A PARLIAMENTARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Papers on Parliament No. 20
October 1993

Prev | Contents

1991 - SEPTEMBER 1993

Subjects

Bicameralism
Bill of Rights
Bills - Amendments
Bills - Private Members
Bills - Procedure
Bills - Scrutiny
Broadcasting
Clerks
Committees
Committees - Australia
Committees - Australia - New South Wales
Committees - Australia - Victoria
Committees - United Kingdom
Committees - United States
Constitutional History
Constitutional Reform
Delegated Legislation
Electors' Initiative
Electoral Reform
Estimates Committees
Executive Accountability
Finance and Trade
Hansard
Information Technology Services
Legislation
Members
Members - Australia - Qualifications
Members - Conflict of Interests
Members - Ethics
Members - Remuneration and Allowances
Members - Research Services
Members - Resignation
Members - Staff
Members - Terms
Members - Women
Ombudsman
Parliament
Parliament - Australia
Parliament - Australia - Administration
Parliament - Australia - New South Wales
Parliament - Australia - Queensland
Parliament - Australia - Senate
Parliament - Australia - Victoria
Parliament - Australia - Western Australia
Parliament - Canada
Parliament - Canada - Senate
Parliament - Hung
Parliament - India
Parliament - Media
Parliament - Procedure
Parliament - United Kingdom
Parliament - United Kingdom - Administration
Parliament - United Kingdom - House of Commons - Committees, Select
Parliament - United Kingdom - House of Commons - Procedures
Parliament - United kingdom - House of Lords - Committees
Parliament - United States
Parliament - United States - Congress - Conference Committees
Parliament - United States - Congress - Senate - Committees
Parliament House
Parliamentary Buildings
Parliamentary Commissioner(U.K.)
Parliamentary Documents
Parliamentary Education
Parliamentary Internship
Parliamentary Libraries
Parliamentary Officers
Parliamentary Privilege
Parliamentary Scrutiny
Parliamentary Security
Parliamentary System - Reform
Presiding Officers
Prime Ministers
Prorogation
Questions (Information)
Republicanism
Responsible Government
Social Security
Whips
Witnesses

BICAMERALISM

Money, Jeannette and George Tsebelis Cicero's puzzle: upper house power in comparative perspective, International Political Science Review, vol.13, no.1, 1992: 25-43.

[This paper analyses the legislative influence of upper houses in bicameral legislatures.]

Riker, William H. The Justification of bicameralism, International Political Science Review, vol.13, no.1, 1992: 101-16.

BILL OF RIGHTS

Beatty, David Human rights and constitutional review in Canada, Human Rights Law Journal, vol.13, no.5/6, 30 June 1992: 185-96.

[This article contains an outline of the broad method of analysis adopted by the Supreme Court of Canada in exercising its powers of constitutional review under Canada's new Charter of Rights and Freedoms and tries to answer the question of whether the jurisprudence written by the Canadian Court should be of interest to anyone who is not legally bound to follow its judgments.

Brennan, William J. Why have a bill of rights?, Dialogue, no.94 April 1991: 38-43.

[A former Supreme Court justice discusses the importance of entrenched and enforceable rights in a democratic society.]

Chander, Anupam Sovereignty, referenda, and the entrenchment of a United Kingdom Bill of Rights, Yale Law Journal, vol.101, no.2, November 1991: 457-80.

Charlesworth, Hilary Australia's accession to the first optional protocol to the international covenant on civil and political rights, Melbourne University Law Review, vol.18, no.2, December 1991: 428-34.

[The author feels that rather than the ICCPR providing a de facto bill of rights it may spur the introduction of a constitutionally entrenched bill of rights for Australia.]

Cullen, Richard Does Australia need a Bill of Rights?, Law Institute Journal, vol.67, nos.1/2, January/February 1993: 71.

[Asking whether Australia should have a Bill of Rights is not the same as asking whether Australia should protect human rights. The answer to the second question is 'yes', whereas the answer to the first is far more equivocal.]

Galligan, Brian Parliamentary responsible government and the protection of rights, Public Law Review, vol.4, no.2, June 1993: 100-112.

[This article was an address to the Australian Senate Occasional Lecture Series, given at Parliament House, 7 September 1992.]

McLachlin, Beverley Southey Memorial Lecture: the Canadian Charter and the democratic process, Melbourne University Law Review, vol.18, no.2, December 1991: 350-67.

[Article adapted from an address to the eighteenth Allen Hope Southey Memorial lecture, University of Melbourne, 29 August 1991. The author is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.]

Sexton, Michael Free speech in Australia in the 1990s, Civil Liberty, no.150, January 1993: 9-10.

Starke, J.G. Durability of the Bill of Rights 1688 as part of Australian law, The Australian Law Journal, vol.65, no.12, December 1991: 695-6

Tucker, Greg Privacy protection and the High Court, Law Institute Journal, vol.67, nos.1/2, January/February 1993: 69.

[What are the ramifications of the recent decisions of the High Court for the establishment of a general right to privacy?]

BILLS - AMENDMENTS

Lynch, Anthony and Peter Ziegler The amendment of legislation, Statute Law Review, vol.12, no.1, Summer 1991: 48-63.

[This paper utilises the theory of organisation design developed by Galbraith in Designing Complex Organisations and Organisation Design in an analysis of the legislation amendment task.]

BILLS, PRIVATE MEMBERS

Chapin, Lynda, Private bills and public needs, Policy Options, vol.11, no.8, October 1990: 12-14.

[In Canada rule changes have created the chance for private members' bills to play a key role in the decision-making role of government, but the track record to date has been dismal.]

de Waal, Sir Henry, `There ought to be a law': a look at private members bills, Statute Law Review, vol.11, no.1, Summer 1990: 18-22.

[A look at the hurdles that need to be overcome if a private members bill is to succeed in Westminster.]

BILLS - PROCEDURE

Mitchell, Geoffrey D Clerical corrections in bills which have passed both Houses, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 6p.

[The author reviews a case in South Australia where an Act was challenged in a court on the grounds that a clerk had made changes not agreed to by both Houses.]

BILLS - SCRUTINY

Caygill, David The New Zealand approach to the scrutiny of bills, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993:7p.

Committee finds many problems in bills, Australian Law News, March 1991: 28.

Evans, Harry Referring bills to Senate committees - a rejoinder, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 57-8.

McNaughton, Bronwyn Referring bills to Senate committees: more heat then light?, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.1, Winter 1991: 34-45.

Norton, Gregory Parliamentary protection of human rights: the Victorian Scrutiny of Acts and Regulations Committee - a first progress report, June 1993, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 37p.

Perton, Victor The Victorian experience of scrutiny of bills, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 5p.

Stuart, Carolyn Comments on rejoinder by Harry Evans, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 58-9.

BROADCASTING

Doig, D.W.N., Televising the House of Commons, Westminster, The Table, vol.LVII, 1990: 29-30.

Juddery, Bruce Televising parliament: take two, Australian Business, vol.11, no.43, 21 August 1991: 29.

[Complaints about the restrictions on TV coverage of Parliament are likely to bring change.]

Leopold, Patricia M., "Proceedings in Parliament": the grey area, Public Law, Winter 1990: 475-81.

Malhotra, G.C. Parliamentary television: the Indian experiment, The Parliamentarian, vol.73, no.2, April 1992: 134

Miller, Toby, The `visible scenario' of politics: question time on screen, Media Information Australia, no.59, February 1991: 55-58

Ryle, Michael Televising the House of Commons, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.44, no.2, April 1991: 185-207.

Salt, Ailsa Television broadcasting of Parliament: the New Zealand situation, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 9p.

The successful experiment, House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.514, 22 April 1991: 7.

[The Lords Select Committee on Broadcasting have reported on the future arrangements for televising proceedings of the House.]

CLERKS

O'Keeffe, P.A., Clerks and members of Parliament: a personal view of the relationship in Australia, The Table, vol.LVII, 1990: 51-63.

Status of clerks, Society of Clerks-at-the-Table in Commonwealth Parliaments, 26 July 1993.

[Table prepared by the Society outlining the rank, salary, appointment and tenure of clerks in Commonwealth Parliaments.]

Tester, Neil An independent adviser, The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.580, 1 February 1993: 10-11.

[The Clerk of the House of Commons, Sir Clifford Boulton, KCB talks of his role.]

COMMITTEES

Parliamentary scrutiny: the role of parliamentary committees in accounting, investigating and assessing the executive and the bureaucracy, Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.1, January 1991: 31-2.

[Report of the discussions of Panel D, Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference, 36th, 19 September 1990.]

COMMITTEES - AUSTRALIA

Aldons, Malcolm The growth of parliamentary committees of the House of Representatives and joint committees, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.1, Winter 1991: 6-8.

Argument, Stephen Ten years of scrutiny, Australian Law News, October 1991: 24-7.

[The Senate Scrutiny of Bills Committee will be 10 years old in November 1991. The author reflects on what has been achieved and considers where the Committee might go in the future.]

Bishop, Bronwyn Watch not: waste plenty  the role of parliamentary committees, The Sydney Papers, vol.3, no.3, Spring/Summer 1991: 65-76.

[The author outlines the important role of parliamentary committees in ensuring accountability.]

Chairman of the parliamentary inquiry into Australia's print media discusses the possibility that two witnesses, Mr Packer and Mr Kennedy, may have misled the Committee, Morning Show (2CN, ABC Radio), 23 March 1992: 3p.

Cromie, Ali Who's watching the corporate watchdog, Business Review Weekly, vol.14, no.33, 28 August 1992: 38-40.

[An inquiry into auditors and valuers would allow the Joint Committee on Corporations and Securities to review corporate behaviour.]

Evans, Harry, Consideration of legislation by committees, The Table, vol.LVII, 1990: 16-23.

............, Reference of bills to Senate committees, House Magazine, vol.9, no.21, December 1990: 5-10.

............, Towards closer scrutiny of legislation: new procedures for examination of bills by Senate committees, Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration, no.66, October 191: 13-20.

Galligan, Brian Senate committees: can they halt the decline of Parliament?, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 40-8.

Hamburger, Peter Senate Inquiry into the Develpoment of the Senior Executive Service, Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration 61, July 1990.

Hayden, Hon. Bill Senate committees and responsible government, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 49-51.

Juddery, Bruce Reining in the bureaucrats, Australian Business, 26 June 1991: 31.

[The law is often an ass, but the Senate watchdog's legal adviser ensures few donkeys get a run.]

.............. The Senate's unsexy watchdog, Australian Business, 19 June 1991: 28-9.

[Deep in the heart of the Senate sits the first line of defence against over-the-top delegated legislation.]

McNaughton, Bronwyn The numbers, Australian Institute of Administrative Law Newsletter, no.6, 1991: 25-7.

[An outline of how one standing committee copes with the difference in the composition (the numbers) between the committee and the chamber when examining bills referred to it.]

.........., The Cost of Justice, Legal Services Bulletin, vol.15, no.6, December 1990.

Pender, J.W., Committee operations in the Australian House of Representatives - recommendations of the Procedure Committee, The Table, vol.LVII, 1990: 24-8.

Rae, Peter The `revolutionary proposals' of 1970, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 34-39.

Ross, Bob Relevance revisited: some reflections on an Australian Senate Standing Committee report on higher education, Higher Education Research and Development, vol.10, no.1, 1991: 93-103.

