Watch Inc., Submission 16, p. [2].

[101]   Healesville Environment Watch Inc., Submission 16, p. [3].

[102]   Academy of Science, Submission 32, p. 1.

[103]   Academy of Science, Submission 32, p. 5.

[104]   Academy of Science, Submission 32, p. 5.

[105]   Academy of Science, Submission 32, p. 4.

[106]   Academy of Science, Submission 32, pp. 4-5.

[107]   WALGA, Submission 37, p. 5.

[108]   WALGA, Submission 37, p. 5.

[109]   WALGA, Submission 37, p. 11.

[110]   Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), Submission 64, p. 1.

[111]   Dr Jane Fromont, Head of Department of Aquatic Zoology, Western Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 23.

[112]   Dr Fromont, Western Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 23.

[113]   Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[114]   Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[115]   Dr Bax, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 39.

[116]   Mr Gunn, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 22.

[117]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 7.

[118]   Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[119]   Dr Karen Miller, Secretary, AMSA, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 29.

[120]   Dr Miller, AMSA, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 29.

[121]   Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 9.

[122]   Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 4.

[123]   WRAFBARN, Submission 22, p. [8].

[124]   WRAFBARN, Submission 22, p. [8].

[125]   Dr Bax, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 38.

[126]   Dr Anthony Press, Chief Executive Officer, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[127]   Dr Press, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[128]   Dr Press, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[129]   Dr Bax, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 38.

[130]   Dr Bax, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 38.

[131]   Professor Edward Lefroy, University of Tasmania, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[132]   Dr Press, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[133]   Professor Lefroy, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[134]   Professor Lefroy, ACE CRC, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 8.

[135]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 6.

[136]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, pp. 6-7.

[137]   Professor Mark Hovenden, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 32.

[138]   Ms Penelope Figgis, Vice Chair for Oceania , IUCN WCPA, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 23.

[139]   Professor Hovenden, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 36; Professor Mark Hovenden, Submission 9, p. 47.

[140]   Professor Hoffman, University of Melbourne, Dr Ewen Silvester, La Trobe University, and Dr Carl-Henrik Wahren, La Trobe University, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, pp. 17-19.

[141]   Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 19.

[142]   RCAAE, Submission 72, p. 2.

[143]   Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 22.

[144]   Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 22.

[145]   Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 23.

[146]   Professor Graham Edgar, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 21.

[147]   ABS, Submission 53, pp. [1], [7].

[148]   DSEWPAC, Submission 66, p. 11.

[149]   Mr Sean Sullivan, DSEWPAC, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, pp. 34-35.

[150]   Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIISRTE), Submission 87, p. 11.

[151]   DIISRTE, Submission 87, pp. 11-12.

[152]   DIISRTE, Submission 87, p. 13.

[153]   Biodiversity and Climate Change Expert Advisory Group, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change: A strategic assessment of the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity to climate change – Summary for policy makers 2009, Summary of a report to the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council commissioned by the Australia Government, Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, Canberra, 2009, p. 20 (Exhibit 2).

[154]   ABS, Submission 53, p. [1].

[155]   ABS, Submission 53, p. [1].

[156]   ABS, Submission 53, p. [3].

[157]   ABS, Submission 53, p. [4].

[158]   ABS, Submission 53, pp. [5]-[6].

[159]   ACF, Submission 64, p. 8.

[160]   Dr Paul Sinclair, Program Manager, Healthy Ecosystems Program, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 27.

[161]   Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 28.

[162]   Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, pp. 27-28.

[163]   Dr Sinclair, ACF, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 28.

[164]   Dr John La Salle, Atlas of Living Australia (the Atlas), Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 3.

[165]   The Atlas, Submission 83, p. 2.

[166]   The Atlas, Submission 83, p. 2.

[167]   Australian Museum, ‘DigiVol (Volunteer Digitisation Project) – Australian Museum, <http://australianmuseum.net.au/Digitisation-Project-Volunteers> viewed 6 February 2013.

