The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with the aim of being an 'objective source of information about climate change'. The IPCC regularly evaluates published scientific, technical and socio-economic material relevant to the understanding of climate change. It also produces authoritative reports, which in the early 1990s contributed to the creation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The structure of the IPCC
is as follows:
In September 2008, the IPCC celebrated its 20th anniversary. It continues to be a major source of information for the UNFCCC-led negotiations on global climate change policy. Some recent publications of the IPCC include