House of Representatives Committees


| Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade

Footnotes

Chapter 1 Introduction

[1]       The World Bank defines Civil Society as referring to: the term civil society to refer to the wide array of non-governmental and not-for-profit organisations that have a presence in public life, expressing the interests and values of their members or others, based on ethical, cultural, political, scientific, religious or philanthropic considerations. Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) therefore refer to a wide of array of organisations: community groups, non-government organisations, labour unions, indigenous groups, charitable organisations, faith-based organisations, professional associations, and foundations. World Bank, ‘Defining Civil Society’, viewed on 29 March 2012, <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/CSO/0,,contentMDK:20101499~menuPK:244752~pagePK:220503~piPK:220476~theSitePK:228717,00.html>

[2]       See appendices A, B and C.

Chapter 2 Australia’s Human Rights Dialogues

[1]       Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 3.

[2]       Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 2.

[3]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[4]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, pp. 5, 6.

[5]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[6]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[7]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 6.

[8]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[9]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[10]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[11]     Attorney General’s Department, Submission no. 25, p. 2.

[12]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, Appendix D.

[13]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[14]     Dr Boersig, Attorney General’s Department, Transcript, 24 November 2011, p. 4.

[15]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[16]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[17]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[18]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 8.

[19]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 8.

[20]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 5.

[21]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[22]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, pp. 8-9.

[23]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, Appendix D.

[24]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 9.

[25]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 21.

[26]     Australian Embassy, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, ‘Second Australia-Laos Human Rights Dialogue’, viewed on 29 March 2012, <http://www.laos.embassy.gov.au/vtan/PR0209.html>

[27]     Australian Embassy, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, ‘Second Australia-Laos Human Rights Dialogue’, viewed on 29 March 2012, <http://www.laos.embassy.gov.au/vtan/PR0209.html>

[28]     Australian Embassy, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, ‘Second Australia-Laos Human Rights Dialogue’, viewed on 29 March 2012, <http://www.laos.embassy.gov.au/vtan/PR0209.html>

[29]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, ‘Laos country brief’, viewed on 29 March 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/laos/laos_brief.html>

[30]     AusAID, Human Rights Grants Scheme: Successful Projects 2007–08, p. 2.

[31]     AusAID, List of Human Rights Grants Scheme projects 2011–12, p. 4.

[32]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 6.

[33]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 6.

[34]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, Appendix D, p. 66.

[35]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 7.

[36]     Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 5.

[37]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 6.

[38]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 1.

[39]     Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[40]     Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 9.

[41]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission no. 13, p. 1.

[42]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 3.

[43]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 3.

[44]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 4.

[45]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 4.

[46]     Mr Chin, Federation for a Democratic China, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 34.

[47]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 1.

[48]     Most Venerable Thich Quang Ba, Unified Vietnamese Buddhist Congregation of Australia and New Zealand, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 23.

[49]     Mr P Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 15.

[50]     Ms Dao, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 40.

[51]     Mr Doan, Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 11.

[52]     Civil Liberties Australia, Submission no. 1, p. 1.

[53]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission no. 13, p. 1.

[54]     Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 9.

[55]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 1.

[56]     Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[57]     Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[58]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 1.

[59]     Ms Kyinzom, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 2; NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 4.

[60]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 4.

[61]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 4.

[62]     Mr P Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 14.

[63]     Mr Donnellan, Victorian Parliament, Member for Narre Warren North, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 32.

[64]     Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 5.

[65]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 21.

[66]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 13.

[67]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 13.

[68]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, pp. 4-5.

[69]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[70]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 13.

[71]     Dr Boersig, Attorney General’s Department, Transcript, 24 November 2011, p. 1.

[72]     AusAID, ‘About AusAID’, viewed on 2 April 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/about/default.cfm>

[73]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[74]     Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘About the Commission’, viewed on 3 April 2012, <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/index.html>

[75]     Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘About the Commission’, viewed on 3 April 2012, <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/index.html>

[76]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 15.

[77]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 3.

[78]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 3.

[79]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 3.

[80]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 3.

[81]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 4.

[82]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 2.

[83]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 6.

[84]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[85]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 10.

[86]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission no. 12, p. 3.

[87]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 4.

[88]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission no. 18, p. 9.

[89]     Ms Tran, Prisoners of Conscience Fund Inc, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 6; Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission no. 18, p. 6; Mr P Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 16.

[90]     Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 9.

[91]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 2.

[92]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 3.

[93]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[94]     Mr Kang, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 2; Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[95]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 7.

[96]     Dr Smith, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 4.

[97]     Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 12.