[168]   South Australian Museum, ‘Digitisation Project – South Australian Museum’, <http://www.samuseum.sa.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&Itemid=171&catid=35&id=403&view=article> viewed 6 February 2013.

[169]   The Atlas, Submission 83, p. 2.

[170]   The Atlas, Submission 83, p. 2.

[171]   The Atlas, Submission 83, p. 2.

[172]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 6.

[173]   Australian Seed Bank Partnership, Submission 19, p. 6.

[174]   Dr Brian Lassig, Assistant Director, Research and Collections Division, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 6.

[175]   Dr Sheppard, CSIRO, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 7.

[176]   Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 2.

[177]   Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 6.

[178]   Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 6.

[179]   Dr Miller, AMSA, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 31; AMSA, Submission 17, p. 7.

[180]   Dr Miller, AMSA, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 27.

[181]   AMSA, Submission 17, p. 6.

[182]   AMSA, Submission 17, p. 6.

[183]   AMSA, Submission 17, p. 6.

[184]   Associate Professor Neil Holbrook, Private capacity, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 14.

[185]   AMSA, Submission 17, pp. 6-7.

[186]   Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 6.

[187]   Dr Hobday, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 37.

[188]   Dr Hobday, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 41.

[189]   Dr Hobday, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 41.

[190]   WALGA, Submission 37, p. 9.

[191]   Ms Renata Zelinova, Manager, Perth Biodiversity Project, and Mr Mark Batty, Executive Manager, Environment and Waste, 7 November 2011, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, pp. 12-13, 14.

[192]   CSIRO, Submission 23.1, p. 3.

[193]   CSIRO, Submission 23.1, p. 3.

[194]   WRAFBARN, Submission 22, p. [6].

[195]   Dr Hobday, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Transcript of evidence, 31 January 2012, p. 41.

[196]   Professor Jon Altman and Dr Seán Kerins, Submission 10, p. 4.

[197]   Dr Whitehead, NAILSMA, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 15.

[198]   Dr Whitehead, NAILSMA, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 15.

[199]   Dr Whitehead, NAILSMA, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 14.

[200]   Dr Whitehead, NAILSMA, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 14.

[201]   Professor Ary Hoffman and Dr Carla Sgro, Submission 8, p. 2.

[202]   Professor Hovenden, Transcript of Evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 32.

[203]   Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 22; CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, pp. 40-41.

[204]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 12.

[205]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 52‑54.

[206]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 67‑69.

[207]   Dr S. Morton and Ms A. Tinney, Independent Review of Australian Government Environmental Information Activity: Final Report, DSEWPAC, Canberra, November 2012, pp. xii-xv.

[208]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 33.

[209]   CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 9.

Chapter 6 Natural resource management

[1]       Australian Government, Caring for our country business plan 2012‑13, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, and Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra, 2011, p. 95.

[2]       Australian Government, Australia’s Strategy for the National Reserve System 2009‑30, endorsed by the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, Canberra, May 2009, p. 4. This example referred to ‘effective and adaptive management regimes’ as supporting actions to meet national targets for a National Reserve System.

[3]       Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, ‘Carbon Farming Initiative—Think Change’, <http://www.climatechange.gov.au/cfi> viewed 3 January 2013.

[4]       South West Catchments Council (SWCC), Submission 13, pp. 11-12.

[5]       Mr Mark Batty, Executive Manager, Environment and Waste, Western Australian Local Government Association (WALGA), Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 10; Dr Jeremy VanDerWal, Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 6; Mr Andrew Maclean, Executive Director, Wet Tropics Management Authority (WTMA), Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 29.

[6]       Ms Kate Andrews, Chair, Territory Natural Resource Management (NRM), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 9.

[7]       Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 10.

[8]       Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [3].

[9]       Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, p. 4.

[10]     National Landcare Facilitator, Australian farmers embrace Landcare, but call for innovation, media release, Chatswood, NSW, 9 August 2012.