Senate Committee attempting to define ministerial responsibility following problems with the pay TV tendering process, Lateline, 20 July 1993: 10p.

Sibraa, Hon. Kerry, Senate committees and responsible government, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 32-3.

Snedden, Andrew The Government's response to Select Committee report on tenure of appointees to Commonwealth tribunals, Australian Institute of Administrative Law Newsletter, no.5, 1991: 21.

............, Parliamentary Oversight of the New Corporate Regulatory Structure, Companies and Securities Bulletin, March 1991.

Starke, J.G. Discussion of barristers' fees by Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Australian Law Journal, vol.65, no.10, October 1991: 579-81.

Tiffen, Rodney Kerry Packer in Parliament, Current Affairs, vol.68, January 1992: 26-7.

[A review of the performance which created media history in more ways than one.]

Unauthorised disclosure of information, Law Institute Journal, vol.65, no.8, August 1991: 748.

Virtue, Barry The oldest committee, Australian Law News, vol.26, no.6, July 1991: 14-15.

[The Senate Standing Committee on Regulations and Ordinances, a committee most people have never heard of, has never had its recommendations rejected by the Senate in almost 60 years.]

COMMITTEES - AUSTRALIA - NEW SOUTH WALES

Willis, Hon. M.F., Committee action: New South Wales strengthens the parliamentary process, The Parliamentarian, vol.71, no.3, July 1990: 163-7.

COMMITTEES - AUSTRALIA - VICTORIA

Evans, Richard The new face of law reform, Law Institute Journal, vol.67, no.3, March 1993: 123-4.

[The author examines the Scrutiny of Acts Committee of the Victorian Parliament.]

COMMITTEES - UNITED KINGDOM

Drewry, Gavin, Select committees: progress report 1989-90, Contemporary Record, vol.4, no.4, April 1991: 29-30.

[A summary of the United Kingdom House of Commons committees work during the 1989-90 session.]

Hayter, P.D.G. The parliamentary monitoring of science and technology in Britain, Government and Opposition, vol.26, no.2, Spring 1991: 147-66.

[The development of a system of select committees in the House of Lords is one sign of its emerging role as a revising chamber. The Select Committee on Science and Technology fitted the new-look House of Lords well: it played on the strengths of the House and complemented the work of the Commons instead of competing with it. This paper looks at the methods and enquiries handled by the Committee in the eighties.]

Jogerst, Michael A. Backbenchers and select committees in the British House of Commons: can Parliament offer useful roles for the frustrated, European Journal of Political Research, vol.20, no.1, July 1991: 21-38.

[British MPs, particularly backbenchers, are frustrated with their jobs and seek meaningful roles to play in the House. An increasingly important avenue is through select committee service, which offers them a variety of rewards and opportunities.]

Judge, David The Effectiveness of the post-1979 select committee system: the verdict of the 1990 procedure committee, The Political Quarterly, vol.63, no.1, January-March 1992: 91-100.

Negrine, Ralph Reporting parliamentary committees: the investigation of the Rover Group sale to British Aerospace, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.45, no.3, July 1992: 300-408.

[The author examines the ways in which the media and select committees in the United Kingdom work together and how they can each improve the relationship.]

Price, Sir David, Scrutinising select committees, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.505, 11 February 1991: 17-18.

COMMITTEES - UNITED STATES

Cohen, Richard E. People of influence, National Journal, vol.23, no.24, 15 June 1991:1390-1.

[As their legislative influence has grown, there have been frequent complaints about the assertiveness, power and arrogance of congressional committee staff assistants.]

CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY

Crisp, L Federation fathers, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 1990.- reviewed by Graham Maddox, The Australian Journal of Politics and History, vol.37, no.2, 1991: 123.

Sir Anthony Mason at Corowa, Constitutional Centenary, vol.1, no.2, September 1992: 1-2,13-14.

[An edited version of the address given by Sir Anthony Mason at the Federation Dinner held to mark the 99th anniversary of the Corowa Conference.]

Meale, David The history of the federal idea in Australian constitutional jurisprudence: a reappraisal, Australian Journal of Law and Society, vol.8, 1992: 25-59.

Millar, Ann 1891 and all that, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 53-6.

[The anniversary of the first draft of the Australian Constitution has been marked by an exhibition and by a series of lectures both held under the auspices of the Department of the Senate.]

.........., Drafting the Pattern for a New Nation, Canberra Times, 14 August 1991.

.........., One People, One Destiny: Constitutional Exhibition at Parliament House, Agora, Journal of the History Teachers' Association of Victoria, Vol.26, No.4, 1992.

CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM

Bradley, Graham The Constitution needs an overhaul, Australian Lawyer, vol.28, no.7, August 1993: 16-17.

Brazier, Rodney Enacting a Constitution, Statute Law Review, vol.13, no.2, September 1992: 107-27.

A Constitutional review process, Constitutional Centenary, no.1, April 1992: 7-8.

[The concluding statement of the Constitutional Centenary Conference 1991.]

Craig, John A United States of Australasia?, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, no.1, March 1993: 38-53.

[This article looks at the possibility of a political union between Australia and New Zealand and some of the processes and politics involved with five scenarios under which union might or might not take place.]

Cullen, Richard Remaking the Australian Constitution, Current Affairs Bulletin, vol.68, no.12, May 1992: 23-8.

Cunliffe, Ian Facing up to the Constitution, Directions in Government, vol.6, no.8, September 1992: 14-15.

Dale, William The making and remaking of Commonwealth constitutions, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol.42, no.1, January 1993: 67-83.

[This article attempts an assessment of the successes and failures of Commonwealth constitution-making during the past 40 years or more.]

Hulme, S E K The Constitution and its confused critics, IPA Review, vol.45, no.4, 1992: 15-19.

[This article is an edited version of a speech delivered to the inaugural Samual Griffith Society Conference held in July.]

Jull, Peter Re-inventing Australia: voices in the cushions, Policy Options, vol.13, no.1, January/February 1992: 29-31.

Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory Committee on Constitutional Development Constitutional change in the 1990s: papers presented to conference, 4-6 October 1992

(a) Opening Address Hon J.H. Muirhead, Administer of the Northern Territory

(b) Welcoming Address Hon. Steve Hatton, MLA

(c) Keynote Address Hon. Ray Groom, MHA, Premier of Tasmania

(d) A Government of Laws, and Not of Men Justice John Toohey, AC, High Court of Australia

(e) Democratic Constitutionalism David Solomon, Chairman, Electoral and Administrative Review Commission

(f) Wither Majoritarianism? Peter McNab, Faculty of Law, Northern Territory University

(g) The Role of an Elected Convention in Constitutional Revision R.D. Lumb, Professor of Law, University of Queensland

(h) Experiences in Constitutional Development in Post-Independent Papua New Guinea Bernard Narokobi, MP, National Parliament of Papua New Guinea

(i) Constitutional Development in the Northern Territory Hon. Steve Hatton, MLA

(j) Constitutions for all Australians Lois O'Donoghue CBE AM, Chairman, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission

(k) The Australian Constitution in the 1990s: Context and Agenda for Change Brian Galligan, Federalism Research Centre, Australian National University

(l) The Contents of Constitutions Professor Cheryl Saunders, University of Melbourne

(m) Constitutional Change in the 1990s Hon. Kevin Rozzoli, MP

(n) Accountability: Myths and Reality Dr Alistair Heatley, Reader in Politics, Northern Territory University

(o) Accountability and the Fiscal Constitution Professor Cliff Walsh, Director, Centre for South Australian Economic Studies, University of Adelaide

(p) Regions and Peoples: Some Trends in International Constitutional Practice Frederik Harhoff, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

(q) Emerging Northern Territory Constitutions in Canada: National Policy, Settler Hegemony, Aboriginal Ethno-politics, and Systems of Governance Peter Jull, Northern Territory research Unit, Australian National University

(r) Indigenous Law and Constitutional Change: the Road Ahead Patrick Dodson, Chairperson, Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation

(s) Two Cultures - One Constitution: A Yolgnu Perspective on a Northern Territory Constitution Wes Lanhupuy, MLA

(t) Reconciling Diversity: the Way Forward is to Understand the Past Senator the Hon. Margaret Reynolds, Government Representative on the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation

(u) Our Diverse Multicultural Society: a Matter for the Constitution? Steve Karas OAM, Immigration Review Tribunal

(v) Understanding Each Other, Defining Ourselves - Our Diverse Multicultural Society: a Matter for the Constitution Ms Sema Varova, Office of Multicultural Affairs, Department of the Prime Minister

(w) Reconciling Diversity: a Personal View Graham Nicholson, Crown Counsel, Office of the Solicitor General for the Northern Territory

(x) Closing Remarks Hon. Darryl Manzie, MLA, Attorney General of the Northern Territory

(y) Where do Aboriginal Town Campers fit in? Tangentyere Council

(z) Niue: Constitutional Development

1974 - 1992 Robert Rex, MLA

Lumb, R.D. Methods of constitutional revision in the federal sphere: an elected constitutional convention?, University of Western Australia Law Review, vol.22, no.1, July 1992: 52-71.

[The author proposes the adoption of an elected Constitutional Convention, similar to that which was used to draft the current Constitution in 1897-98.]

Saunders, Cheryl Making the best use of the constitutional decade, Constitutional Centenary, no.1, April 1992: 12-14.

................ Constitutional reform by 2001, Australian Quarterly, vol.64, no.3, Spring 1992: 241-53.

............... The world-wide constitutional debate, Constitutional Centenary, no.1, April 1992: 9-10.

Stephen, Sir Ninian The constitutional decade, Constitutional Centenary, no.1, April 1992: 1-6.

................... Time to take stock, Review: the Australian Financial Review Magazine, April 1992: 16-26.

[The author argues that the time has come to launch a broadly based national debate about Australia's constitutional future.]

Thomas, Ken Could this be Australia's new Constitution?, Australian Business Monthly, vol.13, no.11, November 1992: 66-72.

[In May 1992, Ken Thomas published a document, Regional Government: a Four-Year Plan for Restructure under a Modern Australian Constitution, proposing a radically different system of government. In this article Thomas presents his arguments in depth.]

DELEGATED LEGISLATION

Argument, Stephen Quasi-legislation: greasy pig, Trojan horse or unruly child?, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 26p.

[One of the most difficult issues in dealing with quasi-legislation is to work out exactly what it is. This paper seeks to explore the nature of quasi-legislation by dealing with three aspects of its incidence.]

Cruichshank, Adrian Why is regulatory scrutiny so far in advance of the scrutiny of bills, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 13p.

Phillips, John Harber Opening address, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 21p.

Senate Standing Committee on Regulations and Ordinances

Justice delayed and denied, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 6p.

The High Court and the Committee, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 8p.

Whalan, D.J. Scrutiny of delegated legislation by the Australian Senate, Statute Law Review, vol.12, no.2, September 1991: 87-108.

"Who takes care of the caretaker's daughter?": the Victorian Supreme Court's approach to the Subordinate Legislation Act 1962, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 5p.

ELECTORS' INITIATIVE

Batchelor, Anthony Referendums and initiatives, Politics Review, vol.1, no.3, February 1992: 21-5.

[The experience of referendums and initiatives in other countries suggests that Britain should give serious consideration to introducing them as a means of reviving democratic government.]

