Appendix D – Statement of Reasons – Jemaah Islamiyah (JI)
known as: Al-Jama’ah Al-Islamiyah, Jamaah Islamiyah, Jama’ah Islamiyah, Jemaa
Islamiya, Jema’a Islamiya, Jemaa Islamiyah, Jema’a Islamiyya, Jemaa Islamiyya,
Jemaa Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiah, Jemaah Islamiya, Jeemah Islamiyah, Jema’ah
Islamiyah, Jemaah Islamiyyah, Jema’ah Islamiyyah)
following information is based on publicly available details about Jemaah
Islamiyah (JI). To the Australian Government’s knowledge, these details are
accurate and reliable and have been corroborated by reliable and credible
for listing a terrorist organisation
102 of the Criminal Code provides that for an organisation to be listed
as a terrorist organisation, the Attorney-General must be satisfied on
reasonable grounds that the organisation:
or indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, assisting in or fostering the
doing of a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will
doing of a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will
of the organisation
Islamiyah is a Salafi jihadist group, inspired by the same ideology as al‑Qa’ida
(AQ), which regards the Indonesian government, along with other nations in the
region, to be illegitimate. JI seeks to revive a pure form of Islam and
establish a pan-Islamic state in Southeast Asia, governed by the tenets
of Sharia (Islamic law).
Malaysia on 1 January 1993 by Indonesian Islamic clerics Abdullah Sungkar and
Abu Bakar Ba’asyir, JI represents an evolutionary development of the Indonesian
Islamic movement, Darul Islam (DI), which fought a violent insurgency to
establish an Islamic state in Indonesia in the 1950s and 1960s. JI’s goals are
essentially those of DI, but with a regional perspective.
charter and operating manual, the “General Guide for the Struggle of
Al-Jama’ah Al-Islamiyah” (PUPJI), outlines the religious principles and
administrative aspects underlining JI’s primary objectives. These entail
establishing a solid support base of followers and then through armed struggle
– first creating an Islamic state in Indonesia followed by a pan-Islamic
Caliphate incorporating Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and southern Philippines
and ultimately creating a global theocratic Islamic state.
current JI leadership remains anti-Western in orientation, refusing to denounce
violent jihad as a means of achieving its desired objectives and willing to
conduct attacks against local sectarian targets. JI has no publicly
acknowledged leader, but has a well-ordered succession plan, in the event of
the arrest of the incumbent Emir. Since the arrest of JI Emir Zarkasih in June
2007, no new Emir has been identified publicly. However, two possible candidates
have emerged: Para Wijayanto and Hadi Surya.
operationally and organisationally distinct from other regional extremist
groups. Despite counter terrorism efforts by regional authorities, JI remains a
functional paramilitary organisation, supportive of the use of violence
whenever strategically opportune.
currently embodies two opposing factions – a group which advocates fast
tracking the Islamic Caliphate through sustained violence and a
‘traditionalist’ faction that temporarily eschews attacks, preferring to focus
on the long term grass roots consolidation and rebuilding of its support
membership is not known publicly and is estimated to range between 900 and
several thousand members, mostly concentrated in Java but spread throughout Indonesia and neighbouring Southeast Asian countries, including Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar.
activity has an emphasis on Dakwah (Islamic outreach) and publishing –
in order to prepare a mujahidin support base for future extremist activity.
JI’s 35 or so schools continue to produce a new generation of potential
mujahideen who will intermarry, set up businesses together and be indoctrinated
in ideology sympathetic to JI’s long-term Islamist goals.
JI’s funding is derived from member contributions, Islamic publishing,
affiliated charity and legitimate business activities, robbery and direct
transfers from Middle-East based terrorist financiers in Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
activity of the organisation
or indirectly engaged in the doing of terrorist acts
of JI have conducted numerous attacks targeting sectarian and foreign interests
in Indonesia, particularly anti-Christian violence in Sulawesi, Maluku and
Sumatra. JI targeted the Philippines Ambassador in Jakarta in 2000 and also
conducted sectarian attacks across Indonesia over the 2000/2001 Christmas and
New Year period. JI’s first successful anti-Western attack was the Bali bombings of October 2002 which killed 202 people, including 88 Australians. This was
followed by the 2003 JW Marriot Hotel bombing and the 2004 bombing of the
Australian Embassy in Jakarta. The second Bali bombing, which took place in
2005, killed four Australians.
or indirectly preparing, planning or assisting in the doing of terrorist acts
been responsible for preparing, planning or assisting in the doing of terrorist
attacks against a range of targets, but particularly Christian, Western and
Indonesian government interests. Those previously subjected to JI attacks
include hotels, bars, diplomatic premises, transport and military facilities
re-listing by the Australia Government as a terrorist organisation on
9 August 2008, networks with familial and social links to JI have conducted
attacks specifically targeting Western interests. Information and materiel
seized in operations against JI linked individuals since 2008 demonstrate JI
retains the capability and intent to use violence to achieve its goals - and
networks linked to JI continue to plan to conduct terrorist attacks in Southeast Asia.