[11]     Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), Submission 64, pp. 9-10.

[12]     Dr Judy Henderson, Member, National Wildlife Corridors Plan (NWCP) Advisory Group, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, pp. 23, 26.

[13]     Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, p. 3.

[14]     Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, p. 4.

[15]     Queensland Murray-Darling Committee, Submission 14, p. 12.

[16]     Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 12.

[17]     Mr Greg Leaman, Executive Director, Policy, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (South Australian Government), Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 12.

[18]     Ms Penelope Figgis, Vice Chair for Oceania, International Union for Conservation of Nature World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN WCPA), Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 25.

[19]     Mr Batty, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 10.

[20]     Mr Batty, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 10.

[21]     Mr Batty, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, pp. 9, 11.

[22]     Mr Keiran McNamara, Director General, Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australian Government) (DEC), Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 4.

[23]     Mr McNamara, DEC, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 7.

[24]     SWCC, Submission 13, p. 12.

[25]     Mr Hamish Jolly, Advisor and former Chief Executive Officer, Greening Australia, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 34.

[26]     Mr Sean Sullivan, Acting Deputy Secretary, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 29.

[27]     Professor Kristine French, President, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 18; Ms Figgis, IUCN WCPA, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 25; Mr Batty, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 10.

[28]     SWCC, Submission 13, p. 12.

[29]     Professor French, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 18.

[30]     BirdLife Australia (formerly Birds Australia), Submission 40, p. [12]; Conservation Council of South Australia, Submission 58, p. [6].

[31]     Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 9.

[32]     Western CMA, Submission 42, pp. 3-4.

[33]     Namoi CMA, Submission 31, p. 3.

[34]     Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 11.

[35]     Goulburn Broken CMA, Submission 6, p. [3].

[36]     Terrain NRM, Submission 47, p. 7.

[37]     Ms Andrews, Territory NRM, Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 10.

[38]     Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010‑30, report prepared by the National Biodiversity Strategy Review Task Group, NRMMC, Canberra, 2010, p. 10.

[39]     Australian Government, Rural Research and Development Corporations: Report no. 52, final inquiry report, Productivity Commission, Canberra, 2011, pp. 218-20.

[40]     Australian Government, Rural Research and Development Policy Statement, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Canberra, July 2012, p. 34.

[41]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 576.

[42]     BirdLife Australia, Submission 40, p. [9].

[43]     W. Steffen, A.A. Burbidge, L. Hughes, R. Kitching, D. Lindenmayer, W. Musgrave, M. Stafford Smith, P.A. Werner, Australia’s biodiversity and climate change, CSIRO publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, 2009, p. 164.

[44]     Associate Professor Mark Hovenden, University of Tasmania, Transcript of evidence, Melbourne, 4 May 2012, p. 32.

[45]     Border Rivers-Gwydir CMA, Submission 7, p. 3.

[46]     Ms Figgis, IUCN WCPA, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 23.

[47]     Mr John Gunn, Chief Executive Officer, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 22.

[48]     NSW Government, ‘Environmental Trust: NSW Environment and Heritage’, <http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/grants/envtrust.htm> viewed 9 April 2013.

[49]     Mr Kevin Evans, Chief Executive Officer, National Parks Association of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 29.

[50]     Mr Jolly, Greening Australia, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 34.

[51]     Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Submission 34.1, p. 7; Dr Lisa Strelein, Director of Research, Indigenous Country and Governance, AIATSIS, Transcript of evidence, 20 September 2012, p. 2.

[52]     Australian Government, Caring for our country business plan 2012‑13, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, and Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra, 2011, p. 12.

[53]     Australian Government, Caring for our Country, ‘Regional base-level funding’, <http://www.nrm.gov.au/funding/previous/regional-base-level/index.html> viewed 9 April 2013.

[54]     Mr Batty, WALGA, Transcript of evidence, 7 November 2011, p. 10.

