Asia - Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate
Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP)—Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea and the United States have agreed to work together and with private sector partners, to accelerate the development and use of cleaner, more efficient technologies, and meet goals for energy security, national air pollution reduction, and climate change in ways that promote sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. As it stands, the APP appears to be directed at reducing emissions intensity, that is, emissions per unit of economic output, rather than reducing aggregate emissions.
The APP was inaugurated in Sydney in January 2006. At the Second Ministerial Meeting, held in New Delhi in October 2007, Canada was accepted as the seventh member of APP. The seven members together represent about half the world's economic size, population, and energy use, and they produce about 65 per cent of the world's coal, over 60 per cent of the world's steel, 52 per cent of its aluminium and 62 per cent of its cement.
A non-legally binding Charter and a Work Plan were agreed to at its first meeting in Sydney in January 2006. The Partnership aims to complement and be consistent with the UNFCCC but is not intended to replace the Kyoto Protocol. To date, the APP has not developed any emissions targets, explicit timetable or enforcement mechanisms and its publicly available documents do not seem to directly address the science of climate change. The APP does not seem to require developed countries to do anything more than developing countries by way of policy responses, thus it does not appear to directly address the concept of differentiated responsibility under the UNFCCC.
A Policy and Implementation Committee (PIC) and an Administrative Support Group have been formed to facilitate implementation of the Partnership. The PIC will govern the overall framework, policies and procedures of the Partnership, periodically review progress of the collaborations, and provide directions to the Administrative Support Group. Five PIC meetings have been held so far, and the fifth one was held in May 2008 in Seattle, USA. The United States is serving as the Partnership's Administrative Support Group and this arrangement was renewed for two years at the New Delhi meetings in 2007.
Eight public-private sector task forces have been established:
The Australian Government allocated $33 million for the 'Asia Pacific Partnership' for 2008–09.
International site for Asia–Pacific Partnership—http://asiapacificpartnership.org/.
Official Australian APP site Asia–Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate—Home.
Aynsley Kellow, A new process for negotiating multilateral environmental agreements? The Asia–Pacific climate partnership beyond Kyoto, Australian Journal of International Affairs, (60) 2, 2006, pp. 287–303.
Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism, Portfolio Budget Statements 2008–09
, Budget Related Paper No. 1.16, p. 25, 2008.
15 July, 2010