Chapter 1 - The Senate and its constitutional role

TABLE 2: PARTY AFFILIATIONS IN THE SENATE, 1901–2007

In all cases the figures reflect the composition of the Senate after newly-elected senators have taken their seats.

1901 Labor 8 Freetraders 17 Protectionists 11

1903 Labor 14 Freetraders 12 Protectionists 8 Tariff Reformers 1 Independent 1

1906 Labor 15 Freetraders 12 Protectionists 6 Tariff Reformers 1 Independent 2

1910 Labor 23 Fusion 13

1913 Labor 29 Liberal 7

1914(a) Labor 31 Liberal 5

1917 Labor 12 Nationalists 24

1919 Labor 1 Nationalists 35

1922 Labor 12 Nationalists 24

1925 Labor 8 Nationalists 25 Country Party* 3

1928 Labor 7 Nationalists 24 Country Party* 5

1931 Labor 10 Country Party* 5 United Australia Party 21

1934 Labor 3 Country Party* 7 United Australia Party 26

1937 Labor 16 Country Party* 4 United Australia Party 16

1940 Labor 17 Country Party* 3 United Australia Party 16

1943 Labor 22 Country Party* 2 United Australia Party 12

1946 Labor 33 Liberal 2 Country Party* 1

1949(b) Labor 34 Liberal 20 Country Party* 6

1951(a) Labor 28 Liberal 26 Country Party* 6

1953(c) Labor 29 Liberal 26 Country Party* 5

1955 Labor 28 Democratic Labor 2 Liberal 24 Country Party* 6

1958 Labor 26 Democratic Labor 2 Liberal 25 Country Party* 7

1961 Labor 28 Democratic Labor 1 Independent 1 Liberal 24 Country Party* 6

1964(c) Labor 27 Democratic Labor 2 Independent 1 Liberal 23 Country Party* 7

1967(c) Labor 27 Democratic Labor 4 Independent 1 Liberal 21 Country Party* 7

1970(c) Labor 26 Democratic Labor 5 Independent 3 Liberal 21 Country Party* 5

1974(a) Labor 29 Independent 1 Liberal Movement 1 Liberal 23 Country Party* 6

1975(a)(d) Labor 27 Independent 1 Liberal Movement 1 Liberal 27 National Country Party* 8

1977 Labor 26 Independent 1 Liberal 29 National Country Party* 6 Australian Democrats 2

1980 Labor 27 Independent 1 Liberal 28 National Country Party* 3 Australian Democrats 5

1983(a) Labor 30 Independent 1 Liberal 24 National Party* 4 Australian Democrats 5

1984(e) Labor 34 Nuclear Disarmament Party 1 Independent 1 Liberal 28 National Party* 5 Australian Democrats 7

1987(a) Labor 32 Nuclear Disarmament Party 2 Independent 1 Liberal 27 National Party* 7 Australian Democrats 7

1990 Labor 32 Independent 2 Liberal 29 National Party* 5 Australian Democrats 8

1993 Labor 29 Independent 4(f) Liberal 30 National Party* 6 Australian Democrats 7

1996 Labor 29 Independent 3(g) Liberal 31 National Party* 6 Australian Democrats 7

1998 Labor 29 Independent 3(h) Liberal 31 National Party*4 Australian Democrats 9

2001 Labor 28 Independent 5(j) Liberal 31 National Party*4 Australian Democrats 8(j)

2004 Labor 28 Independent 1(k) Liberal 33 National Party*6 Australian Democrats 4 Greens 4

2007 Labor 32 Independent 2(k) Liberal 32 National Party 5 Greens 5

(see Supplement)

* In May 1975 the name “Country Party” was changed to “National Country Party” and in October 1982 the name “National Country Party” was changed to “National Party of Australia”.

 

(a) The elections of 1914, 1951, 1974, 1975, 1983 and 1987 followed simultaneous dissolutions.

(b) Senate increased from 36 to 60 senators.

(c) Senate election held separately from House of Representatives.

(d) Senate increased from 60 to 64 senators following the election of territory senators - 2 from each of Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory.

(e) Senate increased from 64 to 76 senators.

(f) 2 Greens (WA), 1 Ind (Tas), 1 Ind (Tas) until 1995 ALP.

(g) 1 Green (WA), 1 Green (Tas), 1 Ind (Tas). After August 1996 Labor 28 Independent 4.

(h) 1 Green (Tas), 1 Ind (Tas), 1 One Nation.

(i)     Labor 28, Independent 4 from October 2001.

(j) 2 Greens, 2 Independents (both Tas), 1 One Nation. After July 2002, 7 Australian Democrats, 6 Independents.

(k) 1 Family First.

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