Boyer, Patrick Is a mandate from the people on fundamental issues essential to a healthy democracy?, Parliamentary Government, no.41, June 1992: 1-17.

[Following extensive discussion, and in the face of considerable opposition, legislation and plans are now in place to permit several referendums to be held in Canada over the next few months on the constitutional issue. The author argues that such forms of direct democracy have a place in the Canadian political system, and that they could complement and enhance the legislative process.]

Evans, Harry Citizens' initiative versus constitutional government, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 53-6.

ELECTORAL REFORM

Cryer, Bob Electoral reform, Fabian Review, vol.104, no.6: 16

[An essay on first-past-the-post.]

Dummett, Michael Toward a more representative voting system: the Plant report, New Left Review, no.194, July/August 1992: 98-113.

Dunleavy, Patrick, Helen Margetts and Stuart Weir How Britain would have voted under Alternative Electoral Systems in 1992, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.45, no.5, October 1992: 640-55.

Evans, Harry Too Many Elections: A Modest Proposal, The House Magazine, 15 May 1991.

Goff, Phil Voting for change: New Zealand's referendum on voting systems, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: 84-7.

[The first-past-the-post voting system suffered a battering at the hands of New Zealand voters in a 1992 referendum. A former New Zealand cabinet Minister explains why.]

Livingstone, Ken Rejecting party bureaucracy, Fabian Review, vol.104, no.6: 17.

[A change to Additional Member System would improve democracy and the economy.]

Mair, Peter The question of electoral reform, New Left Review, no.194, July/August 1992: 75-97.

Mapp, Wayne New Zealand's electoral reform, Policy, Winter 1993: 6-10.

[In November 1993 New Zealanders will vote not only in a general election but also in a binding referendum on electoral reform. The author argues for the option of retaining the present first-past-the-post electoral system in combination with a new upper house of parliament.]

Punnet, R.M. The alternative vote re-visited, Electoral Studies, vol.10, no.4, December 1991: 281-98.

[Electoral reform re-emerged in the 1980's as a significant issue in British politics - political developments in the last ten years have undermined satisfaction with the system.]

Short, Clare Promoting pluralism, Fabian Review, vol.104, no.6: 18-19.

[AV plus AMS would improve the political culture - giving positive votes for candidates and parties.]

Spellar, John Labour's own system, Fabian Review, vol.104, no.6: 17.

[An explanation of the alternative vote.]

ESTIMATES COMMITTEES

Coates, Senator John Parliamentary use of evaluation data in program performance statements, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol.51, no.4, December 1992: 450-54.

Millar, Ann Historical Note, Papers on Parliament, No.12, September 1991.

Noon, Adrian Accounting for results: portfolio explanatory notes become program performance statements, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol.51, no.1, March 1992: 27-34.

[This paper outlines the place of performance evaluation in the recent administrative reforms and, in that context, assesses the changes made for the 1991-92 Program Performance Statements.]

EXECUTIVE ACCOUNTABILITY

Argument, Stephen Annual reporting by Commonwealth departments and statutory authorities: the cornerstone of executive accountability to the Parliament, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.1, Winter 1991: 16-24.

............., Parliamentary committees and public accountability, opening address to conference held by NSW Chapter of the Australian Institute of Administrative Law and the NSW Division of the Royal Institute of Public Administration Australia, September 1993.

Burnett, Kirsty Parliamentary accountability for non-departmental organisations: New Zealand lessons, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 28-34.

[This article describes the various New Zealand State organisations that are not government departments. It examines the nature of their accountability to Parliament and the implications for the House of Representatives and its select committees.

Grove, Russell D The relationship between parliamentary committees and the executive: current events in NSW, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 9p.

Marshall, Geoffry The evolving practice of parliamentary accountability: writing down the rules, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.44, no.4, October 1991: 460-9.

[This article discusses the need to define the relationship between the Executive and legislative arms of government in Britain as a prerequisite to constitutional reform.]

Martin, Stephen The Effectiveness of Parliament's check on the executive arm of government, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 6p.

Pelchat, Christiane Managing public funds: backbenchers and the control of spending, The Parliamentarian, vol.23, no.2, April 1992: 95-7.

[Members of the Quebec National Assembly, facing public spending deficits in an economic recession, have developed a new mechanism to add to the more usual parliamentary control on the public purse.]

Phythian, Mark and Walter Little Parliament and arms sales: lessons of the Matrix Churchill affair, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.46, no.3, July 1993: 293-308.

[The British government covertly helped British firms export defence-related equipment to Iraq for many years. Parliament proved ineffective for a number or reasons and an open question, whether the British Parliament can ever effectively oversee the actions of the executive, remains.]

Quine, R.E. Spending controls: financial responsibility in the democratic process, The Parliamentarian, vol.23, no.2, April 1992: 95-7.

[Parliamentary power has traditionally sprung from control over public taxation and spending. Is Parliament today able and willing to exercise to exercise this authority?]

Ryle, Michael Parliament's financial functions in the 1980s, Contemporary Record, vol.4, no.4, April 1991: 23-5.

[Financial oversight is an aspect of Parliament's work which is often overlooked, yet it is one which has changed considerably in the United Kingdom during the 1980s. This article explains clearly its role in the scrutiny of government finance.]

Woodhouse, Diana Ministerial responsibility in the 1990s: when do ministers resign?, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.46, no.3, July 1993: 278-92.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT

Drucker, Peter The New Realities, A book review by Peter Hamburger, Australian Business 4 July 1990.

Weller, Patrick Prime Minister, political leadership and cabinet government, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol.50, no.2, June 1991: 131-44.

FINANCE AND TRADE

Galligan, Nethercote and Walsh, The Cabinet and the Budget Processes, Book review by Harry Evans, Australian Journal of Political Science, November 1991.

Pusey, Michael Economic Rationalism in Canberra, Book review by Peter Hamburger, Australian Journal of Public Administration, December 1991.

Reich, Robert The Work of Nations, Book Review by Peter Hamburger, Australian Business, 27 February 1991.

HANSARD

Gislason, Garth Chips, blips and slips: computers and the art of eloquence, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: BC20-1.

[Computerized Hansard will probably soon be technologically possible. But will it be desirable?]

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES

Hjortdal, Helge Report on the introduction of new technology in parliaments, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no.161, 1991: 1-34.

[The author reports on a survey of IPU members.]

LEGISLATION

Bates, T.St.N. European Community legislation before the House of Commons, Statute Law Review, vol.12, no.2, September 1991: 109-34.

Fundamental legislative principles, paper presented to the Fourth Australasian Conference on Delegated Legislation and the First Australasian and Pacific Conference on the Scrutiny of Bills, 1993: 25p.

[Includes a paper by Professor Charles Sampford, delivered at the OPC/RIPAA Seminar on New Policy Processes: Fundamental Legislative Principles, Brisbane, 2 April 1993.]

Ganz, Gabriele The War Crimes Act 1991  why no constitutional crisis?, Modern Law Review, vol.55, no.1, January 1992: 87-95.

[The War Crimes Act 1991 set a number of constitutional records. It was the first time that a Conservative Government in Great Britain used the Parliament Acts. It was also the first Act to become law under the Parliament Act 1949 and only the fourth time the Parliament Acts 191149 had been invoked. The author looks at why there was so little reaction.]

Green, John M. A fair go for fuzzy law,, Making Law More Intelligible and Effective Conference, Canberra, 6 March 1992.

[A paper, together with accompanying document, presented to a conference sponsored by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Corporations and Securities and the Victorian Law Reform Commission.]

Izard, Ian Law on a laptop: legislation goes electronic, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: BC18-19.

[Consolidating years of parliamentary enactments is nothing unusual, unless they are consolidated on computer disk and released within days of the end of a session.]

Loveland, Ian Redefining parliamentary sovereignty? A new perspective on the search for the meaning of law, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.46, no.3, July 1993: 319-32.

McGee, D.G. The Influence of parliamentary procedure on the form of legislation in New Zealand, Statute Law Review, vol.12, no.2, September 1991: 135-45.

Maggs, Gregory E. Reducing the costs of statutory ambiguity: alternative approaches and the Federal Courts study committee, Harvard Journal on Legislation, vol. 29, no.1, Winter 1992: 123-73.

[The author identifies the costs of statutory ambiguity and evaluates the efficacy of the Federal Courts Study Committee's proposals.]

Newmarch, Geoffrey Who legislates more: Liberal and Labor? a study of Victoria, South Australia and the Commonwealth, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 23-7.

Richardson, A.T. War Crimes Act 1991, Modern Law Review, vol.55, no.1, January 1992: 73-87.

[The history and background to the enactment of the War Crimes Act in Britain.]

Seidman, Robert B. Justifying legislation: a pragmatic, institutionalist approach to the memorandum of law, legislative theory, and practical reason , Harvard Journal on Law, vol.29, no.1, Winter 1992: 1-77.

[A description of the elements of a theory of legislation helpful in making drafting decisions and justifying them in an accompanying memorandum of law.]

MEMBERS

McCrossan,Paul, Parliament and the private member, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.13, no.4, Winter 1990-91: 7-9.

McHugh, Peter J Training for members of Parliament, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 5p.

[The training needs have been identified by members of the WA Legislative Assembly, now a representative group will be asked to consider a structured training approach.]

Mitchell, Austin Harassed but happy, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.527, 22 July 1991: 13-14.

[Even though House of Commons members are overworked and understaffed, the majority of them are happy in their work.]

................, Advice to new members: 'the real truth' - or the parliamentary gospel according to Austin Mitchell, MP, The House Magazine, vol.18, no.554, 18 May 1992: 8.

Norton, Philip An MP's work is never done, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.527, 22 July 1991: 12.

[The workload of the House of Commons is increasing, quantitatively and qualitatively, and members are in danger of being overloaded.]

Rizzoli, Kevin On the health of members: doing the job better, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 11p.

Robertson, James R. and Margaret Young Parliament and the police: the saga of Bill C-79, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.14, no.4, Winter 1991-92: 18-21.

[This article examines recent attempts by the Canadian Parliament to deal with the issue of police investigations involving Members of Parliament.]

Tham, N.S. My own activities within the parliamentary system, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.4, October 1991: 297-8.

[Sabah has a population of approximately 1.4 million people, including just over 500,000 voters, who are all divided among 48 state Assembly constituencies. A member from one of those constituencies describes his place in the state's political system - from the market to the Assembly Chamber.]

MEMBERS - AUSTRALIA - QUALIFICATIONS

Clerk of the Senate outlines the constitutional law on which legal challenges can be made to the eligibility of Members of Parliament: former member seeks High Court ruling for a by-election in the seat of Wills, Daybreak, Friday 27 November 1992: 6p.

Saunders, Cheryl The Cleary case: who should be eligible to stand for Parliament?, Constitutional Centenary, vol.1, no.3, December 1992: 1-2,14.

MEMBERS - CONFLICT OF INTERESTS

Atkinson, Michael M. and Maureen Mancuso Conflict of interest in Great Britain and the United States: an institutional argument, Legislative Studies Quarterly, vol.16, no.4, November 1991: 471-93.

Carney, Gerard New requirements for the disclosure and registration of interests by Queensland parliamentarians, Queensland Law Society Journal, vol.21, no.2, April 1991: 99-105.

............., The duty of parliamentarians to make ad hoc disclosure of personal interests, Public Law Review, vol.2, no.1, March 1991: 24-43.

