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  • Say that again: Iraq and the terrorist threat

    Posted 4/09/2014 by Nigel Brew
    On 1 September 2014, the Prime Minister delivered in parliament a Statement on Iraq in which he condemned the ongoing violence and outlined the next phase of the Government’s humanitarian intervention. However, in declaring that would-be terrorists ‘don’t hate us for what we do; but for who we are and for how we live’, Mr Abbott has revived a key element of the Howard Government refrain from over 10 years ago that Australia’s involvement in the US-led ‘War on Terror’ and the conflict in Iraq did not make Australia more of a terrorist target. Read more...

    TAGS: Middle East; national security; terrorism

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  • The Islamic Caliphate and Australia

    Posted 25/07/2014 by Wendy Bruere

    In June 2014, the Islamic State (IS) declared an Islamic Caliphate spanning the area from Syria’s Aleppo governorate in the west, to Iraq’s province of Diyala in the east. The area under IS control now covers up to one third of Iraq, including the city of Mosul, which previously had a strong Christian community, but who have now mostly been forced to flee.

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    TAGS: Middle East, terrorism, terrorist groups, United Nations, Australian Security Intelligence Organisation

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  • Syria: losing ground in the fight to eradicate polio

    Posted 15/04/2014 by Wendy Bruere
    Polio resurfaced in Syria late last year, and has now been found in Iraq as well, leading to concerns that this could reverse gains in international efforts to eradicate the virus. A side effect of the conflict in Syria, now running for over three years, is that for many children vaccinations have lapsed.  According to the BBC‘Vaccination rates in Syria fell from 91 per cent of children before the war to an estimated 68 per cent in 2012. But those are national figures. In rebel-held... Read more...

    TAGS: United Nations, children's health, aid, Middle East, refugees

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  • Impact of drought in the Middle East

    Posted 28/03/2014 by Wendy Bruere
    According to a Reuters report from 7 March, United Nations (UN) agencies and water and agricultural authorities are preparing to declare a drought in the Middle East. Aside from the immediate impact of drought on crops, water scarcity is already a problem in parts of the Middle East, and some of the most affected countries are already struggling to absorb hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees. Read more...

    TAGS: Middle East, foreign aid, United Nations

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  • Australia and the Arab-Israeli conflict: from ‘choosing the least of a number of evils’ to ‘strong backers of a two-state solution’

    Posted 15/08/2012 by Marty Harris
    Image source: Wikimedia Commons
    Since the early days of Israel’s creation, the Australian Government’s position on the Arab-Israeli conflict has been of much public and political interest. The Parliamentary Library has just published two comprehensive Background Notes, Australia and the Middle East conflict: a history of key Government statements (1947–2007) and The Rudd and Gillard Governments and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: November 2007–May 2012, which outline the evolution of Australia’s position on the dispute and... Read more...

    TAGS: Australian foreign policy, Middle East

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  • The expulsion of Syrian diplomats

    Posted 30/05/2012 by Marty Harris
    Image source: Voice of America
    On 29 May 2012 the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Senator Bob Carr, announced that the highest ranking Syrian diplomat in Australia, Chargé d'Affaires Jawdat Ali, was being expelled from the country in response to recent atrocities in Syria. Ali and one other Syrian diplomat were given 72 hours to leave Australia.There has been no Syrian Ambassador to Australia since Tammam Sulaiman left Australia in October 2010. It has been suggested that the Australian Government has been delaying the processi... Read more...

    TAGS: Australian foreign policy, Middle East

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  • Syria’s constitutional referendum—‘quite laughable’ or ‘better late than never’?

    Posted 27/02/2012 by Marty Harris
    
    'Down with Bashar al-[Assad]'. Image source: Flikr user Jan Sefti
    On Sunday 26 February 2012 Syria conducted a referendum on a new constitution. An amended constitution is one of the concessions promised by the Syrian Government in response to long-running unrest. Votes are currently being counted, and results should be released in coming days. This post briefly discusses the proposed changes to the constitution, as well as domestic and international reactions to the referendum.The 1973 Constitution establishes Syria as a ‘democratic, popular, socialist,... Read more...

    TAGS: Middle East

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  • The Egyptian constitutional referendum of March 2011: a new beginning?

    Posted 29/03/2011 by Marty Harris
    The ousting of the Egyptian Government in February 2011 was followed by a referendum on constitutional changes, held on 19 March. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, the interim ruling body following the departure of President Hosni Mubarak on 11 February, suspended the 1971 constitution and dissolved parliament on 13 February. A drafting committee of jurists was appointed to write proposed constitutional amendments, the idea being that once a referendum on the changes was held, parliamenta... Read more...

    TAGS: international relations, Middle East

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  • Libya and the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1973

    Posted 24/03/2011 by Marty Harris
    The wave of protests sweeping across the Middle East in recent months has seen demands for democratic reforms and regime change in several countries, including Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain. However, Libya quickly became the focus of international attention as government forces began firing upon their own civilians with heavy weaponry, and bombing population centres from the ground and air. An overview of how the unrest evolved into a humanitarian crisis is covered in more detail in a previo... Read more...

    TAGS: international relations, Middle East

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  • The Libyan conflict in the context of Middle East revolutions

    Posted 18/03/2011 by Nina Markovic
    Over the past three months a wave of popular dissent triggered by long-standing grievances over poor living standards and insufficient domestic reforms has swept across the Middle East and North Africa. Thousands of citizens in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and other regional countries demanded a change of political leadership, and immediate social, political and economic reforms. Unrest in the Middle EastTwo Middle Eastern countries, Egypt and Tunisia, have experienced a regime change over the past two... Read more...

    TAGS: international relations, Middle East

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