[55]     Australian Government, Caring for our Country, ‘Funding’, <http://www.nrm.gov.au/funding/index.html> viewed 9 April 2013.

[56]     Australian Government, Caring for our Country, ‘Funding’, <http://www.nrm.gov.au/funding/index.html> viewed 9 April 2013.

[57]     Mr Sullivan, DSEWPAC, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012, p. 29.

[58]     Australian Government, Rural Research and Development Policy Statement, July 2012, p. 34.

Chapter 7 Governance issues

[1]       Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC), ‘Reform of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act’, < http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/reform/index.html> viewed 8 February 2012; Dr Kimberley Dripps, DSEWPAC, Senate Environment and Communications References Committee Inquiry into the EPBC Amendment (Retaining Federal Approval Powers) Bill 2012 Transcript of evidence, 15 February 2013, p. 56.

[2]       EPBC Act, s. 44.

[3]       Ms Christine Goonrey, President, National Parks Australia Council (NPAC), Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 27.

[4]       Ms Goonrey, NPAC, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 28.

[5]       Ms Nicola Rivers, Law Reform Director, Environmental Defender’s Office Victoria, Australian Network of Environmental Defender’s Offices (ANEDO), Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 8.

[6]       Ms Rivers, Environmental Defenders’ Office Victoria, ANEDO, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 8; Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 2; Miss Noriko Wynn, Policy and Communications Officer, Conservation Council of South Australia, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 17.

[7]       Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 22.

[8]       Ms Julia Winefield, Campaign Coordinator, Conservation Council of South Australia, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 18.

[9]       Ms Elizabeth McKinnon and Ms Rivers, Environmental Defenders’ Office Victoria, ANEDO, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, pp. 10, 11.

[10]     Views were expressed by a range of inquiry participants, including from Liz Burton, Submission 85, p. 22.

[11]     Ms McKinnon, Environmental Defenders’ Office Victoria, ANEDO, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 10.

[12]     Miss Wynn, Conservation Council of South Australia, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 17.

[13]     Ms Rivers, Environmental Defenders’ Office Victoria, ANEDO, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 9.

[14]     ANEDO, Submission 57.1, pp. [3]‑[4].

[15]     ANEDO, Submission 57.1, p. [4].

[16]     Urban Development Institute of Australia, Submission 26, p. [2].

[17]     Urban Development Institute of Australia, Submission 26, p. [2].

[18]     EPBC Act, ss. 178, 181, 183.

[19]     Ms McKinnon, Environmental Defenders’ Office Victoria, ANEDO, Transcript of evidence, 4 May 2012, p. 9; ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 16.

[20]     Miss Wynn, Conservation Council of South Australia, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 17.

[21]     Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts, The operation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Canberra, March 2009, p. x.

[22]     Australian Government, Response to the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts Committee Report: Operations of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (First, Second and Final Reports), Canberra, September 2011, p. 5.

[23]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 659.

[24]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 634, 638.

[25]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 656.

[26]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 656.

[27]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, pp. 633, 636.

[28]     Professor Kristine French, President, Ecological Society of Australia, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 17.

[29]     Dr Craig James, Research Theme Leader, Building Resilient Australian Biodiversity Assets, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 3.

[30]     Dr James, CSIRO, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 5.

[31]     Western Australian Local Government Association, Submission 37, p. 10.

[32]     Dr James, CSIRO, Transcript of evidence, 16 August 2012, p. 5.

[33]     Dr Ben Phillips, Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 4.

[34]     Dr Phillips, Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change, Transcript of evidence, 5 July 2012, p. 4.

[35]     CSIRO, Submission 23, p. 15.

[36]     House of Representatives Standing Committee on Climate Change, Environment and the Arts (CCEA Committee), Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, pp. 60-61.

[37]     Mr R. Beale, Dr J. Fairbrother, Mr A. Inglis and Mr D. Trebeck, One Biosecurity, A working partnership: The independent review of Australia’s quarantine and biosecurity arrangements report to the Australian Government, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, 2008.