[This article advocates the imposition of an obligation on all members of parliament to make ad hoc disclosure of their personal interests whenever they are or appear to be in conflict with their public duties. An outline of the current position in Australia at both the Federal and State levels reveals the need for reform in this area, in respect of which certain recommendations are given.]

Gunn, Sheila A conflict of interests?, House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, 25 March 1991: 6.

............ To declare or not to declare, House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, 22 April 1991: 6.

Kagedan, Barbara Laine Public duties and private interests: the special joint Committee on conflict of interest, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.15, no.4, Winter, 1992-93: 17-28.

[Reconciling the public duties and private interests of Members of Parliament is a task which has proven in the past to be as difficult as it is important. A Special Joint Committee of the Canadian House of Commons and the Senate recently studied the issue and recommendedthat a completely new system be instituted to address conflicts of interest. The Committee's recommendations are the subject of the article.]

McCrossan, Paul Parliament and the private member, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.13, no.4, Winter 1991: 7-9.

Polsinelli, Claudio, Conflict and the Commissioner: the Ontario solution to conflict of interest, The Parliamentarian, vol.71, no.4, October 1990: 240-2.

[An argument for the need to legislate to solve the problem of conflict of interest.]

Reid, John Parliament and the Executive, 8 Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.13, no.4, Winter 1991: 10-11.

Rozzoli, K.R. Conflict of interests, codes of conduct and the responsibilities of members of Parliament, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 9-12.

Ryle, Michael, Analysis; Disclosure of financial interests by M.P.s: the John Browne affair, Public Law, Autumn 1990: 313-23.

MEMBERS - ETHICS

Cranford, John R. Keating hearings take Senate into thick of S&L swamp: publicity will affect senators' futures and raise issues of constituent service and campaign finance, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 10 November 1990: 3787-93.

Cranford, John R. et al, Decision in Keating Five case settles little in Senate, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.9, 2 March 1991: 517-23.

[The spectacle of the high-profile scandal may do more to shape senators' behaviour than did the ruling.]

Dumbrell, John Corruption and ethics codes in Congress: ethics issues in the U.S. Congress, Corruption and Reform, vol 6, no.2, 1991: 147-69.

[This article treats, and places into historical context, recent ethicsscandals in the U.S. Congress. The formulation and operation of the codes are critically assessed in the article, and related to the currently low public reputation of the American Congress.]

Edwards, Ken The Spoils of power, Time, 1 June 1992: 22-6.

[The resignation of Senator Graham Richardson has raised questions about the way politicians use their influence to help constituents, friends and family members.]

Ellis, David Time to clean the House, Time, 30 March 1992: 44.

[Many Congressmen lay the blame for the House bank scandal at the feet of the Speaker.]

Elving, Ronald D., Senators cleared by panel await political judgment, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.9, 2 March 1991: 556-7.

[Four of the Keating Five are expected to run for re-election and may face a harsher verdict from voters.]

Fowler, Jack, The Keating fizzle, National Review, vol.43, no.2, 11 February 1991: 22,24.

Hook, Janet

The bank buck stops with Foley, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.11, 14 March 1992: 600.

Those who owned up early still incur scorn and ridicule, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.11, 14 March 1992: 602-3.

[Articles relating to the latest scandal in Congress - the House bank scandal, and the players in the game.]

Kuntz, Phil, McDade continues long ordeal as grand jury keeps digging, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.7, 16 February 1991: 406-8.

..........., Stokes named as chairman of reconfigured panel, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.6, 9 February 1991; 330-1.

[A new US House ethics committee has been installed. This article looks at the history of the new chairman and the likely approach of the new committee.]

.......... Full disclosure, spin control await beleaguered House, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.11, 14 March 1992: 599-605.

[The disclosure of the identity and records of all those who wrote bad cheques at the House bank may be seen as either a hope for restoring the credibility of the House or a development that will reshape the makeup of the House.]

..........., House agrees to hand over records of its bank, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.18, 2 May 1992: 1127-34.

[The US House of Representatives ignored its Speaker and cast aside deep concerns about institutional power and individual rights in deciding to turn over House bank records.]

..........., Post Office inquiry spreads to campaign mail delivery, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.22, 30 May 1992: 1517-8.

Kuntz, Phil and Janet Hook, Even without new guidelines, senators tiptoe to safe side, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.9, 2 March 1991: 524-527.

Martin, Stephen Steps towards the development of a code of conduct for members and senators in the Australian parliament, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 8p.

[The author reviews Australian moves to a code of conduct in the States and the Commonwealth, and especially the determinations of the Working Group established by the Commonwealth Parliament to develop such a code.]

Matlack, Carol Moving from Capitol Hill to K Street, National Journal, no.16, April 20 1991: 941-2.

[Under a new ethics law the time honoured career path: lawmaker-turned-lobbyist will be a thing of the past.]

Simmons, Charlene Wear Thoughts on legislative ethics reform and representation, Political Science and Politics, vol.24, no.2, June 1991: 193-200.

Traver, Nancy Why Foley stood idle, Time, 13 April 1992: 50.

[Faced with an odious whispering campaign, he refused to act against the House bank's proprietor].

United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Ethics Committee Panel calls for disclosure of worst bank offenders, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.50, no.11, 14 March 1992: 660-8.

[Excerpts from the ethics committee's report on the House banking scandal.]

U.S. Senate Ethics Committee, Committee singles out Cranston for strongest criticism, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.9, 2 March 1991: 563-6.

[The text of the conclusions of the U.S. Senate Ethics Committee after hearings on the Keating Five senators.]

MEMBERS - REMUNERATION AND ALLOWANCES

Kuntz, Phil Pay hike tied to looser gift rules in deal on hill funding measure, Congressional Quarterly, 3 August 1991: 2128-30.

Dixon, Daryl The pension club, Independent Monthly, vol.4, no.5, November 1992: 41.

[The author explains the Commonwealth parliamentary superannuation scheme.]

MEMBERS - RESEARCH SERVICES

Warhurst, John , Alan Davies, Ed Parr and Alison Ransome The Information and policy analysis sources of Australian federal parliamentarians, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 13-20.

MEMBERS - RESIGNATION

Brazier, Rodney, Analysis; Post-resignation explanations, Public Law, Autumn 1990: 301-7.

MEMBERS - STAFF

Members assistants, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no. 164/2, 1992: 116-33.

[An article prepared after a questionnaire was sent to all members of the IPU. It covers the work done by Members staff in various parliaments around the world.]

MEMBERS - TERMS

Atkinson, Michael M. and David C. Docherty Moving right along: the roots of amateurism in the Canadian House of Commons, Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol.25, no.2, June 1992: 295-318

[It has been argued that the rapid membership turnover in the Canadian House of Commons robs the institution of a dedicated and experienced group of MPs and produces a Parliament stocked with political amateurs.]

Calamita, F. Paul Solving the voters' dilemma: the case for legislative term-limitation, Journal of Law and Politics, vol.8, no.3, Spring 1992: 559-607.

[The author argues that limiting legislative tenure will further the goals of representative democracy. Part I analyses the Framers' intended structure and rationale of a bicameral legislative branch and Part II discusses the merits of term limitation.]

Erickson, Stephen C A bulwark against faction: James Madison's case for term limits, Policy Review, no.63, Winter 1993: 76-8.

Frenzel, Bill Term limits and the immortal Congress: how to make congressional elections competitive again, Brookings Review, vol.10, no.2, Spring 1992: 18-22.

Jost, Kenneth Term limits: will a recent setback derail the term-limit movement?, CQ Researcher, vol.2, no.1, January 1992: 3-23.

[Setting term limits for members of Congress has long been talked about, but proposals drew little attention. However a national term-limit movement has suddenly grown up. Now efforts are under way to place initiatives on the ballot in at least a dozen states.

Kurtz, Karl T. Limiting terms: what's in store?, State Legislatures, vol.18, no.1, January 1992: 32-4.

[This article focuses on some of the unintended outcomes of limiting terms.]

Moncrieff, Gary F. (et al) For whom the bell tolls: term limits and State legislatures, Legislative Studies Quarterly, vol.17, no.1, February 1992:37-47.

[This article is an effort to assess the potential effect of term limits and US state legislatures.]

Moore, W. John So long, Mr Smith, National Journal, vol.24, no.37, 12 September 1992: 2052-6.

[Voters in more than a dozen states will decide whether limiting congressional terms is the only sure cure for Washington's woes.]

 

..............., A lawyer who's pushing the limits, National Journal, vol.24, no.33, 15 August 1992: 1909.

Petracca, Mark P. The poison of professional politics, USA Today, vol.120, no.2560, January 1992: 10-13.

[Limiting terms of office is the first step toward controlling a government dominated by Congressional careerists and lifetime lobbyists.]

................, Why political scientists oppose term limits, Cato Institute Briefing Papers, no.14, 18 February 1992: 10p.

................, What's wrong with political term limitation, USA Today, vol.121, no.2570, November 1992: 17-18.

................, Predisposed to oppose: political scientists and term limitations, Polity, vol.24, no.4, Summer 1992: 657-72.

Rothenberg, Stuart How term limits became a national phenomenon, State Legislatures, vol.18, no.1, January 1992: 35-9.

['Throw the rascals out' has taken on ominous new meaning as irate voters across the United States threaten to throw everybody out.]

Studlar, Donley T The challenge to incumbency in the US, Politics Review, Vol.2, no.2, November 1992: 30-32.

[As legislators in the US have become more secure, so dissatisfaction with US legislatures has increased. Is the limitation of terms the answer?]

MEMBERS - WOMEN

Astwood, Sen. Norma Cox, Women in politics: a challenge to tradition, The Parliamentarian, vol.71, no.3, July 1990: 153-6.

Chalker,M.P., Rt Hon. Lynda, Women in politics: that's no lady - that's my MP, The Parliamentarian, vol.71, no.3, July 1990: 157-9.

delli Carpini, Michael X and Ester R Fuchs The Year of the woman? Candidates, voters, and the 1992 elections, Political Science Quarterly, vol.108, no.1, Spring 1993: 29-36.

Lord, Margaret Women's way: the importance of women in politics, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: BC11

[Women have a different approach to problems, an approach which is badly needed in politics today, argues a female member of the British Columbia legislature.]

Politics in a new key? Senator Christabel Chamarette, Senator for the Greens (WA), St Mark's Review, Spring 1992: 26-32.

Reid, Linda Women in politics: from "persons" to Parliamentarians, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: BC10.

[British Columbia women have worked for decades to achieve full political equality with men, a goal yet to be reached.]

Sawer, Marian Housekeeping the state: women and parliamentary politics in Australia, Inkwel, no.2, March 1992: 3-6.

[Extracts from the paper presented as a Senate Occassional Lecture, 9 March 1992].

Schapiro, Beth S It's a man's world: unless you know the right questions to ask, Campaign Elections, vol.13, no.1, June 1992: 52-4.

Symonds, Ann It's still a man's world: women and Parliament, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.4, October 1991: 278-81.

[This is a challenge to women parliamentarians as well as men: change the system!]

Trust the women: women in the federal Parliament, Papers on Parliament, no.17, September 1992.