[98]     Ms Scrine, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 6.

[99]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[100]   Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 27.

[101]   Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 12; Prisoners Of Conscience Fund Inc, Submission no. 3, p. 1; Mr Van Dai, Submission no. 5, p. 2; Vietnamese Community in Australia, Submission no. 9, p. 2; Bloc 8406, Submission no. 10, p. 14; Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 22; Sydney PEN Centre, Submission no. 15, p. 3; Falun Dafa Association of NSW Inc, Submission no. 16, p. 8; Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 4; The Democratic Party of Vietnam, Submission no. 24, p. 2.

[102]   Mr Bourke, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 3.

[103]   NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 13.

[104]   Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 6; Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 1; Mr Donnellan, Victorian Parliament, Member for Narre Warren North, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 29.

[105]   Mr Ala, Australian Uyghur Association, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 15.

[106]   Vietnamese Community in Australia, Submission no. 9, p. 1; Mr T Doan, Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 8.

[107]   Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 7; Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 10; Vietnamese Community in Australia, Submission no. 9, p. 17; Mr Ala, Australian Uyghur Association, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 15.

[108]   Prisoners of Conscience Fund Inc, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 2; Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 11.

[109]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 4.

[110]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 6.

[111]   Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 5.

[112]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[113]   Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, pp. 3-4.

[114]   Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 6.

[115]   Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 1.

[116]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[117]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, pp. 24-56.

[118]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, pp. 8 – 37.

[119]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 4.

[120]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 4.

[121]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, pp. 4-5.

[122]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[123]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[124]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[125]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[126]   AusAID, Review of China–Australia Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program, 2007, p. 43.

[127]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[128]   AusAID, ‘China’, viewed on 5 April 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/country.cfm?CountryID=36&Region=EastAsia>

[129]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 5.

[130]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, pp. 5-6.

[131]   Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 6.

[132]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[133]   AusAID, ‘Vietnam Country Profile’, viewed on 5 April 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/vietnam/default.cfm>

[134]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[135]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 14.

[136]   AusAID, The China-Australia Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program, An independent review by Paul Dalton and Martine van de Velde, February 2011, pp. 8-9.

[137]   Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, pp. 14-15.

[138]   Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 9.

[139]   Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 6.

[140]   Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 11.

[141]   Mr Mai, Prisoners of Conscience Fund Inc, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 1.

[142]   Mr Doan, Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 12.

[143]   Mr Doan, Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 13.

[144]   Mr Doan, Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 13.

[145]   Dr Kim-Song, Bloc 8406, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 26.

[146]   Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, pp. 1-2.

[147]   Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 1.

[148]   Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 4.

[149]   Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, pp. 3-4.

[150]   Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 4.

[151]   Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, pp. 1-2.

[152]   Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 2.

[153]   Mr Kang, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 2.

[154]   Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 1.

Chapter 3 Parliamentary participation and oversight

[1]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 10.

[2]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 10.

[3]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 10.

[4]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 10.

[5]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 23.

[6]       Dr Boersig, Attorney General’s Department, Transcript, 24 November 2011, p. 5.

[7]       Falun Dafa Association of NSW Inc, Submission no. 16, p. 5.

[8]       Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission no. 18, p. 7.

[9]       Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 4.

[10]     Dr Kim-Song, Bloc 8406, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 26.

[11]     Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 12.

[12]     Dr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, pp. 12-13.

[13]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[14]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[15]     Civil Liberties Australia, Submission no. 1, p. 2.

[16]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 12.

[17]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission no. 12, p. 2.

[18]     Mr Bourke, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 7.

[19]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 12.

[20]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 13.

[21]     Ms Dao, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 45; Norway Embassy in Viet Nam, ‘Human Rights Dialogue between Vietnam and Norway’, viewed on 9 April 2012, <http://www.norway.org.vn/Embassy/bilateral/Human-Rights/Human-Rights-Dialogue-between-Vietnam-and-Norway/>

[22]     Norway Embassy in Viet Nam, ‘Human Rights Visit to Central Highlands’, viewed on 9 April 2012, <http://www.norway.org.vn/News_and_events/Human-rights-visit-to-Central-Highlands/>

[23]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 7.

[24]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 19.

[25]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 19.

[26]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 12.

[27]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 12.

[28]     A prisoner of conscience is defined as: Any person who is physically restrained (by imprisonment or otherwise) from expressing (in any form of words or symbols) any opinion which he honestly holds and which does not advocate or condone personal violence. Peter Benenson, ‘The Forgotten Prisoners’, The Observer, 28 May 1961.

[29]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 12.

[30]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 12.

