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Appendix B – Statement of Reasons – Al Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) 

(Also known as: Al-Qa’ida in Yemen (AQY) prior to January 2009)

The following information is based on publicly available details about Al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). To the Australian Government’s knowledge, these details are accurate and reliable and have been corroborated by classified information.

Basis for listing a terrorist organisation

Division 102 of the Criminal Code provides that for an organisation to be listed as a terrorist organisation, the Attorney-General must be satisfied on reasonable grounds that the organisation:

(a)    is directly or indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, assisting in or fostering the doing of a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will occur); or

(b)   advocates the doing of a terrorist act (whether or not a terrorist act has occurred or will occur).

Details of the organisation

Objectives

Al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is the recognised affiliate of al-Qa’ida operating in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. It is led by Nasir al-Wahishi, a Yemeni extremist who was once a close aide and bodyguard to Usama bin Laden (UBL). Al-Wahishi, whose appointment as AQAP leader was confirmed by Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the deputy al-Qa’ida leader, is featured on Saudi Arabia’s most wanted terrorist list.

Yemen has become the third-largest haven for al-Qa’ida in the world with the group there experiencing greater stability and freedom of movement than counterparts located in Iraq, North Africa, Afghanistan and Pakistan. AQAP claimed responsibility for the attempted attack on Northwest Flight 253 on 25 December 2009. In a statement issued by the AQAP following the attempted attack, the group’s leaders said: ‘we tell the American people that since you support the leaders who kill our women and children ... we have come to slaughter you [and] will strike you with no previous [warning], our vengeance is near.’ The statement continued: ‘we call on all Muslims ... to throw out all unbelievers from the Arabian Peninsula by killing crusaders who work in embassies or elsewhere ... [in] a total war on all crusaders in the Peninsula of [Prophet] Muhammad.’

AQAP was known previously as al-Qa’ida in Yemen (AQY). The group was founded after the escape of 23 extremist detainees from a high-security government correctional facility in Sana’a in February 2006.

In a statement in January 2009, al-Qa’ida in Yemen announced a change of name to al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula AQAP, the name of the previous al-Qa’ida network in Saudi Arabia which was dismantled by Saudi authorities in 2006. In the same statement, AQAP announced two Saudi former Guantanamo Bay detainees had joined the group as senior members. One of those has since surrendered to Saudi authorities.

The aim of AQAP is to remove all Western influences and interests from the Arabian Peninsula. On 15 May 2008, AQAP released an online statement threatening attacks in the Arabian Peninsula against non-Muslim foreigners. The group warned that they ‘stand absolved from [the rights] of any infidel who has entered the Arabian Peninsula.’

Leadership

AQAP’s leader, or emir, is Nasir al-Wahishi (aka Abu Basir) – a Yemeni national who was amongst the group of 23 veteran extremist leaders who escaped from a Yemeni government correctional facility in February 2006. This group went on to form the leadership elements of the current AQAP organisation. Al-Wahishi is reported to have served as an aide and a bodyguard to Usama bin Ladin in Afghanistan.

Public statements by Ayman al-Zawahiri in late 2008 and early 2009 praised AQAP’s activities and referred to Nasir al-Wahishi as the emir of the group.

AQAP’s deputy leader is Sa’id al-Shihri (aka Abu Sayyaf, aka Abu Sufyan) – a Saudi national and former Guantanamo detainee. Al-Shihri was returned to Saudi Arabia in 2007 and underwent a rehabilitation program but fled to Yemen upon his release.  AQAP’s operational commander is Qasim al-Rimi (aka Abu-Hurayrah al-San’ani).

Membership

AQAP comprises several hundred fighters and has found sanctuary among a number of Yemeni tribes, particularly in the eastern provinces.

Terrorist activity of the organisation

AQAP has been involved in a number of terrorist attacks, continues to plan and conduct attacks in Yemen and has claimed responsibility for terrorist attacks outside Yemen. The group employs suicide attacks, person and vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices, small arms and rocket-propelled grenades, targeting Yemeni and foreign government, as well as foreign officials and tourists.

Directly or indirectly engaged in the doing of terrorist acts

AQY, as it was then known, first emerged when it claimed responsibility for the 15 September 2006 suicide vehicle bomb attacks against oil facilities in the provinces of Marib and Hadramawt.

Directly or indirectly preparing, planning or assisting in the doing of terrorist acts

Recent terrorist attacks for which responsibility has been claimed by, or reliably attributed to, AQAP have included:

Directly or indirectly fostering the doing of terrorist acts or advocating the doing of terrorist acts

AQAP actively fosters and advocates the doing of terrorist acts.  In January 2008 the group launched its online magazine Sada al-Malahim (‘Echoes of the Epics’). The 11th issue of Sada al-Malahim, published on 29 October 2009, contained an editorial urging Muslims in the Arabian Peninsula to assassinate the Saudi Arabian ruling family.

The 11th issue was 73-pages in length and focused primarily on the assassination attempt on Saudi Deputy Interior Minister Muhammad bin Nayef. Several of the 31 articles in the magazine provided information about the bomber, Abdullah Hassan Taleh al-’Asiri (AKA Abu al-Kheir), and gave justification for the attack. Some articles were reprints of speeches and texts from Usama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam and Yusuf al-’Ayiri, and the AQAP communiqué on the Marib clash with Yemeni forces that occurred on July 30. Three articles were featured from AQAP leader Nasir al-Wahishi, including a piece that praises Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, a piece describing the deception of Nayef by al- ‘Asiri, and a brief eulogy for slain Shabaab al-Mujahideen Movement commander, Saleh al Nabhani.

On 19 February 2009, AQAP leader Nasir al-Wahishi issued an audio statement urging the people of Yemen to rise up against their government. Al-Wahishi portrayed Yemen as being exploited by the Western powers, which he described as “crusaders”.

Conclusion

On the basis of the above information, ASIO assesses that Al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula is directly and indirectly engaged in, preparing, planning, assisting in, fostering and advocating the doing of terrorist acts. It is submitted that the acts attributable to Al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula are terrorist acts as they:

  1. are done with the intention of advancing a political cause, namely, removing western influences and interests from the Arabian Peninsula;
  2. are intended to coerce or influence by intimidation, the governments of foreign countries, namely Yemen and Saudi Arabia; and

  3. constitute acts which cause serious physical harm to persons, including death, as well as serious damage to property.


Other relevant information

Proscription by the UN and other countries

In January 2010, the United States designated AQAP as a Foreign Terrorist Organisation under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

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