[This issue brings together papers given by Dr Marian Sawer, The Hon. Susan Ryan AO, Janine Haines, The Hon. Dame Margaret Guilfoyle, DBE as part of the Senate Department's Occasional Lecture series and Senator Patricia Giles at the opening of the exhibition entitled Trust the Women.]

Wild, Dorian No job for a woman, Ita, vol.5, no.7, September 1993: 16+ [8p.]

[Nearly 100 years after Federation, women account for just 18 percent of Australia's MPs. It's not right, it's not fair and it's not democratic!]

Women in Parliament, Julie Derrett Show, 25 March 1992: 6p. 20 March 1992: 4p.

OMBUDSMAN

Coates, Senator John Parliamentary review of the Ombudsman, Canberra Bulletin of Public Administration, no.66, October 1991: 149-50.

............, Review of the office of Commonwealth Ombudsman, Australian Institute of Administrative Law Newsletter, no.9, 1992: 12-14.

Pearce, Dennis Minding the people's minder, Australian Institute of Administrative Law Newsletter, no.9, 1992: 14-16.

PARLIAMENT

Commonwealth Parliaments: a commemorative souvenir. 37th Parliamentary Conference, New Delhi, September 1991, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, 1991.- reviewed by Senator the Hon. Kerry Sibraa, The Parliamentarian, vol.73, no.1, January 1992: 69.

Conflicts between Parliaments and the Courts, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no.163/1, 1992: 22-31.

[An article prepared after a questionnaire was sent to all members of the IPU.]

Norton, Philip (ed.) Legislatures, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1990.- reviewed by Harry Evans, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.26, no.3, November 1991: 598-9.

Two historical views of parliaments: Ireland and Russia, Papers on Parliament, no.16, June 1992.

[This issue contains two papers given as part of the Senate Department's Occasional Lecture series - Russia's Parliaments by Harry Rigby and Parnell and the Art of Politics by Professor Oliver MacDonagh.]

The Volume of parliamentary workload, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no.163/1, 1992: 65-94.

[An article prepared after a questionnaire was sent to all members of the IPU.]

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA

Brown, Neil Reform of the Parliament, Quadrant, vol.35, no.6, June 1991: 15-18.

[Former member Neil Brown suggests four reforms which he feels would result in substantial improvements in the workings of Parliament.]

Cohen, Barry, How to put our House in order,, The Bulletin, 22 January 1991: 32-7.

Evans, Harry Information and parliamentary reform: report on a seminar conducted by the Electoral and Administrative Review Commission of Queensland, The House Magazine,, 21 August 1991:21-2.

..........., A Parliament Votes for War, The House Magazine, 13 February 1991.

..........., Parliamentary reform: new directions and possibilities for reform of parliamentary processes.

[Paper presented to a seminar on Parliamentarians, The Opposition and Scrutiny of Government, 26 July 1991, organized by the Queensland Electoral and Administrative Review Commission.]

Kelly, Paul Who runs Australia: the press gallery or Parliament?, Media Watch, no. 18, June/July 1991: 21-5.

[This article is the speech given by the author in a debate on the Canberra Parliamentary Press Gallery.]

Lynch, A. At the Feet of the Master A Gentle Man - Memories of Professor Gordon Reid, 1923-1989, (Ken Spillman ed) Cancer Foundation of Western Australia, 1990.

O'Brien, Denis, Dissolving the Parliament, Public Law Review, vol.1, no.1, 1990: 17-20.

[Should a set of rules relating to dissolutions of popularly elected House be in place? Should the rules relating to the exercise by Governors and Governors-General of their reserve powers be defined?]

Smith, Anthony D., Parliament degraded, IPA Review, vol.43, no.3, Autumn 1990: 10-14.

[The amount of legislation which comes before Parliament is increasing at an alarming rate. But the conventions which allowed full debate and scrutiny of proposed laws and regulations and which kept governments accountable are in decline.]

Solomon, David (ed.) Ban on election advertising facing challenge, The Legal Reporter, vol.13, no.1, 22 January 1992: 1-4.

Stone, John Yes Minister? Politicians and bureaucrats in Canberra, Quadrant, vol.36, no.10, October 1992: 14-19.

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - ADMINISTRATION

Cope, R.L. Myths and realities of administering Australian parliaments: comments on the Foley-Russell report, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 42-45.

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - NEW SOUTH WALES

Blunt, David Joint Committee on the Independent Commission against Corruption, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 42-5.

Hatton, John The myth that is Parliament, Insight Bookmagazine, no.4, 1992: 49-52.

Miller, Ronda Joint Committee on the Office of the Ombudsman, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 46-7.

Page, Barbara Developments in the Legislative Council of New South Wales since 1978, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 23-31.

Regulation Review Committee, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 36-41.

Willis, Max The management of Parliament: a New South Wales perspective, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 6p.

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - QUEENSLAND

Electoral and Administrative Review Commission. Report on review of information and resource needs of non-government members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly; Brisbane, EARC, December 1991.

Fouras, J The tides of change: Queensland's emerging parliamentary committee system, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 6p.

[This paper traces the historical development of the Queensland parliamentary committee system.]

Parliament. Queensland. Legislative Assembly. Select Committee on Privileges

Report on petitions to Parliament, 5 December 1991

Report on privilege attaching to parliamentary papers, 5 December 1991

Parliament. Queensland. Parliamentary Committee for Electoral and Administrative Review Review of information and resource needs of non-government members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly. 19 March 1992.

Prasser, Scott Parliamentary reform in Queensland: easy does it, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 3-9.

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - SENATE

Academic [Marian Simms]comments on the Budget and the balance of power in the Senate, Julie Derrett Show, 26 August 1993: 4p.

Leader of the Opposition in the Senate explains his proposed resolution for deadlines for the introduction of budget bills, P.M., 3 August 1993:2p.

[Michael Brissenden speaks with Senator Robert Hill, Leader of the Opposition in the Senate.]

The legislative process in the Australian Senate: a brief description of the procedures under which bills are considered in the Senate, Procedure Office, May 1992

The President of the Senate, Senate Brief, no.6, June 1992: 8p.

Procedural motion to impose a deadline on the introduction of legislation into Federal Parliament has been passed by the Senate, A.M., 19 August 1993: 3p.

Senate, Daybreak, Wednesday 4 August 1993:4.

[Pru Goward speaks to Harry Evans,Clerk of the Senate and Senator John Faulkner, Manager of Government Business in the Senate.]

The Senate Chamber and the role of Senators, Senate Brief, no.7, August 1992.

Senate committees, Senate Brief, no.4, February 1992: 8p.

Senate estimates committees, Senate Brief, no.5, February 1992: 4p.

Senator Chamarette and the filling of casual Senate vacancies, Parliament program, Friday 20 March 1992: 4p.

Waterford, Jack The Senate gets a taste of power, The Independent Monthly, August 1993: 13-14.

[The election gave Paul Keating more personal power within the ALP than any previous prime minister. But, as the author explains, he lost control of the Senate and is now dependent on both minor parties to pass legislation.]

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - VICTORIA

Hermann, Anton Revitalizing Parliament in Victoria, IPA Review, vol.44, no.3, 1991: 19-20.

[Can the Strategic Management Review, commissioned by the Presiding Officers, revitalize the Victorian Parliament and become a model for other Australian parliaments?]

PARLIAMENT - AUSTRALIA - WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Black, David An index to parliamentary candidates in Western Australia elections.-rev.ed, Perth, Parliament of Western Australia, 1991: Black, David and Geoffrey Bolton Biographical register of members of the Parliament of Western Australia: volume 1 1870-1930; volume 2 1930-1990.-Perth, Parliament of Western Australia, 1990: Mandy, John and David Black The Western Australian parliamentary handbook centenary edition.-Perth, Parliament of Western Australia, 1990 - reviewed by Lenore Layman, The Australian Journal of Politics and History, vol.38, no.2, 1992: 291-2.

Changing WA for the better: the era of the public watchdog, Directions in Government, December 1992/January 1993: 16-18.

[Widespread change to parliamentary and public sector practices has been recommended by the WA Inc Royal Commission to prevent a recurrence of the excesses of the 1980s.]

Johnston, Peter W The legal personality of the Western Australian Parliament, University of Western Australia Law Review, vol.20, no.2, 1990: 323-339.

PARLIAMENT - CANADA

Blenkarn, Don et al Parliament and the constitutional debate, Parliamentary Government, vol.10, no.1, 1991: 3-7.

[Three Canadian members discuss Parliament's ability to respond to regional concerns and grievances on constitutional matters, the current mood in the House of Commons, and the need for parliamentary reform.]

Dobell, Peter C. and John Reid A larger role for the House of Commons, Parliamentary Government, no.40, April 1992: 3-4

......., A larger role for the House of Commons, part 1: question period, Parliamentary. Government, no.40, April 1992: 5-10.

[News clips from question period are all that most Canadians see of Parliament in action. And they are not impressed. Focused policy debates could be a more meaningful principal arena in which the opposition leadership could confront the government.]

......., A larger role for the House of Commons, part 2: voting, Parliamentary Government, no.40, April 1992: 11-16.

[Objections to excessive party discipline often result in calls for more free votes, but straightforward free voting would undermine effective, responsible government. A more nuanced approach could make MPs more responsive to constituency and regional concerns.]

......., A larger role for the House of Commons, part 3: a different role for committees, Parliamentary Government , no.40, April 1992: 17-20.

[Standing committees remain partisan and seem to have limited impact on government policy or legislation. A better approach would be for the government to turn deliberately to standing committees for advice.]

......., A larger role for the House of Commons, part 4: special problems of minority government, Parliamentary Government, no.40, April 1992: 21-4.

........, A larger role for the House of Commons: conclusion , Parliamentary Government, no.40, April 1992: 25.

Doody, Hon. William Houses in conflict: an elected government faces a hostile upper Chamber, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 109-10.

[Canada's governing party goes to unprecedented lengths to overcome the opposition party's majority in the nation's appointed Senate.]

Kilgour, David The perils of executive democracy, Policy Options, vol.13, no.5, June 1992: 3-7.

[A member of the Canadian Parliament looks at ways of reforming that Parliament, including a strengthened committee system and a Senate modelled on the Australian Senate.]

PARLIAMENT - CANADA - SENATE

Crimmins, James E. Comedy or remedy?, Policy Options, vol.12, no.7, September 1991: 29-30.

[A modest proposal for Senate reform along the lines of the British House of Lords.]

Hunt, Wayne An elected Senate and the peaceable kingdom, Policy Options, vol.12, no.3, April 1991: 10-11.

[Reform may seem a recipe for boredom, but an elected Canadian Senate offers the best hope of setting right historic injustices and racial delusions.]

Malcolmson, Patrick Reflections on Canada's first Senate 'election', Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.14, no.3, Fall 1991: 15-17.

Mathis, Dan The entire system needs a new look, Policy Options, vol.12, no.2, March 1991: 16-18.

[Canadian Senate reform and federal-provincial relations should be addressed in the same forum, in effect, creating a new Canadian system.]

Schneiderman, David On stacking the Senate, Policy Options, vol.12, no.9, November 1991: 34-5.

[While many Canadians were outraged by the passage of the GST, they should not doubt the constitutionality of stacking the upper house.]

Stoett, Peter J. Elect senators by proportional representation, Policy Options, vol.12, no.2, March 1991: 13-15.

[The Canadian Senate, as it now stands, is unacceptable. Choosing its members on a providence-wide basis might provide an answer.]