[31]     Ms Dao, Submission no. 2, p. 13.

Chapter 4 Involvement of non-government organisations

[1]       Civil Liberties Australia, Submission no. 1, p. 2.

[2]       Australian Baha’i Community, Submission no. 12, p. 2.

[3]       Australian Baha’i Community, Submission no. 12, p. 2.

[4]       Australian Baha’i Community, Submission no. 12, p. 2.

[5]       Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[6]       NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 5.

[7]       NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 5.

[8]       Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission no. 18, p. 8.

[9]       Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission no. 18, p. 8.

[10]     Mr Bourke, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 7.

[11]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission no. 4, p. 12.

[12]     Ms Kyinzom, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 2.

[13]     Vietnamese Community in Australia, Submission no. 9, p. 4.

[14]     Dr Kim-Song, Bloc 8406, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 26.

[15]     Most Venerable Thich Quang Ba, Unified Vietnamese Buddhist Congregation of Australia and New Zealand, Transcript, 1 February 2012, pp. 25-26.

[16]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[17]     Ms Scrine, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 5.

[18]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 1.

[19]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[20]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 8.

[21]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 6.

[22]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 1.

[23]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 3.

[24]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 6.

[25]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 6.

[26]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, p. 7.

[27]     Ms Dao, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 40.

[28]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 3.

[29]     Dr Harris Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 5.

[30]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, pp. 4-5.

[31]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[32]     Mr Kang, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, pp. 2-3; Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[33]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2010‑11, p. 102.

[34]     Ms Bird, Dr Smith, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, pp. 2-3.

[35]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 23.

[36]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 15.

[37]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 4.

[38]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 7.

[39]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 8.

[40]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[41]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[42]     Mr Rowe, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 3.

[43]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11.

[44]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 4.

[45]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 26, p. 7.

[46]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission no. 20, p. 11; Mr Borrowman, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 3.

[47]     Mr Borrowman, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 3.

[48]     Bloc 8406, Submission no. 10, p. 2.

[49]     Mr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 10.

[50]     Mr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, pp. 10-11.

Chapter 5 Reporting requirements and mechanisms

[1]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, ‘Annual Reports’, viewed on 14 May 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/dept/annual_reports/index.html>

[2]       Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 9.

[3]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 16.

[4]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 16.

[5]       Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 13.

[6]       Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 13.

[7]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 23.

[8]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website, ‘Vietnam Country Brief’, viewed on 8 May 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/vietnam/vietnam_brief.html>

[9]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website, ‘China Country Brief’, viewed on 8 May 2012, <http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/china/china_brief.html>

[10]     Foreign Minister’s website, ‘Eleventh Australia-China Human Rights Dialogue’, 30 July 2007, viewed on 8 May 2012, <http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/2007/fa091_07.html> The other media releases can be found here: <http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/archive.html>

[11]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website, ‘Australia-Vietnam Human Rights Dialogue’, viewed on 8 May 2012 <http://www.dfat.gov.au/media/releases/department/2011/dfat-release-20110221.html> The other media releases can be found here: <http://www.foreignminister.gov.au/releases/archive.html>

[12]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2009-10, Volume 1, p. 103.

[13]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2009-10, Volume 1, p. 40.

[14]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2010-11, Volume 1, p. 102.

[15]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2010-11, Volume 1, p. 31.

[16]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Annual Report 2010-11, Volume 1, p. 40.

[17]     AusAID, Annual Report 2009-10, p. 155.

[18]     AusAID website, ‘Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program’, viewed on 8 May 2012 <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/countries/eastasia/china/projects/pages/hrtc.aspx >

[19]     AusAID website, ‘Australia-China Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program’, viewed on 8 May 2012, <http://www.ausaid.gov.au/countries/eastasia/china/pages/hrtc_program.aspx >

[20]     AusAID website, ‘Vietnam Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program Phase 4’, viewed on 8 May 2012 < http://www.ausaid.gov.au/countries/eastasia/vietnam/pages/other-init4.aspx >

[21]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Annual Report 2010-11, pp. 6, 42.

[22]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Annual Report 2010-11, p. 42.

[23]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Annual Report 2009-10, pp. 6, 64, 66.

[24]     Australian Human Rights Commission, Annual Report 2009-10, pp. 64-66.

[25]     Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Working with our neighbours: our international role’, viewed on 15 May 2012, <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/publications/hreo1/page8.html >

[26]     Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Glossary’, viewed on 15 May 2012, <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/about/publications/annual_reports/2010_2011/glossary.html>

[27]     Australian Human Rights Commission, ‘Inquiry into Australia’s Human Rights Dialogues with China and Vietnam’, viewed on 15 May 2012, <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/legal/submissions/2011/201108_china_vietnam.html >

[28]     Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 39.