[38]     Invasive Species Council (ISC), Submission 60, p. 10.

[39]     Mr Andrew Cox, President, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 6.

[40]     Professor Ary Hoffman, University of Melbourne, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 21.

[41]     Mr Cox, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 7.

[42]     State of the Environment 2011 Committee, Australia State of the Environment 2011: An independent report presented to the Australian Government Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, DSEWPAC, Canberra, 2011, p. 659.

[43]     Australian Museum, Submission 27, p. 4; Dr Patricia Hutchings, Senior Principal Research Scientist, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 4.

[44]     Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 4.

[45]     Dr Hutchings, Australian Museum, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 4.

[46]     Dr Alaric Fisher, Executive Director, Biodiversity Conservation, Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport (Northern Territory), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 5.

[47]     Dr Fisher, Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport (Northern Territory), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 6.

[48]     Dr Fisher, Department of Natural Resources, Environment, the Arts and Sport (Northern Territory), Transcript of evidence, 4 July 2012, p. 2.

[49]     NPAC, Submission 18, p. 3.

[50]     Mr Cox, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 7.

[51]     Mr Cox, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 7.

[52]     Mr Cox, ISC, and Mr Doug Laing, Member, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, pp. 8, 12.

[53]     Mr Cox, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 8.

[54]     Mr Laing, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 9.

[55]     Mr Cox, ISC, Transcript of evidence, 21 June 2012, p. 9.

[56]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 2, November 2012, p. 17.

[57]     Miss Wynn, Conservation Council of South Australia, Transcript of evidence, 17 May 2012, p. 17.

[58]     Australian Research Council, Submission 86, pp. [2]-[3].

[59]     Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (DIISRTE), Submission 87, p. [6].

[60]     DIISRTE, Submission 87, p. 4.

[61]     DIISRTE, Submission 87, p. 5.

[62]     DIISRTE, Submission 87, p. 9.

[63]     DIISRTE, Submission 87, p. 9.

[64]     DIISRTE, Submission 87, pp. 8, 9, 16-18.

[65]     CCEA Committee, Case studies on biodiversity conservation: volume 1, May 2012, p. 41.

[66]     ANEDO, Submission 57, p. 15.

[67]     Ms Matt Ruchel, Member, NPAC, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 27.

[68]     Mr Kevin Evans, Chief Executive Officer, National Parks Association of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 26.

[69]     Mr Evans, National Parks Association of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 26.

[70]     Mr Evans, National Parks Association of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 30.

[71]     NPAC, Submission 18, p. 4.

[72]     Mr Roger Good, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 7.

[73]     Research Centre for Applied Alpine Ecology, Submission 72, p. 4.

[74]     Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 20.

[75]     Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 17.

[76]     Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 21.

[77]     Professor Hoffman, Transcript of evidence, 2 March 2012, p. 21.

[78]     Dr David Wachenfeld, Director, Ecosystem, Conservation and Sustainable Use, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Transcript of evidence, 12 October 2012. pp. 18-19.

[79]     Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), Submission 73, pp. 2, 12-13.

[80]     DAFF, Submission 73, p. 16.

[81]     Ms Lorraine Bower, Spokesperson, Australian Forests and Climate Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 9.

[82]     South East Forest Rescue, Submission 39, p. 1.

[83]     Mr Pepe Clarke, Chief Executive Officer, Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 10.

[84]     Mr Clarke, Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 11.

[85]     Mr Clarke, Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 11.

[86]     Ms Bower, Australian Forests and Climate Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 8.

[87]     Ms Bower, Australian Forests and Climate Alliance, Transcript of evidence, 28 March 2012, p. 12.

[88]     The Institute of Foresters of Australia, Submission 89, p. [1].

[89]     The Institute of Foresters of Australia, Submission 89, p. [1].

[90]     The Institute of Foresters of Australia, Submission 89, p. [1].

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