Australia’s Parliament House—more than 25 years in the making! A chronology

Dr Joy McCann
Politics and Public Administration Section

with Dr Dianne Heriot, Parliamentary Librarian



Search: 25th Anniversary Chronology

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Appendix 5: Key Commonwealth Acts passed since 1988

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission Act 1989

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission Bill 1989, Bills Digest, no. 41, 18 May 1989.

To establish the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC).

Administrative law

Legislative Instruments Act 2003

M Coombs, Legislative Instruments Bill 2003, Bills Digest , no. 26, 2003-04, 9 September 2003

To establish a regime to reform and manage procedures for the making, scrutiny and publication of Commonwealth legislative instruments

Business law

Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Act 1998

B Bailey, Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Amendment Bill 2003, Bills Digest, no. 172, 2002-03 , 13 June 2003

The main purpose of the Bill is to change the leadership and governance of the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority arising from the recommendations contained in the report of the HIH Royal Commission

Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001

M Tapley, Australian Securities and Investments Commission Bill 2001, Bills Digest , no. 144, 2000-01, 4 June 2001,

To remove constitutional doubts about the framework for corporate regulation by substantially re-enacting the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 1989 based on powers referred by the States.

Corporations Act 2001

M Tapley, Corporations Bill 2001, Bills Digest , no. 140, 2000-01, 1 June 2001.

Substantially re-enacts the existing Corporations Law of the ACT as a Commonwealth Act applying throughout Australia

National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009

P Tan, National Consumer Credit Protection Bill 2009, Bills Digest , no. 30, 2009-10, 15 September 2009.

To implement the new national consumer credit regulation framework, which will replace the current State based regulatory framework known as the Uniform Consumer Credit Code

Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 D Weight and N Horne, Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Bill 2013, Bills Digest, no. 162, 2012-13, 27 June 2013. About the governance, performance and accountability of, and the use and management of public resources by, the Commonwealth, Commonwealth entities and Commonwealth companies.

Climate change law

Climate Change Authority Act 2011

J Tomaras, Climate Change Authority Bill 2011, Bills Digest , no. 67, 2011-12, 28 October 2011.

Creates the statutory Australian Climate Change Authority (the Authority), which is intended to act as an independent body providing the Government with expert advice on key aspects of the carbon pricing mechanism and mitigation goals.

Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011

A Talberg, J Gardiner-Garden, J Tomaras, Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011, Bills Digest , no. 5, 2011-12, 1 July 2011.

One of a package of three related Bills which establishes a voluntary carbon offset scheme with the purpose of creating incentives for carbon abatement or avoidance projects in land-use sectors.

Communications and Media law

Australian Communications and Media Authority Act 2005

P O'Neill and P Prince, Australian Communications and Media Authority Bill 2004, Bills Digest , no. 78, 2004-05, 9 December 2004.

Established the ACMA for the regulation of broadcasting, radiocommunications and telecommunications (part of a package of 10 Bills)

Broadcasting Services Act 1992

Regulates commercial radio and television (content, ownership, etc.)

Do Not Call Register Act 2006

MA Neilsen, Do Not Call Register Bill 2006, Bills Digest , no. 160, 2005-06, 19 June 2006.

Radiocommunications Act 1992

Spam Act 2003

Special Broadcasting Service Act 1991

Regulates SBS radio and television

Telecommunications Act 1997

K Jackson and L Jones, Telecommunications Bill 1996, Bills Digest , no. 87, 1996-97, 5 December 1996.

Regulates the telecommunications industry

Telstra Corporation Act 1991

Provides for the ownership and operation of Telstra

Telecommunications Act 1989 Telecommunications Bill 1989, Bills Digest, no. 35, 5 May 1989. To provide for greater competition in the provision of value added services and private network services. The Bill will also reserve certain telecommunication services for Telecom, OTC and AUSSAT, and establish the Australian Telecommunications Authority as a statutory corporation responsible for the regulation of the telecommunications industry.

Computers

Circuit Layouts Act 1989 

Circuit Layouts Bill 1988, Bills Digest, no. 171, 1 February 1989.