PARLIAMENT - HUNG

Winterton, George Tasmania's hung parliament, 1989, Public Law, Autumn 1992: 423-49.

PARLIAMENT - INDIA

Bhagat, Shri B.R. Who controls whom? Parliament in Indian polity, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 201-3.

[An examination of the central position that Parliament occupies in India's political system.]

Chatterjee, Shri Somnath Privilege: preserving Parliament's traditional rights, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 131-4.

[The view of Parliament as the highest court of the land - the court of public opinion - is not always accepted by the land's other courts.]

Halim, Hashim Abdul Bad behaviour: are Indian legislatures in decline, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 227-8.

[To function effectively, Parliament must defend the right of its members to speak freely and forthrightly - subject to certain limitations.]

Malaviya, Hon. Satya Prakash The Whips: order and co-ordination, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 127-8.

Minhas, Sardar Surjit Singh The legislator: representative and intermediary, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 225-6.

[The Punjab Speaker considers the qualities that legislators need to carry out their duties effectively.]

Nath, Jyotirmoy Division of duty: we represent the people, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 221-3.

[An Indian state Speaker assesses Parliament's role as legislator and the relationship between central and state powers.]

Rehman, Shakeelur Committee review, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 129-30.

[The Parliament of India is at the apex of the world's largest democracy. To undertake its vast responsibilities, some of Parliament's work has been assigned to a carefully formulated collection of committees.]

Tamilkudimagan, M. Full partners? responsible relations between Parliament and the Executive, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 212-3.

[Constitutionally and in practice, Parliaments and legislatures should be partners in the conduct of public affairs, working in harmony - most of the time.]

Thakur, C.P. Money matters: Parliament and economic issues - the Indian case, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 124-6.

[Are parliamentarians adequately equipped to monitor government spending and financial policies? An Indian member examines his Parliament's performance in an area which is historically the basis of parliamentary power.]

Varma, Hon. Umeshwar Prasad Independence and democracy: the spirit of the Indian Parliament, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.2, April 1991: 120-3.

[A constitution alone cannot create a true Parliament. Every Assembly needs Members with vision and courage to stand firm for democracy against grasping governments. India has its share of such Parliamentarians.

PARLIAMENT - MEDIA

Leopold, Patricia M. When a leak is a scoop, Journal of Media Law and Practice, vol.11, no.4, December 1990: 118-24.

[This article looks at the law of parliamentary privilege in the area of leaks from House of Commons (G.B.) select committees and considers whether there are any alternative approaches to the problem.]

PARLIAMENT - PROCEDURE

Cumming Thom, A R Odgers' Australian Senate Practice: the sixth edition, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 57-64.

Evans, Harry Rescission of order for publication of evidence, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 27-35.

Fisher, Karen Commission continues Mason's work, State Legislatures, vol.18, no.7, July 1992: 43-4.

[Paul Mason worked diligently for more than 40 years to keep legislators up to date on parliamentary law. Now a seasoned commission has taken up where he left off.]

Ganz, G., Recent developments in the use of guillotine motions, Public Law, Winter 1990: 496-506.

Little, John G Use of the guillotine procedure, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 11p.

McGee, D.G. The Influence of parliamentary procedure on the form of legislation in New Zealand, Statute Law Review, vol.12, no.2, September 1991: 135-45.

O'Brien, Gary Jeremy Bentham's theory of parliamentary procedure, The Table, vol.60, 1992: 14-34.

Shapiro, Larry G J and Edwin J Maley Jr The thoroughly modern Mason's manual, State Legislatures, vol.18, no.7, July 1992: 40-1.

[The latest edition of the legislator's bible on procedures reflects today's pressures and practices.]

Sibraa, Senator The Hon. Kerry, President of the Senate, Truth and Unparliamentary Language, Paper given to 24th Conference of Presiding Officers and Clerks, Port-Vila, July 1993.

Tester, Neil Procedure, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.521, 10 June 1991: vi-vii.

[In this background guide for non-parliamentary readers, House of Commons questions and the way in which business is arranged are examined.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED KINGDOM

Alderman, R.K. The Leader of the Opposition and Prime Minister's question time, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.45, no.1, January 1992: 66-76.

[This article looks at the role of the Leader of the Opposition during Prime Minister's question time.]

Allen, Graham, Restoring pride in Parliament, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.505, 11 February 1991: 18-19.

[`Parliament is the most sophisticated political prison in the world' says a British member of Parliament, but he can see a way to escape.]

Bennett, P. and S. Pullinger Making the Commons work: information analysis and accountability.-IPPR, 1991: Carstairs, C. and R. Ware (eds) Parliament and international relations.-Open University Press, 1991: Engelfield, D. (ed) Workings of Westminster.-Dartmouth, 1991; Franklin, Bob (ed) Televising democracies.-Routledge, 1992: Jordan, G. The Commercial Lobbyists.-Aberdeen University Press, 1991: Shell, D. The House of Lords.-2nd ed.,Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992 - reviewed by R.K. Alderman, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.45, no.3, July 1992: 437-8.

Blackburn, Robert The Meeting of Parliament: a study of the law and practice relating to the frequency and duration of the United Kingdom Parliament, Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1990 - reviewed by Michael Ryle, Public Law, Winter 1991: 620-1.

Cormack, Patrick, Looking to a civilised Parliament, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.505, 11 February 1991: 15.

[A British member of Parliament suggests some reforms which would make for a more civilised Parliament and healthier members.]

Garrett, John Westminster: does Parliament work?, Victor Gollancz Ltd., London, 1992.. reviewed by Austin Mitchell, The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.572, 23 November 1992: 14.

Gregory, Roy and Jane Pearson The Parliamentary Ombudsman after twenty-five years, Public Administration, vol.70, no.4, December 1992: 469-98.

[This article looks at the twenty-five years the Parliamentary Commissioner scheme has been operating and at what can be done to realise its full potential.]

Harman, Harriet, "Time gentleman, please", The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.505, 11 February 1991: 19.

[The ways of working are out of date, does this member of the British Parliament have solutions?]

Hattersley, Roy Parliament must change, The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.553. 11 May 1992: 9.

[The Deputy Leader of the Labour Party (UK) sees changes in parliamentary procedure as the way to obtain consensus government.]

Ingle, Stephen The Glorious Revolution and the party system: has the myth passed its sell-by date?, Politics Review, vol.1, no.3, February 1992: 2-5.

[It has traditionally been claimed that, since the Glorious Revolution, the United Kingdom has had a two-party system. The author critically examines this claim and argues that Britain needs a different way of running its affairs.]

.............. The Glorious Revolution and the party system: has the myth passed its sell-by date?, Politics Review, vol.1, no.3, February 1992: 2-5.

[It has traditionally been claimed that, since the Glorious Revolution, the United Kingdom has had a two-party system. The author critically examines this claim and argues that Britain needs a different way of running its affairs.]

Letter to a new member: advice from an old lag, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.18, no.551, 27 April 1992: 5-6.

MacGregor, Rt Hon. John A responsible House, House Magazine (U.K.), 25 March 1991: 19-20.

[Working in a House that looks more like a museum than a modern legislature has its drawbacks.]

Mitchell, Austin, House cleaning, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.505, 11 February 1991: 16-17.

[A British member of Parliament sees the prospect for reform and modernisation coming not only from reorganising the system within but from a fundamental constitutional reform outside.]

New members guide, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.18, no.551, 27 April 1992: 26-42.

Norton, Philip The new session: sessional variations, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.17, no. 534, 4 November 1991: 14.

[How do the business managers plan for a session that they know will not last beyond June 1992?]

............., Parliament since 1945: a more open institution, Contemporary Record, vol.5, no.2, Autumn 1991: 217-34.

............., A reform Parliament? The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.559, 22 June 1992: 15.

Parliamentary ledger: members of the 1992 Parliament, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.18, no.551, 27 April 1992: i-v.

Quade, Quentin L. Don't fix ittoo much, Political Quarterly, vol.63, no.2, April/June 1992: 186-96.

[After renewed observation of British politics the author feels that the reforms needed can best be satisfied within the extant system.]

Rush, Michael Parliament and government: an annotated bibliography of government publications for the 1990-91 parliamentary session, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.46, no.1, January 1993: 133-42.

Shell, Donald The House of Lords in the 1980s, Contemporary Record, vol.4, no.4, April 1991: 17-8.

[The 1980s was a decade in which the House of Lords, dismissed by many before 1979 as being of no consequence, appeared to enjoy a new burst of life. This article purposely stresses the case for achievement.]

Tester, Neil The old order changes, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no. 525, 8 July 1991: 17.

[George Bright, MBE, about to retire after nearly 43 years as Editorial Supervisor of the Vote, remininisces.]

Wade, H.W.R. What has happened to the sovereignty of Parliament?, Law Quarterly Review, vol.107, January 1991: 1-10.

[Ever since it was enacted in section 2 of the European Communites Act 1972 that Acts of Parliament, both past and future, should take effect subject to Community law, there has been the prospect of a clash. The clash has now occurred.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED KINGDOM - ADMINISTRATION

Proctor, W A Implementing Ibbs, The Table, vol.60, 1992: 66-74.

[The process of reforming the administration of the United Kingdom Parliament is now in full swing. This article outlines the changes that are being undertaken and their benefits.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED KINGDOM - HOUSE OF COMMONS - COMMITTEES, SELECT

Cremin, Matthew The Setting-up of the departmental select committees after the 1992 election, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.46, no.3, July 1993: 309-18.

[The process of re-establishing the departmental select committees after the 1992 general election showed once again weaknesses in the system by which these committees are set up and have their members elected.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED KINGDOM - HOUSE OF COMMONS - PROCEDURES

Gunn, Sheila The great paper chase, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.16, no.526, 15 July 1991: 4.

[A look at the latest Commons Procedure Committee report into parliamentary questions.]

McKay, W.R. (ed.) Observations, rules and orders of the House of Commons: an early procedural collection.-London, H.M.S.O., 1989

(House of Commons Library Document no.17): Clerks of the House of Commons 1363-1989: a biographical list.-London, H.M.S.O.,1989.- reviewed by G.A. Harrison, Parliamentary History, vol.11, pt.1, 1992: 157-8.

Points of order at Westminster, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: 114.

Procedure notes for new members by the Clerk of the House, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.18, no.551, 27 April 1992: 24-5.

Ryle, Michael Recent procedural changes in the Commons, Parliamentary Affairs, vol.44, no.4, October 1991: 470-80.

PARLIAMENT - UNITED KINGDOM - HOUSE OF LORDS - COMMITTEES

Burton, Simon Procedure Committees in the House of Lords 1907-43, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 59-85.

Runciman, W.G., Diary, London Review of Books, vol.13, no.1, 10 January 1991: 21.

[The author questions what he is doing joining in an unelected Upper House on the basis of `no damn merit whatever'.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED STATES

Biskupic, Joan Supreme Court: Congress keeps eye on justices as court watches Hill's words, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.40, 5 October 1991: 2863-7.

[Members of Congress are now being more attentive in their approach to the drafting of legislation due to the approach of Justice Scalia, "We are a government of laws not of committee reports."]

Cohen, Richard E. World's greatest non-debating society, National Journal, no.31, 3 August 1991: 1940.

[Debate before voting on issues would appear to be a thing of the past in the U.S. Senate.]