- 17 July 2009:
The Noordin Top network – involved in previous anti-Western attacks attributed
to JI – conducted bombings against two hotels in Jakarta, the Marriott and the
Ritz-Carlton. Seven civilians were killed including three Australians. Funding
for the hotel bombings likely came from overseas, via links between JI
associates and foreign extremists.
- 1 April 2009:
JI fugitive, Mas Selamat Kastari, former head of the Singapore branch of JI,
was arrested by Malaysian authorities in Johor while plotting further attacks
- 28 June 2008
– 1 July 2008: a JI-linked cell in Palembang, Sumatra, was arrested for
plotting to bomb a tourist café. Al-Furqon, a JI-linked pesantren, provided the
venue for the radicalisation of the cell members; Fajar Taslim, a member of
JI’s ‘Afghan Alumni’ provided the group leadership and ideology to undertake
acts of violence; and another member of the Afghan alumni, Saifuddin Zuhri,
provided weapons and bomb making materiel and expertise to the Palembang cell.
- JI operatives
continue to provide terrorist training to local extremist groups in the Philippines, such as the MILF and the ASG – these JI elements were co‑located with the groups
in southern Philippines, and contributed to the surge of violence against
domestic Philippines and foreign interests in the Sulu Archipelago since 2008.
from the arrest of senior JI operatives, Abu Husna and Agus Purwantoro in Malaysia in 2008 detailed JI’s links and desire to renew its international terrorist links.
or indirectly fostering the doing of terrorist acts or advocating the doing of
JI remains focussed on Dakwah (Islamic outreach) and its
publishing operations to promote an extreme interpretation of Islam. JI’s
network of 35 or so religious schools continually works to inculcate future
generations of Indonesian youths in this extreme form of Islam designed to
develop a support base in Indonesia for an Islamic State under Islamic Law, and
legitimatise the use of violence to achieve their objectives.
basis of the above information, ASIO assesses that JI is continuing to directly
and indirectly engage in, preparing, planning, assisting in, fostering and
advocating the doing of terrorist acts involving threats to human life and
serious damage to property.
course of pursuing its objective of creating an Islamic state under Sharia (Islamic
law) in Indonesia and a pan-Islamic Caliphate in South East Asia, JI is known
to have engaged in acts that:
- are done with
the intention of advancing JI’s political, and religious and ideological
- cause serious
damage to property, the death of persons or endanger a person’s life; and
- create a
serious risk to the safety of sections of the public of Indonesia, Malaysia,
the Philippines, Singapore, Australia and other persons visiting areas in which
The above acts include actions which have been done or
threatened with the intention of advancing a political, religious or
ideological cause and with the intention of coercing or influencing by
intimidation, the Government and people of Indonesia which they consider
apostate. The actions or threatened actions which JI are assessed to be involved
in would, if successfully completed, cause serious physical harm and death to
persons and serious damage to property.
to other terrorist groups or networks
common heritage in DI has facilitated close links between JI and other violent
extremist groups in Indonesia. These groups, including DI remnants, Front
Pembela Islam (FPI), Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI), KOMPAK (Crisis Action
Committee), and Laskar Jundullah, provide recruits and support networks
for JI activity. JI continues to recruit covertly from its network of pesantren
(Islamic boarding schools), religious study groups and through personal
domestic and regional extremist links were reinforced by the simultaneous
presence of JI and non-JI Southeast Asian militants in al-Qa’ida training camps
in the late 1980s and early 1990s JI’s ‘Afghan Alumni’ cultivated
organisational and personal relationships with foreign extremist groups, such
as al-Qaida, while training and fighting in Afghanistan. Links were also forged
with Southeast Asian extremist groups, laying the foundation for the current JI
collaboration with militant groups in the Philippines. JI has linkages to the
Abu Sayyaf Group – particularly through fugitive JI operative Umar Patek and
Dulmatin, who was recently killed by Indonesian Security forces – and the Moro
Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), who still provide refuge to JI personnel
despite ongoing MILF/Philippines Government peace negotiations.
by the UN and other countries
listed in the United Nation’s 1267 Committee’s consolidated list and as a
proscribed terrorist organisation by the governments of Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the US.