To provide protection for original circuit layouts of integrated circuits

Telecommunications Act 1989 Telecommunications Bill 1989, Bills Digest, no. 35, 5 May 1989. To provide for greater competition in the provision of value added services and private network services. The Bill will also reserve certain telecommunication services for Telecom, OTC and AUSSAT, and establish the Australian Telecommunications Authority as a statutory corporation responsible for the regulation of the telecommunications industry.

Courts

Judicial Misbehaviour and Incapacity (Parliamentary Commissions) Act 2012

M Biddington, Judicial Misbehaviour and Incapacity (Parliamentary Commissions) Bill 2012, Bills Digest , no. 171, 2011-12, 26 June 2012.

The purpose of this Bill is to provide a mechanism to assist the Parliament in its consideration of removal from office of a judge or federal magistrate under the Constitution.

Criminal law

Australian Crime Commission Act 2002

Aviation Transport Security Act 2004

Crimes at Sea Act 2000

Criminal Code Act 1995

Intelligence Services Act 2001

Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006

Maritime Transport and Offshore Facilities Security Act 2003

Model Criminal Code 1st edition, 28 May 2009

National Security Information (Criminal and Civil Proceedings) Act 2004

Proceeds of Crime Act 2002

Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Act 2010

E Karlsen, Anti-People Smuggling and Other Measures Bill 2010, Bills Digest , no. 11, 2009-10, 11 March 2010.

Among other things, this Bill proposes to harmonise existing offences between Acts and create new people smuggling offences.

National Security Legislation Amendment Act 2010

M Biddington and M Harrison-Smith, National Security Legislation Amendment Bill 2010, Bills Digest , no. 21, 2010-11, 27 October 2010.

Reforms implementing the Government's response to several independent and parliamentary committee reviews of Australian national security and counter‐terrorism legislation.

Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2013

M Biddington and C Barker, Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-Like Conditions and People Trafficking) Bill 2012, Bills Digest , no. 14, 2012-13, 24 August 2012.

Will establish new offences of forced labour, forced marriage, organ trafficking and harbouring a victim. The Bill will also modify the scope and application of existing offences of slavery, deceptive recruiting, sexual servitude and trafficking in persons

Defence

Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004

Energy law

Clean Energy Act 2011

K Swoboda, J Tomaras and Alan Payne, Clean Energy Bill 2011, Bills Digest , no. 68, 2011-12, 28 October 2011.

Clean Energy Finance Corporation Act 2012

Minerals Resource Rent Tax Act 2012

J Tomaras, Minerals Resource Rent Tax Bill 2011, Bills Digest , no. 124, 2011-12, 19 March 2012.

Employment law

Building and Construction Industry Improvement Act 2005

Fair Work Act 2009

Public Service Act 1999

Parliamentary Service Act 1999

Workplace Relations Amendment (Workchoices) Act 2005

Environmental law

Ozone Protection Act 1989

Ozone Protection Bill 1988, Bills Digest, no. 135, 28 November 1988.

To establish a system of controls to reduce the manufacture, import, export, distribution and use of ozone - depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons.

Family law

Family Law Amendment (De Facto Financial Matters and Other Measures) Act 2008

MA Neilsen, Family Law Amendment (De Facto Financial Matters and Other Measures) Bill 2008, Bills Digest , no. 9, 2008-09, 25 August 2008.

To extend federal jurisdiction under the Family Law Act 1975 to financial matters arising out of the breakdown of de facto relationships, including both opposite sex and same sex relationships.

Health law

Research Involving Human Embryos Act 2002

Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2002

To prohibit certain practices associated with reproductive technologies, including the cloning of a human being.

Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 M Thomas, Tobacco Plain Packaging Bill 2011, Bills Digest, no. 35, 2011-12, 24 August 2011. To prohibit the use of all tobacco industry logos, brand imagery, colours and promotional text on the retail packaging of tobacco products.
Therapeutic Goods Act 1989

Therapeutic Goods Bill 1989, Bills Digest, no. 123, 24 October 1989.