[29]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 12.

[30]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 12.

[31]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 12.

[32]     Falun Dafa Association of New South Wales, Submission No. 16, p. 12.

[33]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 8.

[34]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission No. 13, p. 1.

[35]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission No. 4, p. 10.

[36]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 1.

[37]     Civil Liberties Australia, Submission No. 1, p. 1.

[38]     Dr Klugman, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 2.

[39]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission No. 12, p. 3.

[40]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 6.

[41]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 8.

[42]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 9.

[43]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 12.

[44]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission No. 4, p. 12

[45]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission No. 4, p. 12.

[46]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights and Que Me, Submission No. 19, p. 4.

[47]     Dr Kim-Song, Bloc 8406, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 26. These reports are produced annually by the US Department of State, and provide a comprehensive summary of the human rights situations in ‘countries that receive assistance under this part, and ... in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations’. US Department of State, ‘Human Rights Reports’, viewed on 29 March 2012, < http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/>

[48]     The Most Venerable Thich Quang Ba, Unified Vietnamese Buddhist Congregation of Australia and New Zealand, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 25.

[49]     Vietnamese Community in Australia, Submission No. 9, p. 4.

[50]     Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, Requirements for Annual Reports, 8 July 2011, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 7.

Chapter 6 Monitoring and evaluation of outcomes

[1]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 17.

[2]       Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 4.

[3]       Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 4.

[4]       Dr Smith, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 4.

[5]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 19.

[6]       See paragraph 2.6, Chapter 2.

[7]       Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 17.

[8]       Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission No. 17, p. 7.

[9]       Australian Human Rights Commission, Submission no. 17, pp. 8-37.

[10]     See paragraph 2.129, Chapter 2.

[11]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, pp. 3-4.

[12]     Ms Kyinzom, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 1.

[13]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission No. 13, p. 1.

[14]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 6.

[15]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission No. 12, p. 5.

[16]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 3.

[17]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission No. 4, p. 3.

[18]     Mr P Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 16.

[19]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 10.

[20]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 10.

[21]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 10.

[22]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 10.

[23]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 12.

[24]     Dr Harris-Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[25]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission No. 12, p. 6.

[26]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission No. 12, p. 2.

[27]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission No. 13, p. 1.

[28]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 6.

[29]     Australian Baha’i Community, Submission No. 12, p. 6.

[30]     Australia Tibet Council, Submission No. 4, p. 12.

[31]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 4.

[32]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 9; Civil Liberties Australia, Submission No. 1, p. 2.

[33]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 4. For a list of the EU benchmarks, see Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade, Australia’s Human Rights Dialogue Process, September 2005, Commonwealth of Australia, Appendix F.

[34]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 10.

[35]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 4.

[36]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 4.

[37]     Mr P Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 16.

[38]     Democratic Party of Vietnam, Submission No. 24, p. 4.

[39]     Ms Bird, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 4.

[40]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 1.

[41]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 3.

[42]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 4.

[43]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 1.

[44]     Australian National Audit Office, Audit Report No.5 2011–12, Development and Implementation of Key Performance Indicators to Support the Outcomes and Programs Framework, September 2011, p. 13.

Chapter 7 Adopting a bilateral human rights dialogue with other countries

[1]       Catholic Justice and Peace Commission of the Archdiocese of Brisbane, Submission No. 11, p. 1.

[2]       Australian Tamil Congress, Submission No. 7, p. 7.

[3]       Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN Centre, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 10; Dr Klugman, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 7.

[4]       Ms Bird, DFAT, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 8.

[5]       Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 19.

[6]       Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 19.

[7]       Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 3.

[8]       Dr Harris-Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 7.

[9]       Australian Council for International Development, Submission No. 14, p. 3.

[10]     Dr Harris-Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 7.

[11]     Dr Harris-Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 2.

[12]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 10.

[13]     Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN Centre, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 10.

[14]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 7.

[15]     Mr Arndt, Catholic Justice and Peace Commission of the Archdiocese of Brisbane, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 1.

Chapter 8 Complementary human rights advocacy

[1]       Ms Kyinzom, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 2.

[2]       Ms Kyinzom, Australia Tibet Council, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 2.

[3]       Ms Scrine, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 8.

[4]       Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[5]       Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 4.

[6]       Most Venerable Thich Quang Ba, Unified Vietnamese Buddhist Congregation of Australia and New Zealand, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 25.

