Climate change is projected to reduce availability of natural resources and provoke increased competition for these. The resources of greatest concern are:
- Food—Changing environmental conditions threaten to significantly reduce agricultural, and therefore food, production, resulting in food crises and the possibility of conflict.
- Water—As climate change alters precipitation and the availability of water, freshwater resources, often shared across borders, will be heavily affected. The countries which will suffer the greatest water stress will be those already lacking political frameworks for crisis adaptation. Existing conflict resolution mechanisms in these areas could become strained.
- Energy—Energy supplies will undergo different changes as some nations seek to reduce emissions and others see current energy generating systems, such as hydropower, impacted by climate change. These changes, combined with increased competition for traditional energy resources, have the potential to cause inter and intra state conflict.
22 October, 2010