To establish standards and provide an assessment and licensing system to regulate the import, export, supply and manufacturing of certain therapeutic goods

Intellectual property

Patents Act 1990

Patents Bill 1990, Bills Digest, no. 67, 5 July 1989. 

To repeal the Patents Act 1952 and replace it as the principle piece of legislation dealing with patents in Australia.

Native Title

Native Title Act 1993

A Twomey, Native Title Bill 1993, Bills Digest , no. 63, 1993, 23 November 1993.

To recognise and protect native title

Northern Territory National Emergency Response Act 2007 . Repealed by Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory (Consequential and Transitional Provisions) Act 2012

K Magarey and others, Northern Territory National Emergency Response Bill 2007, Bills Digest , no. 28, 2007-08, 13 August 2007.

Now repealed. Package of Bills issued in response to Little Children are Sacred": The Report of the Northern Territory Board of Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse .

Nuclear Energy law

Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Act 1998

S Downing and J Prest, Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Bill 1998, Bills Digest , no. 211, 1997-98, 14 May 1998 (for previously lapsed Bill).

Introduces regulatory controls for all Commonwealth radiation and nuclear safety activities.

Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Act 1998

S Downing, Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Bill 1998, Bills Digest , no. 190, 1997‑98, 7 May 1998.

The Bill prohibits the causing of any nuclear explosion at any place under Australian control.

Nuclear Safeguards (Producers of Uranium Ore Concentrates) Charge Act 1993 :

Imposes a tax on uranium miners to fund the operations of the Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office.

Sex discrimination

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013

Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Bill 2013, Bills Digest, no. 155, 21 June 2013. To provide new protections against discrimination on the basis of a person’s sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status; provide protection against discrimination for same-sex de facto couples.

Tax law

Income Tax Assessment Act 1997

A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999

B Bennett, A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Bill 1998, Bills Digest , no. 97, 1998-99, 28 January 1999.

To introduce a 10% tax on goods and services.

Transport/Navigation law

Inspector of Transport Security Act 2006

J Clarke, Inspector of Transport Security Bill 2006, Bills Digest , no. 49, 2006-07, 1 November 2006.

Inquire into major transport security incidents and patterns or series of incidents that point to a systemic failure or possible weaknesses or vulnerabilities in aviation and maritime transport and security regulated offshore facilities.

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991

Carriage of Goods by Sea Bill 1991 , Bills Digest , 14 August 1991.

To implement up-dated rules regarding the responsibilities and liabilities of those who carry goods by sea and for ship owners

Navigation Act 2012

provides for the regulation of international ship and seafarer safety, employment conditions for Australian seafarers and shipboard aspects of protection of the marine environment.

Terrorism law

Criminal Code Act 1995

Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism Act 2002

M Tapley, Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism Bill 2002, Bills Digest , no. 127, 2001-02, 1 May 2002.

Aimed at restricting the financial resources that are available to support the activities of terrorist organisations.

Border Security Legislation Amendment Act 2002

I Ireland, Border Security Legislation Amendment Bill 2002, Bills Digest , no. 123, 2001-02, 29 April 2002.

Part of a package of counter-terrorism legislation, some in relation to the Australian Customs Service.

Welfare law

Aged Care Act 1997

L Jones, Aged Care Bill 1997, Bills Digest , no. 132, 1996-97, 26 March 1997

Relates to classification and accreditation and funding of nursing homes and hostels,

Human Services (Centrelink) Act 1997

Establishes the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency (commonly known as Centrelink)

Child Support (Assessment Act) 1989

To ensure that children receive the proper level of child support from their parents

Social Security Act 1991

Age Discrimination Act 2004

K Magarey, Age Discrimination Bill 2003, Bills Digest , no. 29, 2003-04, 8 September 2003.

To prohibit age discrimination in certain specified areas and to provide exemptions from the prohibition in certain other areas.

Disability Discrimination Act 1992

Disability Discrimination Bill 1992 , Bills Digest , 26 May 1992.

To make it unlawful, in a limited number of circumstances, to discriminate on grounds of disability and establish within the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission the office of Disability Discrimination Commissioner.

 



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