................, Look out, Congress, National Journal, vol.24, no.31, 1 August 1992: 1770-4.

[Capitol Hill is bracing for the largest freshman class since 1932. Many of the prospective Senators and House members are campaigning as outsiders, swearing that they'll do things differently.]

Edwards, Mickey, A conservative defense of Congress, The Public Interest, no.100, Summer 1990: 81-8.

Felten, Eric Little princes: the petty despotism of congressional staff, Policy Review, no.63, Winter 1993: 51-7.

Hook, Janet, Reforming Congress: lessons of the past, Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, vol.49, no.9, 2 March 1991: 570.

[Procedural reforms cannot improve Congress' standing as much as decisive action on meaningful legislation.]

Johnson, Loch K The study of congressional investigations: research strategies, Congress and the Presidency, vol.19, no.2, Autumn 1992: 137-56.

[The power to investigate has evolved into one of the most potent weapons available to Congress in its perennial struggles with the executive branch. This article attempts to map what stimulates an inquiry and its course and outcome.]

Lind, Michael A radical plan to change American politics, The Atlantic Monthly, August 1992: 73-83.

[From the term-limitation movement to the rise of Ross Perot, the signs of discontent with the political status quo are everywhere. The author outlines a plan to channel that discontent in an innovative direction, one that would make the House of Representatives more democratic and more responsive to the variety of opinion found in the country.]

McDowell, Gary L., Congress and the courts, The Public Interest, no.100, Summer 1990: 89-101.

Morin, Richard Female aides on Hill: still outsiders in man's world, The Washington Post, 21 February 1993: A1, A18,19.

Ornstein, Norman, The permanent Democratic Congress, The Public Interest, no.100, Summer 1990: 24-44.

Owens, John E. Congress in the 1980s, Politics Review, vol.1, no.3, February 1992: 30-3.

[The USA Congress has faced a number of changes in recent years. This article charts the nature and development of these changes, and examines the impact they have had on Congress in the 1980s.]

Reiselbach, Leroy N., Institutional factors, legislative behavior, and Congressional policymaking: developments in the 1980s, Annual Review of Political Science (vol.3, ed. Samuel Long): 160-97.

Rogers, Chester B. New member socialization in the House of Representatives, Congress and the Presidency, vol.19,no.1, Spring 1992: 47-63.

[The apprenticeship norm that encouraged new members to learn about the ways of the institution before striking out on their own is a thing of the past. New members are now encouraged to actively pursue their own self interests and to be aware of their importance to such an extent that it decreases the effectiveness of the House as an organization.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED STATES - CONGRESS - CONFERENCE COMMITTEES

LeBlanc, Robin M. Conference committees: the Congressional context, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.14, no.3, Autumn 1991: 24-8.

[In the United States all legislation must be adopted in identical form by both Houses. The Americans make extensive use of conference committees to resolve differences between the chambers. This article uses three case studies to examine the congressional conference as a legislative institution in its own right.]

PARLIAMENT - UNITED STATES - CONGRESS - SENATE - COMMITTEES

Evans, C. Lawrence Participation and policy making in Senate committees, Political Science Quarterly, vol.106, no.3, Fall 1991: 479-98.

[This article looks at who participates in the legislative work of the U.S. Senate committees, why, and what are the consequences for policy making at this stage of the process?]

PARLIAMENT HOUSE

Fewtrell, Terry A new parliamentary order: a preliminary report, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol.50, no.1, March 1991: 84-93.

[In 1984, the author argued in a paper entitled "A new Parliament House - a new parliamentary order", that the design of the new Parliament House would have a significant impact on the operation of Parliament. Now, after a study conducted to test his hypotheses, he reports on the impact which the building has had on the Parliament.]

PARLIAMENTARY BUILDINGS

Coghill, Ken and Despina Babbage Seating in legislatures, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 15-22.

Hay, Malcolm The new building: a new collection, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.17, no. 534, 4 November 1991: 10.

[The Curator of Works of Art, Palace of Westminster outlines the unique art collection being established for the New Building.]

James, Robin The new building: worth the wait, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.17, no. 534, 4 November 1991: 8-9.

[The Clerk of the New Building Sub-Committee outlines the history of phase one of the project to improve the accommodation of British parliamentarians: it's only taken 28 years.]

McGee, David Relocation of the New Zealand Parliament, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 19-26.

Pringle, John The new building: the next step, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.17, no. 534, 4 November 1991: 11.

[The architect commissioned to design phase two of the New Building writes of his plans for the phase two project.]

Ramsey, David The new building: the palace of variety, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.17, no. 534, 4 November 1991: 9.

[The architect of the new building discusses the challenges that faced him as he adapted and conserved the derelict buildings that were to become the New Building.]

PARLIAMENTARY COMMISSIONER (U.K.)

Drewry, Gavin and Carol Harlow, A `cutting edge'? The Parliamentary Commissioner and MPs, Modern Law Review, vol.53, no.6, November 1990: 745-69.

PARLIAMENTARY DOCUMENTS

Strangman, Denis Archival records of the Australian Parliament, Archives and Manuscripts, vol.20, no.2, November 1992: 211-25.

PARLIAMENTARY EDUCATION

Allan, Rod, Political education in primary schools, The Citizenship Educator, vol.1, no.1, November 1990: 10-19.

Arnold, David The Parliament Stack Ethos Papers, VASST, Melbourne, October 1991.

Carter, John Dull and boring? Not if they an help it, The Parliamentarian, vol.74, no.2, April 1993: 97-9.

["Parliamentary government" doesn't have to send a yawn through the classroom. The Parliamentary Education Office in Canberra shows the way in adding spark to government courses for youngsters. And it does it without getting burned by its political masters.]

Goldman, Julliette and Neil Russell, Participatory citizenship education - a continuing challenge for teacher educators, The Citizenship Educator, vol.1, no.1, November 1990: 27-38.

HHarris, Don, One kid, one vote, State Legislatures, vol.6, no.10, November/December 1990: 29-31.

[With voter turnout nationally at an all-time low, Arizona has taken a lesson from Costa Rica in teaching kids healthy voting habits.]

Kennedy, Kerry J., Social science education as the context for parliamentary education and the promotion of active citizenship, The Citizenship Educator, vol.1, no.1, November 1990: 1-9.

PARLIAMENTARY INTERNSHIP

McInnes, Craig and John Power A Parliamentary internship: issues for practical politics, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 46-52.

[The authors look at how the parliamentary internship program at University of Melbourne operates and the results after two rounds of internships in 1991.]

PARLIAMENTARY LIBRARIES

Marleau, Robert Technical parliamentary co-operation: the Canadian experience, Inter-Parliamentary Bulletin, no.3, 1991: 226-33.

Tillotson, Greig Writings on Australian parliamentary librarianship: a survey, Australian Library Journal, vol.40, no.1, February 1991: 45-59.

PARLIAMENTARY OFFICERS

Management of parliamentary staff: training, career and mobility, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no.163/1, 1992: 32-64.

[An article prepared after a questionnaire was sent to all members of the IPU.]

PARLIAMENTARY PRIVILEGE

Applications of privilege, The Table, vol.58, 1990: 89-112.

Burke, Bruce The Westpac letters case, Communications Law Bulletin, vol.11, no.1, Autumn 1991: 28-9.

[The author discusses the injunctions restraining publication of these letters and suggests that the law governing the reporting of parliamentary proceedings needs clarification.]

Doyle, Robert Privilege: attacks on the Speaker - a Queensland experience, paper presented to the Presiding Officers and Clerks Conference, 24th, Vanuatu, 1993: 6p.

[The author, Clerk of the Parliament, Queensland, gives details of two occasions on which criticisms of the Speaker by Opposition members were found to be contempts and the members concerned suspended from the service of the House, and poses four questions in relation to the events.]

Juddery, Bruce His house is his castle, Australian Business, 31 July 1991:30

[Clerk of the Senate Harry Evans uses verbal weapons to repel attempts to limit the Upper House's powers.]

McGee, David, The application of Article 9 of the Bill of Rights 1688, New Zealand Law Journal, October 1990: 346-9.

[A critism of a recent New Zealand decision on the provision in the 1688 statute concerning the absolute freedom of speech of members of Parliament and whether this applies to documents provided by the member in the furtherance of his public duties.]

Manjunath, Hon. D. Free speech: protecting a particular right, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991:229-30.

[To function effectively, Parliament must defend the right of its members to speak freely and forthrightly - subject to certain limitations.]

Moves towards the codification of rights of parliamentary practice, Law Society Journal, vol.29, no.2, March 1991: 38-40.

[While the Commonwealth and other States have passed legislation enshrining the rights and institutions of parliamentarians, NSW has yet to make a decision.]

Shah, M.C., Parliament and the citizen, The Parliamentarian, vol.71, no.4, October 1990: 270-1.

[India considers the citizen's right to reply.]

PARLIAMENTARY SCRUTINY

Scicchitano, Michael, Research note: patterns of U.S. House and Senate oversight: the Clean Air Act of the 1970s, Polity, vol.22, no.4, Summer 1990: 717-29.

PARLIAMENTARY SECURITY

Procedure Office, House of Representatives, Security within the precincts of Australia's Parliament House, The Table, vol.LVII, 1990: 31-8.

PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM - REFORM

Blaikie, Bill Freedom to do what?, Policy Options, vol.13, no.5, June 1992: 8-9.

[If MPs are merely to reflect the views of their constituents, why not just plug voters into a national computerised voting system?]

Evans, Harry Unbogging the parliamentary reform wagon, Legislative Studies, vol.5, no.2, Summer 1991: 52-5.

PRESIDING OFFICERS

Cohen, Richard E For Speaker Foley: a time of travail, National Journal, no.19, 9 May 1992: 1132.

Looch, Anthony Speakership election: a good-natured contest and a clutch of firsts, The House Magazine (U.K.), vol.18, no.552, 6 May 1992: 4.

Negi, Thakur Sen The Chair: a new status for presiding officers, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 217-9.

[Should presiding officers belong to political parties? A veteran Indian State Assembly Speaker argues for a new non-partisan era to revive some of the best traditions of parliamentary democracy.]

Powers of the Speaker/President in the Chamber, Constitutional and Parliamentary Information, no.162, 2nd half-year, 1991: 28-43.

[Introductory note and extract from minutes of the IPU Cyprus Session, April 1990.]

Rozzoli, Kevin A seat apart: proposal: an independent, continuing Speakership for New South Wales, The Parliamentarian, vol.72, no.3, July 1991: 182-5.

[Respect for the institution of Parliament is said to be waning in Australia. The Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly argues that the election of a Presiding Officer who can rise above party politics would help to restore parliamentary pride.]

Saxena, K.K. Maintaining decorum in the midst of a heated debate: the Speaker in Nauru, The Parliamentarin, vol.73, no.2, April 1992: 132-133.

Tester, Neil Behind the scenes: the Speaker's eyes and ears, The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.589, April 1993: 14-15.

[Sir Peter Kitcatt CB retired at Easter from his post of Speaker's Secretary. He talked to the author about his role as the Speaker's right-hand man.]

PRIME MINISTERS

Bennett, Anthony J. Electing Prime Ministers and Presidents: a Trans-Atlantic comparison in 1992, Presidential Studies Quarterly, vol.22, no.2, Spring 1992: 279-94.