[7]       Civil Liberties Australia, Submission no. 1, p. 2.

[8]       Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission No. 13, p. 2.

[9]       Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission no. 19, p. 5.

[10]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 13.

[11]     Ms Dao, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 44.

[12]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 11.

[13]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[14]     United Nations Human Rights Council, ‘Background information on the Human Rights Council’, viewed 17 May 2012, <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/AboutCouncil.aspx>

[15]     United Nations Human Rights Council, ‘Background information on the Human Rights Council’, viewed 17 May 2012, <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/AboutCouncil.aspx>

[16]     United Nations Human Rights Council, ‘Current Membership of the Human Rights Council’, viewed 17 May 2012, <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/CurrentMembers.aspx>

[17]     Most Venerable Thich Quang Ba, Unified Vietnamese Buddhist Congregation of Australia and New Zealand, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 25.

[18]     Dr Mobini, Australian Baha’i Community, Transcript, 20 September 2011, p. 2.

[19]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 6.

[20]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 5.

[21]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission no. 16, p. 12.

[22]     Civil Liberties Australia, Submission No. 1, p. 2; Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 5.

[23]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[24]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 11.

[25]     United Nations Human Rights Council, ‘Universal Periodic Review’, viewed 11 May 2012, <http://www.ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/upr/pages/uprmain.aspx>

[26]     Dr Harris-Rimmer, Australian Council for International Development, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 7.

[27]     Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN Centre, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 11.

[28]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 1.

[29]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[30]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[31]     Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 11.

[32]     Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 11.

[33]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 5.

[34]     Dr Harris-Rimmer, ACFID, Transcript, 11 October 2011, p. 3.

[35]     Australian Council of Trade Unions, Submission No. 13, p. 2.

[36]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 7.

[37]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 5.

[38]     Mr Donnellan MP, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 32.

[39]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 3.

[40]     Australian Council for International Development, Submission no. 14, p. 3.

[41]     Ms Bird, DFAT, Transcript, 1 November 2011, p. 6.

[42]     Mr P. Nguyen, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 16.

[43]     Mr D. Nguyen, Bloc 8406, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 23.

[44]     Mr Johnson, Submission No. 8, p. 2.

[45]     Mr Van Dai, Submission No. 5, p. 2.

[46]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 26.

[47]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 4.

[48]     Mr Rowlings, Civil Liberties Australia, Transcript, 7 February 2012, p. 4.

[49]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, pp. 2-3.

[50]     Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 25.

[51]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[52]     Mr Robinson, Australian Human Rights Commission, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 5.

[53]     Mr Suter, International Commission of Jurists, Transcript, 5 September 2011, p. 9.

[54]     Mr Luu, Vietnamese Community in Australia, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 16.

[55]     Vietnam Committee on Human Rights, Submission No. 19, p. 5.

[56]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission No. 16, p. 4.

[57]     NSW Falun Dafa Association, Submission No. 16, p. 5.

[58]     Mr Doan, Prisoners of Conscience Fund, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 5.

[59]     Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN Centre, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 9.

[60]     Mr Beckett, Sydney PEN Centre, Transcript, 1 February 2012, p. 9.

[61]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 20, p. 22.

[62]     Ms Stokes, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Transcript, 5 March 2012, pp. 12-13.

[63]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 25?, p. 1.

[64]     Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Submission No. 25, p. 1.

[65]     Ms Stokes, DFAT, Transcript, 5 March 2012, p. 12.

[66]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 10.

[67]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 11.

[68]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 11.

[69]     Committee to Protect Vietnamese Workers, Submission No. 18, p. 3.

[70]     Ms Dao, Transcript, 24 February 2012, p. 40.

[71]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 8.

[72]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 9.

[73]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 9.

[74]     Ms Dao, Submission No. 2, p. 9.

Appendix D – Death penalty statistics – China, Iran and Vietnam

 

[1]    Amnesty International, Death Sentences and Executions 2007, p. 6. The figures are the minimum figure calculated by Amnesty International.

[2]    Amnesty International, Death Sentences and Executions 2008, p. 22-3. The figures are the minimum figure calculated by Amnesty International.

[3]    Amnesty International, Death Sentences and Executions 2009, p. 25. The figures are the minimum figure calculated by Amnesty International.

[4]    Amnesty International, Death Sentences and Executions 2010, p. 41. The figures are the minimum figure calculated by Amnesty International.

[5]    Amnesty International, Death Sentences and Executions 2011, p. 55. The figures are the minimum figure calculated by Amnesty International.

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