[In selecting their leaders, British political parties display a number of significant differences from the way American political parties choose their presidential candidates. These differences concern qualifications, nomination procedures, previous political experience, the timing and duration of the process, financial outlay required, the role of the media and, most importantly, who participates in the selection and the role given in each process to professional politicians as opposed to party 'members'.]

King, Anthony The British Prime Ministership in the age of the career politician, West European Politics, vol.14, no.2, April 1991: 25-47.

Rose, Richard Prime Ministers in parliamentary democracies, West European Politics, vol.14, no.2, April 1991: 9-24.

PROROGATION

O'Brien, Denis Federal elections: the strange case of the two proclamations, Public Law Review, vol.4, no.2, June 1993: 81-3.

[Was the proroguing of Parliament at 5.59pm, 8 February 1993 an instance of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet deferring to the Clerk of the Senate?]

QUESTIONS (INFORMATION)

Brown, Gary Index to parliamentary questions on defence: 1991, Department of the Parliamentary Library, 1992.

REPUBLICANISM

Atkinson, Alan The Australian monarchy: imperfect but important, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 67-82.

[It is possible that the moral and cultural authority of the Crown is now well enough entrenched within the informal constitution to survive the end of monarchy.]

An Australian republic? Australian Lawyer, vol.28, no.5, June 1993: 16-20.

[Malcolm Turnbull and Lloyd Waddy,QC, put their views on the issue.]

A Battle royal down under, Macleans, vol.106, no.22, 31 May 1993: 22-3.

Bean, Clive Should Australia become a republic?, National Social Science Survey, vol.2, no.6, November 1991: 20,10.

.........., Public attitudes on the monarchy-republic issue, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 190-206.

[This paper uses longitudinal sample survey data to examine the social and political bases of public attitudes on the monarchy-republic issue.]

Brent, Peter History's tide runs against republic poll, Australian Business Monthly, vol.13, no.7, May 1993: 70-2.

[Will the country become a republic under Paul Keating? He'd need a successful referendum to do it, but as the author has found, we are the world champions at rejecting constitutional change.]

Caton, Hiram Farewell to republics and monarchies, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 35-8.

Condren, Conal The Australian Commonwealth, a republic or a republican virtue, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 31-4.

Cowen, Sir Zelman The Australian head of state: a legal conundrum, Quadrant, April 1992: 63-9.

[The author asks is it not anomalous that we have a Governor-General who, because of the physical facts, performs virtually all Head of State functions but is yet not Head of State?]

................, From monarchy to republic, Constitutional Centenary, vol.2, no.3, July 1993: 1+ (3p.)

Craven, Greg The constitutional minefield of Australian republicanism, Policy, vol.8, no.3, Spring 1992: 33-6.

[The author spells out the principal constitutional obstacles to converting Australia from a monarchy to a republic.]

Cristaudo, Wayne Republic of Australia? The political philosophy of republicanism, Current Affairs Bulletin, vol.69, no.11, April 1993: 4-9.

Doyle, Timothy The Conservative mythology of monarchy: impacts upon Australian republicanism, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 121-35.

Evans, Harry A note on the meaning of 'Republic', Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 21-3.

..........., Republicanism and the Australian Constitution, The House Magazine, 5 May 1993: 3p.

..........., Republicanism, continued: a brief rejoinder to Graham Maddox, Legislative Studies, vol.7. no.2, Autumn 1993: 63-4.

..........., Parliaments in a Republic: Essentials of Republican Legislatures: Distributed Majorities and Legislative Control, Paper for Australasian Study of Parliament Group, 15th Annual Conference, 1-2 October 1993, Parliament House, Melbourne.

Fraser, Andrew What's in a constitutional name? Disarming the Australian Republican Movement, The Crossexaminer, vol.1, no.2, 1992: 2p.

[It might be more appropriate to call the Australian Republican Movement the "Australian Closet Monarchist Movement".]

Galligan, Brian Regularising the Australian republic, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 56-66.

[Argues that Australia's constitutional system is essentially republican and only barely disguised by monarchic symbols and forms.]

Headon, David God's aristocracy: Daniel Henry Deniehy's vision of a great Australian republic, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 136-45.

Hill, Robin Breaking up is hard to do, The Bulletin, 20 April 1993: 22-6.

[Becoming a republic is not simply a matter of cutting links with the British monarchy. It is much more complicated a process than that, with far-reaching ramifications.]

Howard, John Howard defends the Crown, Australian Business Monthly, vol.13, July 1993: 82-3.

[Those pushing the republican barrow are risking Australia's future political stability, unity and independence, warns the author.]

Hudson, Wayne and David Carter (eds) The Republicanism debate, New South Wales University Press, Sydney, 1993. reviewed by Maaike Knottenbelt, Current Affair Bulletin, vol.70, no.2, July 1993: 29-31.

Issues paper, Republic Advisory Committee, May 1993. Committee chaired by Malcolm Turnbull: 15p.

Kirby, Michael A Defence of the constitutional monarchy, Quadrant, vol.37, no.9, September 1993: 30-5.

Kukathas, Chandran Whether the Australian government inclines more to monarchy, or to a republic, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 43-5.

Lane, Terry Why Australia needs a President, 21C, Summer 1991/92: 85-8.

[Richard Walsh talks with the author about a political system which he feels is not serving the nation well and the government he would like to see replace it.]

Lawson, Stephanie and Graham Maddox Introduction [by guest editors], Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 4-7.

Leaver, Richard Biting the dust: the Imperial conventions within republican pretences, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 146-61.

[This paper looks to the realm of foreign policy in order to see what of relevance to Australia's republican question might now be brewing there.]

MacDonagh, Oliver Republicanism in modern Irish history, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 41-2.

Maddox, Graham Republic or democracy, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 9-26.

[Republic and democracy are not interchangeable. The author traces the development of the concepts in Ancient Greece and Rome and shows how some of the ideas were adopted by the Americans for their Constitution. He concludes that what is needed in Australia is a removal of the checks and balances that obstruct the flow of democratic impulses in our present system.]

............., The origins of republicanism, Legislative Studies, vol.7, no.1, Spring 1992: 35-8.

Major constitutional reform is necessary before Australia can become a republic, Lateline, 6 April 1993: 11p.

Mautner, Thomas Some thoughts on our monarchy, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 39-40.

Murray, Les 'This is your sovereign speaking', The Independent Monthly, June 1993: 20.

[It's all very well to pledge allegiance, but shouldn't a citizen demand in return the loyalty of the state?]

O'Brien, Patrick We the people, The Independent Monthly, June 1993: 20-3.

[The author details 20 minimum principles which must be part of a new constitution if advocates of a republic are serious about wanting a democratic constitution and open government based on "the political supremacy of the people".]

Partington, Geoffrey Rocky road to the republic, Bulletin, 2 June 1992:40-1.

Pettit, Philip Republican themes, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 29-30.

............., Liberalism and republicanism, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 162-189.

[Republicanism and liberalism are discussed under the headings of liberty and law, democracy and government, and life in the good polity.]

.............., The Ideal of the republic, Eureka Street, vol.3, no.7, September 1993: 15-17.

[The call for an Australian republic not only provides an occasion for discussing constitutional change, it provides an occasion to ask what it means to be a citizen.]

Power, John Building the republic, Australian Municipal Journal, vol.72, June 1993: 3-4.

The Prime Minister's HV Evatt lecture, Constitutional Centenary, vol.2, no.2, May 1993: 5p.

[Extracts from the Prime Minister's address announcing the formation of the Republic Advisory Committee, together with the terms of reference for the Committee.]

Ratnapala, Suri The High Court and the Constitution: the chance to redeem the republic, draft paper presented on 14 July 1993 to the Bert Kelly Lectures Restoring the True Republic, sponsored by the Centre for Independent Studies, 46p.

[According to the author, the task of restoring our lost rights and liberties should be at the top of any agenda for constitutional reform in Australia.]

The republic: four points of the compass, Quadrant, July-August 1993: 28-32.

I Mabbett, Ian Not Plato's: 28-32.

II Horne, Donald The one-third monarchy: 32-5.

III Watson, George An age of monarchs?: 35-8.

IV O'Brien, Patrick From westminster man to democratic man: 38-9.

The Republican debate and the role of the Governor-General, Sunday, 4 April 1993: 9p.

Sharman, Campbell Executive privileges, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 27-8.

Smith, David I. A republic: who needs it?, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 35-8.

Uhr, John Instituting republicanism: parliamentary vices, republican virtues?, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 27-39.

[This paper is an exercise in parliamentary theory, attempting to draw on political theory to clarify options in Australian political practice.]

Waddy, Lloyd Australians for Constitutional Monarchy submission to the Republican Advisory Committee, July 1993.

Walker, G Ending constitutional drift: a democratic agenda for change, draft paper presented on 14 July 1993 to the Bert Kelly Lectures Restoring the True Republic, sponsored by the Centre for Independent Studies, 19p.

[The author argues that the division of powers between states and the Commonwealth should be reasserted and recognised as a central protection of individual freedom and the foundation of economic and political development.]

Warden, James The Fettered republic: the Anglo-American Commonwealth and the traditions of Australian political thought, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 83-99.

Warhurst, John Nationalism and republicanism in Australia: the evolution of institutions, citizenship and symbols, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 100-20.

Whyte, John D A Canadian perspective on the republican movement in Australia, Constitutional Centenary, vol.2, no.2, May 1993: 5-7.

Winterton, George Modern republicanism, Legislative Studies, vol.6, no.2, Summer 1992: 24-6.

................., Can a republic work? Formula for a President, The Independent Monthly, March 1992: 18-21, 15p. supp.

[One of the ways seen to test whether or not a republic can work is to write a constitution for a republic and see what the problems are. Here we have A Constitution for an Australian Republic and Professor Winterton's reasoning behind his constitution.]

................, Keeping it simple, The Independent Monthly, June 1993: 22-3.

[An explanation of how a republican constitution would strengthen the people's power by making the executive and the head of state subject to the constraints of law.]

................, Presidential power in republican Australia, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol.28, special issue, 1993: 40-55.

[This article examines the role of a head of state and whether an Australian republic needs one at both national and state levels if parliamentary executive form of government is retained. It considers whether the president should have 'reserve powers', how they should be defined, and the effect that abolition of the monarchy would have on them. Consideration is also given to the method of choosing the head of state.]

RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT

Ratnapala, Suri Australia's upper houses and their role in responsible government, Policy, Summer 1990: 48-52.

Reid, Hon. John, Parliament and the Executive, Canadian Parliamentary Review, vol.13, no.4, Winter 1990-91: 10-11.

SOCIAL SECURITY

Argument, Stephen Prevention better than cure?: Recovery of welfare overpayments, Legal Services Bulletin, vol.15, no.4. August 1990.

WHIPS

Norton, Philip Not so dusty?, The House Magazine (UK), vol.18, no.580, 1 February 1993: 15.

[Professor Norton looks at the role of the Whips in the House of Commons.]

WITNESSES

Duchesne, Pierre Attendance of witnesses at Parliament, The Table, vol.59, 1991: 48-58.

[Some reflections on the rights and obligations of witnesses appearing before the National Assembly of Québec.]

Evans, Harry Interference with Witnesses, Paper given to 24th Conference of Presiding Officers and Clerks, Port-Vila, Vanuatu, July 1993.

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